LIBRES: Library and Information Science Research
Electronic Journal ISSN 1058-6768
1996 Volume 6 Issue 3; September


NEWS FROM OTHER JOURNALS ************************** Some articles: 1. The latest issue of AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITIES REVIEW v 39, no 1, 1996 features New Technology and the University. These short articles include: Conversational scholarship in cyberspace: the evolution and activities of H-net, the online network for the Humanities (Paul Turnbull); Languages and multimedia: dream or nightmare (Felix and Askew) Knowledge workers or threatened species? A comenatary (Linda Heron) 2. Cano, V (1996). "Networked information technologies in academic and research activities: a research agenda". FID News Bulletin, v 46, iss6, June, pp213-217. News 1. Project Aristotle(sm) Automated Categorization of Web Resources (Mon 12 Aug 1996) I am pleased to announce the establishment of Project Aristotle(sm), a clearinghouse or projects and research devoted to the automated categorization of Web resources. The URL for Project Aristotle(sm) is: For each project, it's name, if known, principal investigator, project description, and relevant citations are provided. A hotlink to an available demonstration or prototype is also provided, if available. Entries are organized alphabetically by the name of the organization with which the principal investigator is affiliated. I am greatly interesting in developing this clearinghouse further and would very much appreciate the name, e-mail and/or URL of similar projects or investigations. Presently, I am only interested in projects and prototypes that have _applied_ filtering systems, text extraction and/or categorization, or agents, robots or machine learning to the categorization of Web resources. I am _not_ presently interested in work that reviews these approaches or technologies in general. I am particularly interested in current efforts which employ applicable data discovery and mining approaches to Web categorization. All additional projects and studies will be integrated within the Project Aristotle(sm) site after review. Regards, Gerry McKiernan Curator, CyberStacks(sm) Iowa State University 152 Parks Library Ames IA 50011 *************************************************************************** 2. _Current Cites_ Volume 7, no. 8 August 1996 The Library University of California, Berkeley Edited by Teri Andrews Rinne ISSN: 1060-2356 Contributors: Campbell Crabtree, Terry Huwe, John Ober, Margaret Phillips, David Rez, Richard Rinehart, Teri Rinne, Roy Tennant Electronic Publishing Dietz, Steve & Margaretta Sander. "Unlocking Museum Information with SGML" Spectra ( Journal of the Museum Computer Network 23(4)(Summer 1996): 16-17. -- A concise, informative introduction to the benefits of applying the SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) standard for electronic publishing and document management. The article will be a useful resource for any type of organization considering its document access needs; the writers cite examples of successful applications in the museum world for illustration of how SGML can work in the real world. -- RR Harter, Stephen P. "The Impact of Electronic Journals on Scholarly Communication: A Citation Analysis." The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 7(5) (1996). ( -- Electronic journals have been available on the Internet for years, but there have been few studies on their impact on scholarly communication. This citation study attempts to answer that key question by comparing citation statistics of electronic journals begun prior to 1993 with citation statistics of print journals. The author concludes that "the great majority of scholarly, peer-reviewed e-journals have had essentially no impact on scholarly communication in their respective fields," but nonetheless acknowledges that this is the case partly due to publishing far fewer articles, in general, then their print counterparts. Therefore, even though the overall impact of e-journals appears to be slight, the impact of the typical e-journal article is high. Of all the e-journals examined in this study, PACS Review (in the field of library and information science) emerged as the most successful. -- RT John, Nancy R. "Putting Content on the Internet: The Library's Role as Creator of Electronic Information" First Monday 1(2) ( -- The University of Illinois-Chicago launched a large scale project to offer digital libraries with four partners, including the Chicago Public Library, the U.S. Department of State, the Illinois State Archives, and Pemberton Press. The project is titled the "Great Cities Initiative," and the goal is to leverage academic library skill in the greater context of the urban community. Each project varied according to the "content" of the partner institution, with Illinois-Chicago coordinating the overall shape of the service. The author reviews the development, challenges and future prospects of the collaborative venture, which seem bright. Since launching the project the Illinois-Chicago library has also become the publisher of an online journal titled the AIDS Book Review Journal, further evidence of a strong commitment to digital collections. -- TH MacEwan, Bonnie, and Mira Geffner. "The Committee on Institutional Cooperation Electronic Journals Collection (CIC-EJC): A New Model for Library Management of Scholarly Journals Published on the Internet" The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 7(4) (1996). ( -- An overview of a cooperative project to catalog, archive, and provide structured access to a collection of electronic journals. Access to all titles is provided by linking to the publisher's site, but they are also building an archive to serve as a permanent record should the original be destroyed or discontinued. The Web site provides for searching and browsing by topic or title. All journals in the collection are cataloged with standard MARC records that are distributed to OCLC and member institutions. The URL for each title is included in the 856 field of the MARC record to facilitate access from the catalog record. Future plans include a Persistent URL (PURL) server. -- RT "The Property of the Mind" The Economist 340 (7976) (July 27 - August 2, 1996): 57-59. ( -- For a clear look at the challenges facing intellectual property regulation in a global context, step beyond the U.S. debate and read this issue's feature article and leader, titled "Copyrights and Copywrongs" (p. 16). The Economist traces the development of copyright (Jefferson: "...he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me") and analyzes the dramatic changes wrought by digital media. In effect, the Internet is one big copying machine, some argue, while others wish to hold to the Jeffersonian high ground. Meanwhile, most Americans (and many others too) feel that what they do (and digitally replicate) in the privacy of their own homes is no one else's business. UC Berkeley law professor Pamela Samuelson argues that the attitudes of the public ("Don't Tread On Me") and of publishers is moving farther apart. Although no strong solutions are in sight, Esther Dyson thinks original content could be enhanced, or perhaps publishers could discover new ways to make money from it. Unregulated recording at Grateful Dead concerts is one example of this, Netscape's long-lasting giveaway of its browser is another. -- TH Stewart, Linda. "User Acceptance of Electronic Journals: Interviews with Chemists at Cornell University" College and Research Libraries 57(4) (July 1996): 339-349. -- Based on interviews with a group of students and faculty affiliated with the Cornell University Chemistry department who participated in a project that loaded the full text of twenty American Chemical Society (ACS) texts, this paper explores the potential of electronic journals to accomplish the scholarly role traditionally associated with printed journals. Important to participants in the study was ease-of-use and the ability to browse regardless of the format; most users felt that printed copies (or at least the ability to create a print copy) was important and some questioned whether electronic journals would allow them to discover articles serendipitously or read the articles in comfort (eyestrain and the awkwardness of reading in front of a terminal were cited as problems). On the other hand, participants thought that electronic journals would allow them to read more complete articles, spend their reading time more efficiently and read articles sooner. As libraries face the challenge of choosing between electronic and printed journals, this article offers an excellent snapshot of how academic users feel about electronic journals. Also helpful are the footnotes which cite some important research in this field. -- MP Multimedia and Hypermedia Nov'Art [ISSN: 1165-37x] -- This quarterly publication from France covers a range of issues in new media, usually from a conceptual or social angle rather than purely technical. The February 1996 issue (118pg), for instance, focused on writing and multimedia; articles ranged from the role of the artist in new media to the network blurring the line between spectator and actor. A website is not listed, however you may contact them via email at: -- RR Networks and Networking Theme issue of _Computer_ on the U.S. Digital Library Initiative (May 1996) ( -- This special issue covers the six digital library projects funded by the National Science Foundation. An overview article entitled "Building Large-Scale Digital Libraries" (by Bruce Schatz and Hsinchun Chen) leads into articles on each of the six projects based at U.S. Universities: Schatz, Bruce, et. al. "Federating Diverse Collections of Scientific Literature" (University of Illinois) Wilensky, Robert. "Toward Work-Centered Digital Information Services" (University of California, Berkeley) Wactlar, Howard D., "Intelligent Access to Digital Video: Informedia Project" (Carnegie Mellon University) Smith, Terence R. "A Digital Library for Geographically Referenced Materials" (University of California, Santa Barbara) Paepcke, Andreas, et. al. "Using Distributed Objects for Digital Library Interoperability" (Stanford University) Atkins, Daniel E., et. al. "Toward Inquiry-Based Education Through Interacting Software Agents" (University of Michigan) The cutting-edge digital library research reported in these articles is interesting, but don't hold your breath waiting for much of it to appear in an application on your desktop. It is, after all, research, which need not concern itself with practicalities or products. -- RT Fleischhauer, Carl. "Access Aids and Interoperability" (, "Digital Historical Collections: Types, Elements, and Construction" (,"Digital Formats for Content Reproductions" ( Library of Congress, 1996. -- This trio of Web documents provides the best source for practical, up-to-date advice on various aspects of building digital collections that will interoperate well with other such collections. They were drafted by the Library of Congress to provide guidelines for organizations competing in the LC/Ameritech National Digital Library Competition, but their utility goes far beyond that. For anyone who is involved with creating or managing digital collections, these documents provide important advice and assistance on some of the key decisions to be made as well areas of continuing ambiguity. You won't by any means find all the answers here, but you'll find a few as well as many of the pertinent questions that must be answered before a true National Digital Library can be a reality. -- RT Gardner, Elizabeth. "Keeping Users Hot on Your Site's Trail" WebWeek 2(6) (May 20, 1996): 48. ( -- This article introduces the idea of PURLs or "Persistent URLs" as a better way of identifying and locating webpages. URLs of course are dependent on the location of a specific filename at a specific machine, domain, and directory location. If any element in that structure changes, the document is as good as lost to most users, at least until all relevant links are laboriously updated. OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) proposes to keep the URL's for web documents centrally on a local PURL server. Then when someone requests the page, the central PURL server sends them along to the document. This way, a user merely needs to know which online system a document resides at, and all updating of URL's happens at the location, by the people who know best. While this is not quite the nirvana of each document having a unique identifier which travels with it, regardless of system, it would be quite an improvement to current document location systems, especially if PURL Servers could be networked and updated like newsgroup servers, so one need only ever find the local World-Wide PURL server to locate any document on the web. -- RR Varian, Hal. "Differential Pricing and Efficiency" First Monday 1(2) ( -- Varian, an economist and Dean at UC Berkeley's School of Information Management and Systems, lays out the reasons why several core economic suppositions are turned upside down by digital media. Specifically, he argues that a key market concept--marginal pricing--is not relevant where digital media allows for increasing returns to scale, large fixed costs (such as telecommunications infrastructures) or economies of scope are at play. "Willingness to pay" is an equally important principle. The solution he argues, lies in differential pricing that can allow both forces to work in an inter-related fashion. Economists will enjoy the thorough treatment (with beautifully rendered graphics of economic formulae), while laymen will be able to follow Varian's plain English. This is a useful guide to the economic issues underlying impending commercial uses of the Internet. -- TH Wilson, David. L. "Campus 'intranets' Make Information Available to Some but Not All, Internet Users" Chronicle of Higher Education 62(47) (August 2, 1996): A15-A17. -- Higher education was the primary launching pad for Internet information systems (along with the defense industry), but higher education is just beginning to catch up the corporate sector in the development of "intranets." Where corporations have moved quickly to implement web-based internal services that are safe behind firewalls, higher education has moved more slowly, mainly due its open computing environment. The author explores several of the issues that arise when colleges seek to define who should and who should not have access to college intranets, and some of the technological challenges of distance learning and remote registration (to name just a couple issues). There's an interesting discussion of the downstream impact of choosing proprietary software (like Lotus Notes) over Internet software; and, according to many quoted, there's plenty of room for improvement in all the options. -- TH Information Technology & Society Reagle, Joseph M., Jr. "Trust in Electronic Markets: The Convergence of Cryptopgraphers and Economists" First Monday 1(2) ( -- This is one of those studies that skillfully summarizes a tried-and-true "real world" function: the social and technical infrastructure of commerce, and then explores the impact of cyberspace on the status quo. Reagle poses the question of what is to be done in cyberspace, where none of the stanchions of secure financial transactions have been fully worked out; clearly, it's not an area that can be safely left in the hands of either cryptographer or economists, when we all have a stake in the outcome. It's a fascinating article, for two reasons. First, Reagle lays out the things we take for granted, such as check-writing, security and deposits, and so on, reducing this universally accepted system to its most basic definition: it's just information. Second, Reagle writes speculatively about how to transfer (or perhaps better said, invent) a similar system in cyberspace. You may not agree with some of the ideas (how about buying this nice "Digital Bearer Bond?"), but the analysis is cross-disciplinary, and grounded in an understanding of both society and human nature, and technology. -- TH ------------------------------------------------------------------- Current Cites 7(8) (August 1996) ISSN: 1060-2356 Copyright (C) 1996 by the Library, University of California, Berkeley. All rights reserved. All product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. Mention of a product in this publication does not necessarily imply endorsement of the product. [URL:] To subscribe, send the message "sub cites [your name]" to, replacing "[your name]" with your name. Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized bulletin board/conference systems, individual scholars, and libraries. Libraries are authorized to add the journal to their collections at no cost. An archive site is maintained at in directory /pub/Current.Cites [URL:]. This message must appear on copied material. All commercial use requires permission from the editor, who may be reached in the following ways: // (510)642-8173 ************************************************************************************** 3. D-Lib magazine July/August issue available at features six stories on the testbeds that are part of the NSF/DARPA/NASA Digital Library Initiative (DLI) - sponsored projects and four stories that are based on recent conferences on metadata. From: Amy Friedlander ]], will be very much appreciated. Regards, Gerry McKiernan Coordinator, Science and Technology Section Iowa State University Ames IA 50011 "Imagine" ************************************************************************************** 5. SUBSCRIPTION FORM TO GREYNET'S NEWSLETTER "NewsBriefNews" A quarterly Newsletter compiled in association with TransAtlantic's Grey Literature Network Service. - ISSN 0929-0923 DFL. 40 per year / US$ 25 Please indicate below, the format in which you would like to have this newsletter delivered: [ ] Printed Form, or [ ] E-mail transmission Name: ___________________________ Organisation: ______________________ Address: ________________________ Pcode/City: ________________________ P.O.Box: ________________________ Country: ___________________________ Tel: __________________ Fax: _________________ Email:_________________ Please Forward to: TransAtlantic| GreyNet "NewsBriefNews" Koninginneweg 201 1075 CR Amsterdam, The Netherlands Tel/Fax: 31 (0)20 671.1818 E-mail: GREYNET'S NEWSLETTER ------------------------------------------------------ "NewsBriefNews" Quarterly Newsletter Vol. 5, No. 3, 1996 ISSN 0929-0923 (Email Version) --------------------------------------------------------------------------- CONTENT: COLUMN: --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Special Issue of PRQ on Grey Literature 1 Get WIRED for GreyWorks'96 2 From the Editor's Notebook 3 NLGL'96 Final Update 4 OSS'96 to be held at Tysons Corner 5 Author on Grey Literature Awarded FLA 6 Visit by GOVDOC Librarian 7 GreyWorks'96 Registration Form 8 FAQuiz Results 9 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- EDITORIAL ADDRESS: --------------------------------------------------------------------------- TransAtlantic| Grey Literature Network Service Koninginneweg 201 1075 CR Amsterdam, The Netherlands Tel/Fax: 31-20-671.1818 Email: ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTION: DFL. 40 | US$ 25 INTERNET BOOKMARKS - URLs: gopher:// ************************************************************************************** 6. Journal of the American Society for Information Science JASIS: VOLUME 47, NUMBER 10 OCTOBER 1996 CONTENTS IN THIS ISSUE Bert R. Boyce 729 RESEARCH Source-Item Production Laws for the Case That Items Have Multiple Sources with Fractional Counting of Credits L. Egghe 730 Egghe describes a model incorporating the fractional counting of credits for an item to its multiple sources. It appears sound and quite general. However, despite the fact that some of the more complex mathematics is in the appendices, the average reader will find that considerable concentration and above average mathematical awareness is required to complete the main text with a satisfactory level of understanding. Filtered Document Retrieval with Frequency-Sorted Indexes Michael Persin, Justin Zobel, and Ron Sacks-Davis 749 Persin, Zobel, and Sacks-Davis provide some important insight into data structure for retrieval. By sorting the lists of document numbers and word counts associated with any term in an index file by the count rather than by the document number, the ability to compress the list by using run lengths from the previous document number is lost. However the need for an accumulator of similarity values for each document with other than a zero similarity value is avoided. Using thresholds based on the similarity of the currently most similar document, and computed before the processing of the list for each term, document accumulators are created, ignored, or augmented, or not, if already in existence. Small partial similarities are unlikely to change the final ranking and documents yielding such values are ignored at considerable memory saving. The sort by occurrence count means considerable reduction in processing time since the tails of the long count in document lists need not be processed. If the maximum in document frequency in the list is stored with the term, it is possible to avoid reading the list for some terms. One can regain some compression by sorting documents in the list with the same frequency by document number. Tests show no degradation in retrieval effectiveness and would permit ranked retrieval on considerably smaller machines. Inter-Record Linkage Structure in a Hypertext Bibliographic Retrieval System Dietmar Wolfram 765 Wolfram's HyperLynx system is tested on nearly 3000 NTIS document records on library and information science from 1989 to '91. Initial entry is through author, title, and descriptor indices. Each search term with multiple hits forms a circular list of those records which can be traversed. A click on a hot word (index term or author) will open a new list on that term and return to the original indices is possible at any time. The distribution of the number of times a term occurs in the file is studied, as well as the distribution of co-occurrences of different breadths, and the distribution of the number of selectable terms in a record. Terms of the largest size and of the smallest size co-occur with the greatest frequency. Terms of mid-range co-occur least frequently. A simple model of expected number of term co-occurrences, a simulation based on exhaustivity and term size, and a third model where the frequency of terms of a given size was assigned based upon terms per record, were implemented. The observed distribution is much more variable than those produced by the models, although matching behavior is apparent. Journal Production and Journal Impact Factors Ronald Rousseau and Guido Van Hooydonk 775 Rousseau and Van Hooydonk find that while review and translation journals work quite differently, normal journals exhibit a linear relationship between production and global impact. The fields of Mathematics and Chemistry do not appear to follow this general rule. BRIEF COMMUNICATIONS Linguistic Laws and Computer Programs Peter Kokol and Tatjana Kokol 781 The Kokol's find that counting the occurrences of reserved words and operators in multiple programs written in Fortran, C, and C++, results in overall rank frequency distributions that follow Zipf's law. While all programming language curves fit the Zipf model significantly, C++ correlates less strongly with the predicted distribution. Thus linguistic laws may well be candidates for the design of new software metrics. Expertise and the Perception of Shape in Information Andrew Dillon and Dille Schaap 786 Dillon and Schaap are concerned with readers' ability to recognize the structural portion of a paper being read. Forty-eight subjects viewed paragraphs of text from published papers and allocated them to one of four classes: introduction, method, results, or discussion. Experienced readers are able to locate themselves more quickly and correctly. BOOK REVIEWS At the Crossroads: Librarians on the Information Superhighway, by Herbert S. White Charles H. Davis 789 Fril--Fuzzy and Evidential Reasoning in Artificial Intelligence, by J. F. Baldwin, T. P. Martin, and B. W. Pilsworth Nikola Kasabov 790 Electric Words: Dictionaries, Computers, and Meanings, by Yorick A. Wilks, Brian M. Slator, and Louise M. Guthrie Julian Warner 791 Finding Government Information on the Internet, edited by John Maxymuk Deborah Hunt 792 Measuring Information: An Information Services Perspective, by Jean Tague-Sutcliffe Robert Losee 794 Information Management for the Intelligent Organization: The Art of Scanning the Environment, by Chun Wei Choo Kenneth G. Madden 795 Contextual Media: Multimedia and Interpretation, edited by Edward Barrett and Marie Redmond Julia Gelfand 796 Learning Networks: A Field Guide to Teaching and Learning Online, by Linda Harasim, Starr Roxanne Hiltz, Lucio Teles, and Murray Turoff Robert Wittorf 797 Richard Hill Executive Director, American Society for Information Science 8720 Georgia Avenue, Suite 501 Silver Spring, MD 20910 FAX: (301) 495-0810 Voice: (301) 495-0900 Journal of the American Society for Information Science JASIS, VOLUME 47, NUMBER 11 NOVEMBER 1996 CONTENTS PERSPECTIVES ON . . . DISTANCE INDEPENDENT EDUCATION 799 INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW Howard Besser and Stacey Donahue 801 HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE Distance Education in North American Library and Information Science Education: Applications of Technology and Commitment Daniel D. Barron 805 The Story of Distance Education: A Practitioner's Perspective Judith M. Roberts 811 DISCUSSION OF METHODS Issues and Challenges for the Distance Independent Environment Howard Besser 817 INSTANCES OF DISTANCE LEARNING Planning for the Twenty-First Century: The California State University Stuart A. Sutton 821 Cognition and Distance Learning Marcia C. Linn 826 Inside-Out Thinking about Distance Teaching: Making Sense of Reflective Practice Elizabeth J. Burge 843 Teacher of the Future Ben H. Davis 849 EXAMPLES OF CLASSES USING TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES FOR MEDIA DISTRIBUTION AND COLLABORATION Distance Learning and Digital Libraries: Two Sides of a Single Coin Charles B. Faulhaber 854 Collaborative Technologies in Inter-University Instruction Maurita Peterson Holland 857 DEVELOPMENT OF MODULAR CURRICULAR MATERIALS Engineering Courseware Content and Delivery: The NEEDS Infrastructure for Distance Independent Education William H. Wood III and Alice M. Agogino 863 PROGRAMS AND RESOURCES Programs and Resources in Distance Education Stacey Donahue 870 EFFECTIVENESS OF DISTANCE EDUCATION MLIS Distance Education at the University of South Carolina: Report of a Case Study Gayle Douglas 875 Impact of Distance Independent Education Howard Besser and Maria Bonn 880 Richard Hill Executive Director, American Society for Information Science 8720 Georgia Avenue, Suite 501 Silver Spring, MD 20910 FAX: (301) 495-0810 Voice: (301) 495-0900 Date: Fri, 6 Sep 1996 10:14:27 -0500 Subject: call for papers, special topics issue of JASIS CALL FOR PAPERS SOCIAL INFORMATICS Special Topic Issue of JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR INFORMATION SCIENCE (_JASIS_) he next Special Topics Issue of the _Journal of the American Society for Information Science) (JASIS) is scheduled to come out in early 1998 and will focus on the topic of CIAL INFORMATICS. The guest editors for this special issue will be Professors Rob Kling, Carol A. Hert, and Howard Rosenbaum of the School of Library and Information Science and Center for Social Informatics at Indiana University ( Social Informatics (SI) refers to the body of research and study that examines social aspects of computerization -- including the roles of information technology in social and organizational change, the uses of information technologies in social contexts, and the ways that the social organization of information technologies is influenced by social forces and social practices. SI studies are often cognizant of the ways that people and organizations act in support of differing social values and beliefs, and have different positions of power in their various relationships. Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following: * impacts of information technologies in groups, organizations, and larger scale social settings; * analysis of computerization and the use of information technologies, in social context; * life with computer-mediated communication (CMC); * the social shaping of information systems; * the production, distribution and consumption of texts; * the roles of information technologies in changing or reinforcing patterns of worklife, community life, and the character of institutions. For additional information about social informatics, see the Social Informatics Home page at: The editors seek papers that are empirically anchored and/or grounded in significant theoretical approaches. Inquiries can be made to any of the guest editors at,, or The deadline for accepting manuscripts for consideration for publication in this special issue is January 15, 1997. Manuscript submissions (four copies of full articles) should be addressed to: Professors Hert, Kling and Rosenbaum Center for Social Informatics School of Library and Information Science 10th and Jordan Indiana University Bloomington, IN 47405-1801 (812) 855-9763 voice || (812) 855-6166 fax - - -------------------------------------- Manuscripts may be submitted in hard copy, on disk (MS-DOS format, either plain ASCII text, or WordPerfect for DOS or WinWord ), or by electronic mail (plain ASCII text or UUencoded Word-Perfect 5.1, 6.0, WinWord, or RTF). Electronic submissions will be sent to a special email address; please contact the editors for details. All manuscripts will be reviewed by a select panel of referees, and those accepted will be published in a special issue of _JASIS_. Original artwork and a signed copy of the copyright release form will be required for all accepted papers. A copy of the call for papers will be available on the World Wide Web at Further information about _JASIS_ is now available at (under Publications). ************************************************************************************** 7. Library & Information Science Research Library & Information Science Research Vol. 18, no. 3; 1996 ISSN: 0740-8188 Editorial: Fraud and Misconduct in Library and Information Science Research ..............................199 Mary Burke, Min-min Chang, Charles Davis, Peter Hernon, Paul Nicholls, Candy Schwartz, Debora Shaw, Alastair Smith, and Stephen Wiberley Information, Future Time Perspectives, and Young Adolescent Girls: Concerns about Education and Jobs .........................207 Susan Edwards and Barbara Poston-Anderson Measures of Library Use and User Satisfaction with Academic Library Services ..................... ......225 Theophile Niyonsenga and Bernard Bizimana Reference Service for the Internet Community: A Case Study of the Internet Public Library Reference Division ........................................241 Sara Ryan Undergraduate Use of CD-ROM Databases: Observations of Human-Computer Interaction and Relevance Judgments.........261 Debora Shaw Reviews ................................................277 -- Candy Schwartz, Associate Professor Graduate School of Library & Information Science Simmons College, 300 The Fenway, Boston MA 02115-5898 (617) 521-2849, FAX (617) 521-3192 ************************************************************************************* 8. PACS Review - Call for Papers (Wed, 2 Oct 1996 16:16:05 -0500) The Public-Access Computer Systems Review, an electronic journal established in 1989, is issuing a call for papers dealing with access to information on the Internet. The co-editors are interested in exploring the theory and practice of current and potential future information organization and retrieval methods used with the Internet. Potential topics of interest include (but are not limited to): In-depth state-of-the-art reviews of current information access methodologies on the Internet; Research studies examining Internet search engines and the results they retrieve; Descriptions and studies of new and innovative methods of Internet information organization and retrieval; Rigorous studies of the application of cataloging and classification theory and practice to the Internet; Research studies analyzing the efficacy of hypertext links, hierarchical structures, and three-dimensional information spaces; Analysis of the integration of Internet information access with other forms of electronic access. See the journal's Web site ( for more background information about the journal, including author guidelines. If you would like to participate, please contact the Co-editors, Pat Ensor ( and Tom Wilson ( and indicate what target date you would like for submission (the journal has a flexible publication schedule). Papers can be submitted to either the Refereed Articles or Communications (editor-selected) sections of the journal. ----------------------------------------------------------------- The Public-Access Computer Systems Review Volume 7, Number 5 (1996) ISSN 1048-6542 ----------------------------------------------------------------- REFEREED ARTICLES Stephen P. Harter, The Impact of Electronic Journals on Scholarly Communication: A Citation Analysis This article reports hard empirical data on the impact of the first wave of e-journals on the scholarly communities they serve. A citation analysis was conducted for 39 scholarly journals that began electronic publication no later than 1993. Citation data for these journals were tabulated and analyzed. For journals that publish both print and electronic versions, citations to articles published prior to parallel publication were eliminated. The eight most highly cited e-journals were identified. Citation and publication data for three high ranking e-journals in the study were compared to similar data for print journals in the same fields. The seven most highly cited articles from the e-journals in the study were determined. o HTML file World-Wide Web: o ASCII file World-Wide Web: List Server: Send the e-mail message GET HARTER PRV7N5 F=MAIL to + Page 2 + ----------------------------------------------------------------- Editor-in-Chief Charles W. Bailey, Jr. University Libraries University of Houston Houston, TX 77204-2091 (713) 743-9804 Associate Editor, Columns Leslie Dillon, OCLC Associate Editor, Communications Dana Rooks, University of Houston Associate Editor, Production Ann Thornton, New York Public Library Editorial Board Ralph Alberico, University of Texas, Austin George H. Brett II Priscilla Caplan, University of Chicago Steve Cisler, Apple Computer, Inc. Walt Crawford, Research Libraries Group Lorcan Dempsey, University of Bath Pat Ensor, University of Houston Nancy Evans, Pennsylvania State University, Ogontz Charles Hildreth, University of Oklahoma Ronald Larsen, University of Maryland Clifford Lynch, Division of Library Automation, University of California David R. McDonald, Tufts University R. Bruce Miller, University of California, San Diego Paul Evan Peters, Coalition for Networked Information Mike Ridley, University of Guelph Peggy Seiden, Skidmore College Peter Stone John E. Ulmschneider, North Carolina State University + Page 3 + List Server Technical Support List server technical support is provided by the Information Technology Division, University of Houston. Tahereh Jafari is the primary support person. Publication Information The Public-Access Computer Systems Review is an electronic journal that is distributed on the Internet and on other computer networks. It is published on an irregular basis by the University Libraries, University of Houston. There is no subscription fee. To subscribe, send an e-mail message to that says: SUBSCRIBE PACS-P First Name Last Name. (snip) Copyright The Public-Access Computer Systems Review is Copyright (C) 1996 by the University Libraries, University of Houston. All Rights Reserved. Copying is permitted for noncommercial, educational use by academic computer centers, individual scholars, and libraries. This message must appear on all copied material. All commercial use requires permission. ----------------------------------------------------------------- The Public-Access Computer Systems Review Volume 7, Number 6 (1996) ISSN 1048-6542 ----------------------------------------------------------------- REFEREED ARTICLES Perry Willett, The Victorian Women Writers Project: The Library as a Creator and Publisher of Electronic Texts The Victorian Women Writers Project provides Web access to poems, novels, children's books, political pamphlets, religious tracts, and other works written by women in the late 19th century. By utilizing SGML and the Text Encoding Initiative's Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange, the VWW Project is creating a collection of electronic texts that will remain useable in spite of technological changes in document delivery tools, such as the Web. o HTML file World-Wide Web: o ASCII file World-Wide Web: List Server: Send the e-mail message GET WILLETT PRV7N6 F=MAIL to + Page 2 + ----------------------------------------------------------------- Editor-in-Chief Charles W. Bailey, Jr. University Libraries University of Houston Houston, TX 77204-2091 (713) 743-9804 Copyright The Public-Access Computer Systems Review is Copyright (C) 1996 by the University Libraries, University of Houston. All Rights Reserved. Copying is permitted for noncommercial, educational use by academic computer centers, individual scholars, and libraries. This message must appear on all copied material. All commercial use requires permission.

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