Editorial note:

This section contains items culled from various Internet news services, discussion lists and other announcements.  Unless specifically noted, I have not visited the sites, used any of the software, reviewed the literature, or written the news items.  I present this digest to you in good faith but cannot vouch for the accuracy of its content.  


Australian Library News

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Subject: New Publication - Australian Library News - invitation to trial

 Dear Colleague

Australia's only weekly news publication dedicated to libraries has been launched.

Australian Library News has been established with the aim of providing a regular and  impartial news and information source to all sectors of the industry .

Published electronically and circulated in PDF format by e-mail, Australian Library News features up to date news from the  academic, public, special, school and TAFE sectors of the industry, along  with the latest news from companies who supply the Australian library community.

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Current Cites

Volume 12, no. 3, March 2001

Gerry Hurley [gerry_hurley@SILVERPLATTER.COM]    31 March 2001


Current Cites (Digital Library SunSITE)

Volume 12, no. 3, March 2001

Edited by Roy Tennant

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720

ISSN: 1060-2356

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Jim Ronningen, Roy Tennant


Editor's Note: It is my great pleasure to announce that Charles W. Bailey,

Jr., Margaret Gross, Shirl Kennedy, Leo Robert Klein, and Eric Lease

Morgan have joined the Current Cites team. All of them combine significant

writing experience with awareness of current information technology issues

and challenges. Welcome, all! Also, starting with this issue, only those

who have cites in any particular issue will be listed as a contributor. A

complete list of team members will continue to be available

( CurrentCites/team.html).


Adams, Katherine C. "The Web as a Database: New Extraction Technologies

and Content Management" Online 25(2) (March/April 2001) p. 27-32 (http:// - Introduction of

basic concepts is this article's strength. Working from the core concept

that information extraction is fact retrieval, as opposed to traditional

information retrieval's function as document gatherer, Adams describes

software which can discover, sift and organize content (including data

generated "on the fly") to a fine granularity. She focuses on two primary

methods: IE software which can analyze complexities and ambiguities in

language at the sentence level, and wrapper induction software which

relies upon shallower pattern matching techniques. The role that XML plays

is briefly explained. Occasionally, her description of the linguistic

tasks performed by IE software is unclear; e.g. it's easy to misconstrue

the sentence "For example, the phrase 'my mother's brother' and 'my

brother' express the same relationship, but the way in which the

information is expressed differs" to mean that both phrases point to the

same person, when her actual intention is to show the syntactic similarity

in the two phrases. But on the whole the article is a nice overview of the

subject, and citations are provided for readers who want to go further

into problems of technical implementation. - JR

CAMiLEON Project Papers: Holdsworth, David and Paul Wheatley, "Emulation,

Preservation, and Abstraction"; Holdsworth, David "Emulation: C-ing

Ahead"; Wheatley, Paul "Migration: A CAMiLEON Discussion Paper". - The

CAMiLEON Project ( is a joint project of

the universities of Michigan (USA) and Leeds (UK) to "evaluate emulation

as a digital preservation strategy by developing emulation tools,

cost-benefit analysis and user evaluation." Although the project is

ostensibly focused on emulation as a tool for preserving digital content,

the project also studies migration as a strategy for preservation to

compare against it. These papers particularly the overviews of emulation

and migration can be useful to get a sense of these preservation

strategies. - RT

Chudnov, Daniel. "An Interview with Paul Everitt and Ken Manheimer of

Digital Creations, Publishers of Zope" oss4lib (March 2001)

( readings/interview-everitt-manheimer-2001-03.php). -

I don't usually cite things that perhaps only a few hundred of our readers

will understand, but I'm making an exception for this. The reason is that

there should be more than a few hundred librarians who understand this, or

we're in big trouble. What they're talking about is nothing less than

organizing information. Librarians talk about cataloging and

classification, they talk about metadata, Content Management Framework,

and Wiki. Wiki? Yes, Wiki. Like I said, there's maybe a few hundred of you

out there who've even heard of it. The point is this. People like Paul

Everitt and Ken Manheimer are out there creating new information spaces

spaces that people will want to discover and use like other types of more

traditional information spaces (e.g., books, journals). Therefore, the

more "intelligence" (cataloging, metadata) that can be built into them

from scratch, the better off we'll be. Imagine what the world would be

like, for example, if the Web had been created with some easy method of

trapping keywords in META tags. Got the picture? A little bit of time

spent now can save us an untold amount of trouble later. Responding to

Chudnov's question "What more can librarians do to contribute our

experience and insight to the broader software community regarding

metadata issues?" Everitt said "Uhh, prevent knuckleheads like me from

repeating historical mistakes. It's doubtful that a disruptive technology

for metadata will come out of the ranks of librarians. However, if

librarians keep an open mind and don't fall prey to sacrificing the larger

victory by clinging to a narrow agenda, then they can spot a winner and

help guide it to adulthood." Sounds like good advice to me. - RT

Chudnov, Daniel, Cynthia Crooker, and Kimberly Parker. "jake: Overview and

Status Report." Serials Review 26 (4) (2000): 12-17. - Ever try to find

out what licensed databases index a journal or include its full text? It's

not a pretty picture, and you could spend a lot of time tediously digging

around in vendor Web sites to unearth this information. Or, you could use

jake. Back in 1999, the Cushing/Whitney Medical Library at Yale University

developed the Jointly Administered Knowledge Environment (jake) to solve

this problem. After much cooperative effort by librarians at Yale and

elsewhere, you can now go to the jake test server at the Simon Fraser

University Library, type a journal name in the Search Title box (or use

another search key), hit submit, and, presto, there's a list of all the

databases that include the journal, who the database providers are, and

what the dates of coverage for citations or full text are. If you are

feeling ambitious, you can start your own jake server. The software and

data are available under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Read

the article to get a good overview of this laudable project, and visit the

project Web site for further information. - CB

Crawford, Diane, ed. "The Next 1,000 Years" Communications of the ACM

Special Issue 44(3) (March 2001). - A taste for the speculative is a

common trait among those of us who are interested in what computers can

do. "Speculative fiction," a fancy euphemism for science fiction, is

perennially popular with us, and I recommend this special issue as

pleasure reading because it brings the same "gee whiz" factor that good

science fiction does when the author has a firm grasp of how technologies

might bring about possible futures. These are the prognostications of

experts in many fields related to computing, from virtual reality to

economics, from artificial intelligence to politics (now that's a link

that's been pointed out before). Over 60 fearless authors contributed

short essays, which have been divided into four groups: Tools and

Technologies, Red Flags, Software Solutions, and Education. Of course, the

mere existence of this issue in print and digital form raises the

question: what types of archives will hold it through the centuries to

come, when our descendants may look back on it and laugh? - JR

Luce, Richard E. "E-prints Intersect the Digital Library: Inside the Los

Alamos arXiv" Issues in Science & Technology Librarianship 19 (Winter

2001) (http:// - The

main strength of this piece is its overview of the arXiv e-print

repository, its history and impact on the physics community. Where it is

weakest is with identifying impacts on libraries. But if you pay enough

attention to what he says in this piece, and read a little bit between the

lines, you should be able to figure it out yourself. As the library at the

Los Alamos National Laboratory is doing, we (libraries) need to be

involved with collecting, managing, providing access to, and preserving

this important type of literature. And with a model for success like arXiv

and the recently developed ePrints (which is available for free at, there are precious few reasons why not. - RT

OCLC/RLG Working Group on Preservation Metadata. Preservation Metadata for

Digital Objects: A Review of the State of the Art A White Paper by the

OCLC/RLG Working Group on Preservation Metadata, 2001

( digitalpreservation/presmeta_wp.pdf). - The title

describes the goal of this white paper, and it does it quite well. Digital

preservation is a global issue, and the membership and findings of this

group reflect this global nature. Exemplars of metadata for the purpose of

preserving digital objects are reviewed, including the Open Archival

Information System (OAIS) reference model, and metadata element sets from

the Research Libraries Group (RLG), the National Library of Australia,

CURL Exemplars in Digital Archives (CEDARS), the Networked European

Deposit Library (NEDLIB), and Harvard University. The white paper ends by

identifying points of convergence between these metadata element sets, and

enumerating issues requiring further discussion. - RT

PRISM: Publishing Requirements for Industry Standard Metadata; Public

'Last Call' for Version 1.0 PRISM Working Group and IDEAlliance (March 5,

2001) (; also available as a

zipped PDF at - In

their own words, the PRISM specification "defines an XML metadata

vocabulary for syndicating, aggregating, post-processing and

multi-purposing magazine, news, catalog, book, and mainstream journal

content. PRISM provides a framework for the interchange and preservation

of content and metadata, a collection of elements to describe that

content, and a set of controlled vocabularies listing the values for those

elements." Written by a working group with representatives from

organizations like Sotheby's, Time, Cond Nast Publications, Adobe Systems,

and Getty Images, among others, this draft specification is aimed at

making syndicated content easier to provide and process. The specification

relies heavily on RDF and Dublin Core, as well as its own syntax for

describing controlled vocabularies. As with any specification or standard,

the proof is not in the document but in the usage. Only time will tell if

this is will become another TCP/IP (ubiquitous) or an ISO OSI (hardly ever

used and long forgotten). - RT

Proceedings of the Building the Virtual Reference Desk in a 24/7 World

Conference January 12, 2001, Library of Congress, Washington, DC (http:// - It's fitting that a conference

looking at ways in which librarians can offer reference services over the

Internet has itself pushed the envelope in delivering conference content

over the Internet. This site is very successful in using video streaming

technology to not only deliver video of the speakers, but also coordinate

it with their slides. The result is amazing, as virtually the only thing

missing from the experience is the third dimension. And the content itself

also doesn't disappoint, although it isn't as easy to skim in this format.

Speakers include Jay Jordan, President and CEO of OCLC, Diane Nester

Kresh, the manager of the Collaborative Digital Reference Service project

of the Library of Congress, Paul Constantine of Cornell University, David

Lankes, a long-time practitioner of online (mostly email-based) reference,

and Susan McGlamery, perhaps the single most experienced person with

web-based reference systems in front-line use. Unlike many conferences,

here there isn't a weak speaker in the bunch. Anyone interested in digital

reference who wasn't there in person should spend a few hours at this

site. And if you were there, you can relive the experience. - RT

Proceedings of the Museums and the Web 2001 Conference Seattle, Washington

(March 14-17, 2001), sponsored by Archives & Museum Informatics (http:// - Anyone interested in how museums

are using the web will almost surely find one or more presentations of

interest here. Topics range from the bleeding edge ("Enhancing Museum

Visitor Access Through Robotic Avatars Connected to the Web") to the more

mundane. Unfortunately, papers are listed by each individual speaker,

thereby leading to the same paper appearing multiple times in the list

when there are several co-speakers. Also, since exhibitors are apparently

considered "speakers", they appear in the list as well, thereby increasing

the number of listings that do not lead to an online presentation. But if

you can overlook these faults, you may just find an interesting or useful

presentation. - RT

Van de Sompel, Herbert and Oren Beit-Arie. "Open Linking in the Scholarly

Information Environment Using the OpenURL Framework" D-Lib Magazine

(http:// - One

of the toughest issues for libraries in providing robust and effective

access to web-based resources has been the problem of linking. The Web, as

useful as it is, is nonetheless quite primitive when it comes to links.

Except for quite limited situations, links are static (point to one

hard-coded location, whether it is the right one for your audience or not)

and singular (unable to point to multiple destinations). This is where the

OpenURL Framework comes in, and what products like SFX and CrossRef are

trying to solve. This article serves as a good overview of the issues and

technology "players", and should take the place of Van de Sompel's

previous three-part D-Lib Magazine series on SFX for all except the most

technically voracious people or masochists your call if either of those

categrories apply to you. - RT


Current Cites 12(3) (March 2001) ISSN: 1060-2356

Copyright 2001 by the Regents of the University of California All rights


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Volume 12, no. 4, April 2001

Gerry Hurley [gerry_hurley@SILVERPLATTER.COM]        2 May 2001



[1]Current Cites (Digital Library SunSITE)

Volume 12, no. 4, April 2001

Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720

ISSN: 1060-2356 -

Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Margaret Gross, [5]Shirl

Kennedy, [6]Leo Robert Klein, [7]Eric Lease Morgan, [8]Roy Tennant

Issue Spotlight: Freeing the Research Literature

This topic isn't new, but when Science, Nature, and Scientific

American all weigh in on the same topic, you get the sense that

something big is afoot. And there is. A number of scientists and

researchers are as mad as hell and they're not going to take it

anymore. What are they not going to take? It's probably best to

go to the [9]Public Library of Science site and find out for

yourself. But in a nutshell, they no longer want to give away

their intellectual content to publishers and have publishers lock

it up for perpetuity except for those who pay to access it.

They're calling for their published work to be freely available

six months after publication. Read on to find out more.

Butler, Declan, editor. [10]"Future E-Access to the Primary

Literature" [11]Nature (April 27, 2001).


- This Nature "web debate" and the recent attention of Science

and Scientific American on this same topic (see other cites in

this issue), means that major scientific publications are waking

up to the fact that there is a revolution in their midst. Faculty

and researchers are no longer complacent with what one researcher

has termed the "Faustian bargain" of giving up copyright in an

effort to obtain tenure. Neither are they complacent about the

amount of money libraries are being charged to buy back their

intellectual effort. I have no idea where the chips may fall, but

fall they must, and discussions such as these can only serve

to shed light on the possibilities for change and the positions

of the antagonists. Be forewarned, this debate has many

contributions, from many different perspectives. You could easily

spend a day or more reading, sifting, and thinking about what the

future may hold for scholarly communication. - [12]RT

Karow, Julia. [13]"Publish Free or Perish" [14]Scientific American

(April 23, 2001)


- Karow pens a readable and interesting overview of the

controversy surrounding the [15]Public Library of Science open

letter calling for publishers to make scientific journal articles

freely available six months after publication. Read this before

diving into the debates in Science and Nature on this issue, and

you'll have a good introduction to the players and the issue. -


Richard J. Roberts, et. al. [17]"Information Access : Building A

'GenBank' of the Published Literature" [18]Science 291(5512,

Issue 23) (Mar 2001): 2318-2319

( and

The Editors [Science]. [19]"Science's Response : Is a Government

Archive the Best Option?" [20]Science 291(5512, Issue 23) (Mar



- The first piece is a group of scientists calling for free and

open access to scientific literature six months after

publication, and for the centralization of this material in a

common repository. This is not just a small group of scientists

calling for this, but as of this writing over 15,000. The

"movement" to free the scientific literature is called the

[21]Public Library of Science. To enforce their call for

change, they suggest a boycott of journals that do not comply. The

boycott, scheduled to begin September 2001, would not just include

article contributions, but also editing or reviewing for such a

publication as well as personal subscriptions. In the second cited

piece, the editors of Science suggest a somewhat different

strategy to achieve some of the same ends. Rather than having all

scientific publishers submit their content to a central

repository, the Science editors favor a distributed model, where

publishers retain their content but it can be searched at a

central location. The editors also predictably raise economic

questions and other concerns. Meanwhile, they plan on making the

research reports and articles of Science freely available after a

year (not the six months advocated by Roberts and his

colleagues), on their own web site, not in a central repository.

It will be interesting to see what happens come September,

but this is a war of unknown duration and it has only just begun.

- [22]LRK and [23]RT


Anderson, Kent, John Sack, Lisa Krauss, and Lori O'Keefe.

[24]"Publishing Online-Only Peer-Reviewed Biomedical Literature:

Three Years of Citation, Author Perception, and Usage

Experience." [25]The Journal of Electronic Publishing 6(3) (March



- Back in 1997, an online-only section of [26]Pediatrics, the

journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics, was established

and made available at no cost on the Internet. In this research

study, Anderson and his coauthors analyze Web use statistics,

citation data, and author perceptions to gauge how well the

online-only section of the journal stacks up against the print

section for the period 1997-1999. On the negative side, the

results show that the online-only section faces an uphill

battle when it comes to author perceptions (e.g., they see it as a

"second-tier" publication), online-only articles get fewer

citations compared with their print counterparts, and they are

not cited any more quickly than print articles. On the positive

side, online-only articles were included in authors' resumes,

tenure committees accepted them, they were indexed like print

articles, their Web use was higher than electronic copies of

print articles, their Web use over time decayed in the same way

as print articles, and it was significantly cheaper to publish

them. - [27]CB

Berkman, Eric. [28]"When Bad Things Happen to Good Ideas"

[29]Darwin (April 2001)


- Coincidence? Irony? It seems like the phrase "knowledge

management" started its ascent into the realm of corporate buzz

just about the same time many companies were downsizing and/or

eliminating their libraries. This article provides some insight

into how these phenomena might be related. As the author

explains, by way of cruising the exhibit floor and commenting on

products being hawked at the KMWorld2000 trade show, "In many

cases KM devolved into a purely technical process, resulting in

expensive software implementations sitting unused by oblivious,

fearful or resentful employees." Executives watching this happen

have become increasingly wary of the whole KM concept, perceiving

it as overhyped and/or "a total bust." The article goes on to

describe the evolution of knowledge management as a discipline,

and suggests that one big reason it has failed to perform as

anticipated is because IT departments have been put in

charge, resulting in a technical rather than a user-oriented

focus. - [30]SK

Berners-Lee, Tim, James Hendler, and Ora Lassila. [31]"The

Semantic Web" [32]Scientific American 284(5) (May 2001):35-43


- Imagine the following reference question. "I met a person at

ALA. Their last name was Cook, but I don't remember their first

name. I do remember they worked for an ARL library and their son

attends my alma mater, Bethany College. What is Cook's email

address?" In order to answer this question with the given

information you would need to know the email address of all the

Cooks at ARL libraries who also have a son at Bethany College.

According to Berners-Lee, the Semantic Web would be able to

answer such a question. "The Semantic Web will bring structure

to the meaningful content of Web pages, creating an environment

where software agents roaming form page to page can readily carry

out sophisticated tasks for users." It sounds like science

fiction, but through the use of ontologies -- a document or

file that formally defines the relationship between terms --

interconnections can programmatically be made between Web pages

and conclusions can be drawn. These ontologies are implemented in

the [33]Resource Discovery Framework (RDF). For me, the process

is similar to library work. First we collect data and

information. Second, we classify the it using our own ontologies

and make the materials available to users. Finally, we access a

particular piece of this information and find similar pieces

through the use of the classification scheme. The key is a

thorough classification system and its implementation. The

Semantic Web is a proposal for this sort of implementation on a

much wider scale. It is not really cataloging the Web. Rather, it

is describing items on the Web using a uniform syntax (RDF) and a

variety of classification schemes agreed upon by discrete

populations (ontologies). This article is a good read; it

provides an interesting spin about the Web for librarians and

librarianship. - [34]ELM

Broughton, Kelly. [35]"Our Experiment in Online, Real-Time

Reference" [36]Computers in Libraries 21(4) (April 2001)


- A report from the front lines, this article describes the

system used and what it's like to be expected to respond right

now, without the benefit of face-to-face signals. At [37]Bowling

Green State University, where the author is a reference

coordinator, they chose [38]HumanClick to begin their experiment

with online chat reference. A major problem was system

incompatibility for users on Macs; a major benefit was a feature

HumanClick added recently which allows the reference staff to

briefly "can" messages and draw upon prepared responses (only when

appropriate, of course, but it must be tempting to abuse this

feature). Also, the author liked the ability to send chatters the

appropriate web pages so they can be seen as they would in a

reference session at the library. The fact that this was all free

was very attractive, but after HumanClick announced fees, they

shopped around and bought the [39]Virtual Reference Desk package,

and will come online with it any time now. A good case study for

library organizations kicking this idea around. - JR

Chapman, Stephen. "Content Follows Form: Preservation via Systems

Design" Microform & Imaging Review 30(1) (2001).

- One day recently I was listening to my local public radio

station, and heard an "interview" (love-fest is actually more

like what it was), with Nicholson Baker -- a library gadfly who,

among other things, protested the destruction of card catalogs as

if they were vast treasure trove of unrecoverable information.

Now he has moved on, and is presently attacking the practice of

replacing decaying newsprint with preservation microfilm. His new

book Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper apparently

reads like a who-dunit, complete with theories of conspiracy and

evil intent. I say "apparently" beause I haven't yet brought

myself to buy it, and thereby sending royalties in his direction.

But I digress. The reason I bore you with this (although stay

tuned, Baker's book may be reviewed in a future issue

of Current Cites) is that Chapman's article landed on my desk the

next day and seemed to be a near-perfect antidote to Baker's

polemic. In his usual thoughtful and learned style, Chapman

investigates territory that few have seen, let alone explored. He

discusses the differences between the artifact and the

intellectual content the artifact holds, and the impact on

preservation decisions. He asserts that decisions on what

constitutes object integrity should be based on functional

characteristics as opposed to physical attributes. So much so,

that "it must be acceptable for an 'authentic' copy to have an

entirely different look and feel from the source item." Going

even further, Chapman makes a reasoned statement that must

surely drive Nicholson Baker up the wall, "If the goal of

preservation is persistent utility, then functionality rather

than aesthetics should drive system design." - [40]RT

Fishman, Stephen. [41]The Public Domain: How to Find

Copyright-Free Writings, Music, Art & More. Berkeley, CA:

[42]Nolo, 2001. ISBN 0-87337-433-9.

- If you have tried to obtain the rights to digitize a

currently copyrighted work, you can easily understand why so many

digitization projects focus on public domain works instead. Forget

about the knotty technical problems involved in creating digital

libraries; the really tough problems involve intellectual property

rights issues. So, it should be easy to identify public domain

materials to avoid these problems, right? Well, maybe not. How

about a photograph of a drawing? The photograph may be in the

public domain, but the drawing may not be. What happens if a work

is in the public domain in the U.S., but not in another country?

Was the copyright of a foreign work that had been in the public

domain in the U.S. prior to 1996 restored by the GATT treaty?

What you need to sort out these issues is a book, written by an

knowledgeable attorney, that provides detailed background

information about the public domain and discusses

specific problems associated with different types of materials

(e.g., artworks, architectural documents, choreographic works,

databases, films, maps, sheet music, sound recordings, television

programs, photographs, software, and written works). Stephen

Fishman has written such a book, and, like other Nolo

publications, you don't need to have a law degree to understand

it. - [43]CB

Guevin, Carole. [44]"Visual Architecture: The Rule Of Three."

[45]Digital Web Magazine (April 10, 2001)


- Been burned by numbers lately? Are all the "rules" of Ten or

Seven or Three starting to add up to numeric overload? If so,

don't let this prevent you from having a look at [46]Visual

Architecture : The Rule of Three by Montreal-based designer,

Carole Guevin, which appeared recently in [47]Digital Web. This

short yet effectively illustrated article focuses on how meaning

is conveyed through visual representation and through the

arrangement of objects in print or on a web page. The

author notes that as users rely more on scanning rather than on

thoroughly reading a page to ascertain its value, the visual cues

provided by designers become proportionally more important. -


Katz, Richard N. [49]"Archimedes' Lever and Collaboration : An

Interview with Ira Fuchs" [50]EDUCAUSEreview 36(2) (March/April


16-20 (

- Most people have a pretty good idea about why they're in higher

education but for those plagued by doubts or for those who just

need something convenient to point the in-laws to, help is on the

way in the form of this interview. The interview gives Fuchs,

vice president for Research IT at the Mellon Foundation, an

opportunity to discuss his views on the current and future role

of information technology in higher education. Fuchs argues that

the ability to openly collaborate and to share information is one

of the chief strengths of not-for-profit institutions and that

these institutions can use this strength as a lever like

Archimedes of yore to "move the earth". - [51]LRK

Marsan, Carol Duffy. [52]"Faster 'Net Growth Rate Raises Fears

About Routers" [53]NetworkWorldFusion (April 2, 2001)


- Geek pundits periodically fret about the demise of the

Internet; every so often, we read somewhere that the whole works

is going to implode, a victim of its own staggering growth rate.

This article directs your attention to "an obscure statistic that

indicates the 'Net is growing -- in size and complexity -- at a

faster rate than today's routers can handle." That statistic is

the number of entries in the Internet backbone's routing table;

routing table size and traffic is a key indicator of overall

Internet health. Over the past six months, "the size of the

routing table and traffic in it exploded," and the necessity for

frequent updates by network managers has created infrastructure

instability. Much of this activity upsurge can be attributed to

"multihoming on corporate networks" -- where a single Internet

server may be connected to two or more ISPs "for improved

reliability and redundancy." And this means...? Large companies

may need to up their spending for more powerful network gear.

Routing information may be much slower to propagate across the

Internet. And ultimately, the Internet Engineering Task Force may

have to hammer out a new routing framework. - [54]SK

Thelwall, M. [55]The Responsiveness of Search Engine Indexes

[56]Cybermetrics 5(1). paper 1 (2001)


([57]HTML) and


([58]PDF). - Cybermetics (ISSN1137-5019) is subtitled:

International Journal of Scientometrics, Informetrics, and

Bibliometrics. This web-only journal is "devoted to the study of

the quantitative analysis of scholarly and scientific

communications." As such, commonplace topics such as the

strengths and weaknesses of search engines are given scholarly

treatment and are subject to review before publication. Given

that search engines are a significant tool in mining the web for

information, it is important to understand how search engines

select the URLs for inclusion in their respective databases.

There are three primary methods: 1. yield of URLs from crawling

the web; 2. extraction of links from authoritative web pages

(i.e., whom do they link to); and 3. the submission of URLs by

website owners. Most search engines employ one or several of the

above techniques. However, another important method is the

examination of the quality, reliability and quantity of sites

that link to a given site. This article details an experiment

undertaken to determine whether the quantity of links to a site

will affect the likelihood of its inclusion in search engine

databases. The methodology employed to obtain data is described.

The search engines selected for the comparison are Alta Vista,

HotBot (uses Inktomi spider), and Yahoo (switched from Inktomi

spider to Google). Google follows links to sites that it spiders,

and is thus fairly responsive to the existence of new sites.

However, the algorithms used by most search engines to add and/or

delete sites are proprietary secrets. The author concludes

that because of varying spider algorithms, no one search engine

is all inclusive. In order to retrieve the most comprehensive

resource yield, several search engines must be consulted.

Furthermore, due to the lack of knowledge about proprietary

indexing criteria, it is a good idea to manually submit new site

URLs to multiple search engines. - [59]MG

United States General Accounting Office. [60]Electronic

Dissemination of Government Publications (GAO-01-428) March, 2001


- This GAO report represents the latest government efforts to

deal with a basic problem: the fragmentation of the federal

government publication system which formerly functioned as a

comprehensive method for getting government information to the

public, but since the rise of digitization has been beset with a

loss of control over how publications are disseminated.

The advantages of online access to public documents are obvious,

but serious questions remain about archiving and the

accessibility of print versions for the unwired. Unfortunately,

the GAO report is less about electronic dissemination than it is

about bureaucratic reorganization; specifically, the proposal to

transfer responsibility for the Depository Library Program from

the Government Printing Office to the Library of Congress. This

isn't just negligible administrivia, though, because reading this

report and particularly its appendices gives the status of the

depository system and the current state of debate. And now that

I've whetted your appetite for more government information

policy, check out the U.S. National Commission on Libraries and

Information Science report, [61]"A Comprehensive Assessment of

Public Information Dissemination,"

( which creates a

much bigger context for the many factors involved. - JR


Current Cites 12(4) (April 2001) ISSN: 1060-2356

Copyright 2001 by the Regents of the University of California

All rights reserved.

Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized

bulletin board/conference systems, individual scholars, and

libraries. Libraries are authorized to add the journal to their

collections at no cost. This message must appear on copied

material. All commercial use requires permission from the editor.

All product names are trademarks or registered trade marks of

their respective holders. Mention of a product in this

publication does not necessarily imply endorsement of the

product. To subscribe to the Current Cites distribution list,

send the message "sub cites [your name]" to

[62], replacing "[your name]"

with your name. To unsubscribe, send the message "unsub cites" to

the same address.





































































Volume 12, no. 5, May 2001

Gerry Hurley [gerry_hurley@SILVERPLATTER.COM]        2 June 2001


Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720

ISSN: 1060-2356 -

Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Margaret Gross, [5]Terry

Huwe, [6]Leo Robert Klein, [7]Eric Lease Morgan, [8]Margaret Phillips,

[9]Roy Tennant

[10]"At the Library, Cataloguing the Missteps" [11]International

Herald Tribune, (May 3, 2001)(

- Less than flattering appraisal of the new French National Library

condemned for everything from being too colossal to being in the wrong

part of Paris. "...A library is its collections," says one critic

intimating that perhaps French officials got their priorities wrong. A

library is also the people it serves and apparently the planners got

that wrong as well. - [12]LRK

Baker, Nicholson. Double Fold: Libraries and the Assault on Paper New

York: Random House, 2001. - Those of you familiar with Nicholson

Baker's previous diatribes against libraries jettisoning the card

catalog in favor of automated library systems will not be surprised by

this book. Only now his jeremiad is about how libraries and archives

microfilmed newspapers and then discarded or pulped the originals. We

can take Baker to task for some of his conclusions, intimations of

conspiracy, and illusions of bad intent, but at their root the facts

are difficult to dispute. Libraries did microfilm newspapers, and they

did throw away the originals. Libraries must look carefully at the

actions of the past and consider their ramifications regarding their

collections now and in the future -- particularly as digitization

takes hold in many institutions. Unfortunately, calm consideration of

the issues is difficult when the depictions and descriptions he uses

are meant to inflame more than inform, and to advocate rather than

enlighten. His audience is the general public, and in trying to hold

their attention he tends toward hyperbole and theatrical tricks, when

libraries are all just trying to do the best they can for their

particular audiences, given the resources they're given to do it. -


Black, Alistair and Rodney Brunt, [14]"MI5, 1909-1946: An Information

Management Perspective" Journal of Information Science 26(3) (2000):



pdf); Newman, Niles C., Alan L. Porter and Julie Yang, "Information

Professionals: Changing Tools, Changing Roles" [15]Information Outlook

(March 200): 24. - In judging the titles, one could assume that these

two articles are disparate, in sharp contrast, and even

contradictory. Black and Brunt of Leeds Metropolitan University, U.K.,

present the foibles and pitfalls of information management in the slow

paced past, while Newman et. al. attempt to forecast future

information management practices, within the context of rapid change.

They state that the information professional may become intimidated

and feel threatened. The common theme which permeates both articles is

the value and importance of effective information management. As such,

those managing information must combine several key skills: 1.

negotiate exponential growth and increased demand, 2. provide value

added interpretation and analysis of data, and 3. communicate these in

a timely manner. All of the preceding are pivotal to the

decision-making process. As we are in the present, positioned between

the past and a rapidly changing future, it is reassuring, validating,

and even comforting to know that these challenges are neither novel,

nor radical. Information management techniques and practices may be

evolving, but are an intrinsic component of the continuum of the

intelligent decision process. As technology evolves, we are not

reinventing the wheel, just improving it. MI5 is Britain's leading

counter-intelligence agency. Shortly after its inception in 1909, it

became evident that in order to succeed in its mission, the

establishment of an efficient system for information gathering,

storage, retrieval, analysis, and interpretation was paramount. Using

recently declassified documents in the Public Record Office, Black and

Brunt demonstrate that the value of information management was

recognized long before the advent of the computer. In tracing the

history, they note that despite the critical value of information,

there were times when it was allowed to degrade. The hierarchy of

priorities was determined largely by the inward focus of MI5's

charismatic leaders. Thus the quality and timeliness of intelligence

information deteriorated between world wars. Lacking evidence to the

contrary, the authors conclude that the degradation resulted from an

absence of information management practice based on widely accepted

business and library science standards. During the second world war,

needs dictated that information management, integral to decision

making, be once again accorded primacy. Black and Brunt's article does

not read like a cloak and dagger novella. Rather it is a scholarly

study of the benefits of systematic information management within an

organization, albeit one dealing with espionage. Newman et. al.

propose that the convergence of new technologies will radically alter

the role of information professionals. The information professional's

principle objectives are the management and rapid distillation of

information to reinforce the decision making process. Information

management will assume a new dimension as new skills are acquired, and

new intelligent tools are utilized. The authors present four trends,

the drivers behind each trend, as well as how these will impact the

information professionals' skills and roles. After reading both

articles, it becomes clear that expert tools, research profiles,

scripts and macros are indeed propelled by new technology. The

practical aims of information management, however, remain constant. -


Brown, Michael, et. al. "Building Large-Format Displays for Digital

Libraries", [17]Communications of the ACM 44(5) (May 2001): 57-59. -

When considering weak links in the chain of distribution for online

media it's rare that 20 inch monitors are singled out as inadequate

but that's precisely what the authors in this article do. The problem

as they see it is that even a 20 inch monitor will hardly do justice

to objects -- say, the ceiling-scraping David by Michelangelo -- which

are far larger. Their solution is to run a string of inexpensive

projectors in parallel against a large wall in a vision of "immersive"

displays which currently may only be available at planetariums or IMAX

cinemas. - [18]LRK

Cattagni, Anne and Elizabeth Farris. [19]"Internet Access in U.S.

Public Schools and Classrooms: 1994-2000. National Center for

Education Statistics, U.S. Dept. of Education. (May 2001)

( - This

study of internet access in U.S. public schools finds that "almost

all" schools now have access to the net. Access has gone from 35% to

98% in the period 1994-2000. Access is not equal for all types of

schools -- the study points to disparities based on income and race

though there are improvements here as well. The study also looks at

the type of connection and connection speed, hours of availability and

methods used to prevent student access to inappropriate material. -


Cover, Robin. [21]SGML/XML Bibliography

( - There's a reason why

I don't provide extensive coverage of SGML/XML and related topics in

my [22]Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography. I admit it: I

don't want to compete with Robin Cover, author of the frequently

updated and all-inclusive SGML/XML Bibliography. This annotated

bibliography is definitely the place to go if you want in-depth

information about these key standards, complete with links to the

literature (if available) and related links. Yeah, it would be nice if

the newer updates to the bibliography about XML were integrated into

the base document, which has references to over 2,000 works as of

1998. But, given the amount of work that has gone into this document,

who can really complain? Did I mention that the bibliography is only a

part of a much bigger Web site called [23]The XML Cover Pages

(, edited by Cover? Want

news, overviews, archive sites, publications, user groups, event

listings, mailing lists, software tools and much more about an

alphabet soup of markup language standards? You got it. Give yourself

plenty of time to read it. - [24]CB

Cranefield, Stephen. [25]"Networked Knowledge Representation and

Exchange using UML and RDF" [26]Journal of Digital Information 1(8)

(February 2001)

( - This

article describes how UML (Universal Modeling Language) can be used to

encode the "knowledge" represented by Web pages. It does this by

describing the strengths and weaknesses of UML and [27]RDF (Resource

Discovery Framework), and then describes an online process for

exchanging the two through XSLT (Extensible Stylesheet Language

Transformations). Cranefield notes the process is not perfect. The

term "knowledge" is used in a philosophically very informal way, but

the text demonstrates how information can easily be converted from one

format to another for the purposes of extracting and possibly

representing meaning. - [28]ELM

Fox, Edward A. and Gary Marchioni, guest editors. "Digital Libraries"

[29]Communications of the ACM 44(5) (May 2001): 31-68. - This

collection of articles, short pieces, and sidebars continues CACM's

tradition of revisiting digital library research on a periodic basis

by devoting the bulk of an issue to the topic. As usual, it is a bit

of a mixed bag, but nearly all the pieces are devoted to the findings

of DL research -- research that may never result in actual,

functioning digital library services. A stand-out in this crowd is the

piece from the Perseus Project ("Drudgery and Deep Thought"), which is

not only tackling infrastructure issues but is also a destination that

has a large amount of interesting content. A short piece from

Christine Borgman reminding everyone that library services from human

beings are still needed in this brave new world, and another from the

New Zealand Digital Library on their Greenstone software that they are

using to provide access to a large collection of content, are worth

the few minutes required to read them. Another short piece is cited

elsewhere in this issue of Current Cites. - [30]RT

Glanz, James. "The World of Science Becomes a Global Village: Archive

Opens a New Realm of Research." [31]The New York Times (May 1, 2001).

- Founded more than 10 years ago by physicist Paul Ginsparg, the

[32]web-based archive at Los Alamos National Labs (,

known variously as the Los Alamos pre-print server, electronic archive

or database of physics papers and, quaintly, the Los Alamos electronic

bulletin board) no longer qualifies as breaking news in the world of

information technology. This article focuses on how the archive has

changed physics by encouraging multinational collaboration and erasing

geopolitical boundaries. Researchers in resource-poor institutions now

have free access to the latest reports in their field. At the same

time, a physicist from, say, a small research institute outside of

Tehran can engage in scientific dialogue with researchers from major

institutions in the US and Europe. - [33]MP

Helton Rennels, Diana, and Fairhurst Taylor, Jill. [34]"Teacher's

Palette" [35]First Monday 6(4) (April 2, 2001)

( - In 1998, the

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) University

Library received a grant from the Institute of Museums and Libraries

(IMLS) to study the uses of digital technology in art education. As

part of the program, twelve teachers became part of a pilot program to

integrate digital resources into a classroom teaching environment.

This article describes their experience, and the graphic elements the

authors include capture the delight of introducing art to children and

seeing what they create. It also sounds a promising note for

successful implementations of digital technology in the classroom,

which is notoriously unforgiving on hardware, software and curriculum

planners. - [36]TH

Hunter, Jane. "MetaNet -- A Metadata Term Thesaurus to Enable Semantic

Interoperability Between Metadata Domains" [37]Journal of Digital

Information 1(8) (February 2001)

( - Mapping

terminology and cross-walks are all the rage when it comes to

gathering and homogenizing sets of XML data. The problems of mapping

(exact matches and semantic mappings) are articulated, and the use of

a thesaurus -- MetaNet -- is posited as an alternative solution.

Instead of "hardwiring" ontologies between data, terms looked up in a

thesaurus with the usual characteristics in order to build mappings

and crosswalks. This is interesting because what is old is new again;

take note of how a age-old library tool is being used in a new

environment. - [38]ELM

Maly, Kurt and Mohammad Zubair and Xiaoming Liu. [39]"Kepler - An OAI

Data/Service Provider for the Individual" [40]D-Lib Magazine 7(4)

(April 2001) ( -

This article describes a simple [41]Open Archives Initiative

repository tool called [42]Kepler. By using this application

individual researchers can participate in the OAI with a minimum of

effort. Kepler is a bit different from other OAI repository tools.

First, it uses a file system to store its data, not a database.

Second, and more importantly, Kepler works in conjunction with a

"registration" server. This registration server is modeled on the idea

of peer-to-peer networking schemes such as Napster. If used in the way

it was designed, Kepler can facilitate wide-scale dissemination of

scholarly papers and information. No fuss. No muss. - [43]ELM

Mann, Charles C. [44]"Electronic Paper Turns the Page." [45]Technology

Review 104 (March 2001): 42-48

( - The

problem with current e-book readers is that they are not books. It's

hard to read text on those little screens, especially in strong light,

and you lose the navigation capabilities, broader context, and

mnemonic qualities that flipping pages provides. Sure you can do neat

stuff like searching, but what are you going to take to the beach?

Enter e-paper--flexible plastic sheets that conduct electricity and

are stamped with circuits that control a layer of e-ink to create

black-and-white characters and images. In the future, take a few

hundred sheets of e-paper and add a hard cover plus an electronic

spine crammed with a cpu, a storage device, and a wireless board.

Result: an e-book that looks like a book and works like a book, but

stores countless works and supports searching, linking, and dynamic

updating via the Internet. How far in the future? Maybe a few years,

maybe a decade. Still, this is a technology to keep an eye on. -


[47]Proceedings of the 10th National ACRL Conference, Denver, CO,

March 15-18, 2001 Association of College and Research Libraries,

American Library Association, 2001

( - These wide-ranging

papers touch on a variety of topics relating to academic libraries. If

you're an academic librarian, there's probably something of interest

to you here. The problem is that you will have a hard time finding it.

Since papers are listed alphabetically by title or by author, there is

nothing to do but scan the titles from A to Z looking for papers of

interest. They are in Adobe Acrobat format only, and no searching is

provided. However, there are gems here worth the trouble, so be

persistent. - [48]RT

Scigliano, John A. [49]"John A. Scigliano interviews Allan B. Ellis"

[50]The Internet and Higher Education 3(1-2) (1st Quarter-2nd Quarter

2000): 125-139.


e8a2b0 146f880eeee8b31ba10b). - That old time religion is what seethes

through this interview with computer and automation pioneer Allan

Ellis as he recalls early efforts while at Harvard in automating

various functions of the local school system. Ellis recalls the

vision, widely held at the time, that not only was the computer going

to speed things up but that it would allow us -- nay, require us -- to

rethink much of what we do. "Thinking about computers in education

does not mean thinking about computers," Ellis says quoting himself

from an earlier age, "it means thinking about education." - [51]LRK

Wiggins, Richard. [52]"Digital Preservation: Paradox & Promise"

[53]NetConnect A supplement to Library Journal and School Library

Journal (Spring 2001): 12-15

( - In his

usual interesting and highly-readable style, Wiggins takes on a

familiar topic but brings a new perspective. Citing the overnight

disappearance of a large collection of government content during the

recent presidential transition (at least some of which may yet become

available again, albeit in a different place), Wiggins outlines modes

of "digital death" (let me count the ways...), or the ways in which

digital information can disappear. There are many, and they lean

toward the mundane and trivial (e.g., the information provider loses

interest) rather than the dramatic (e.g., disaster). If digital data

goes into that dark night, he seems to assert, it will mostly go

quietly. A sidebar on the ironic disappearance of an archive that set

out to preserve digital serials provides a tragic example of how

commitment means almost everything in digital preservation, with any

other issue being a far, far distant second. - [54]RT

Wilhelm, Anthony G. [55]"They Threw Me a Computer -- But What I Really

Needed Was a Life Preserver." [56]First Monday 6(4) (April 2, 2001)

( - This is the

keynote address of "Web-Wise: The Second Annual Conference on

Libraries and Museums in the Digital World", and the author uses his

pulpit to speak earnestly about the vital roles that information

professionals play in bridging the digital divide. He identifies four

attributes of the digital divide -- literacy, access, content and

training -- and explores the record of libraries and museums in

addressing the ongoing challenge of meeting end users on their own

terms. It will not come as a surprise to public service providers that

he builds a strong case for the importance of "people"

skills-emphasizing human interaction alongside technology. He argues

that a personal touch is all the more needed to move the truly

disadvantaged into the digital arena. - [57]TH


Current Cites 12(5) (May 2001) ISSN: 1060-2356

Copyright 2001 by the Regents of the University of California All

rights reserved.

Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized bulletin

board/conference systems, individual scholars, and libraries.

Libraries are authorized to add the journal to their collections at no

cost. This message must appear on copied material. All commercial use

requires permission from the editor. All product names are trademarks

or registered trade marks of their respective holders. Mention of a

product in this publication does not necessarily imply endorsement of

the product. To subscribe to the Current Cites distribution list, send

the message "sub cites [your name]" to

[58], replacing "[your name]" with your

name. To unsubscribe, send the message "unsub cites" to the same


































































Volume 12, no. 6, June 2001

Gerry Hurley [gerry_hurley@SILVERPLATTER.COM]        26 June 2001


Here's the June issue of Current Cites

Gerry Hurley

SOLOLIB-L List Owner


Current Cites

Volume 12, no. 6, June 2001

Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720

ISSN: 1060-2356 -

Contributors: [3]Margaret Gross, [4]Terry Huwe, Shirl Kennedy, [5]Leo

Robert Klein, [6]Margaret Phillips, Jim Ronningen, [7]Roy Tennant

Bonett, Monica. [8]Personalization of Web Services: Opportunities and

Challenges" [9]Ariadne Issue 28 (June 2001)

( - Bonett begins

by describing what personalization is and the purposes for offering

personalization options for web sites. She uses commercial web sites

to illustrate different kinds of personalization, then briefly

discusses each specific method for providing personalization. In the

third section she highlights library examples of web personalization,

and finishes with a "challenges" section in which she outlines some

thorny issues (such as usability and ethics) that must be addressed.

The piece is illustrated with screen shot examples, all web site URLs

are provided, and many of the bibliographic references are available

online. - [10]RT

Brabazon, Tara. [11]"Internet Teaching and the Administration of

Knowledge" [12]First Monday 6(6) (June 4, 2001)

( - The author,

an Australian, assesses the impact on the Internet on universities in

a wide-ranging analysis that deconstructs the role of teachers,

classrooms and pedagogy in general. She makes the interesting point

that the "crisis" in university education purportedly triggered by the

Internet coincides with a dramatic increase in the enrollment of women

and minorities, including reentry students. Her analysis of the issues

surrounding teacher performance and quality in the classroom are very

well-stated, striking through the rhetoric surrounding attempts to do

"corporate makeovers" in the academy. - [13]TH

Bradford, Phillip G., Brown, Herbert E., and Saunders, Paula M.

[14]"Pricing, Agents, Perceived Value and the Internet" [15]First

Monday 6(6) (June 4, 2001)

( - The authors

make the powerful but simple point that however innovative the

Internet is as a new delivery system for consumers, "perceived value"

will always trump price in determining how much, and what people will

want to buy. Dropping prices, of course, do have an impact on sales,

but it only goes so far. People make purchase decisions based on

value, and ultimately, value cannot be detached from commodity. This

article provides a useful background in what many might think of as

Economics 101. However, perhaps more e-commerce visionaries should

thought about perceived value, in recent years. - [16]TH

Freely, IP. [17]"Looking for a Job" [18]Netslaves

( - One version of

the dot-commer myth says that the young whippersnappers have always

been free to cash out bigtime, and that the idle ones have no bigger

worry than avoiding those little bits of croissant shrapnel on the

caf'e chairs where they rest their golden-IPO'd butts. News to the

contrary has spread fast: almost all of these newly unemployed people

are hurting. If you're one of the many librarians who are wondering if

they might be able to lure jobless programmers to their lower-paid but

more secure library jobs, you might want to taste the bitterness and

check out the "Netslaves: Undertakers of the New Economy" Web site.

The cited article (a posting, really, complete with sassy pseudonym)

is representative of what you can expect. Granted, at a site made for

venting you will encounter rude language, but that's natural given the

roller-coaster crash they've been through. Read about their sometimes

absurd experiences (the item about all of those Aeron chairs

[[19]] bought with

venture capital bucks), fears (how about homelessness), and

generational humor (reader's poll: "When I go to hell I'll hear ...

Ice, ice, baby"). The site was started by Bill Lessard and Steve

Baldwin, authors of the book NetSlaves: True Tales of Working the Web,

which was published way back last year before dot-com turned to

dot-bomb. - JR

Gill, Tony. [20]"3D Culture on the Web" [21]RLG DigiNews 5(3) (June

15, 2001) ( -

Gill reminds us that the two-dimensional web is missing an important

dimension. Particularly important for cultural information, the third

dimension presents particular problems for depicting in a

two-dimensional space. Gill reviews the ongoing standards efforts as

well as existing applications for depicting and interacting with

three-dimensional representations of landscapes or objects. Although

we still seem to be some distance from achieving a robust, standard

markup language for three-dimensional information (with the best hope

being the XML-based X3D specification), at least you can experience

3-D objects on the web through using such plug-ins as Apple Computer's

QuickTime Virtual Reality (QuickTimeVR), which is available for both

MS Windows and the Mac. - [22]RT

Guglielmo, Connie. [23]"Microsoft Tries to Get Smart" [24]ZDnet

Interactive iWeek (June 11, 2001)


- Yuks of the month award goes to this delightful piece written in

response to the controversy over Microsoft's proposed "Smart Tags".

"Smart Tags" are 3rd party links to services, many of them commercial,

which the next iteration of the Microsoft browser will automatically

add to a Web page prior to display. The Guglielmo piece looks at the

editorial implications of this in an especially well-crafted and

understated way. - [25]LRK

Hiltzik, Michael A. [26]"Birth of a Thinking Machine" [27]The Los

Angeles Times (June 21, 2001)

( - With

the imminent release of Steven Spielberg's movie [28]A.I. (artificial

intelligence), this article describes a real A.I. project. For 17

years a team of scientists has been laboring to "teach" a computer

(nick-named "Cyc" for "encyclopedia") everything it might need to know

to think for itself. The "knowledge base" has grown to over 1.4

million assertions, "hundreds of thousands of root words, names,

descriptions, abstract concepts, and a method of making inferences

that allows the system to understand that, for example, a piece of

wood can be smashed into smaller pieces of wood, but a table can't be

smashed into a pile of smaller tables." That's small comfort to those

of us who remember all too well the fictional computer "HAL" from

Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey. Although Cyc is still likely

years from being used in practical applications, a small portion of

the Cyc knowledge base is scheduled to be released to the public this

summer under the name OpenCyc by [29]Cycorp, Cyc's inevitable

corporate parent. - [30]RT

Kennedy, Shirley Duglin. [31]"Web Design That Won't Get You Into

Trouble" [32]Computers in Libraries 21 (6), June 2001. - Ms. Kennedy has

written a lively, thorough and thought provoking article about the

many ways web designers can unwittingly break the law. The article

could easily have been subtitled "Copyright, how do I infringe thee,

let me count the ways" (my apologies to R.B.). The author lists the

five rights granted by the Act to holders of copyright, Against this

list, she demonstrates how seemingly innocent acts such as linking to

a graphic on another's site may infringe copyright. Best to contact

the owner, and ask for permission before going ahead. Further examples

include creating a webpage of links to only selected portions of a

website, and deep linking. The latter refers to bypassing the home

page, and linking further into the website. Often home pages contain

advertising, thus avoiding these may mean lost revenue for the

website's owner. Further in the article, Ms Kennedy examines first

amendment issues. Throughout the article there are numerous URLs

presented, including a sidebar where all URLs in the article are

compiled and annotated. - [33]MG

Lynch, Clifford. [34]"The Battle to Define the Future of the Book in

the Digital World" [35]First Monday 6(6) (June 4, 2001)

( - This sprawling

article lays out all of the issues driving the e-book development

process, complete with a lively and entertaining panoply of the

qualities one always associates with Clifford Lynch: humor, laconic

delivery, far-reaching conclusions, piercing questions, and an

intellect that cuts to the chase like a stiletto. Look no further for

a lucid analysis of e-book readers versus software, licensing to

consumers versus libraries, the role of libraries and their confusion

with e-books, the successes of libraries with electronic media versus

the lost opportunities, and so on. Lynch has always been a leader of

the pack in assessing the human impact of technology without

sacrificing a rigorous review of the technology. In short, this

article is required reading for anyone interested in e-books. The

section on libraries and e-books is a true gem - [36]TH

Powell, Andy. [37]"OpenResolver: A Simple OpenURL Resolver"

[38]Ariadne Issue 28 (June 2001)

( - [39]OpenURL is a

standard way to encode links for bibliographic resources that enables

richer linking services than is normally possible. It is designed to

solve one problem (the issue of sending the user to the copy of an

item you've licensed rather than to one you have not, also called the

"appropriate copy" problem) and provide opportunities for adding other

linking services (such as looking up other articles by the same

author). You'll need to read the piece to get the explanation of what

it does and how it works. The online demonstration, however, is where

you're more likely to "get it", so be sure to try it out. Kudos to

Powell for writing a clear explanation of OpenURL and particularly for

setting up such a great demonstration of how OpenURL works. - [40]RT

Reich, Vicky and David S.H. Rosenthal. [41]"LOCKSS: A Permanent Web

Publishing and Access System" [42]D-Lib Magazine 7(6) (June 2001)

( - It's all too

easy to scoff at a digital preservation system named "Lots of Copies

Keep Stuff Safe" ([43]LOCKSS), but one would do best to keep scoffing

at a minimum until reading this article. LOCKSS is a project

spearheaded by Stanford to provide a method for libraries to preserve

an electronic journal by capturing and storing the bits in a redundant

and automatically reparable network cache. The system is currently in

a beta test with servers around the globe. But do not assume that by

storing the bits LOCKSS solves the digital preservation issue. LOCKSS

solves only the most tractable part of the digital preservation

problem -- keeping the bits around. Left for others to solve is the

much more difficult problem of what to do when the format the

information is in goes kaput (can anyone still open a WordStar file?).

- [44]RT

Schaffner, Bradley L. "Electronic Resources: A Wolf in Sheep's

Clothing?" [45]College & Research Libraries 62 (3) (May 2001):

239-249. - Schaffner's thesis statement on e-resources in libraries:

electronic resources should complement rather than replace other

formats. While he acknowledges the many advantages of electronic

resources (full-text searchability, remote accessibility, etc.), he

cautions that there are also many misconceptions about e-resources

(that everything is available online, that they are cheaper and that

they are can be more efficiently administered). These misconceptions

mean that politicians and administrators (the ones who ultimately

control libraries' purse strings) are eager to prioritize funding for

virtual libraries over the budgetary needs of traditional library

collections and staffing. The article also discusses the impact of

electronic resources on research and includes the obligatory

librarian's lament about the inability of many researches to

effectively evaluate the resources they find on the Web. - [46]MP

Specter, Michael. "The Doomsday Click" [47]The New Yorker (May 28,

2001):101-107 - It's true what they say about The New Yorker: it's not

as serious as it used to be, Cond Nast is refashioning it (emphasis

on fashion) into a "lifestyle" publication, and in the national market

for mass media it's the publicist's friend. But interesting info tech

articles will show up in the darndest places. The title of this one

and the accompanying illustration are certainly alarmist enough to

cause some doubts, but the author has some good stories to tell about

his experience as a 'bug collector' with most of the major worms and

viruses archived on his hard drives. He relates his encounters with

people such as Peter G. Neumann who are certain that a catastrophic

net attack could happen any time, and describes his hands-on sessions

with hackers in Amsterdam. In that last tale, the eye-opener for the

general reader and maybe for some systems veterans, too, is the ease

with which malicious code can be launched. "Skriptkiddies" or anyone

else for that matter can send a virus down the pipes by simply

following a recipe or filling out an online form. If you have the

computer skills to order a t-shirt from J.Crew, then you also have the

skills to cause some serious trouble. The article is part of the

"Digital Age" issue. Please, I beg of you, take a look at the piece

about the ubiquity of PowerPoint, in which some of the repercussions

of overuse are revealed. For example, one mom's decision to include a

PowerPoint presentation in a family meeting about household chores

didn't go over too well with the kids. - JR

Tognazzini, Bruce. [48]"How to Deliver a Report Without Getting

Lynched" [49]AskTog (May 2001)

( - Not

getting lynched is probably high on most people's agenda. It's

particularly high for those of us active in technical areas where

reputations for articulate self-expression and sensitivity are not

always the best. Here then in this short piece, interface veteran

Bruce Tognazzini -- Tog -- reminds us that we'll sooner win people

over with a spoonful of sugar than with a jigger of vinegar. The

interchange between readers and Tognazzini following the piece is also

worth looking at -- particularly where Tognazzini is reminded that he

isn't always so diplomatic himself. - [50]LRK


Current Cites 12(6) (June 2001) ISSN: 1060-2356

Copyright 2001 by the Regents of the University of California All

rights reserved.

Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized bulletin

board/conference systems, individual scholars, and libraries.

Libraries are authorized to add the journal to their collections at no

cost. This message must appear on copied material. All commercial use

requires permission from the editor. All product names are trademarks

or registered trade marks of their respective holders. Mention of a

product in this publication does not necessarily imply endorsement of

the product. To subscribe to the Current Cites distribution list, send

the message "sub cites [your name]" to

[51], replacing "[your name]" with your

name. To unsubscribe, send the message "unsub cites" to the same























































D-Lib Magazine - September 2001 issue 

From: Bonnie Wilson [mailto:bwilson@CNRI.RESTON.VA.US]

Sent: Tuesday, September 18, 2001 10:10 PM


Subject: The September 2001 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available


The September 2001 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available. The table of contents

is at

In this issue, there are five full-length articles, several

smaller features in D-Lib Magazine's 'In Brief' column,

excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming

conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and

Pointers'. The Featured Collection for September is

"Perfessor" Bill Edwards Ragtime on the Web.

The September 2001 articles include:

Linking to the Appropriate Copy: Report of a DOI-Based


Oren Beit-Arie, Ex Libris (USA), Inc., Miriam Blake, Los

Alamos National Laboratory Research Library, Priscilla

Caplan, Florida Center for Library Automation, Dale Flecker,

Harvard University Library, Tim Ingoldsby, American

Institute of Physics, Laurence W. Lannom, Corporation for

National Research Initiatives, William H. Mischo, University

of Illinois, at Urbana-Champaign, Edward Pentz, CrossRef,

Sally Rogers, Ohio State University Libraries, and Herbert

Van de Sompel, The British Library

Preserving Scholarly E-Journals

Dale Flecker, Harvard University

Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations:

Bridging the Gaps for Global Access

Part 1: Mission and Progress

Hussein Suleman, Anthony Atkins, Marcos A. Goncalves, Robert

K. France, and Edward A. Fox, Virginia Tech; Vinod Chachra

and Murray Crowder, VTLS, Inc.; and Jeff Young, OCLC

Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations:

Bridging the Gaps for Global Access

Part 2: Services and Research

Hussein Suleman, Anthony Atkins, Marcos A. Goncalves, Robert

K. France, and Edward A. Fox, Virginia Tech; Vinod Chachra

and Murray Crowder, VTLS, Inc.; and Jeff Young, OCLC

HILT - High-Level Theasaurus Project: Building Consensus for

Interoperable Subject Access across Communities

Susannah Wake and Dennis Nicholson, University of


D-Lib has mirror sites at the following locations:

UKOLN: The UK Office for Library and Information Networking,

Bath, England

The Australian National University Sunsite, Canberra,


State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of

Göettingen, Göettingen, Germany

Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the

September 2001 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please

check back later. There is a delay between the time of the

magazine is released in the United States and the time when

the mirroring process has been completed.)

Bonnie Wilson

Managing Editor

D-Lib Magazine




Government Information Quarterly

Volume 18, number 3

----Original Message-----

From: Richard Hill []

Sent: Wednesday, 22 August 2001 4:29


Subject: ASIS-L: Government Information Quarterly


[Forwarded for John Bertot. Dick Hill]

The editors (see below) of _Government Information Quarterly: An

International Journal of Information Technology

Management, Policies, and Practices_ are pleased to announce the release of

Volume 18, number 3 -- a special symposium issue entitled "Metadata: A

Networked Information Strategy to Improve Access to and Management of

Government Information." The issue, guest edited by William E. Moen,

explores strategies, issues, and practice regarding metadata and the use of

metadata in the provision of access to government information in the

networked environment.

Metadata articles include:

The Metadata Approach to Accessing Government Information, by William E.


The Find-it! Illinois Controlled Vocabulary: Improving Access to Government

Information Through the Jessica Subject Tree, by Anne Craig

GILS Metadata Initiatives at the State Level, by Allen Mullen

Informing and Evaluating a Metadata Initiative: Usability and Metadata

Studies in Minnesota's Foundations Project, by Eileen Quam

A Metadata Initiative for Global Information Discovery, by Eliot Christian

Additional issue articles include:

Knowledge management: a U.S. social security administration case study, by

Bonnie Rubenstein Montano


Other recent issues include:

- Symposium issue on the ERIC Clearinghouse (Volume 18, number 1)

- Symposium issue on Issues, Strategies, and Practice in Electronic

Government (Volume 18, number 2)


The full text of these and other articles is available through Elsevier

ScienceDirect, as well as in print publication.


Government Information Quarterly is a quarterly publication of Elsevier

Science. The journal explores such topics as information and

telecommunications policy; access to and use of government information;

information technology management, implementation, planning, and evaluation;

information services development, management, and provision in a distributed

networked environment; e-commerce in governments; service quality

assessment, benchmarking, and performance measurement; and, governing and

governance in a networked environment.

Additional information regarding the journal and journal submissions is

available at:

John Carlo Bertot <>, School of Information Studies,

Florida State University serves as the journal editor.

Charles R. McClure <>, School of Information Studies,

Florida State University serves as the journal associate editor.


* John Carlo Bertot, Ph.D. Phone: (850) 644-6400 *

* Associate Professor Fax: (850) 644-9763 *

* School of Information Studies Email: *

* Florida State University *

* 101 Shores Building *

* Tallahassee, FL 32306-2100 *


Executive Director

American Society for Information Science and Technology

1320 Fenwick Lane, Suite 510

Silver Spring, MD 20910

FAX: (301) 495-0810

PHONE: (301) 495-0900


The IFLA Journal, Volume 27 (2001) No. 4 

Stephen Parker [zest@BART.NL]            3rd August 2001


The IFLA Journal, Volume 27 (2001) No. 4 

is a Special Issue on Library

Statistics, Guest Editor John Sumsion. The contents of this issue, which

will be published shortly, are as follows:













Colleen Cook, Fred Heath, Bruce Thompson and Russel (Trey)


Book Review: PLANNING DOCUMENT ACCESS. Reviewed by Maurice B. Line.


From the Secretariat

Kay Raseroka Wins Presidential Election

New Governing Board Elected

Overall Election Results

New Members

From the Core Programmes

From the UAP Programme

From the UBCIM Programme

From the PAC Committee

Other IFLA News

Colombian Winner of Guust van Wesemael Literacy Prize 2001

Libraries in Times of Utopian Thoughts and Social Protest

News from Corporate Partners

Blackwell Synergy Launches New Search Engine

Emerald, the New Name and Vision for MCB University Press Ltd.

OCLC--Your Global Partner in Cooperative Librarianship

News from Other Organizations

News from ICSU and UNESCO

News from the International Coalition of Library Consortia

Canadian Help for Chile


Call for Free E-Research


Birgitta Bergdahl, 13-11-1937 - 20-3-2001. A Tribute by H. Kay Raseroka

Birgitta Bergdahl (1937-2001). A Tribute by Ulf Göranson

Maria Skepastianu

International Calendar

Stephen Parker

Acting Editor

IFLA Journal




Call for papers

iju abraham [] 12 September 2001



Indian Library and Information Science Association(ILISA).By sending this

message we are expecting an artlce from your end to be published in the

coming issue of our journal about the professional information management

techniques adopted by your association to render maximum service and

satisfaction to your readership.You may please visit our site

for more guidelines to contributors.

It would be a new experience for our readers, if somebody like you, share

your experinces of providing training and support for your librarians

working in small rural libraries and schools. As you know in India, we also

do the same thing but most of our efforts are in vain due to our unorganized

approach and some government policies. If somebody like you share the

hurdles and the difficulties you experience here, the way you try to

overcome them, your policies and the responses and net feed backs etc.etc.,

for sure, we will benefit out of it. Also the modern information management

techniques and the adoption of new communication devises and tools, all can

be brought to the attention of our readers.

Also I welcome, if we could have an exchange of ideas and professional

expertise in coming days. In our country,library movement contributes a lot

to its social and cultural development.Its trmendous population, diversity

of cultural heritage and decentralized linguistic background, all make it a

unique combination of inter-related social structure. India deserves a

cocentrated focusing of sociologist all over the world.

And, I am personaly interested to "associate" with your Association and to

do something productive.

Looking ahead to hear from you.

With regards

Biju K. Abraham




Information Research

New site

essages to jESSE: [reply, or]  3 May 2001

to Moderator: []

to Sender: [take e-mail address from message below]

Info on jESSE: []


If you use the electronic journal Information Research, or have papers from

it on reading lists, or 'hotlinks', please note that the old site at: is now dead (or at

least slowly dying!)

Change your links to: (shorter and more memorable),

where you will find the journal, together with other resources I have

developed. The whole site has been re-structured, so simply putting this URL

in front of the specific paper number will not work. For example is now

The old URLs will continue to work for some time to come but, eventually,

all files will be deleted from the old site.

If you have not registered to receive e-mail announcements of future issues

of Information Research, please do so by going to

Professor T.D. Wilson, PhD

Publisher/Editor in Chief

Information Research

University of Sheffield

Sheffield S10 2TN, UK


Web site:



Call For Papers

Suliman Hawamdeh (Assoc Prof) []    4 August 2001


Information Research: an International Electronic Journal,

Special Issue on

"Knowledge Management and the Emperor's New Clothes"

Call For Papers


Professor Tom Wilson

Associate Professor Suliman Hawamdeh <>


Volume 6 No 4 July 2001

Tom Wilson []   13 August 2001

Dear Colleague,

In the latest issue of Information Research

( you will find a link to a new

page, "What's in the other free e-journals"

( It occurs to me that those of

us who produce free e-journals in the 'information' field (broadly defined)

could, by this means, create a different kind of web-ring - one in which

this page, omitting our own journal, could be reproduced either as it is, or

with further modification, in each journal. In this way we might increase

the visibility of each journal to the potential readership. All we need, for

updating, is for the editor of each journal to send a message to the rest

saying when the next issue is on line.

Let me know what you think.


Tom Wilson


Professor T.D. Wilson, PhD

Publisher/Editor in Chief

Information Research

University of Sheffield

Sheffield S10 2TN, UK


Web site:



Information Technology & People

Call for papers

Peter Gray [pgray@BUSINESS.QUEENSU.CA]  5 September 2001


Information Technology & People announces a new Special Issue on

Organizational Implications of Knowledge Management Systems.

Guest edited by Peter H. Gray and Darren Meister,

Management Research Centre for Knowledge-Based Enterprises,

Queen’s School of Business, Queen’s University

The use of information technology for knowledge management, termed knowledge

management systems (KMS), is a rapidly growing area of interest for

information systems researchers. This Special Issue asks the question, "How

does the use of KMS make possible entirely new behaviours, social processes

and forms of interactions?" We encourage the submission of manuscripts that

explore, describe, and assess the ways in which information technology has

been used to create new forms of knowledge creation, sharing and sourcing.

Possible issues of relevance include integration of KMS into work context,

employees’ role-redefinition, impact on specialization, need for training,

process adjustments and implementation issues. Research that evaluates the

effectiveness of such processes, either in contrast to traditional processes

or between competing IT-enabled knowledge management processes, is most

eagerly sought. Papers that develop and present new theories about KMS would

also be of considerable interest to this Special Issue.

Organizations have several types of KMS that can be used to address sharing

and sourcing of knowledge. A simple taxonomy of KMS might discriminate

between those that are primarily interpersonal communication tools and those

that are more document-centred. Electronic discussion groups, e-mail,

videoconferencing, teleconferencing and community support systems are

examples of the former. A considerable and growing body of literature

addresses issues surrounding the communication of knowledge through such

KMS. While these KMS continue to present interesting and important research

questions, we encourage submissions that address the organizational, social

and cultural impacts of KMS that are primarily document-centred for this

Special Issue.

While there are considerable technical issues involved in the design and

construction of KMS, this Special Issue is interested in the behavioural,

managerial, and organizational implications of KMS use. The Special Issue

will consider empirical and theoretical papers focused on either type of

KMS, communication- or document-centred.

Beyond providing a channel for communicating knowledge, KMS can also provide

ancillary services that act as substitutes for traditional social processes,

especially in organizations that are large and geographically distributed.

For example, the use of automatic expertise profiling software to identify

subject matter experts may take the place of word-of-mouth and contact

networks for finding expertise. Of particular interest is empirical research

that advances our understanding of the organizational role and managerial

implications of tools such as:

- knowledge maps and directories

- topic maps

- automatic expertise profiling tools

- knowledge repositories

- document management systems

- content tracking systems

- process support and workflow tools

- autonomous agents and search tools

- peer-to-peer document exchange tools

- human-computer interfaces for knowledge representation

- rule-based and expert systems

- semantic search and representation tools

Important Dates

November 1, 2001 Deadline for submission

February 1, 2002 Preliminary notices to authors

April 1, 2002 Deadline for re-submission of selected papers

June 1, 2002 Final acceptance notice sent to authors

August 1, 2002 Deadline for camera-ready copies

Early 2003 Special issue is published



All submissions must be in English, and should represent the original work

of the authors. Improved versions of papers previously published in

conference proceedings are welcome, provided that no relevant copyright

limitations exist. Submissions must be made electronically via e-mail to one

of the guest editors (addresses below). The submission should be included as

an attachment in MS Word or PDF format.

More information about Information Technology & People can be found at the

journal’s home page at We encourage the

submission of abstracts in order to establish a level of fit with the theme

of the special issue.

Submissions should be made to one of the following:

Peter H. Gray

Queen’s School of Business

(P) 613 533 6000 x78002

(F) 613 533 2325



Darren Meister

Queen’s School of Business

(P) 613 533 6980

(F) 613 533 2325



Manuscripts should be between 4000 to 6000 words in length and be

double-spaced, in at least 11 pt font.

Submissions should include the following:

(a) On the body of the e-mail message, for each author: Name, e-mail,

mailing address, university/organization affiliation, phone/fax numbers.

Please indicate who is the contact person for the submission.

(b) On the paper: Submission title, an abstract of the submission, the

main body of the submission, references and/or bibliography.

Please do not include the name of the authors or any information that would

allow for their identification on the paper. Reviews will be blind.

All paper submissions and the submission review process will be managed

through e-mail. The receipt of submissions will be quickly confirmed by one

of the guest editors. Submissions should follow the bibliography style

guidelines for MIS Quarterly (see Information on

camera-ready copy preparation will be provided to submitting authors by the

guest editors through e-mail upon acceptance.

The MS-Word version of this Call for Papers can be accessed at


INSPEL - International Journal of Special Libraries

INSPEL Editor [INSPEL@FH-POTSDAM.DE]   20 July 2001



The new issue of

INSPEL - The International Journal of Special Libraries,

official organ of the IFLA division 2

has just come out of press:

Volume 35, (2001) n° 2:

Marga Coing:

Effective Communication: An Essential Tool to Cope with the Challenge

of Technological Change, p. 75

Jean-Philippe Accart:

Business Intelligence: A New Challenge for Librarians? p. 85

Jane M. Wu:

Pangaea Central: the Coming Global Access to Legal, Scientific and

Technical Information Through the Resource Networks of Intergovernmental

Organizations, p. 94

Zana Bufi:

The Challenge of Organization the Research Service and the Library of

Albanian Assembly, p. 113

Chng Kim See:

Government Information and Information about Governments in Southeast

Asia: a New Era? An Overview, p. 120

Patrick McGlamery:

Issues of Authenticity of Spatial Data, p. 137



As a reminder:

Volume 34,3/4 and 35,1 contained a selection of the best papers from the

SLA GLOBAL 2000 World-Wide conference on Special Librarianship in

Brighton last year:


INSPEL vol. 34 (2000) n° 3/4

Rafael Ball

Future Trends in Special Library Services. p. 133

Judith Broady-Preston and Tim Hayward

Information Specialists in the Corporate Sector: an Analysis of the

Training and Education Needs for the 21st Century. p. 141

Martha K. Heyman

Speaking IT, Staying a Librarian: Building Successful Relationships with

the Information technology Oraganization without Losing Your Identity,

p. 153

Charlene Baldwin and Jesųs Lau

Collaboration Between the United States and Mexico: The Legacy of SLA -

Supported linkages, p. 165

Claire Spaven and Anna Murphy

Parlez-vous Technology? Teaching Information Skills in a Second

Language. p. 179

Alice Keller

Electronic Journals: a Delphi Survey, p. 187

Wolfram Neubauer

The Digitization of Switzerland: a Special Library's Perspective, p.194

Widharto Widharto

Development Information Dissemination Techniques: Direction for

Acquaculture Development and Health Planning in Indonesia during and

after the Economic Crisis, p. 199

Susan Henczel

The Information Audit as a First Step Towards Effective Knowledge

Management: an Opportunity for the Special Librarian

Anna H. Perrault and Vicki L. Gregory

Think Global, Act Local: The Challenges of Taking the Website Global.


Jeannette Regan

Networking the Asia-Pacific: a Co-operative Library Venture Begun

Through Special Libraries Association (SLA) and the Australian Library

and Information Association (ALIA), p. 238


INSPEL, volume 35 (2001) n° 1

Joycelyn M. Jaca:

Bringing the Library Right Into the Workplace: A Challenge and a Tool

of Survival for a Telecommunications Library. p. 1

Surekha Kaul:

Information Resource Sharing Models in Developing Countries: A network

emerging from the World Bank supported Environmental Management Capacity

Building Project. p. 9

Alladi Vagiswari, S. Amba, Christina Louis:

Need for International Cooperation to meet Information Requirements of

Scientists in a Developing Country. p. 27

P.K. Jain:

Building Capacities - Resource Sharing in India. A Case Study of the

Institute of Economic Growth Library. p. 37

Francis Jayakanth:

Implementing WWWISIS for Providing Web Access to Bibliographic

Databases. p. 42

Patricia Okiemute Idahosa:

CDS/ISIS: The Lagos Business School Experience. p. 59

Muhammad Yaqub Chaudhary:

Continuing Professional Education of Librarians Working in the

University Libraries of Pakistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir. p. 67


The next issue of INSPEL will deal with Medical Librarianship.

Please feel free to enter your subscription at a "pre EURO bargain

price" of DEM 80 (plus postage)

or consider a subscription for your third world sister library (see

attached flyer) and / or consider submitting your papers for reviewing.

See you all in Boston - and have a look at the IFLA booth for a specimen

copy of INSPEL

Hans-Christoph Hobohm

editor-in-chief, INSPEL


INSPEL - International Journal of Special Libraries

ˇ the Library Journal published by the Division of Special Libraries of

IFLA, the International Federation of Library Associations and


ˇ a unique platform for pro-active and well informed special librarians


ˇ needs your subscription to sustain its print version for assuring

access from "information poor countries"

Editorial Board:

Hans-Christoph Hobohm (editor-in-chief, Germany), Jeannette Dixon (USA),

Paul Kaegbein (Germany), Olivier Loiseaux (France), Lena Olsson

(Sweden), Rafael Ball (Germany), Myoung Chung Wilson (USA), Patricia B.

Yocum (USA), Ysabel Bertolucci (USA)


INSPEL, Archival, Library and Information Studies dept., University of

Applied Sciences (FH), PO-Box 600608, D-14406 Potsdam, Germany, Tel.:

++49 / 331 - 580 1514, Fax: ++49 / 331 - 580 1599, e-mail:,

INSPEL is published quarterly. The annual subscription rate is DEM 80,00

plus postage. All subscription inquiries and orders should be sent to

the Publisher (see below). All other correspondence should be addressed

to the Editor-in-chief.

The contents of this journal are indexed in the following information

services: LISA (Library and Information Science Abstracts), LiLi

(Library Literature), ISA (Information Science Abstracts and Fulltext

Sources Online, ECONIS (Economics Information System), INFODATA

(Informationswissenschaft und Informationspraxis), IBZ (Internationale

Bibliographie der Zeitschriftenliteratur) etc.

Yes I want to subscribe to

INSPEL - International Journal of Special Libraries

for only DM 80 plus postage

Name _____________________________________________

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City _____________________________________________

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Telephone / Fax _____________________________________________

Ship to (if different from address above, e.g. your "Third World" sister


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Telephone / Fax _____________________________________________

Date / place ____________________ Signature ____________________


Mail or Fax to

INSPEL c/o Technische Universität Berlin,

Universitätsbibliothek, Abt. Publikationen

Straße des 17. Juni 135

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T. ++49 30 314-23980

F. ++49 30 314-24741


Method of payment:

[ ] please invoice me

[ ] check or money order enclosed

(Acc. n° 117 74 103 at

Postgiro Berlin (BLZ 100 100 10))





Call for Papers

Dr. Mohamed Taher []   25 July 2001


Call for papers for a thematic issue of IRSQ

Guest Editor's Update no. I

 This call is for INTERNET REFRENCE SERVICES QUARTERLY (IRSQ), of Haworth Press,

The main focus of this issue is to analyze the emerging trends in the attempts at linking traditional and virtual reference service - rather than allow emergence and perpetual development of two parallel types of reference service. Contributions to this special issue are expected to analyze the emerging paradigms of Internet reference service, in order to compare the emerging paradigms of traditional reference service. It will consider, holistically, all the related expectations / hopes, conflicts / controversies, realities / ideals, behavior of people, processes, procedures, products, etc. Just in time, to save the time of the reader, it will identify what is achieved and what is not, as well as, at what, and at whose cost. This insight has become an urgent necessity given the intensive and extensive attempts of the 1990s b


a. Present practical perspectives (electronic, virtual, digital, on-line, offline, extranet, intranet, Internet) of handling Internet reference services vis-ā-vis traditional practices - identifying possible areas for intensive links / integration and prospects.

b. Deal with trends, problems, issues, perspectives of end-users, mediators (all information handling agencies in the infostructural and infrastructural context), as well as developers, designers and planners, in multilingual, multicultural and multimedia context, i.e., international experiences - irrespective of space or location

c. Problems and troubleshooting strategies adopted in providing and sustaining reference service in the virtual vis-ā-vis traditional domain

d. Experiences, exposures, perceptions of outsider / others / end-users / anecdotes / narratives.


Being the first ever-comparative publication of whatever is the emerging links between traditional vis-ā-vis virtual reference domains, it will be a unique contribution of Haworth Press, and will have a very large global audience. It includes practicing librarians, policy makers, decision makers, IT specialists handling information transfer paradigms, marketers of infomedia in societal contexts, information seekers and knowledge management professionals.

 Outline of themes / facets:

 Outline of the themes, as well as facets given below, are mentioned merely for some coherence. These are, however, interchangeable -i.e., contributors are free to choose the topics or can suggest own.

a. Themes: Cultural issues and reference service - traditional vis-ā-vis virtual / Internet environment

---- Facets: political, social, religious, ethical, moral bridges

 (summary: cultural influences do effect the provision of reference, and in the changing scenario how and where does the Service stand. Example of the culturalia is seen in issues such as: hate, violence, sexuality, religious, social, moral, etc. human interface and human concerns, end-user and political reactions / over-reaction, problems and prospects, democratic, non-democratic, multicultural and multilingual environs, etc.) 

 b. Themes: Technological issues and reference service - traditional vis-ā-vis virtual / Internet environment

---- Facets: interfaces, software, hardware, middleware, infomedia evolution, multiple media, other bridges

(summary: hardware, software, middleware, supportware that effect the provision of reference, and in the changing scenario how and where does the Service stand. Example of the technologies 24 / 7 / 365, e-mail, offline, online, digital, cyberstacks, Public Information Kiosk, integrated methods, user-education, user-friendliness, end-user interfaces, infomedia's convergence and adaptability, other problems and prospects, bureaucratic hurdles, security related matters, and issues related to children and young people using the Internet etc. without guidance, etc.)

 c. Themes: Information handling and issues in general, in relation to  reference service - traditional vis-ā-vis virtual / Internet environment

----Facets: mediators, educators, content developers, interface bridges

(summary: role playing in adapting the digital and virtual reference, building bridges between the old habits and the new, institutional and professional best practices, e-commerce strategies and impact of dot com, problems and prospects, etc.)

 d. Themes: Librarianship and reference service - traditional vis-ā-vis virtual / Internet environment

---- Facets: trends, continuity, survival strategies, prospects, emerging bridges

(summary: Survival skills, methods adapted in the transition to the virtual domains, impact of Internet reference service on traditional environment, free/fee based services / pricing of products, consortium impacts, copyright connotations in document delivery and inter-library loan, problems / prospects, virtual libraries-conflicts and controversies)

 e. Themes: Training and developmental paradigms and reference service - traditional vis-ā-vis virtual / Internet environment

----Facets: convergence, divergence, emergence, infostructural bridges

(summary: training the professionals, continuing education channels, online and distance modes, problems and prospects).

 f.  Themes: Performance issues and reference service - traditional vis-ā-vis virtual / Internet environment

---- Facets: patterns in bibliometric, econometric, scientometric, librametric bridges

(summary: testing and evaluating, benchmark / standards / policies / procedures / reports, reviews, surveys).

 E-Reference service: A last word about what is (e)reference service? Dr. S. R. Ranganathan -- India's Bliss, Dewey, Cutter, Shera, Garfield, on the Net described as Yahoo's backbone, and who is also called India's father of Library Science - has defined reference service as of two types: short range (quick or ready-reference) and long range (research based). It is necessary to note that any service - traditional or otherwise - must satisfy his Five Laws, that is the test - and his five laws restated in terms of re

 Note from previous email: I will be guest editor for a printed journal. I wish to receive your acceptance as a paper contributor. Are you willing to write a paper in say the next four/five months and willing to contribute the same, I will send the details of the proposed special issue to you.  I need your willingness to proceed with my plan with the publishers. The broad area is reference service - comparing virtual and traditional, or virtual experiences or traditional experiences with virtual interfaces.

 P.S. Contents of previous issues are at


Mohamed Taher, Ph.D., D.Litt.

Library Associate

Ontario Multifaith Council

Toronto, On



Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship

Spring 2001


The Spring 2001 issue of Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship


now available at:

The theme for this issue is Collection Development in the Internet Age.



* Collection Development in the Internet Age: An Introduction

by David Flaxbart, Editorial Board, Issues in Science & Technology



* Selecting Electronic Publications: The Development of a Genre


by Lila A. Faulkner and Karla L. Hahn, University of Maryland


* Developing an Online Science Journal Collection: A Quick Tool for

Assigning Priorities

by Anne Christie and Laurel Kristick, Oregon State University


* E-Journal Bundling and Its Impact on Academic Libraries: Some



by Jonathan Nabe, Brandeis University


* Aggregated Science: An Examination of Three Multi-Disciplinary


by J.B. Hill, Southeastern Louisiana University


* Managing Access to a Publisher Package: IEE, IEL, and Xplore

by John Matylonek, Oregon State University and Denise Bennett,

University of Florida


* Collection Management Strategies in a Digital Environment

by Cecily Johns, University of California, Santa Barbara


* Characterization of Unique Serials Indexed in the Zoological


by Janet Hughes, The Pennsylvania State University


* Readers' Guide to the History of Science by Arne Hessenbruch

Reviewed by David Farrell, University of California, Berkeley


* Journal of SMET Education: Innovations and Research

Reviewed by Teresa Larkin-Hein, American University


* Internet Teaching Resources in Chemical Research Ethics

by K.T.L. Vaughan, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill



* Science and Information Literacy on the Internet: Using the ACRL


Project 2061 Standards to Create a Science Web Page Evaluation


ACRL Conference, March 16, 2001

by Kate Manuel, California State University, Hayward


Summer 2001

Andrea Duda []     Thu 13/09/2001 4:02

The Summer 2001 issue of Issues in Science & Technology Librarianship is

now available at:



A Web Database to Manage and Organize ANSI Standards Collections

by John C. Matylonek and Maren Peasley, Oregon State University

Flashpoint @ A Simple Smart Search Interface

by Dan Mahoney and Mariella Di Giacomo, Los Alamos National


Glory Days: Managing Scientific Journals in a Liberal Arts College

by Julie Miran and Norm Medeiros, Haverford College

Refereed Articles:

The Coming of Age of E-Prints in the Literature of Physics

by Cecelia Brown, The University of Oklahoma

Book Reviews:

Editorial Peer Review: Its Strength and Weakneses by Ann C. Weller

Reviewed by David Flaxbart, University of Texas, Austin

Database Reviews & Reports:

The Identification of Authors in the Mathematical Reviews Database

by Bert TePaske-King and Norman Richert, Mathematical Reviews

MathSciNet: Mathematical Reviews on the Web, a Review

Reviewed by Margaret Dominy and Jay Bhatt, Drexel University

Science and Technology Resources on the Internet:

What You See Is What You Get: Science Images on the Web

by Kristine M. Alpi, Cornell University

Other Reviews:


Reviewed by Leah Solla, Cornell University



Andrea L. Duda

Sciences-Engineering Library

University of California, Santa Barbara




Call For Papers

Suliman Hawamdeh (Assoc Prof) []        9 June 2001


The Journal of Information & Knowledge Management (JIKM) is the

official publication of the Information and Knowledge Management Society

(iKMS). The Journal of Information & Knowledge Management is a refereed

bi-annually publication dedicated to the exchange of the latest research and

practical information in the field of information and knowledge management.

The journal publishes original research and case studies by academic,

business and government contributors on all aspect of information

processing, information management, knowledge management, tools, techniques

and technologies, Knowledge creation and sharing, best practices, policies

and guideline.

JIKM is an international journal aimed at providing quality

information to iKMS members as well as subscribers around the world. Managed

by an international editorial board, JIKM position itself as one of the

leading scholarly journals in the field of information and knowledge

management. It is a good reference for both information professionals and

knowledge management professionals. The Journal of information & Knowledge

Management covers key areas in the field of information and knowledge

management. Research papers, practical applications and case studies are

invited in the following areas:

* Information processing and information management

* Information communications and information transfer

* Knowledge creation, sharing and transfer

* Practical implementation of knowledge management

* Knowledge management and the learning organization

* Information organization and retrieval

* Records and Document Management

* Knowledge mapping and knowledge organization

* Taxonomies and ontology

* Knowledge management tools

* Knowledge management and performance issues

* Knowledge Management and intellectual capital

* Using information technology to develop knowledge management

* Knowledge management and innovation

* Measuring the value of knowledge within the organization

* Measuring Knowledge Assets

* Knowledge Professionals

* Future directions in information and knowledge management

Paper Submission

Authors are invited to submit original Papers in MS Word to:

Dr. Suliman Hawamdeh Email:


David Law Yuh Foong Email:




Libri: International Journal of Libraries and Information Services

Call for Papers




Libri: International Journal of Libraries and Information Services is

committed to bringing new information and ideas to its readers as

quickly as possible. We have recently streamlined our review process

to receive quicker responses from our referees to ensure that we get

papers into print quickly. In addition, we are increasing our issue

length from 60 pages to 80 pages.

We are immediately seeking articles for the September and

December, 2001 issues.

In particular, the editors are looking for the following types of articles:

1) 5,000-7,000 word articles treating subjects of importance to all

libraries or reporting developments in one country that have regional

or international significance;

2) articles for a special issue in 2002 that will focus on digital libraries

and national programmes;

3) articles and reports in lengths from 2,000-10,000 words reporting

on new research efforts - especially research projects that are near

the start of the project; and

4) 5,000-7,000 word overviews of aspects of library services in

particular countries, especially for countries outside the developed


The number of subscribers and the journal’s rating in the ISI Citation

Indexes are solid indicators that the journal is widely read. If you do

decide to offer a paper, the guidelines for authors appear on the web

at { HYPERLINK "" } Follow the links to Libri, and then to


Ian M. Johnson

Head, School of Information and Media,

The Robert Gordon University,

Garthdee Road, ABERDEEN AB10 7QE, Scotland, U.K.

Telephone: National 01224 263902; International + 44 1224 263902

Fax: National - 01224 263939; International + 44 1224 263939




This E-Mail is intended for the use of the addressee only and may

contain confidential information. If you are not the intended

recipient, you are hereby notified that any use or dissemination

of this communication is strictly prohibited.

If you receive this transmission in error, please notify us

immediately then delete this E-Mail


Vol 51 (2001), No 3,

Ian Johnson (imsij) [i.m.johnson@RGU.AC.UK]  Tue 18/09/2001 16:54


Libri: International Journal of Libraries and Information Services

Vol 51 (2001), No 3, pages 129 - 181 ISSN 0024-2667

Table of Contents with Abstracts


Defining the Object of Study: Actants in Library and Information Science


The Information School, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, U.S.A.

Winner of LIBRI Best Student Paper Award 2001

Various definitions of information are used in the service of

library and information science, a discipline that currently is

in a state of flux. The discipline of Science and Technology

Studies examines the production of scientific knowledge,

and its methods are best used during times of instability in

scientific disciplines. Arguments from Bruno Latour's Pandora's

Hope are used with historical context to explain the co-evolution

of librarianship and information science in the

20th century. Latour's circulating chains of reference model

illustrates how real-world phenomena are gradually abstracted

into scientific ideas and artifacts. The information

thus produced becomes the chief actant in library and in-formation

science. These chains have five main components:

links and knots, public representation, alliances, autonomization,

mobilization of the world. Illustrative examples are

given relating each component to library and information

science, and an alternative definition of information is developed

from this model.



Visual Displays of Information: A Conceptual Taxonomy


School of Library and Information Studies at the University of

Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA

This paper creates a taxonomic model for visual information

displays looking at three levels: information design (based

on Edward Tufte's work), information architecture, and in-formation

spaces. Special attention is paid to the use of spatial

and navigational metaphors in visual systems as they

affect the user's experience. Especially interesting is how a

user creates an "information space" - a mental model of

what he has seen, how she keeps track of where she is with-in

a system, and how these activities fit together with the

data that is being sought. Mathematics is one area that holds

promise for better understanding how people visualize

information spaces. Vague terms like space, shape, and distance

(all implied by the navigation metaphor) have far

more refined conceptualizations within mathematics. By

harnessing the descriptive powers of mathematics, we can

more aptly describe and understand the process of metaphor

creation. Secondly, studying comic books and how they

are read (McCloud 1993) holds much promise for under-standing

how people navigate electronic systems. Comics

are 2-D sequentially arranged (or at least juxtaposed) combinations

of images and text, much like computer screens.

People used to reading such visual constructions are better

able to navigate through complex information systems. Finally,

the use of spatial or navigational metaphors necessarily

implies a temporal dimension as well, which leads to certain

subtle, but important differences when comparing navigation

through electronic environments as opposed to real

world ones.


Designing Interfaces for Distributed Electronic Collections: The Lessons

of Traditional Librarianship


Senior Research Fellow, the Centre for Digital Library Research,

University of Strathclyde, UK

Digital libraries, to fulfil their true potential, must display

features and exploit skills more readily associated with traditional

library service. To an extent this has already happened:

collection management has become the process of Internet

resource discovery, while document cataloguing skills

have been applied to the creation of Internet resource metadata

repositories. This paper argues that there are certain areas

of traditional classification, knowledge management and

physical library arrangement that have special applicability

to electronic collection building. However, librarians have

often failed to appreciate this relevance. In particular, they

have not recognised the significance of browsing in the traditional

library, and have replicated this failure in their approach

to electronic collection building. Concentrating on

British academic libraries, this paper explores knowledge

management at the level of the local library, the Metropolitan

Area Network and the United Kingdom's Distributed

National Electronic Resource. The principle of ownership of

intellectual property is examined in terms of its relationship

with interface design. Positive future trends are described.


Searching Intention and Information Outcome: A Case Study of Digital

Health Information


The Internet Studies Research Group, Department of Information Science,

City University, London, UK

A relationship might be expected to occur between the kind

of search people say they are undertaking and the information

they actually find. For example those with a longstanding

illness will have particular information needs and we

would expect those needs to be reflected in what they view

and what they are interested in. The research reported here

uses questionnaire data to establish links between the reason

for a user's search and what they actually found. The research

confirms that, indeed, people do act rationally and

with motivation and that the reason for their visit does have

an impact on their information seeking behaviour. This was

true for touch screen health information kiosks and for the

Internet - the two information platforms featured in the research.

The research also pinpoints and evaluates curious

and general users as a consumer health information group

and examines their information behaviour. Further, four

types of Internet users were derived as identified by their

topic of interest: 'Alternative remedy' user; 'I want to stay

healthy' user; 'Keep up to date' user; and 'I'm ill but want to

know' user.


Moving Beyond Whiteness in North American Academic Libraries


York University Libraries, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Over the last half a century, North American universities

have become diverse institutions with multicultural students

and programs in Women's studies, Black/African

studies, regional studies and gay/lesbian/transgender studies.

Academic libraries have responded to these changes and

today most have policies or programs in place to support diversity

goals. Despite this good start, a closer examination of

common collection, service and cataloging practices reveals

that libraries still have a significant way to go before becoming

fully inclusive institutions. Using African studies as a case

example this article considers current academic library practices

which are problematic, or lacking, in terms of moving

beyond whiteness. Top down commitment and an allocation

of financial and staff resources are needed for academic libraries

to shed lingering vestiges of eurocentricism and move

forward towards meaningful cultural inclusivity.


Faculty in the Library Schools of the Gulf Cooperation Council Member

Nations: An Evaluation


Kuwait University, Kuwait

This study was conducted to analyze the bio-bibliographic

profile of faculty members of six library schools in the six

member nations of the Gulf Cooperation Council in the

Arabian Peninsula. Data were collected through a mailed instrument

as well as from the resumes of these faculty members.

Forty-nine out of sixty-five faculty members (75.4%)

provided data. It was found that the mean age of these faculty

members was 48.5. Most of them got their doctoral degrees

from Western countries during the 1980s and the

1990s. The majority of them had considerable professional

and managerial experience. Their instructional assignments

have primarily been in the traditional areas of library

operations and service. It was found that most of them have

weak research and publication records. They are also quite

inactive in professional service as few of them are engaged

in continuing professional education activities and none of

them is reported to be active in any national or regional

professional forum.


Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

Version 38

Charles W. Bailey, Jr. []    3rd August 2001


Version 38 of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

is now available. This selective bibliography presents over

1,400 articles, books, electronic documents, and other sources

that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing

efforts on the Internet and other networks.



Word 97:

The HTML document is designed for interactive use. Each

major section is a separate file. There are links to sources

that are freely available on the Internet. It can be can be

searched using Boolean operators. The HTML document includes

two sections not found in the Acrobat or Word files:

(1) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resources (related Web sites),

and (2) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (frequently updated

list of new resources).

The Acrobat and Word files are designed for printing. The printed

bibliography is over 100 pages long. The Acrobat file is over

370 KB and the Word file is over 445 KB.

The bibliography has the following sections (revised sections are

marked with an asterisk):

Table of Contents

1 Economic Issues*

2 Electronic Books and Texts

2.1 Case Studies and History

2.2 General Works*

2.3 Library Issues*

3 Electronic Serials

3.1 Case Studies and History

3.2 Critiques

3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals*

3.4 General Works*

3.5 Library Issues*

3.6 Research*

4 General Works*

5 Legal Issues

5.1 Intellectual Property Rights*

5.2 License Agreements*

5.3 Other Legal Issues*

6 Library Issues

6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, and Metadata*

6.2 Digital Libraries*

6.3 General Works*

6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation*

7 New Publishing Models*

8 Publisher Issues

8.1 Electronic Commerce/Copyright Systems*

Appendix A. Related Bibliographies by the Same Author

Appendix B. About the Author*

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resources includes

the following sections:

Cataloging, Identifiers, and Metadata

Digital Libraries

Electronic Books and Texts

Electronic Serials*

General Electronic Publishing*






SGML and Related Standards

Best Regards,



Version 37 

Charles W. Bailey, Jr. [cbailey@UH.EDU]        9 June 2001



Version 37 of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

is now available. This selective bibliography presents over

1,350 articles, books, electronic documents, and other sources

that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing

efforts on the Internet and other networks.



Word 97:

The HTML document is designed for interactive use. Each

major section is a separate file. There are live links to

sources available on the Internet. It can be can be searched using

Boolean operators.

The Acrobat and Word files are designed for printing. The printed

bibliography is over 100 pages long. The Acrobat file is over

350 KB and the Word file is over 410 KB.

The bibliography has the following sections (revised sections are

marked with an asterisk):

Table of Contents

1 Economic Issues*

2 Electronic Books and Texts

2.1 Case Studies and History*

2.2 General Works*

2.3 Library Issues*

3 Electronic Serials

3.1 Case Studies and History*

3.2 Critiques*

3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals*

3.4 General Works*

3.5 Library Issues*

3.6 Research*

4 General Works*

5 Legal Issues

5.1 Intellectual Property Rights*

5.2 License Agreements*

5.3 Other Legal Issues

6 Library Issues

6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, and Metadata*

6.2 Digital Libraries*

6.3 General Works*

6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation*

7 New Publishing Models*

8 Publisher Issues*

8.1 Electronic Commerce/Copyright Systems*

Appendix A. Related Bibliographies by the Same Author

Appendix B. About the Author

The HTML document also includes Scholarly Electronic Publishing

Resources, a collection of links to related Web sites:

The resources directory includes the following sections:

Cataloging, Identifiers, and Metadata

Digital Libraries

Electronic Books and Texts

Electronic Serials

General Electronic Publishing






SGML and Related Standards

Best Regards,


Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Assistant Dean for Systems,

University of Houston, Library Administration,

114 University Libraries, Houston, TX 77204-2000.

E-mail: Voice: (713) 743-9804.

Fax: (713) 743-9811.


Version 36

Messages to jESSE: [reply, or]

to Moderator: []

to Sender: [take e-mail address from message below]

Info on jESSE: []


Version 36 of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

is now available. This selective bibliography presents over

1,320 articles, books, electronic documents, and other sources

that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing

efforts on the Internet and other networks.



Word 97:

The HTML document is designed for interactive use. Each

major section is a separate file. There are live links to

sources available on the Internet. It can be can be searched using

Boolean operators.

The Acrobat and Word files are designed for printing. The printed

bibliography is over 100 pages long. The Acrobat file is over

340 KB and the Word file is over 450 KB.

The bibliography has the following sections (revised sections are

marked with an asterisk):

Table of Contents

1 Economic Issues*

2 Electronic Books and Texts

2.1 Case Studies and History

2.2 General Works*

2.3 Library Issues*

3 Electronic Serials

3.1 Case Studies and History*

3.2 Critiques

3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals*

3.4 General Works*

3.5 Library Issues*

3.6 Research*

4 General Works*

5 Legal Issues

5.1 Intellectual Property Rights*

5.2 License Agreements*

5.3 Other Legal Issues*

6 Library Issues

6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, and Metadata*

6.2 Digital Libraries*

6.3 General Works*

6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation*

7 New Publishing Models*

8 Publisher Issues*

8.1 Electronic Commerce/Copyright Systems*

Appendix A. Related Bibliographies by the Same Author

Appendix B. About the Author

The HTML document also includes Scholarly Electronic Publishing

Resources, a collection of links to related Web sites:

The resources directory includes the following sections:

Cataloging, Identifiers, and Metadata

Digital Libraries

Electronic Books and Texts

Electronic Serials

General Electronic Publishing






SGML and Related Standards

Best Regards,


Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Assistant Dean for Systems,

University of Houston, Library Administration,

114 University Libraries, Houston, TX 77204-2000.

E-mail: Voice: (713) 743-9804.

Fax: (713) 743-9811.



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