LIBRES: Library and Information Science Research
Electronic Journal ISSN 1058-6768
1999 Volume 9 Issue 1; March.
Bi-annual LIBRE9N1 NEWS



Editorial note:

Apologies for the scant news this issue. The Editor lost most of her email messages in a recent and comprehensive computer crash.

some recent reports

contact: (Simon Matty).
check website:

Authors and electronic journals/ by Cliff McKnight and Sheila Price
BLR&I report 126
ISBN 0712397264

available from British Library Thesis Service, British Library Document Supply Centre, Boston Spa, Wetherby, LS23 7BQ,
tel: 01937 546229; fax: 01937 546286.
Price in UK: m’fiche: 5.00 pounds, p/copy: 12.00 pounds

Development of database access in universities: studies in usage, expenditure, pricing and benefits/by Harry East, Badekale Ajibade and Kathryn Leach
BLR&I report 140
ISBN 0712397337

available from British Library Thesis Service, British Library Document Supply Centre, Boston Spa, Wetherby, LS23 7BQ,
tel: 01937 546229; fax: 01937 546286.
Price in UK: m’fiche: 5.00 pounds, p/copy: 12.00 pounds


A survey of library services to schools and children in the UK 1997-98/ by Claire Creaser and Alison Murphy.
BLR&I report 150
ISBN 1901786110

available from: Publications section, LISU, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU.
tel: 01509 223071; FAX: 01509 223072
email: Price in the UK: 22.00 pounds.


Review of digital library research.

The British Library has commissioned a study to undertake a review of digital library research. The review is being lead by Prof Peter Brophy, Director of CERLIM (Centre for research in Library and Information management at Manchester Metropolitan University). Enquiries by email to: or by mail to Digital Libraries Review, CERLIM, Manchester Metropolitan University, Geoffrey Manton Bldg, Rosamond Street West, MANCHESTER UK, M15 6LL.


Trend analysis of acquisitions in university and public libraries in the UK.

This study is to be undertaken by the Library and Information Statistics Unit (LISU) and the UK Office for Library and Information Networking (UKOLN).


A matter of choice: information used in public library book selection/ by Capital Planning Information.
BLR&I report 143
BNBRF report 92
ISBN 1898869464

available from Capital Planning Information, 91 High Street, Bruton, Somerset, BA10 0BH.
tel: 10749 812963 fax: 01749812964
cost 19.95 British pounds.


LOGOPLUS: the impact of local government reorganisation on public library users and staff/ by Sandra Parker, Linda Banwell and Kathryn Ray.
BLR&I report 153
ISBN 0712397426

available from British Library Thesis Service, British Library Document Supply Centre, Boston Spa, Wetherby, LS23 7BQ,
tel: 01937 546229; fax: 01937 546286.
Price in UK: m’fiche: 5.00 pounds, p/copy: 12.00 pounds


Date: Thu, 25 Mar 1999 14:50:47 +0000
Subject: recent reports from the BL Research and Innovation Centre
From: (Simon Matty)

**Apologies for cross posting**

The British Library Research and Innovation Centre has recently
published six reports:

Extremism and the Internet
by Peter Brophy, Jenny Craven and Shelagh Fisher
BLR&I report 145
ISBN 0953534308
Available from: CERLIM, The Manchester Metropolitan University,
Geoffrey Manton Building, Manchester M15 6LL; tel: 0161 247 6142; fax:
0161 247 6351; email: 15.00

Details of this report have already been posted to a number of email lists by CERLIM. If you would like to read a brief description of the report please visit the following Research and Innovation Centre web page:

The media and the Internet: final report of the British Library funded research project The changing information environment: the impact of the Internet on information seeking behaviour in the media
by David Nicholas...[et al.]
BLR&I report 110
ISBN 0851424155
Available from: Portland Press Ltd, Commerce Way, Whitehall Industrial
Estate, Colchester CO2 8HP; tel: 01206 796351, fax: 01206 799331,
email: 35.00 (28.00 Aslib corporate members)

Its sheer functionality, connectivity and accessibility make the Internet an information force to be reckoned with. However, there is very little qualitative data on how the Internet is impacting upon information seeking in the workplace. Using largely unstructured interviewing techniques, the impact on the media - mainly the press - was assessed. More than three hundred journalists and media librarians were surveyed. It was found that amongst traditional print journalists use was light, unsophisticated and uneven and there was a disagreement as to its future significance. Poor access to the Internet - and good access to other information resources - were largely the reasons for this. In general it was the older and more senior journalists who availed themselves of the facility. Librarians and the new media journalists however made extensive use of the Internet. Other findings reveal that the use tended to concentrate on searching the World Wide Web and was generally conservative in character and that email was being used on a very limited scale and was not regarded as a serious journalistic tool. In general, media librarians have pioneered the use of the Internet and this has enhanced their position. And even in the case of the most avid Internet users - the new media journalists - information professionals appear to have an important role to play. Information management is seen as the key to news management.

WebWatching UK Web communities: final report for the WebWatch Project
by Brian Kelly and Ian Peacock
BLR&I report 146
ISBN 0712397361
Available from: British Thesis Service, British Library Document
Supply Centre, Boston Spa, Wetherby LS23 7BQ tel: 01937 546229; fax:
01937 546286; email: Price in the
UK: microfiche 5.00; photocopy 12.00

Also available on the Internet at:

The report describes the work of the WebWatch project. The main aim of the project was to develop a set of tools to audit and monitor design practice and use of technologies on the Web and to produce reports outlining the results obtained from applying the tools. The report provides a brief overview of robot software on the World Wide Web, reviews the development of WebWatch robot software, reports on the WebWatch trawls which were carried out and summarises the conclusions drawn from the trawls. Trawls were made of UK public libraries, UK university entry points, eLib projects and UK academic libraries. These provide data about which servers are in use, about the deployment of applications based on ActiveX or Java, about the characteristics of Web servers, and so on. This information should be useful for those responsible for the management of Web-based information services, for those responsible for making strategic technology choices and for vendors, educators and developers.

GINN: investigating school governors' information needs
by Linda Banwell and Pat Dixon
BLR&I report 154
ISBN 0712397434
Available from: British Thesis Service, British Library Document
Supply Centre, Boston Spa, Wetherby LS23 7BQ tel: 01937 546229; fax:
01937 546286; email: Price in the
UK: microfiche 5.00; photocopy 12.00

The report presents the findings of the GINN project which took place between January 1996 and December 1997. The central hypothesis underlying the project was that individual school governors have individual information needs which are not being well met at present. The research has found this hypothesis to be the case. The project was designed to answer the following questions: Do governors get the information they need? Do they know what they need, and if they get it, do they use it effectively? Is the information they use the best available in relation to the decisions they must make? The findings indicate that school governors mostly do not use information or have much notion of operating in an information culture. They state the opinion that it is important for them to be well informed; and yet the main source of information used by school governors is the
headteacher, whose management of the school the governors are legislated to oversee.

Average prices of British academic books: July to December 1998
BLR&I report 164
LISU British academic book prices report no.24 (ISSN 0261-0302)
ISBN 1901786188
Available from: Publications Section, LISU, Loughborough University,
Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU tel: 01509 223071; fax: 01509
223072; email: 11.00

The report continues the statistics of British academic book prices derived from the Blackwell's (UK) primary subject coverage database, which began with a base of July to December 1984.

Average prices of USA academic books: July to December 1998
BLR&I report 165
LISU USA academic book prices report no.24 (ISSN 0951-8975)
ISBN 1901786196
Available from: Publications Section, LISU, Loughborough University,
Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU tel: 01509 223071; fax: 01509
223072; email: 11.00

The report uses data supplied by Blackwell's (NA) from their primary subject coverage database and provides statistics on the average price of USA academic books.

Full details of all reports published by the Centre from 1997 to date are available on the Centre's web pages:

Simon Matty
Information Officer
Research and Innovation Centre
The British Library
2 Sheraton Street
London W1V 4BH

tel: 0171 412 7054
fax: 0171 412 7251



Date: Tue, 30 Mar 1999 16:50:47 -0600
Sender: International Federation of Library Associations mailing list
From: "Andrew Hubbertz, University of Saskatchewan Library"
Subject: Announcing/Annonce: Gov Info in Canada/Info gouv au Canada no. 17

Announcing / Annonce :

Number / Numero 17


Accessible by/par WWW: <URL:>

A Forum on the Freedom of Information Research Project

1. Introduction (English version) / (version francaise)

2. The Freedom of Information Research Project: Alasdair Roberts' study of Canadian FOI laws can be found at

Update: "Closing the Window: How Public Sector Restructuring Limits Access to Government Information," by Alasdair Roberts


3. Jim Bronskill, Ottawa-based reporter with Southam News

4. Andrew Hubbertz, Head of Government Publications, Maps and Microforms, University of Saskatchewan Libraries

5. Kirsti Nilsen, Faculty of Information and Media Studies,
University of Western Ontario

6. Andrew Osler, Faculty of Information and Media Studies,
University of Western Ontario

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Editorial Board: Andrew Hubbertz, Editor (University of Saskatchewan Libraries), Stephen Abram (IHS Micromedia, Ltd.),Nancy Brodie (National Library of Canada), Gail Dykstra (IHS Micromedia, Ltd.), Darlene Fichter (University of Saskatchewan Libraries), Bruno Gnassi (Depository Services Program, Canada Communications Group - Publishing), Vivienne Monty (York University Libraries), and Bruce Morton (Montana State University Libraries).

Comite de redaction: Andrew Hubbertz, redacteur en chef (University of Saskatchewan Libraries), Stephen Abram (IHS Micromedia, Ltd.), Nancy Brodie (Bibliotheque nationale du Canada) Gail Dykstra (IHS Micromedia, Ltd.), Darlene Fichter (University of Saskatchewan Libraries), Bruno Gnassi (Services du programme de depot, Groupe communication Canada - Edition), Vivienne Monty (York University Libraries), et Bruce Morton (Montana State University Libraries).


3. IFLA issues


Date: Thu, 25 Mar 1999 12:15:53 +0100
Sender: International Federation of Library Associations mailing list
From: Sophie Felfoldi <sophie.felfoldi@IFLA.NL>
Organization: IFLA HQ
Subject: ifla/faife Statement on Libraries and Intellectual Freedom

Statement on Libraries and Intellectual Freedom

IFLA (The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) supports, defends and promotes intellectual freedom as defined in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

IFLA declares that human beings have a fundamental right to access to expressions of knowledge, creative thought and intellectual activity, and to express their views publicly.

IFLA believes that the right to know and freedom of expression are two aspects of the same principle. The right to know is a requirement for freedom of thought and conscience; freedom of thought and freedom of expression are necessary conditions for freedom of access to information.

IFLA asserts that a commitment to intellectual freedom is a core responsibility for the library and information profession.

IFLA therefore calls upon libraries and library staff to adhere to the principles of intellectual freedom, uninhibited access to information and freedom of expression and to recognize the privacy of library user.

IFLA urges its members activity to promote the acceptance and realization of these principles. In doing so, IFLA affirms that:
- Libraries provide access to information, ideas and works of imagination. They serve as gateways to knowledge, thought and culture.

- Libraries provide essential support for lifelong learning, independent decision-making and cultural development for both individuals and groups.

- Libraries contribute to the development and maintenance of intellectual freedom and help to safeguard basic democratic values and universal civil rights.

- Libraries have a responsibility both to guarantee and to facilitate access to expressions of knowledge and intellectual activity. To this end, libraries shall acquire, preserve and make available the widest variety of materials, reflecting the plurality and diversity of society.

- Libraries shall ensure that the selection and availability of library materials and services is governed by professional considerations and not by political, moral and religious views.

- Libraries shall acquire, organize and disseminate freely and oppose any form of censorship.

- Libraries shall make materials facilities and services equally accessible to all users. There shall be no discrimination due to race, creed, gender, age or for any other reason.

- Library users shall have the right to personal privacy and anonymity. Librarians and other library staff shall not disclose the identity of users or the materials they use to a third party.

- Libraries funded from public sources and to which the public have access shall uphold the principles of intellectual freedom.

- Librarians and other employees in such libraries have a duty to uphold those principles.

- Librarians and other professional libraries staff shall fulfil their responsibilities both to their employer and to their users. In cases of conflict between those responsibilities, the duty towards the user shall take precedence.

This statement was prepared by IFLA/FAIFE and approved by The Executive Board of IFLA

25 March 1999, The Hague, Netherlands



Date: Mon, 22 Mar 1999 15:09:59 +0000
Sender: International Federation of Library Associations mailing list
From: Richard Ebdon <Richard.Ebdon@MAIL.BL.UK>
Subject: Survey on Digitisation and Preservation
Comments: To:,

Apologies for cross posting

IFLA/UNESCO Survey on Digitisation and Preservation

A major worldwide survey on digitisation programmes in libraries and  other cultural institutions is now underway. The survey will build a  picture of the activity in this important and growing area and will  result in the creation of a directory, or `virtual library', of  digitised collections worldwide.

The work is being carried out on behalf of UNESCO by IFLA's Core  Programmes for Preservation and Conservation (PAC) and Universal  Availability of Publications (UAP).

Many national libraries and other institutions are now undertaking or  planning digitisation programmes for some or all of their major  cultural collections, whether this be for preservation purposes or to  increase access to the documents.

However, a comprehensive worldwide listing of digitised library  collections does not yet exist, and it is the task of this IFLA  project to identify such collections which have national and  international importance.

The aims of Memory of the World coincide with the aims of the two core  programmes of IFLA which are jointly undertaking the project:

the preservation of documents and collections
the improvement in access to those documents

The survey is being carried out by a questionnaire directed at most of the world's major libraries, archives and other cultural institutions. Replies will be analysed, and the results will be presented in a major report to be published in mid-1999 on behalf of UNESCO.

The Directory of digitised documents will take the form of a freely accessible database on the UNESCO website. The database will consist  of a searchable list of all the collections, together with clickable  links to take the user directly to the website of the digitised  collection. Individual items within a collection will not be listed,  but detailed information about the contents of each collection will be available from the collection websites.

Information is also being gathered on the preservation issues  surrounding the digitisation of materials. Digital preservation is  perhaps one of the most neglected areas in the electronic library arena, with large volumes of data already lost because of lack of knowledge about long-term digital preservation issues. The project  will aim to offer some information on how the issue of preservation is  being handled in this area.

libraries and other cultural institutions are invited to provide  details about their digitisation programmes.

For more information and a questionnaire contact:

Richard Ebdon
tel: +44 1937 546124
fax: +44 1937 546478



Date: Thu, 25 Mar 1999 15:27:37 +0100
Sender: International Federation of Library Associations mailing list
From: Titia van der Werf <titia@PYTHON.KONBIB.NL>
Subject: Second issue of the NEDLIB News Sheet released
Comments: cc: Margaret Phillips <>


NEDLIB News Sheet, issue n.2, March 1999 has been released.

In this issue you are updated on the progress made by the NEDLIB project and linked to the project results and working papers, for more detailed information. In this issue special attention is paid to initiatives  taken by deposit libraries to involve the ICT-industry in the building of their digital deposit systems:

* Margaret E. Phillips elaborates on the "Endeavours of the National Library of Australia to involve IT-vendors with the
building of our digital deposit system;

* Lex Sijtsma writes about the "European tender for a Deposit of Electronic Publications in the Netherlands".

Finally we have interesting extracts from a report written by Genevieve Clavel and Elena Balzardi about the IFLA workshop on
"Legal Deposit of Electronic Materials", held in August 1998.

The NEDLIB project News Sheets are issued twice a year.
They are made available through the NEDLIB web-site at:


They are announced via several discussion-lists.

NEDLIB is a project promoted by the CoBRA+ group and supported by the Telematics for Libraries Programme of the European Commission. The project consortium includes nine European national libraries, a National Archive and three main publishers. The objective of NEDLIB is to ensure that digital publications of the present can be used now and in the future. The project started in January 1998. The project will define an architecture for capturing, preserving and accessing digital publications. It will develop tools and define standards and procedures required to implement this architecture in a deposit system of digital publications. NEDLIB will take account of the requirement of long term storage and retrieval as well as the terms and conditions applying to the access of those publications. As a result, the project will define the technical environment and develop test implementations.

*** (This message has been cross-posted to several international library- and archive-related lists. Apologies if you receive this message more than once.) ***

NEDLIB contact point

Titia van der Werf
Library research
Koninklijke Bibliotheek
National Library of the Netherlands
The Hague
tel : +31 70-3140467

* IFLA-L is provided by the International Federation of Library *
* Associations and Institutions (IFLA). For further information about *
* IFLA activities, including organization or personal affiliate *
* information, contact: *
* *
* URL: *



Date: Wed, 10 Mar 1999 11:12:06 -0600
Sender: "ASIS-L: American Society for Information Science"
From: Bryce Allen <isbryce@SHOWME.MISSOURI.EDU>
Subject: ILIS Review Board

ASIS members are frequently engaged in the design of interactive systems. Sometimes these design activities are integrated into research and publication agendas, but is also possible that innovative or prototype interactive systems are being developed that are not documented in the research literature. In such cases, it is important that there be a mechanism to recognize the creative scholarship that goes into systems development, and to publish reviews of the products.

The purpose of this message is to announce a new, scholarly review process for interactive learning and information system products which has been established at the University of Missouri-Columbia. It is entitled:

Interactive Learning and Information System (ILIS) Review Board

Reviews are undertaken as blind by a panel of three reviewers. The following types of products are accepted:
- computer-based training
- hypermedia learning environments
- web-based discovery environments
- expert systems
- technology-based assessment or research tools
- information retrieval systems

The initial focus of the review process excludes products that are developed primarily for commercial purposes as there are other mechanisms for their review and dissemination.

Complete information on the review criteria and process, membership of the international review board, affiliation with the Journal of Interactive Learning Research, and procedures for product submission can be found at:

Specific questions may be directed to the Co-Editors:
Gail Fitzgerald at
Bryce Allen at

We encourage system developers to submit products for review.

For those of you who may be attending the American Educational Research Association meeting in Montreal, there will be an open, roundtable discussion on the implementation of the ILIS Review Board on April 21, 11:25 - 12:05 in Fontaine B of the Hilton. The Co-Editors of ILIS Review Board and the Editor of the Journal of Interactive Learning Research, Tom Reeves, will be there to lead the discussion.

Bryce Allen, Associate Professor
School of Information Science and Learning Technologies
University of Missouri



Date: Wed, 3 Mar 1999 16:45:00 +0000
Sender: International Federation of Library Associations mailing list
From: Chris Armstrong <lisqual@CIX.CO.UK>
Subject: More details on International Graduate Summer School (iGSS 99)

Further details - including the module descriptions and
the programme have been added to our Web Site at:

If you would like a summer in Wales - iGSS 99 is the ideal way:
iGSS provides an opportunity for information professionals from around the world to meet and discuss current issues at the same time that they take part in a work programme which aids their continuing professional development.

iGSS 99: Management and the Electronic Library is the 27th year of the Summer School based at the Department of Information and Library Studies, University of Wales Aberystwyth and is the result of cooperation between four major library and information studies schools: Aberystwyth, the School of Information Sciences at the University of  Pittsburgh, the Graduate School of Library and Information Studies at McGill University in Montreal and the School of Librarianship, University of Cape Town.

Chris Armstrong
iGSS Director
01974 251302



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