Editorial note:

This section contains items culled from various Internet news services, discussion lists and other announcements.  Unless specifically noted, I have not visited the sites, used any of the software, reviewed the literature, or written the news items.  I present this digest to you in good faith but cannot vouch for the accuracy of its content.  

Kerry Smith

Current Cites


Volume 12, no. 10, October 2001

Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720

ISSN: 1060-2356 -

Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Margaret Gross, [5]Terry

Huwe, [6]Shirl Kennedy, [7]Leo Robert Klein, [8]Margaret Phillips, Jim

Ronningen, [9]Roy Tennant

Agre, Phil. [10]"Networking on the Network" (October 21, 2001) ( - Agre, associate professor of information studies at UCLA, feels "few people have figured out how to use the Net productively." While much emphasis has gone into technologies that help people find information online, he says, "hardly anybody has been helping newcomers figure out where the Net fits in the larger picture of their own careers." Agre, who edits the popular [11]Red Rock Eater News Service mailing list, has written this 120-page document primarily for those in the academic and research communities. But the advice he offers is useful for just about anyone whose professional skills could use a boost. Topics include the ins and outs of networking, using e-mail effectively, speaking at conferences, carving out a professional  identity, and developing leadership skills. The paper also offers an extensive bibliography of print and online resources. -

-[12]SK Dorr, Jessica and Richard Akeroyd. [13]"New Mexico Tribal Libraries: Bridging the Digital Divide" [14]Computers in Libraries 21(8) (October 2001) ( - For those library folks with conflicting feelings about [15]Gates Foundation grants, I think this article will (unintentionally) put those conflicts in boldface: the large-scale philanthropy made possible by monopolistic business practices, the reaching out to help while creating new Microsoft customers, the gratitude vs. the grudging acceptance. There is a clear need for computing and Internet connectivity in these Native American lands (not to forget more pressing issues like the lack of basic services), and in this article the authors, who are Gates Foundation employees, do a good job of describing the process of working with the tribes to implement custom systems in their libraries. They also do a self-serving job of plugging Microsoft, e.g. the tender moment a trainer had when "teaching a young woman who became teary as she was learning Microsoft Word. 'She was just so happy to be learning new things.'" Well yes, Microsoft Word has brought tears to the eyes of many, all around the world ... Technical specs for the installed systems are included, as are data about the Native American Access to Technology Program grants and plans for the program's next steps.

- JR Dowling, Thomas. [16]"One Step at a Time" [17]NetConnect A supplement to Library Journal and School Library Journal (Fall 2001):36-37 ( - Dowling is well-known on the electronic discussion [18]Web4Lib as a straight shooter who really knows his stuff. So when Dowling talks, people listen. And if you manage a web site, no matter how large or small, you should listen too. In this brief but pithy piece, Dowling explains not only the technical methods by which you can make sure not to lose your users when you move a web page or site, but also the process and timing. Don't be dismayed by the two years he says it takes to do this right, since most of that time is spent waiting for crawlers and those with links to catch on to the move. In any event, do your users a favor and just follow the instructions. We'll all be better off for it.

- [19]RT Farrell, Elizabeth F. and Florence Olson. [20]"A New Front in the Sweatshop Wars?" [21]The Chronicle of Higher Education 48(9) (October 26, 2001): A35 ( - When it comes to the working conditions and wages of the offshore workers who provide much of the labor for campus and commercial projects to digitize of scholarly texts, librarians get a better grade than Kathie Lee. Student activists and independent watchdog groups have long been condemning campus stores for subcontracting with apparel manufacturers known to engage in sweatshop conditions, and they have begun to raise questions about scholarly digitizing projects. Projects at the University of Michigan and Harvard, for instance, have contracted with companies in India and Cambodia to provide digitizing tasks such as scanning and keyboarding. As it turns out, these jobs require a relatively high level of skill and workers tend to be well-educated and are typically paid well above minimum wage in their countries, in some cases up to ten times the minimum wage. Activists argue that overseas digitizing contracts should serve as an opportunity for the universities involved to demonstrate global social responsibility.

- [22]MP Ferrell, Tom. [23]"Three Questions For Your Web Agency" [24]Usability InfoCentre (Sept. 26, 2001) ( ). - In web design and development just about everyone can talk the talk but figuring out who can walk the walk is another thing. To help us out, web-site deconstructionist and usability pro Tom Farrell suggests three great things to ask. -

 [25]LRK Festa, Paul. [26]"Net Security: An Oxymoron" [27]CNET (October 18, 2001) ( - Peter Neumann, principal scientist at [28]SRI International's Computer Science Laboratory, thinks the only way to solve security problems on the Internet is to rebuild the network from scratch. The Net, he says, "is populated by computers that were not designed with network security in mind." As a result, "security is addressed on a patch-by-patch basis." In this interview, Neumann says that September's terrorist attacks have not changed his job or his concerns, as he's been preaching for years about the growing severity of network security problems. "What's changed," he says, "is the awareness that essentially everything is at risk." Neumann says there is not one solution to solving security problems, so the government must approach the problem from a variety of directions, e.g., support for security research, better education. The interview also covers Neumann's thoughts on public key encryption; he says the "trapdoors"  desired by law enforcement agencies would weaken the technology, erode privacy rights and, ultimately, not really solve the problem of criminal or terrorist use.

 - [29]SK Foster, Andrea L. [30]"40 Computer Scientists Abandon a Print Journal, Preferring Its Online Competitor" [31]The Chronicle of Higher Education (October 18, 2001) ( - On October 8, UC Berkeley professor of computer science and statistics Michael I. Jordan drafted a letter which was signed by 40 of his colleagues in which they collectively resigned from the editorial board of the journal [32]Machine Learning to join another publication the [33]Journal of Machine Learning Research which is distributed free online. Stating that journals should principally serve the needs of the intellectual community "by providing the immediate and universal access to journal articles that modern technology supports, and doing so at a cost that excludes no one." Articles in Machine Learning are not reaching a large enough audience, the letter states, because the subscription fee for the journal is too high and the publisher policy on the circulation of online articles are to restrictive. Furthermore, it can take more than a year for articles to be published in Machine Learning whereas the competing journal, which is also peer-reviewed, can publish articles in much less time.

 - [34]MP  Gudon, Jean-Claude. "[35]In Oldenburg's Long Shadow: Librarians, Research Scientists, Publishers, and the Control of Scientific Publishing." In [36]Creating the Digital Future: Association of Research Libraries, Proceedings of the 138th Annual Meeting, Toronto, Ontario, May 23-25, 2001. Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries, 2001 ( - In this lengthy paper, Gudon examines the origin of scientific journals, their role in scholarly communication, the creation of the concept of "core journals" as a result of Science Citation Index, the subsequent "serials crisis" as publishers discovered that they had a captive market for these journals, the establishment of the SPARC initiative ([37] to counter this trend, scholars' reactions to and explorations of the possibilities of electronic publishing, the central role of licensing in commercial electronic publishing efforts, the limitations of library consortial licensing efforts, and the development of preprint servers and other efforts to make scientific literature freely available. He concludes by strongly endorsing the Open Archives Initiative ([38] and SPARC. Whew, if he covered all this in his talk, I hope that ARL provided free espresso.

Brew yourself a cup (or two) and read this interesting paper, which has also just become [39]available from ARL in printed form as a monograph. - [40]CB Jacobs, Jim and Karrie Peterson. "The Technical IS Political" Of Significance... 3(1) (2001). - In the [41]September 2001 issue of Current Cites I cited an article by Jacobs, Peterson, and Elizabeth Cowell, that appeared in American Libraries. This piece, which appears in the journal of the [42]Association of Public Data Users, is a much more thorough explication of what is at stake these days with government information. Recent changes in how government information is published and distributed are presenting new problems for public access and preservation. Jacobs and Peterson enumerate issues such as "cost shifting", in which the cost (in money or time or both) of accessing and using the information is shifted from the government to the library or user. Other concerns include privacy issues and the replacement of government-issued products with commercial ones. And by no means least is the issue of preservation. When the government is the only source for certain information, it can be all too easily altered, removed or destroyed. This is not a trivial issue. Anyone interested in freedom of information, government responsibility, and a strong democracy should be interested in this issue. And by my reckoning, that should cover just about everyone from sea to shining sea.

 - [43]RT Miall, David S. and Teresa Dobson. [44]"Reading Hypertext and the Experience of Literature." [45]Journal of Digital Information 2(1) (Aug. 2001 [announced October 2001]) ( - There's nothing nicer in Autumn as the days grow cool than snuggling up to a weighty article on the nature of hypertext. The focus here is  the process of reading and whether a strongly non-linear structure helps or hinders this process. The intent of the authors is  to argue against what they describe as "misleading" claims made by hypertext enthusiasts. These claims see hypertext as a vehicle of liberation that will free readers from the doldrums of traditional (authoritarian) printed books whose demise, for this reason, is imminent. In response, the authors set about testing two groups of readers: one that reads a traditional linear piece of fiction and a second that reads the same text albeit in "simulated hypertext format". No extra credit for guessing which group expresses the greater comprehension and satisfaction. -

 - [46]LRK Morris, Peter W.G. "Updating the Project Management Bodies of Knowledge" [47]Project Management Journal 43(3) (September 2001). - A must for understanding project management are the "Bodies of Knowledge" or BOKS, published by professional project management associations. These documents provide guidelines and standards to best practices. This article is an introduction and overview of the various BOKs, where they originate, and how they differ. Further highlighted is the difficulty encountered in working towards the goal of a single, unified and universally accepted BOK. There are three primary Bodies of Knowledge. In North America, the accepted document [48]A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, is published by [49]PMI, The Program Management Institute. In Europe, the corresponding [50]Body of Knowledge document originates with the U.K's [51]APM, the Association for Project Management. Numerous national bodies in Europe have issued BOKs similar to the U.K.'s, but in their own national language. By the middle 1960s, these national organizations formed a federation called the [52]IPMA, International Project Management Association, comprising twenty-eight National Associations. IPMA has issued a BOK, which is accepted throughout Europe. Interestingly, one of the only national associations not a member of IPMA, is the American PMI. The European Bodies of Knowledge are broader in scope than the PMI BOK. The American BOK is organized as a hierarchical structure, limited to managing scope, time, quality, resources, risk, procurement, and communications. The [53]IPMA ICB Competence Baseline is structured in the form of a sunflower. Each petal is a competency, thus obviating the dissent and disagreement caused by which concept should take precedence in a hierarchy. Addressing the professional ethos of project management, it includes additional concepts such as technology, environment, and regulatory issues. All BOKs can be downloaded from their respective web sites. This reviewer is well aware that as librarians, we are often tasked with managing projects directly, or we are called upon to provide pertinent project management information to senior staff members. In exposing the complexity of updating the standards, Mr. Morris provides a good primer to the underlying methodology of project management

.- [54]MG Olsen, Stefanie. [55]"Sites Seek to Blast Ad Blockers" [56]ZDNet News (October 10, 2001) (,4586,5098080,00.html). - The Internet advertising wars have just been ratcheted up a notch. As more and more Web users employ ad-blocking software as they browse, a German company ([57]MediaBeam,, has come up  with a software product it says will detect ad-blocking software and stop the user  from accessing a site's content without paying a fee. AdKey, a plug-in for Web servers, operates from the server side via http. It can tell whether a Web page "has loaded properly." If all the graphics haven't loaded, the page issues a message that prevents the surfer from accessing the page's content. Analysts and technology pundits doubt that AdKey will have much of an impact on peoples' browsing habits. The ad-blocking software vendors are bound to come up with ways of getting around AdKey and, anyhow, it's estimated that only 5 percent of surfers actually use ad blocking software. The other 95 percent largely ignore the ads.

 - [58]SK Scott, Brendan. [59]"Copyright in a Frictionless World: Toward a Rhetoric of Responsibility." [60]First Monday 6(9) (September 3, 2001) ( - Scott assesses the history and application of copyright, and pays particular attention to its treatment of author's rights and privileges. He then expands his to the distribution chain, and argues that copyright is actually structured to benefit distributors and publishers. This historical treatment is driving much of the struggle over intellectual property in the digital era. He identifies challenges faced by distributors and publishers in enforcing their rights without the various sources of "friction" which made infringement difficult. On the consumption side, he finds that consumer cynicism is a powerful and influential arbiter of actual practice, and  it has far more influence on compliance that the feeble add-ons to traditional copyright law. He concludes that it would be more productive for distributors to "tone down" the rhetoric about "rights" and emphasize the rhetoric of "responsibility". - [61]TH _________________________________________________________________

Current Cites 12(10) (October 2001) ISSN: 1060-2356

Copyright 2001 by the Regents of the University of California All

rights reserved.

Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized bulletin  board/conference systems, individual scholars, and libraries. Libraries are authorized to add the journal to their collections at no cost. This message must appear on copied  material. All commercial use requires permission from the editor. All product names are trademarks or registered trade marks of their respective holders. Mention of a product in this publication does not necessarily imply endorsement of the product. To subscribe to the Current Cites distribution list, send the message "sub cites [your name]" to [62], replacing "[your name]" with your name. To unsubscribe, send the message "unsub cites" to the same address.

D-Lib Magazine

The November 2001 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available. The table of contents is at

In this issue, there are five full-length articles, several smaller features in D-Lib Magazine’s ‘In Brief’ column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in ‘Clips and Pointers’. The Featured Collection for November is Sue at The Field Museum.

The November 2001 articles include:

The NSF National Science, Technology, Engineering,and Mathematics Education Digital Library (NSDL) Program: New Projects and a Progress Report Lee L. Zia, National Science Foundation

Lessons Learned: The Development of Electronic Reserves at the University of Calgary Linda Pearce, University of Calgary

A Challenging Future Awaits Libraries Able to Change: Highlights of the International Summer School on the Digital Library Jola G.B. Prinsen, Ticer B.V.

DISA: Insights of an African Model for Digital Library Development Dale Peters, University of Natal, and Michele Pickover, Wits University

Organizing Ready Reference and Administrative Information with the Reference Desk Manager John C. Matylonek, Carolyn Ottow, and Terry Reese, Oregon State University

D-Lib has mirror sites at the following locations:

UKOLN: The UK Office for Library and Information Networking, Bath, England

The Australian National University Sunsite, Canberra, Australia

State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Göettingen, Göettingen, Germany

Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the November 2001 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later. There is a delay between the time of the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)

Bonnie Wilson

Managing Editor

D-Lib Magazine


DLib-Subscribers mailing list

Executive Director

American Society for Information Science and Technology

1320 Fenwick Lane, Suite 510

Silver Spring, MD 20910

FAX: (301) 495-0810

PHONE: (301) 495-0900

Free E journals in librarianship and related areas

Free Online Scholarship Newsletter

In your very useful "News from other journals" section of LIBRES, you might want to link to the most recent issue or issues of my newsletter on the migration of scientific and scholarly literature from print to the internet. Each issue is archived here,

<>, as soon as it is published.

Recently I've been sending out an issue every week.

 For more background on the newsletter, see the newsletter home page (URL in my sig below).

Thanks and best wishes,
Peter Suber, Professor of Philosophy
Earlham College, Richmond, Indiana, 47374

Editor, The Free Online Scholarship Newsletter

Government Information Quarterly

Government Information Quarterly announces a CALL FOR PAPERS on the general topic of E-Government. A special issue of Government Information Quarterly will be dedicated to scholarly papers and research on the development, implementation, role, and impact of E-government at the local, state, national, and international levels.

Topics of special interest include:

* Defining the purposes, activities, and role of E-government.

* The role of information technology in the development of E-government.

* Information Policy issues resulting from E-government initiatives, e.g., privacy, security, access, etc.

* Evaluating E-government developments and initiatives.

* Case studies of selected E-government initiatives.

* ... and other topics as they might be proposed.

Letters (or emails) of intent to submit should be sent to Duncan Aldrich

( or Charles R. McClure (, issue editors by March 15, 2002. Papers should be submitted by June 15, 2002 for peer review. Final papers must be submitted to the editors by August 1,

2002 [firm].

Additional information about Government Information Quarterly can be found at:

Style guidelines and additional information available upon request from either of the issue editors.

Please consider submitting a paper to GIQ on this important and timely topic.

Indian Journal of Library & Information Science

You may please visit our site for  guidelines to contributors who wish to write in IJLIS.

Biju K. Abraham (Moderator, INFO International & Editor, IJLIS)

Information Research

Call for papers - "The Semantic Web" - a special issue of Information Research: an international electronic journal (

Increasing the intelligibility of the Web is a compelling vision.  Imagine how the utility of local data could be enhanced if they were Meaningfully linked to data posted by strangers far away. The Web could evolve into a comprehensive meaning system, a universal encyclopedia or "world brain," as prophesized by H.G. Wells.

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is actively promoting the Semantic Web as an extension of the current Web, but one in which information will Be given well-defined meaning thus facilitating the cooperation between computers and people. The crucial first step is to increase the functionality of Web machines to "understand" the data that they merely display at present.

This call is for papers that discuss the challenges of transforming the current Web into a meaning space. The scope of discussion extends from technical challenges, such as affixing meaning to an XML (Extensible Markup Language) source, to linguistic and cultural barriers, such as the development of semantic tags that will be widely accepted and validly used.

Questions and proposals for papers should be sent to the editor of the special issue:

Dr. Terrence A. Brooks

The Information School

University of Washington

Box 352840

Seattle, WA 98195-2840

voice: 206 543-2646

fax: 206 616-3152



Completed papers should be received by 31st May 2002, but questions about the suitability of proposed papers may be sent to the Issue Editor at any time.

The style guide for Information Research is found at A link to a template file can be found on that page.

The October issue (Vol.7 No. 1) of Information Research is now available at

A new design has been adopted for the new volume and a separate 'Printer friendly' version of each paper is no longer necessary. This issue is edited by Chun Wei Choo of the University of Toronto and Pierrette Bergeron of the Universite de Montreal and devoted to the theme of competitive intelligence, with eight papers covering topics ranging from a consideration of environmental scanning as information seeking behaviour, to data-mining from French theses on Brazil. There are two additional papers on the bibliometrics of free electronic journals, and the 'balanced scorecard' technique of performance measurement, along with a working paper on continuing professional development in Latvia. In addition, there is the usual clutch of book reviews (my thanks to one of our Regional Editors, Dr. Elena Maceviciute, for arranging most of these) and a review of the software package, EndNote 5.0 In addition to introducing a new design, we also have a page of abstracts in Spanish for the first time - heralding an association with the Universidad de Murcia, which we hope to develop - and the 'experimental' page of links to other 'free' journals is now made permanent.

We also announce two new members of the Editorial Board - Dr. Terrence Brooks of the University of Washington, and Dr. Jagtar Singh of the Punjabi University, India.

Feedback, either to the Publisher and Editor in Chief ( or to the individual authors, is always welcome.

Information Visualization

is a new journal to be published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2002. Edited by Chaomei Chen from Drexel University in Philadelphia, USA, the journal provides a unique, single resource for articles on fundamental research and applications of information visualization.

The first issue will be published in April. It is indicative of the high-quality submissions that will be the journal¹s trademark.


€ Inventing discovery tools: Combining information visualization with data mining,Ben Shneiderman, USA

€ Animated visualization of multiple intersecting hierarchies, George Robertson, Kim Cameron, Mary Czerwinski and Daniel Robbins, USA

€ Pixel bar charts: A visualization technique for very large multi-attribute data sets, Daniel Keim, Ming C Hao, Umesh Dayal and Meichun Hsu, USA

€ Zoomer user interfaces as a medium for slide show presentations, Lance Good and Ben Bederson, USA

€ Filtering and brushing with motion, Lyn Bartram and Colin Ware, Canada

Authors are invited to submit papers for the remaining issues of the first volume.

For more details visit:

Interlending & Document Supply

Volume 30, Number 1, 2002


*The impact of the JISC-funded eLib document delivery-related projects, Neil Jacobs and Anne Morris


The UK Electronic Libraries Programme (eLib) was a major research and  development programme funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee  (JISC) of the UK higher education funding councils. One part of its work > was concerned with document delivery, and several projects had this topic  either as an explicit focus or as a necessary component. This paper  reviews these projects, assessing the contribution of each one to UK  document delivery services in academic libraries.

*Recent developments in interlending and document supply with a focus on  the South African situation by  Jenny Raubenheimer and John van Niekerk


 This paper considers the changes that have taken place, particularly  during the past two years, and the impact that these changes have had on  the interlending and document supply field in terms of the use of the  service by libraries, the quality of the service, bridging the information  and digital divide, players in the field, access to information and  overlapping services. The focus is on South Africa, but information and  experiences from other countries have been used to illustrate the South  African situation. 

* The cycles of interlending by  Malcolm Smith


The paper examines the interlending scene in the UK over the last eighty  years and looks forward to what the future might hold. The decentralised  beginnings of interlending in the 1920s and 30s are contrasted with the  move to centralisation which attended the formation of the National  Library for Science and Technology in the 1960s. The recent demise in the  UK of the centralised system is described and analysed. The paper  outlines the British Library's role in the emerging distributed electronic  environment for document supply, and concludes with the author's personal  reflections on the current changes to the document supply landscape in the  UK.

* Brief communication: Providing Access through Co-operation - summary of a  conference by  Carol Smale


 Summary of the latest in the series of international conferences on  interlending and document supply. Whilst co-operation between researchers  publishers and librarians was the main theme of the conference other  topics discussed included union catalogues, standards, digitisation and  national systems

*Interlending and document supply: a review of recent literature - XLI by  Sara Gould


Reviews recently published literature in the field of resource sharing and  e-journal access. Considers recent articles on the value of consortial  membership and licensed access to electronic journals. Also looks at  published articles in the area of aggregators, reference linking,  performance measurement, document delivery in public libraries, and new trends and developments in a number of countries worldwide.


 Compiled in collaboration with the IFLA Office for International Lending

 Book review

 Jim Vickery: Electronic Collection Management,  Edited by Suzan D. McGinnis,  Haworth Press, New York 2001

 Author, title and subject index to volume 29, 2001

 Access to articles also available via the Emerald Web site at


 Pauline Connolly

Assistant Editor

Interlending & Document Supply

IFLA Office

c/o British Library, Boston Spa,  Wetherby,  West Yorkshire LS23 7BQ,  UK

 Tel: +44 1937 546254

 Fax: +44 1937 546478


Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship

The Winter 2002 issue of Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship is now available at:


Theme: Assessment in Sci-Tech Libraries

* How Different Are They? A Comparison By Academic Area of Library Use, Priorities, and Information Needs at the University of Washington  by Steve Hiller, University of Washington

* Assessing the Need for a Natural Resources Digital Library by Janine Salwasser and Catherine Murray-Rust, Oregon State University

* User Perceptions of Current Awareness Services: A Faculty Survey by Leila Fernandez, York University

Refereed Articles

* Combinatorial Chemistry: A Guide for Librarians by Philip Barnett, City College of New York Science and Technology Resources on the Internet

* Guide to Selected Bioinformatics Internet Resources [Refereed webliography] by Christy Hightower, University of California, Santa Cruz

Book Reviews

* Social Dimensions of Information Technology: Issues for the New Millennium Reviewed by Daryl C. Youngman, Kansas State University

* New Trajectories of the Internet Reviewed by Jeff Alger, Kansas State University

* Turning Numbers into Knowledge: Mastering the Art of Problem Solving Reviewed by Allison V. Level, Colorado State University

* The Laws of the Web Reviewed by Jane C. Duffy, Ohio State University


* Regarding "Chat Reference Service: An Analysis of One Semester's Data" (Fall 2001) by Bruce Slutsky, New Jersey Institute of Technology

* Regarding "Citation Analysis of Chemistry Doctoral Dissertations: An Ohio State University Case Study" (Fall 2001) by Philip Davis, Cornell University

* Regarding "Citation Analysis of Chemmistry Doctoral Dissertations: An Ohio State University Case Study" (Fall 2001) Author's response by Angela Gooden, University of Cincinnati


Andrea L. Duda

Sciences-Engineering Library

University of California, Santa Barbara


Libraries Webzine

High Energy Physics Libraries Discussion page

We just released the 5th issue of our Webzine :
Library Trends

Now available from the University of Illinois Graduate School of Library and Information Science Publications Office:

Library Trends, 50(2), Fall 2001

"Technological Advances in Reference: A Paradigm Shift?" edited by Evelyn L. Curry

Single copies are $25, including postage. Subscription rates for the quarterly are: Institutional, $94 per volume ($101 for international subscribers); Individual, $66 per volume ($73 for international subscribers); and Student, $28 per volume ($35 for international subscribers). ISSN 0024-2594 Order single copies or subscriptions from the University of Illinois Press, Journals Department, 1325 S. Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820; 1-866-244-0626; fax: 217-244- 9910; e-mail:

The social context of reference work in libraries has changed dramatically in the past two decades--some would argue more than ever before in its history of 126 years (Green, 1876). Forces bringing about such change have included political, economic, cultural, and technological developments that have affected libraries and information centers in a number of ways.

Yet the raison d'être for reference practice--and indeed for library work in general--has remained the same: to bring together library users and the knowledge they seek. In other words, the user and his needs remain at the heart of the information profession.

Computer-based reference has significantly improved library service to contemporary users--from the introduction of online and cataloging databases to local and wide-area networks to electronic reference sources.

The appearance of the Internet in the 1990s heralded a new era for libraries in terms of networking opportunities. More specifically, "virtual reference" (or Web-based reference) has had a major impact on the referral function. This issue examines the extent to which (and how) technological advances have changed basic reference practice.

--From the Introduction by Evelyn L. Curry


Green, S. (1876). Personal relations between librarians and readers. American Library Journal, 1(2-3), 74-81.

Articles and Authors Include:

"Values for Human-to-Human Reference," Michael Gorman

"What Is the Best Model of Reference Service?" David A. Tyckoson

"Faculty Relevance Criteria: Internalized User Needs," Lynn Westbrook

"Evaluating Reference Services in the Electronic Age," Jo Bell Whitlatch

"An Ideological Analysis of Digital Reference Service Models," Juris Dilevko

"Reference in Library and Information Science Education," Yvonne J. Chandler

"Long Live Old Reference Services and New Technologies," Bill Katz

"The Emerging Reference Paradigm: A Vision of Reference Services in a Complex Information Environment," John W. Fritch and Scott B. Mandernack

The Publications Office of the Graduate School of Library and Information Science

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

(217) 333-1359 phone, (217) 244-7329 FAX

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

Version 41

of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography is now available. This selective bibliography presents over 1,550 articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet.



Word 2000:

The HTML document is designed for interactive use. Each major section is a separate file. There are links to sources that are freely available on the Internet. It can be can be searched using Boolean operators. The HTML document includes three sections not found in the Acrobat or Word files:

(1) Archive (prior versions of the bibliography), (2) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resources (related Web sites), and (3) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (frequently updated list of new resources).

The Acrobat and Word files are designed for printing. The printed bibliography is over 125 pages long. The Acrobat file is over 340 KB and the Word file is over 500 KB.

The bibliography has the following sections (revised sections are marked with an asterisk):

Table of Contents

1 Economic Issues*

2 Electronic Books and Texts

2.1 Case Studies and History*

2.2 General Works*

2.3 Library Issues*

3 Electronic Serials

3.1 Case Studies and History*

3.2 Critiques

3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals*

3.4 General Works*

3.5 Library Issues*

3.6 Research*

4 General Works*

5 Legal Issues

5.1 Intellectual Property Rights*

5.2 License Agreements*

5.3 Other Legal Issues

6 Library Issues

6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata*

6.2 Digital Libraries*

6.3 General Works*

6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation*

7 New Publishing Models*

8 Publisher Issues*

8.1 Digital Rights Management*

Appendix A. Related Bibliographies by the Same Author

Appendix B. About the Author

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resources includes

the following sections:

Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata

Digital Libraries

Electronic Books and Texts*

Electronic Serials*

General Electronic Publishing*






SGML and Related Standards

An article about the bibliography has been published

in The Journal of Electronic Publishing:


Version 39  (email 26 October 2001)

Version 39 of the Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography is now available. This selective bibliography presents over 1,450 articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet.



Word 97:

The HTML document is designed for interactive use. Each major section is a separate file. There are links to sources that are freely available on the Internet. It can be can be searched using Boolean operators. The HTML document includes three sections not found in the Acrobat or Word files:

(1) Archive (prior versions of the bibliography), (2) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resources (related Web sites), and (3) Scholarly Electronic Publishing Weblog (frequently updated list of new resources).

The Acrobat and Word files are designed for printing. The printed bibliography is over 115 pages long. The Acrobat file is over 380 KB and the Word file is over 400 KB.

The bibliography has the following sections (revised sections are marked with an asterisk):

Table of Contents

1 Economic Issues*

2 Electronic Books and Texts

2.1 Case Studies and History

2.2 General Works*

2.3 Library Issues*

3 Electronic Serials

3.1 Case Studies and History*

3.2 Critiques*

3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals*

3.4 General Works*

3.5 Library Issues*

3.6 Research*

4 General Works*

5 Legal Issues

5.1 Intellectual Property Rights*

5.2 License Agreements*

5.3 Other Legal Issues

6 Library Issues

6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata*

6.2 Digital Libraries*

6.3 General Works*

6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation*

7 New Publishing Models*

8 Publisher Issues*

8.1 Electronic Commerce/Copyright Systems

Appendix A. Related Bibliographies by the Same Author

Appendix B. About the Author

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resources includes

the following sections:

Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata*

Digital Libraries*

Electronic Books and Texts*

Electronic Serials*

General Electronic Publishing*






SGML and Related Standards*

Best Regards,


Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Assistant Dean for Systems,

University of Houston, Library Administration,

114 University Libraries, Houston, TX 77204-2000.

E-mail: Voice: (713) 743-9804.

Fax: (713) 743-9811.

South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science

The Library and Information Association of South Africa (LIASA) has pleasure in announcing it's new publication called South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science, which will initially be published annually in two issues, starting May 2002. The journal will be managed by an Editorial Management Committee with an Editor-In-Chief.

Increasingly, it was recognized that it is important for the National Association to have formal vehicle for publishing material primarily about the South African library and information sector. It is envisaged that the content of the journal will comprise seventy five percent research including practical research reported by practitioners about developments and work in their libraries and communities. It will stimulate and capture the debate around critical issues in our profession such as ethics, information rich and information poor societies, the digital divide dilemma, globalisation, children's literature, management, literacy and the impact on indigenous knowledge systems. It is intended to encourage students to submit articles and materials for publication. The balance of the content will include columns of general interest for the South African library and information sector.

The South African library and information sector is invited to submit articles for consideration for publication. Articles can be submitted to:

LIASA National Office (Attention: Journal Editor)

P.O. Box 1598

Pretoria 0001

Please enclose a print copy and an electronic copy on a diskette. Guidelines for submission will be available from the LIASA National Office upon request.

The journal subscription rates for 2002 for LIASA members are as follows:

Individual Member Category Standard (South Africa) - R 35.00

International (outside of Africa) - US$ 10.00

Africa - US$ 5.00

Institutional Member Category

Institutional (South Africa) - R 40.00

Institutional (International - outside of Africa) - US$ 15.00

Institutional (Africa) - US$ 5.00

For non-LIASA members the journal subscription rates are as follows:

International subscription per annum - US$98.00

South African subscription - R252.00

African Postal Union - R270.00

Non-LIASA members can send orders to:

SPS, P.O. Box 93895, Boordfontein 0201, South Africa or email:

For further information please contact: Hilda Ramboho, e-mail:

Tel: + 27 (0)12 481 2872