Editorial note:

This section contains items culled from various Internet news services, discussion lists and other announcements.  Unless specifically noted, I have not visited the sites, used any of the software, reviewed the literature, or written the news items.  I present this digest to you in good faith but cannot vouch for the accuracy of its content.  

Kerry Smith


ALISE Newsletter


First issue


Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum [JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU]; on behalf of; Sharon Mcqueen [smq@CSD.UWM.EDU]                    Thu 12/08/2004 4:49 AM

On Wed, 11 Aug 2004, Susanne Dupes wrote:


> The first issue of the ALISE Newsletter is available at




Many thanks to the ALISE Board of Directors and the management staff for this improvement to member services and for this clear indication of a commitment to increased communication within the Association!


Much appreciated,




Sharon McQueen

Lecturer and Doctoral Candidate

School of Library and Information Studies

University of Wisconsin - Madison


Helen C. White Hall

600 N. Park Street

Madison, WI  53706

Room 4256, Box 181


(608) 263-2900 (Dept.)




Issue 39 (30 April 2004) 

----Original Message-----

From: Richard Waller [mailto:lisrw@UKOLN.AC.UK]

Sent: Wednesday, 5 May 2004 9:21 PM


Subject: Re: Ariadne issue 39 (30 April 2004) is now available


With apologies for any cross-posting:


Issue 39 of  Ariadne (30 April 2004) is now available at:


Main Articles:


* Seeing is Believing: The JISC Information Environment Presentation Programme

- Chris Awre reviews the JISC Information Environment Presentation Programme and offers an insight to the outcomes of recent studies.


* RDN/LTSN Partnerships: Learning resource discovery based on the LOM and the OAI-PMH

- Andy Powell and Phil Barker explore the technical collaboration currently underway between the RDN and the LTSN and describe the RDN/LTSN LOM Application Profile and its use to support resource discovery.


* Towards the Digital Aquifer: Introducing the Common Information Environment

- Paul Miller discusses current efforts by UK agencies to collaborate on a Common Information Environment that meets the diverse needs of current and future consumers of digital content and services.


* Filling Institutional Repositories: Practical strategies from the DAEDALUS Project

- Morag Mackie describes some strategies that can be used to help populate an institutional repository.


* A National Archive of Datasets

- Jeffrey Darlington describes how structured datasets produced by UK Government departments and agencies are being archived and made available to users.


* Can We Save our Audiovisual Heritage?

- Daniel Teruggi describes PrestoSpace, the new FP6 Integrated project for the preservation of our disappearing audiovisual heritage.


* IT for Me: Getting personal in South Yorkshire public libraries

- Liz Pearce and Neil Smith introduce the IT for Me Project which aims to provide personalised access to online resources in South Yorkshire's public libraries.


 * Through the Web Authoring Tools

- Paul Browning offers a technical review of new approaches to Web publishing in Ariadne's Get Tooled Up section, supported by:


* Web Focus

- Brian Kelly takes a look at the FOAF Semantic Web application and suggests it is time to start evaluating this technology.


Workshop and Conference Reports: At the Event:

* The ePrints UK Workshop

- Phil Cross, Debra Hiom and Emma Place report on this workshop which was held at the University of Bath in February 2004.


* The Collection Description Schema Forum

- Gordon Dunsire describes the one-day seminar on standard schemas for collection-level description held by UKOLN in February.


* Terminologies Report

- Sarah Shreeves reports on a one-day workshop on current developments and future directions for JISC terminology services held in London, February 2004.


* ERPANET / CODATA Workshop, Lisbon

- Michael Day gives us a detailed report on the ERPANET / CODATA  Workshop held at the Biblioteca Nacional, Lisbon, December 2003.


* The Biggest Digital Library Conference in the World

- John Paschoud reports on the International Conference on Digital Libraries held in New Delhi, India, 24-27 February 2004.


Ariadne Reviews:


* Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval

- Charles Oppenheim sees improvements in this second edition but has reservations about one of the few UK-based texts on this subject.


* Extreme Searchers' Internet Handbook

- Verity Brack reviews one of the latest books on Internet resources and finds it a useful volume for Internet beginners and Google-centric searchers.


* Developing Academic Library Staff for Future Success

- Stephen Town considers this new multi-author volume, appreciates its many qualities and reflects on the key issues for library staff development in the digital future.


* The Accidental Webmaster

- Andy Prue examines a guide aimed at inexperienced Webmasters. While the book covers some interesting and salient points, Andy raises  questions as to the ideal audience.


.Plus our regular columns and expanded newsline.


Ariadne numbers 40 and 41 are already in preparation.

Books for review should be sent to the Editor's address (below), and article proposals should be sent to our regular contact point:


  Best regards,

  Richard Waller

  Editor Ariadne


  The Library

  University of Bath

  Bath BA2 7AY


  tel +44 (0) 1225 383570

  fax +44 (0) 1225 386838






Biomedical Digital Libraries


Call for papers


William Hersh [] Sat 17/04/2004 5:44 AM

Biomedical Digital Libraries will be an Open Access, peer-reviewed online journal that considers manuscripts on all aspects of digital library content and usage in biomedical settings, including academic medical centers, research and development institutes, and health care institutions. Preliminary information about the journal is available at


For additional information, go to:


Bill Hersh

Oregon Health & Science University


Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science (CJILS)


Research News


Heidi Julien [Heidi.Julien@UALBERTA.CA]    JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU          Mon 26/04/2004 11:55 PM


The Research News column in the Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science (CJILS) is intended to share significant news on the LIS research front in Canada, including work being done by Canadians abroad, and LIS work that relates to Canada. The column includes announcements of LIS SSHRC and NSERC award winners, Canadian ALISE award winners, and other research awards to Canadian academics and doctoral students. Please forward these types of announcements, as well as any other Canadian LIS research-related news that you think might be appropriate for the column. This column is intended to be as inclusive as possible, within allowable space parameters, and within the goals for the column.


If you have research news that relates to Canada or Canadians in LIS, please forward that to me by email. With your help, this column will continue to be a useful addition to CJILS. The next deadline is May 31, 2004.




Heidi Julien

Editor, Research News, CJILS


Heidi Julien, Ph.D.

School of Library and Information Studies

University of Alberta

3-20 Rutherford South, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2J4

Ph: 780 492 3934  Fax: 780 492 2430






COMLA Bulletin




anjali  gulati [] ;;                      Mon 27/09/2004 1:32 AM


Dear Professionals


COMLA (Commonwealth Library Association) Bulletin solicits contributions for the Next Issue COMLA bulletin. Kindly see the note Below.


Ms. Anjali Gulati
COMLA’s Regional Vice President - ASIA

COMLA Bulletin

Notes for Contributors

Contributions to the COMLA Bulletin may take one of the following forms:
(a)     Original articles
(b)     News items
(c)     Book reviews

Contributions are published only in English, and are subject to review by the Editor.  Minor corrections will be made to grammatical and linguistic errors without changing the meaning of the text.  The desired length of articles is 2000 to 5000 words.  Each article should be accompanied by an abstract of 75 to 100 words as well as a brief statement concerning the author’s professional status and experience.  Authors should also provide contact information including a street or postal address and an email address. Authors should remember that acronyms and abbreviations should be spelt out the first time they are used in the text, and that each article must contain sufficient background for each reader to understand it, regardless of their professional training.

Illustrative material containing statistical data should be presented as charts or diagrams.  Photographs should be submitted in TIF format or as positive prints (hard copy).

The article should, if at all possible, be submitted either as an email attachment or on a 3.5-inch floppy diskette, using Microsoft Word.  Those who do not have access to a computer or email should ensure that the article is submitted as a typewritten manuscript.

It is the responsibility of the author to obtain copyright clearance for any copyrighted material which is included.

Articles are published at the discretion of the Editor. All contributions should be sent to:
     The Editor
     COMLA Bulletin
     P O Box 5894, Kampala, Uganda
     Fax 256-41-348625
or via email to  cc:



Current Cites

March 2004


Sent: Friday, 2 April 2004 4:32 AM

Current Cites


                        Volume 15, no. 3, March 2004


                          Edited by [2]Roy Tennant


           The Library, University of California, Berkeley, 94720

                             ISSN: 1060-2356 -


      Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Terry Huwe, [5]Shirl

                Kennedy, [6]Leo Robert Klein, [7]Roy Tennant


     [8]Nature Web Focus: Access to the Literature: The Debate Continues

       (2004) - Nature is offering a new series of freely available

     commissioned papers by noted authors on open access and other

     innovative publishing business models. Current contributions

     include "[9]Open Access and Learned Societies"; "[10]Open Access

     and Not-for-Profit Publishers"; "[11]Open Access: Yes, No, Maybe";

     "[12]Universities' Own Electronic Repositories Yet to Impact on

     Open Access"; "[13]Why Electronic Publishing Means People Will Pay

     Different Prices"; and other papers. There are also useful links to

     related articles and resources. Like prior Nature debates on

     electronic publishing issues, this one is lively and very

     interesting. - [14]CB


     [15]Computers in Libraries 2004   Medford, NJ: Information Today,

     2004. ( - Many of

     the presentations from this conference, held March 10-12, 2004 in

     Washington DC are available in either PowerPoint or Adobe Acrobat

     format, or both. Handouts are also often available, as well as the

     occasional Perl script. The topics range widely from strategies for

     keeping up to blogs to dead and emerging technologies. There is, in

     other words, something here for just about anyone. - [16]RT


     [17]Museums and the Web 2004   Toronto, ON: Archives and Museums

     Informatics, 2004. ( - A

     number of the presentations at this conference are online in HTML

     as contributed papers. Although many of the topics are perhaps of

     interest mostly to museums or archives, there are other topics

     (e.g., building accessible web sites) that cross those boundaries.

     - [18]RT


     [19]Thinking Beyond Digital Libraries - Designing the Information

     Strategy for the Next Decade: Proceedings of the 7th International

     Bielefeld Conference   Bielefeld, Germany: Bielefeld University

     Library, February 2004.

     ( - The

     presentations from this conference are available in PowerPoint

     format. A few also have the speakers remarks available in Adobe

     Acrobat (PDF) format. Speakers include university professors,

     academic library directors, and high-level managers of

     library-related non-profits and commercial companies (e.g., Jay

     Jordan, President and CEO of OCLC). - [20]RT


     [21]METS Opening Day   Washington, DC: Library of Congress, October

     2003. ( - A number

     of the PowerPoint presentations from the first "METS Opening Day"

     for the emerging standard Metadata Encoding and Transmission

     Standard (METS) are available. Topics include an introduction to

     METS, building METS by hand, METS profiles, METS repositories, and

     METS case studies. A second METS Opening Day will be occuring on

     April 8 and 9 at Stanford University, with those presentations

     likely to be available shortly thereafter at the [22]METS web site.

     - [23]RT


     Christiansen, Donald.  "[24]Ephemera for Engineers and Scientists"

     [25]Today's Engineer (IEEE)   (February 2004)

     ( - It's not

     news to those of us in the information profession -- the fact that

     when it comes to Web-based resources, it's too often a case of here

     today, gone tomorrow. How many times have you spotted an

     interesting article while out surfing and, when you wanted to go

     back to it later on, you could no longer find it? Even if you saved

     the link, the link no longer works. While this is an annoyance when

     it comes to our everyday web browsing, it can be a disaster for

     resarch and scholarship. "Many technical articles now include

     references to Internet addresses, as opposed to hard-copy

     resources," the author correctly points out. But when authors or

     readers attempt to access these URLs at a later time, they have

     effectively vanished into cyberspace. The author cites a [26]study

     done at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center in which

     researchers checked articles that appeared in Science, the Journal

     of the American Medical Association and the New England Journal of

     Medicine. They found "that 3.8 percent of Internet references were

     inactive three months after journal publication, 10 percent after

     15 months and 13 percent after 27 months." While there are ways of

     tracking these things down after the fact -- the author gives some

     suggestions, most would agree that this is a tremendous waste of

     time and energy. A solution, he says, may come in the form of

     "Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs), the Uniform Resource Name (URN)

     syntax or the Persistent Uniform Resource Locator (PURL)." - [27]SK


     Dilevko, Juris, and Lisa  Gottlieb.  "Selection and Cataloging of

     Adult Pornography Web Sites for Academic Libraries"  [28]Journal of

     Academic Librarianship   30(1) (January 2004):  36-50. - The

     authors argue that as interest in adult porn studies proliferates

     on campus, librarians are challenged to provide support material.

     The authors delineate various criteria for selecting

     subject-specific Web sites, reminding us that while the sites

     themselves may not be scholarly, they may still "represent a type

     of cultural artifact worthy of (and currently the subject of)

     scholarly inquiry." Catalogers will appreciate the extensive

     discussion on subject access in this area. The inclusion of

     material like this in the academic library's catalog would, we are

     told, "facilitate scholarly research in this area and fill a

     prominent gap in the library's collection." (Available through

     ScienceDirect.) - [29]LRK


     Ebare, Sean.  "[30]Digital Music and Subculture: Sharing Files,

     Sharing Styles"  [31]First Monday   9(2) (2 February 2004)

     ( -

     The author takes a fresh look at online music sharing communities,

     applying theories from popular music studies and cyberethnography.

     He explores how identity and difference, subculture and genre

     lifespans, and the political economy of technology and music

     production combine to influence the use of music on the Internet.

     Identity is more fluid, and anonymity more prevalent, making the

     music sharing community somewhat unique. He argues that the

     subculture of music sharing user-driven and that the ability to

     forecast how this community behaves will be invaluable for both

     music publishers and social scientists. He offers his own forecast

     on the future marketplace for music sharing, arguing that it will

     depend upon an understanding of the diversity of the members, their

     need for self-determination, and the mandate to allow these

     communities to exercise a substantial degree of independence within

     their online experience. - [32]TH


     Feldman, Susan.  "[33]The High Cost of Not Finding Information"

     [34]KMWorld Magazine   13(3) (March 2004)


     article&Article_ID=1725&Publication_ID=108). - "There are all kinds

     of information disasters. Some are caused by wrong information.

     Some are caused by outdated information.... Missing or incomplete

     information plagues many projects..... Finally, there is the

     increasing problem of too much in formation." Some interesting

     statistics here: -- "(R)oughly 50% of most Web searches are

     abandoned." -- "Knowledge workers spend from 15% to 35% of their

     time searching for information." -- "Searchers are successful in

     finding what they seek 50% of the time or less...." -- "40% of

     corporate users reported that they can not find the information

     they need to do their jobs on their intranets." -- "Not locating

     and retrieving information has an opportunity cost of more than $15

     million annually." -- "Some studies suggest that 90% of the time

     that knowledge workers spend in creating new reports or other

     products is spent in recreating information that already exists." -



     Fiehn, Barbara.  "[36]Federated Searching: A Viable Alternative to

     Web Surfing"  [37]TechNewsWorld   (21 March 2004)

     ( - You'll be

     hearing lots more about federated search. Simple definition --

     searching a variety of resources (databases, OPACs, the Web) from a

     single interface. This article (which originally appeared in the

     April 2004 issue of [38]MultiMedia & Internet@Schools but is not

     online there) focuses on school library media centers and the

     products available for that market. But it is worth reading by all

     information professionals since it presents a good overview of the

     topic and explains some of the pros and cons. The biggest advantage

     is the most obvious -- no need for the end user to hop from

     resource to resource in order to access all that an institution has

     available online. Some vendors' products will group results by

     source which, in essence, can show the user which resources are

     likely to be most useful for his/her particular information need.

     And the user only has to learn one search interface. But

     single-interface searching also has some downsides. Federated

     search technology is not quite "there" yet as far as relevance and

     de-duping are concerned. Also, the single interface may not permit

     the end user to take advantage of whatever sophisticated search

     features are offered by the individual resources. And this

     relatively new technology may prove challenging for librarians and

     IT people alike. If you don't have adequate in-house resources,

     hosting solutions may be available. - [39]SK


     Kurlantzick, Joshua.  "[40] The Web Won't Topple

     Tyranny"  [41]The New Republic   (25 March 2004)

     ( -

     As a tool to disseminate popular culture, the Internet has had

     spectacular success, even in "authoritarian nations" such as Laos,

     China, Singapore and Saudi Arabia. But, the author points out, its

     political impact has been negligible and, in some cases, "the

     Internet actually may be helping dictatorships remain in power."

     This in spite of the fact that pundits have been touting the

     political potential of the Net since it became more or less a mass

     medium in the mid-90s. Although "Internet usage has surged in many

     authoritarian nations," it has had little impact on "the political

     climate." Why? Because, the author says, it is not particularly

     useful "for expressing and organizing dissent," and --

     technologically -- "it has proved surprisingly easy for

     authoritarian regimes to stifle, control, and co-opt." The author

     points out that the Internet is mainly used for individual rather

     than group activities. As one Laotian researcher quoted here

     observes, the Internet "is about people sitting in front of a

     terminal, barely interacting." Also, using the Net requires a

     relatively high level of literacy. The author provides examples of

     how different nations have attempted to control access to and

     content on the Internet, particularly China -- "Despite President

     Clinton's prediction, Beijing has proved that it can, in fact, nail

     Jell-O to the wall." And Western companies have proven only too

     eager "to sell the latest censorship technology" to any oppressive

     regime willing to ante up. Some dissidents claim the Internet

     actually facilitates monitoring of individuals by the government.

     Fascinating read; a don't-miss. - [42]SK


     Seebach, Peter.  "[43]The Cranky User: Businesses Behaving Badly :

     Put Customers First Or Risk Losing Them"  [44]developerWorks   (4

     March 2004)


     ). - The "Cranky User" is an occasional column on IBM's extremely

     helpful developerWorks site (the [45]Ease of Use section is

     wonderful). In this missive, the Cranky User complains about poor

     customer service. Poor customer service is a kind of action on the

     part of a company that produces a reaction in the customer, namely,

     a negative reaction. While I don't particularly agree with his

     example near the end of the column where he complains about contact

     email addresses being replaced by web forms, the notion that bad

     institutional practices have negative consequences is important to

     keep in mind. - [46]LRK


     Wells, Catherine A.  "Location, Location, Location: The Importance

     of Placement of the Chat Request Button. "  Reference & User

     Services Quarterly  43(2) (Winter 2003):  133-137. - Concerned that

     Chat Reference wasn't being used as much as expected, librarians at

     Case Western Reserve began experimenting with the size, shape,

     location and frequency of placement of the Chat Reference button on

     their site. They eventually found, perhaps to no one's surprise,

     that usage went up if the button appeared on the most heavily

     trafficked pages (home page, catalog page, database page). High on

     their wish list now is getting the button on vendor (i.e.

     subscription database) pages as well. - [47]LRK



                      Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356

   Copyright (c) 2004 by the Regents of the University of California All

                              rights reserved.


   Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized bulletin

   board/conference systems, individual scholars, and libraries.

   Libraries are authorized to add the journal to their collections at no

   cost. This message must appear on copied material. All commercial use

   requires permission from the editor. All product names are trademarks

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April 2004

From: CITES Moderator [mailto:citeschk@LIBRARY.BERKELEY.EDU] 

Sent: Wednesday, 28 April 2004 3:36 AM



Current Cites


                        Volume 15, no. 4, April 2004


                          Edited by [2]Roy Tennant


                             ISSN: 1060-2356 -


      Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Terry Huwe, [5]Shirl

                Kennedy, [6]Leo Robert Klein, [7]Roy Tennant


     [8]Digital Library Federation Spring Forum 2004   Washington, DC:

     Digital Library Federation, April 2004.

     ( -

     Although you don't get to hear the speakers, or chat with them in

     the hall, or nosh on a deep-fried, sugar-dusted beignet, the

     presentation slides are the next best thing to being at the Digital

     Library Federation 2004 Spring Forum in New Orleans. David Seaman,

     the DLF Executive Director, made a concerted effort to "harvest"

     all of the presentations then and there, and put them up on the web

     literally within hours of their presentation. And you are hearing

     about them through Current Cites no more than a week after they

     were presented. Now that's current. But besides being current,

     these presentations often describe cutting-edge digital library

     projects, from extending the OAI harvesting protocol to accommodate

     distributed full-text searching of math monographs to XML-based

     book publishing and beyond, there is something here for just about

     everyone who is interested in where libraries are going. But

     although the meeting was held in The Big Easy, it was clear from a

     number of presentations that building digital libraries would be

     better characterized as The Big Difficult. - [9]RT


     Bausenbach, Ardie.  "[10]Character Sets and Character Encoding: A

     Brief Introduction"  [11]RLG DigiNews   8(2) (15 April 2004)


     D=992). - Anyone who has worked with computers long enough has run

     into the character encoding issue. Even if you are able to get a

     non-English character to display appropriately on your computer,

     sending the file to someone else is likely to spell disaster for

     anything beyond the 256 characters identified in the ASCII

     character set. But thankfully help is near, in the form of Unicode.

     This excellent overview piece lays the groundwork and explains the

     issues related to depicting nearly 100,000 separate characters

     (about 70,000 of which are Chinese) from 55 writing systems. As

     Bausenbach explains, we are far from character encoding nirvana,

     but we're on the right track and making progress. Highly

     recommended for anyone needing a primer or refresher on these

     issues. - [12]RT


     Boutin, Paul.  "[13]Can E-Mail Be Saved?"  [14]InfoWorld   (16) (19

     April 2004):  40-53.


     - "Battered by junk and reeling under makeshift fixes, e-mail is

     ripe for reinvention. Here's how six of the industry's most

     provocative thinkers envision a brighter day.... Our six experts

     gave us six different answers. But all of them agreed that positive

     identification, rather than rejiggered economics, is the key to

     clearing the clutter from the e-mail channel in the enterprise."

     Ideas from [15]Eric Allman (author of [16]Sendmail); [17]Bill

     Warner (developer of the Wildfire voice system); [18]Eric Hahn

     (former Netscape CTO; now CEO of own startup, [19]Proofpoint);

     [20]Ray Ozzie (creator of Lotus Notes; founder/CEO of [21]Groove

     Networks); [22]Dave Winer (chairman/founder of [23]Userland and

     [24]uberblogger); [25]Brewster Kahle (creator of WAIS, [26]Alexa;

     now head of [27]The Internet Archive). - [28]SK


     Eden, Bradford Lee, editor.  "MARC and Metadata: METS, MODS, and

     MARCXML: Current and Future Implications"  [29]Library Hi Tech

     22(1) (2004) - It's a brave new world for bibliographic

     description, which this special issue of Library Hi Tech makes

     readily apparent. With articles contributed by a wide range of

     experts on topics like METS, MODS, EAD, and MARC, there is

     something he re for anyone interested in cataloging, metadata, and

     where the field is going. The editor of this issue, Brad Eden from

     the Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, lined up so many authors for this

     issue that the contributions have been split into two issues, with

     t he second to follow in the summer. According to Brad, this next

     issue will look more to the future. [Full disclosure: I contributed

     a piece that will run in the next issue] - [30]RT


     Guterman, Lila.  "[31]Scientific Societies' Publishing Arms Unite

     Against Open-Access Movement"  [32]The Chronicle of Higher

     Education   50(29) (26 March 2004):  A20.

     ( - Reacting to the growing

     influence of the open access movement, a group of scholarly

     not-for-profit publishers has issued the "[33]Washington D.C.

     Principles for Free Access to Science." This document supports free

     access to selected important articles, to all articles either

     immediately or after an embargo period as determined by publisher

     policy, to scientists in developing nations, to reference linking

     systems, and to search engines for indexing. However, it does not

     support financing journals solely through author fees, and it does

     not address the issue of the relatively unfettered use of scholarly

     literature that the "[34]Budapest Open Access Initiative" strongly

     advocates: "By 'open access' to this literature, we mean its free

     availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read,

     download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full

     texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data

     to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without

     financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those

     inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only

     constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for

     copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over

     the integrity of their work and the right to be properly

     acknowledged and cited." In addition to discussing the DC

     Principles, the article also briefly examines the new BioMed

     Central variable institutional fee structure (it was previously a

     flat fee determined by the size of the institution), which has its

     own controversial elements. - [35]CB


     Jones, William.  "[36]Finders, Keepers? The Present and Future

     Perfect in Support of Personal Information Management "  [37]First

     Monday 9(3) (1 March 2004)

     ( -

     Jones explores the impact of decisions to keep or discard the kind

     of personal data that accretes daily in our inboxes and Blogs --

     spam, email, the weather, sports news and more -- together with

     critical information that has a longer term value. Since what seems

     mundane today may have strategic value tomorrow, this isn't such a

     lightweight matter, he says. What follows is interesting

     deconstruction of the process of parsing through 'stuff', which we

     often do unconsciously. Even though many information users don't

     focus on their habits, how we handle extraneous information is an

     essential part of personal information management, he argues. Bad

     decisions come in many flavors; keeping too much stuff can be as

     costly in time as keeping minimal backfiles. What's more, the wrong

     information competes for attention with more appropriate sources as

     tasks change during the day. He assesses decision support

     strategies such as reducing 'false positives' (keeping useless

     information), and avoiding 'misses' (not keeping useful

     information). This article is an interesting analysis of how the

     processes that surround the information cascade combine to take a

     substantial bite of our time. - [38]TH


     Knemeyer, Dirk.  "[39]Jared Spool : The InfoDesign Interview"

     [40]InfoDesign (April 2004)

     ( -

     Jared Spool is a hero of mine. He showed me that you could be an

     advocate of usability and a sensible human being at the same time.

     He did this by limiting himself to conclusions based on a

     thoughtful analysis of the facts together with enough flexibility

     to realize that different situations sometimes call for different

     approaches. All of these characteristics are on display in this

     infoDesign interview. - [41]LRK


     Michael, Sara.  "[42]Making Government Accessible -- Online"

     [43]Federal Computer Week   18(11) (29 April 2004):  21-30.


     ). - Federal Computer Week and SSB Technologies, a developer of

     web-accessibility software and services, took a look at U.S.

     e-government initiatives with an eye toward whether these services

     were usable by disabled citizens. The results were not encouraging.

     "As the e-government initiatives near completion and gain a broader

     audience, none of the Web sites evaluated in our recent review were

     found to be entirely accessible to citizens with disabilities, as

     required by Section 508. Agencies clearly are committed to the

     spirit of the law but are struggling with the details." The article

     discusses [44]Section 508 compliance and related requirements,

     accessibility pitfalls, and development and evaluation tools. -



     TechWebNews. "[46]Average PC Plagued With 28 Pieces Of Spyware"

     [47]InformationWeek (15 April 2004)

     ( - If

     you're responsible for public access PCs, this recently released

     [48]report by ISP [49]EarthLink and [50]WebRoot Software will not

     be terribly shocking to you. During the first quarter of this year,

     the two companies examined more than one million computer systems

     and unearthed more than 29 million instances of spyware. Most of

     this nasty stuff was ad-related -- e.g., pop-up windows, ad

     tracking, etc. -- but more than 360,000 system monitors (which spy

     on user activity) and Trojans (which masquerade as something benign

     but which are actually destructive) were detected. "If spread

     equally across the scanned systems, that means one in three

     computers contains a system monitor or a Trojan horse." View the

     Earthlink Spyware Audit [51]here. - [52]SK


     Udell , Jon.  "[53]Firefox Fills the IE Void"  [54]InfoWorld   (19

     March 2004 )

     ( -

     Encomium on the open-source cross-platform Mozilla web browser

     currently known, perhaps inelegantly, as 'Firefox'. If you haven't

     had a chance to test-drive Firefox, Jon Udall goes over many of the

     reasons why you should. Feel free to download it at [55]

     and while you're at it, have a look at the email application

     'Thunderbird' too. - [56]LRK



                      Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356

   Copyright (c) 2004 by the Regents of the University of California All

                              rights reserved.


   Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized bulletin

   board/conference systems, individual scholars, and libraries.

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   requires permission from the editor. All product names are trademarks

   or registered trade marks of their respective holders. Mention of a

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September 2004


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of CITES Moderator

Sent: Thursday, 30 September 2004 2:32 AM


Subject: Current Cites, September 2004



                                Current Cites


                      Volume 15, no. 9, September 2004


                          Edited by [2]Roy Tennant


                             ISSN: 1060-2356 -


      Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Terry Huwe, [5]Shirl

                   Kennedy, Jim Ronningen, [6]Roy Tennant


     Antelman, Kristin.  "[7]Do Open-Access Articles Have a Greater

     Research Impact?"  [8]College & Research Libraries   65(5)

     (September 2004):  372-382.

     ( - For those who have

     been working to create open access repositories of research and

     scholarship, this article is a godsend. Antelman performed a formal

     study of whether open access articles are cited more frequently

     than those only available through subscription services. The short

     answer is "yes". For the long answer, as well as to review her

     methodology, see the (yes) open access article. - [9]RT


     Chapman, Stephen.  "Techniques for Creating Sustainable Digital

     Collections"  [10]Library Technology Reports   40(5) (Sept./Oct.

     2004) - Library Technology Reports appears to be on a roll, with

     this excellent issue following close on the heels of Susan Gibbon's

     report on institutional repositories (cited in a [11]previous issue

     of Current Cites). Few people are as well suited for covering this

     topic as Chapman, who has long experience in creating digital

     collections at Harvard, and has spoken on this topic for years as a

     faculty member of the highly regarded School for Scanning: Building

     Good Digital Collections. The report begins with a section on

     institutional readiness for digitization, followed by sections on

     managing digitization, levels of service for image digitization,

     levels of service for text digitization, managing costs, and

     commiting to change. So if you find yourself suddenly responsible

     for a digitization project, as many are, your first purchase should

     not be a scanner, but rather this issue of LTR. Out of all the

     money you will spend on your project (and spend it you will) the

     $63 cost of this report will be the single most effective use of

     your resources. - [12]RT


     Dean, Katie.  "[13]Saving the Artistic Orphans"  [14]Wired News

     (20 September 2004)

     (,1284,64494,00.html). -

     "Artistic orphans," as discussed in this article, are "older books,

     films and music" that are "no longer commercially viable," but are

     kept from the public domain because they are still under copyright.

     Changes in the copyright law that no longer require intellectual

     property owners to register or renew their copyrights with the

     [15]U.S. Copyright Office have made locating these owners "a

     formidable challenge." [16]Brewster Kahle, founder of the

     [17]Internet Archive and [18]Rick Prelinger, a film collector, are

     interested in digitizing these materials and putting them online so

     the public can have free access. They filed suit in March to have

     declared unconstitutional the changes to copyright law that prevent

     such materials from entering the public domain. The legal wrangling

     is ongoing; the government filed a motion to dismiss the case, the

     plaintiffs filed an opposition and the government will file its

     reply in October. In late October, the U.S. District Court for the

     Northern District of California will hear arguments. [19]Lawrence

     Lessig, the Stanford Law School professor representing Kahle and

     Prelinger explains that copyright was traditionally "opt-in" --

     where intellectual property owners had to actively register and

     then renew their works. Now, from the moment a work is "fixed in a

     tangible medium," copyright protection exists without any need for

     registration or renewal. The article notes "that on average, 85

     percent of copyright owners never bothered to renew their copyright

     after the first 28 years anyway." You can submit examples of orphan

     works [20]via a website set up by Kahle and Prelinger. - [21]SK


     Elliott, Susan A. [22]Metasearch and Usability: Toward a Seamless

     Interface to Library Resources   Anchorage, AK: University of

     Alaska, August 2004.

     ( - This paper is

     the result of a sabbatical leave investigation on behalf of the

     Consortium Library of the University of Alaska Anchorage regarding

     metasearch software and usability. The author visited a number of

     libraries that have implemented, or are in the process of

     implementing, metasearch applications. The strength of this paper

     lies not in the specifics regarding sofwtare options, which are

     already out of date (although for those who simply can't resist,

     they are available in a separate file of appendices), but in the

     body of the report in which Elliott succinctly outlines the problem

     these tools are attempting to solve, how they are trying to do it,

     and current issues and problems. As she identifies, things are far

     from perfect but these tools may at least offer libraries a way to

     make things more manageable for the users we serve. - [23]RT


     Ellison, Jim.  "[24]Assessing the accessibility of fifty United

     States government Web pages: Using Bobby to check on Uncle Sam "

     [25]First Monday   9(7) (5 July 2004)

     ( - Ellison

     takes a hard look at the real obstacles that people with

     disabilities face when using government Web sites. He reviews 50

     sites using the well-known evaluation program known as Bobby, which

     checks HTML to evaluate how successfully the code perform in

     providing accessibility. While he argues that there is great

     potential for improved accessibility, he claims that the U.S.

     government has not met its self-imposed goals yet. This would tend

     to weaken the government's standing to enforce accessibility

     standards on other organizations, he concludes. - [26]TH


     Greenstein, Daniel.  "[27]Research Libraries' Costs of Doing

     Business (and Strategies for Avoiding Them)"  [28]EDUCAUSE Review

     39(5) (2004):  72-73.

     ( - Materials

     costs continue to spiral upward. Shaped by Google and similar

     systems, users' expectations rise as well, and they demand that

     libraries provide increasingly sophisticated, easy-to-use systems.

     Digital formats proliferate. What's a research library to do? Based

     on the collaborative experiences of the University of California

     System, Greenstein has some suggestions for research libraries in

     similar situations. Rely mainly on electronic journals, but

     preserve at least one archival print copy of each one. Closely

     coordinate collection development to eliminate duplicate materials

     costs, and develop new bibliographic systems to support this.

     Centralize system support functions, such as digital preservation

     and tool building (e.g., online portals). Using these strategies,

     UC believes it can save $30-$50 million dollars a year. Sounds like

     big money. Will it solve the problem? The author says: "If the

     money is simply eaten away by unmitigated steep increases in the

     price of library materials, the answer is no. Changing the

     unsustainable economics of scholarly publishing remains a key to

     the future of research libraries indeed, to the continued ability

     of colleges and universities to provide faculty and researchers

     with the access they need to the world's scholarly knowledge." -



     Hepburn, Gary.  "[30]Seeking an educational commons: The promise of

     open source development models "  [31]First Monday   9(8) (2 August

     2004) ( -

     Hepburn matches an assessment of the potential of open source

     computing with the development of classroom curricula, and finds a

     good match. Easily available resources, flexibility and minimal

     intrusion of corporate culture into the classroom are all desirable

     side benefits of open source architecture, he argues. A central

     aspect of a new open source "commons" that could take root is

     creativity: Hepburn foresees that educators and curriculum planners

     will experience a noteworthy uptick in creative thinking if they

     cleave to an open source standard. Much of this line of reasoning

     is based on the hitherto-unrealized potential of the Internet to

     reshape the classroom. A key challenge for educators, though, is

     the development of both institutional and professional-level

     commitments to mainstreaming technology management into teaching a

     process that will challenge teachers and educators for some time to

     come. - [32]TH


     Puglia, Steve, Jeffrey  Reed, and Erin  Rhodes. [33]Technical

     Guidelines for Digitizing Archival Materials for Electronic Access:

     Creation of Production Master Files - Raster Images< /A>

     Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, June



     digitizing_archival_materials.html). - What the staff at NARA don't

     know about digitizing isn't worth knowing. And thanks to documents

     like this one, you too can know what they do. From recommendations

     on metadata capture to essential tips on scanning for the maximum

     fidelity and information capture, this is a gold mine of best

     practice that can help anyone digitizing content for web access.

     Beginning with a section on metadata, the paper includes sections

     on imaging workflow, digitization specifications, storage, and

     quality control. The technical overview alone offers a wealth of

     essential information for digitization novices as well as those who

     may have been doing this activity for some time, but without a

     thorough technical grounding in all the technical aspects. Highly

     recommended for anyone digitizing content. - [34]RT


     Rowlands, Ian, Dave  Nicholas, and Paul  Huntingdon.  "[35]Journal

     Publishing: What Do Authors Want?"  [36]Nature Web Focus: Access to

     the Literature: The Debate Continues   (13 September 2004)

     ( - In the

     final analysis, scholarly journal publishing should be designed to

     satisfy the needs of scholars. So what do they want anyway? The

     authors conducted a large-scale international survey to find the

     answer, ending up with 3,787 fully completed questionnaires from 97

     countries. Not surprisingly, they found that authors continue to

     want traditional journal benefits: "They want the imprimatur of

     quality and integrity that a peer-reviewed, high-impact title can

     offer, together with reasonable levels of publisher service. Above

     all, they want to narrowcast their ideas to a close community of

     like-minded researchers. . ." The majority of authors (61%)

     indicate that they have access to needed articles, and 77% say that

     access is better than five years ago. Not many have heard of open

     access (82% say that they know little or nothing about it), and

     they are not willing to pay much to publish articles (only 16%

     would pay more than $500). Rowlands et al. estimate that the

     average that authors would be willing to pay may be about $400,

     which is below the fees typically charged by open access

     publishers. Clearly, publishing reform advocates still have much

     work to do in educating authors about the economics of scholarly

     publishing and academic library finances. - [37]CB


     Shenton, Andrew K., and Pat  Dixon.  "Issues Arising From

     Youngsters' Information Seeking Behavior"  [38]Library &

     Information Science Research   26(2) (Spring 2004):  177-200. -

     Faced with training adults to be more careful and critical

     information seekers and users, it's helpful to see which patterns

     are imprinted in our school years. This article explores the

     general information-seeking patterns of school-age children in a

     single British town. While a larger sample (only 188 individuals

     here) and greater geographic variation could certainly lead to more

     universally applicable conclusions, for most English-speaking

     information providers there will be a high recognition factor of

     those behaviors which are clear precursors to adult habits, e.g.

     "the use of untaught, expedient methods was apparent in many

     contexts, including the 'speculative' entry of URLs to access Web

     sites and the location of information in books by simply flicking

     through the pages." No wonder at expedient Google's popularity,

     being so good at providing reasonable results for speculative

     input. Also instructive is the prevalence of image or pattern

     retention which, once achieved, encourages forgetting details like

     titles and addresses. A bit discouraging for teachers of

     information literacy, but good to know what one is up against. - JR


     Twist, Jo.  "[39]Web Tool May Banish Broken Links"  [40]BBC News

     (24 September 2004)

     ( - [41]The

     Jargon File defines link rot as "The natural decay of web links as

     the sites they're connected to change or die." And while it is a

     fact of life on the Web today, it is also a tremendous source of

     frustrion to information professionals, scholars, and plain

     ordinary Web users. Well, a team of UK intern students at IBM has

     come up with a tool that addresses the problem of broken Web links.

     Although other tools exist that can detect broken links, this tool

     called Peridot also ferrets out where the missing information has

     gone and "replaces outdated information with other relevant

     documents and links." It can also detect links to "inappropriate

     information." Basically, the technology keeps track of key elements

     of webpages so it is able to quickly spot any changes. In its

     current version, "it runs reliably over 100,000 pages." - [42]SK



                      Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356

   Copyright (c) 2004 by the Regents of the University of California All

                              rights reserved.


   Copying is permitted for noncommercial use by computerized bulletin

   board/conference systems, individual scholars, and libraries.

   Libraries are authorized to add the journal to their collections at no

   cost. This message must appear on copied material. All commercial use

   requires permission from the editor. All product names are trademarks

   or registered trade marks of their respective holders. Mention of a

   product in this publication does not necessarily imply endorsement of

   the product. To subscribe to the Current Cites distribution list, send

   the message "sub cites [your name]" to

   [43], replacing "[your name]" with your

   name. To unsubscribe, send the message "unsub cites" to the same





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Issue 7, April 2004


digicult-forum []   Mon 10/05/2004 5:59 PM

[DIGICULT] DigiCULT.Info Issue 7 - A Newsletter on Digital Culture:Official Announcement


DigiCULT.Info Issue 7 - A Newsletter on Digital Culture

April 2004, ISSN 1609-3941



In previous issues of DigiCULT.Info and in Technology Watch Report 1

(2003) DigiCULT examined the issues of 3-dimensional representations of cultural artefacts and spaces. In this issue the team from Factum Arte describe the creation of a physical 3D replica of La Dama de Elche.


The Alicante archaeology museum has made use of cutting edge information technologies behind the scenes and the physical replica of La Dama has been made possible by one such technology.


Furthermore, this issue covers amongst others a presentation of the AER project (Spanish archives on the net), three articles on e-learning projects, interviews with experts, and the results of the DigiCULT User Survey 2003.



Download DigiCULT.Info Issue 7

High Res (9 MB)


Low Res (1 MB)


DigiCULT Publications offer a valuable resource of mission-critical information in the selection and use of digital technologies for Europe’s heritage organisations:


- Thematic Issues: results of expert fora


- DigiCULT Technology Watch Reports: in-depth technology evaluation


- DigiCULT.Info Newsletter: articles about services, studies, technologies, and activities


- DigiCULT Website: project information, resources, events, publications.


All available publications can be downloaded free of charge.



Subscribe to the Newsletter DigiCULT.Info


Submit an Event


Submit a Web Resource


(c) DigiCULT Forum 2002-2004




Thematic Issue 6, June 2004


DigiCULT Forum []            IFLA_L           Mon 19/07/2004 10:30 PM

DigiCULT Thematic Issue 6 - Now Available

Resource Discovery Technologies for the Heritage Sector, June 2004


This sixth Thematic Issue concentrates on how resource discovery technologies can ensure that the high value, authoritative information of heritage institutions is effectively found, retrieved, and presented to Internet users.


With a key focus on the user, the Issue looks into user-driven approaches in interactive resource discovery. Expert opinion suggests that offering easy to use services and tools able to integrate the research and learning needs and behaviours of their users may form one of the heritage institutions’ answers to the dominance of general-purpose global search engines.


However, along with ensuring state-of-the-art interactive access and presentation, the heritage sector will also need to raise the public’s awareness to, and visibility of, its online resources in a more profound manner. Otherwise it faces the risk that the large investment required in creating digital collections, rich descriptive metadata, study and learning material, will fail to realise a high return – in terms of interest and appreciation, discovery and valuable uses of heritage resources.


Download Thematic Issue 6:

Link HiRes (4,9 MB)


Link LoRes (1,8 MB)



DigiCULT Publications offer a valuable resource of mission-critical information in the selection and use of digital technologies for Europe’s heritage organisations:

- Thematic Issues: results of expert forums

- DigiCULT Technology Watch Reports: in-depth technology evaluation

- DigiCULT.Info Newsletter: articles about services, studies, technologies, and activities

- DigiCULT Website: project information, events, links, resources along with all publications.


All available publications can be downloaded free of charge.


New: DigiCULT Cultural Heritage Professional CV Access Service


Subscribe to the Newsletter DigiCULT.Info

Submit an Event

Submit a Web Resource


(c) DigiCULT Forum 2002-2004



August 2004

Issue 8        Thu 16/09/2004 6:09 PM 

[DIGICULT] DigiCULT.Info Issue 8 / Announcement of Publication



DigiCULT.Info Issue 8 - A Newsletter on Digital Culture

August 2004, ISSN 1609-3941


For the first time, DigiCULT has devoted a section of this publication to a detailed focus on the cultural and scientific heritage work being carried out in one particular country.


DigiCULT.Info’s Content Editor, Daisy Abbott, spent a week interviewing sector professionals in France and their thoughts and experiences are presented in this special section, alongside articles and reports from French projects and events.


Download DigiCULT.Info Issue 8:

Link HiRes (20 MB)


Link LoRes (3,8 MB)



DigiCULT Publications offer a valuable resource of mission-critical information in the selection and use of digital technologies for Europe’s heritage organisations:


- DigiCULT Thematic Issues: results of expert fora


- DigiCULT Technology Watch Reports: in-depth technology evaluation


- DigiCULT.Info Newsletter: articles about services, studies, technologies, and activities


DigiCULT Services


DigiCULT Events Service: DigiCULT provides a list of international events that concentrate on theoretical and practical issues of digital culture. Cutting across the different cultural heritage domains and practises, the selection highlights established as well as new opportunities for exchanging knowledge, community networking, and co-operation.


DigiCULT Resources Service: DigiCULT Resources offer an aggregation of information sources on topics that are on DigiCULT's radar. Each resource is shortly described and linked. Submitted links are moderated for content and relevance.


DigiCULT CV Service: DigiCULT is providing the user community with access to the CVs of Cultural Heritage Professionals. We neither endorse individuals nor certify their abilities or claims of experience and skills. This is an information service only. Personal and Institutional users of the service will need to conduct their own authentication and verification processes.


DigiCULT Jobs Service: Just released - DigiCULT is providing the user community with access to available jobs within the Cultural Heritage sector. We do not endorse the jobs listed on these pages. This is an information service only. Personal and Institutional users of the service will need to conduct their own authentication and verification processes.


Subscribe to the Newsletter DigiCULT.Info

(c) DigiCULT Forum 2002-2004




D-Lib Magazine


May 2004 issue

Richard Hill [];;;        Wed 19/05/2004 8:26 PM


> -----Original Message-----

> From: [mailto:dlib-subscribers-

>] On Behalf Of Bonnie Wilson

> Sent: Tuesday, May 18, 2004 4:30 AM

> To: DLib-subscribers

> Subject: [Dlib-subscribers] The May 2004 issue of D-Lib Magazine

> ( is now available.


> Greetings:


> The May 2004 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is now

> available.


> This is a special issue of D-Lib Magazine about georeferencing and

> geospatial data, and the guest editor is Linda L. Hill, University of

> California, Santa Barbara. The issue contains six articles, a guest

> editorial, several smaller features in the 'In Brief' column, excerpts

> from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other

> items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  The Featured Collection

> for May 2004 is ECAI Iraq.


> The articles include:


> The Alexandria Digital Library Project: Review, Assessment, and

> Prospects Michael F. Goodchild, University of California, Santa

> Barbara


> Issues in Georeferenced Digital Libraries

> Greg Janee, James Frew, and Linda L. Hill, University of California,

> Santa Barbara


> Georeferencing in Historical Collections

> Gregory Crane, Tufts University


> Combining Place, Time, and Topic: The Electronic Cultural Atlas

> Initiative Michael Buckland and Lewis Lancaster, University of

> California, Berkeley


> Spatial Data Infrastructures and Digital Libraries: Paths to

> Convergence James S. Reid, Chris Higgins, David Medyckyj-Scott, and

> Andrew Robson, University of Edinburgh


> Determining Space from Place for Natural History Collections: In a

> Distributed Digital Library Environment Reed Beaman, Yale University;

> John Wieczorek, University of California, Berkeley; and Stan Blum,

> California Academy of Sciences


> D-Lib has mirror sites at the following locations:


> UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England



> The Australian National University Sunsite, Canberra, Australia



> State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of

> Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany



> Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina



> Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan


> BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal



> (If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the May 2004

> issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later.  There

> is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United

> States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)



> Bonnie Wilson

> Editor

> D-Lib Magazine




July/August 2004


Richard Hill [];   Fri 23/07/2004 4:01 AM



The July/August 2004 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is

now available.


This issue contains a commentary, three articles, two conference

reports, several smaller features in the 'In Brief' column, excerpts

from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other

items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  The Featured Collection for

July/August 2004 is Earth as Art.


The Commentary is:


Thirteen Ways of Looking at...Digital Preservation

Brian Lavoie and Lorcan Dempsey, OCLC Research


The articles include:


The Role of ERPANET in Supporting Digital Curation and Preservation in


Seamus Ross, HATII and ERPANET


The Continuing Access and Digital Preservation Strategy for the UK Joint

Information Systems Committee (JISC)

Neil Beagrie, The British Library


Integration of Non-OAI Resources for Federated Searching in DLIST, an

Eprints Repository

Anita Coleman, Paul Bracke, and S. Karthik, University of Arizona



The Conference Reports are:


Report on the Fourth ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries

(JCDL): 7 - 11 June 2004, Tucson, Arizona

Schubert Foo, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore


If You Build It, Will They Come? Participant Involvement in Digital


Sarah Giersch, iLumina Digital Library, Eugene A. Klotz, The Math Forum

@ Drexel, Flora McMartin, MERLOT, Brandon Muramatsu, University of

California, Berkeley, K. Ann Renninger, Swarthmore College, Wesley

Shumar, Drexel University, and Stephen A. Weimar, The Math Forum @ Drexel


D-Lib has mirror sites at the following locations:


UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England


The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia


State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen,




Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan


BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal


(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the July/August

2004 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later. 

There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United

States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)


Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine




September 2004; on behalf of; Richard Hill []      Thu 9/09/2004 9:37 PM            [Asis-l] FW: [Dlib-subscribers] The September 2004 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available


 -----Original Message-----] On Behalf Of Bonnie Wilson

 Sent: Wednesday, September 08, 2004 8:33 PM

 To: DLib-subscribers

 Subject: [Dlib-subscribers] The September 2004 issue of D-Lib Magazine

 is now available




 The September 2004 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is

 now available.


 This issue contains a commentary, three articles, an opinion piece,

 two conference reports, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent

 press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of

 interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  The Featured Collection for

 September 2004 is

 OYEZ: US Supreme Court Multimedia, courtesy of Jerry Goldman,

 Northwestern University.


 The Commentary is:


 The "Rights" in Digital Rights Management

 by Karen Coyle,


 The articles include:


 Search Engine Technology and Digital Libraries: Moving from Theory to

 Practice by Friedrich Summann and Norbert Lossau, Bielefeld University

 Library, Germany


 Library Web Accessibility at Kentucky's 4-Year Degree Granting

 Colleges and Universities by Michael Providenti, Northern Kentucky



 Reengineering a National Resource Discovery Service: MODS Down Under

 by Roxanne Missingham, National Library of Australia


 The Opinion is:


 Rethinking Scholarly Communication: Building the System that Scholars

 Deserve by Herbert Van de Sompel, Los Alamos National Laboratory; John

 Erickson, Hewlett-Packard Laboratories; and Sandy Payette, Carl

 Lagoze, and Simeon Warner, Cornell University


 The Conference Reports are:


 Report from the International Symposium on Digital Libraries and

 Knowledge Communities in Networked Information Society (DLKC'04) by

 Shigeo Sugimoto, University of Tsukuba, Japan


 7th International Symposium on Electronic Theses and Dissertations


 2004): Distributing Knowledge Worldwide through Better Scholarly

 Communication, 3 - 5 June 2004, Lexington, Kentucky, USA

 by Suzie Allard, University of Tennessee


 D-Lib has mirror sites at the following locations:


 UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England


 The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia


 State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of

 Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany


 Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina


 Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan


 BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal


 (If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the September

 2004 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later. 

 There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the

 United States and the time when the mirroring process has been



 Bonnie Wilson


 D-Lib Magazine


 DLib-Subscribers mailing list





E-JASL - Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship.


Call for papers


Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum [JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU]; on behalf of; Gretchen Whitney [gwhitney@UTK.EDU]            Wed 18/08/2004 7:26 AM


---------- Forwarded message ----------

Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2004 16:51:48 -0500

From: Paul Haschak <>


      Attention Library and Information Science faculty:  Hi, I’m the Editor of E-JASL, an e-journal dedicated first and foremost to advancing knowledge and research in the areas of academic and special librarianship, and I’m looking for a few good articles to publish!  Turn your ideas, poster sessions, and presentations into a published article that is Web-accessible worldwide.  E-JASL is indexed by LISA, it is archived permanently by the Library of Canada, and is published and distributed by the world renowned International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication (ICAAP) under the auspices of Athabasca University, Canada’s leader in online and distance education.


      By supporting the ICAAP and E-JASL you support independent scholar-led publishing.  Together we can do our part in wresting control of the scholarly communication system away from the big commercial publishing houses. There is a solution to the crisis in scholarly publishing!!!


      Hope to see your manuscript soon–regards, Paul Haschak, Co-Founder and Executive Editor of E-JASL: The Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship.





New journal


Garfield, Eugene []          'ASIS-L listserv'     Mon 26/07/2004 10:51 PM


"Episteme" is a new journal of social epistemology, which

focuses on the social dimensions of knowledge, says Anthony

Quinton, a former president of the University of Oxford's

Trinity College and a fellow of its New College and All Souls



"Social epistemology arose from the recognition that nearly all

that we believe or claim to know is secondhand and derived from

the speech or writing of others," he writes.


Two styles of social epistemology, the analytical and critical

approaches, are represented in "Episteme."


Analytical social epistemology grapples with questions like how

facts presented by other people can ever be satisfactorily

verified, while critical social epistemology examines fields

like science and history as social constructions, in other

words, as things that are "brought into existence by human

social activity, like government and the family and unlike

mountains and icebergs," Mr. Quinton says.


"'Episteme' is not the first journal to take social epistemology

as its theme," he writes, "but it is the first, I think, to try

to bring the two kinds of epistemology I have distinguished



The journal will be published three times a year, by Edinburgh

University Press. Information about the journal is available at



First Monday


April 2004

Readership of First Monday [mailto:FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU] On Behalf Of Edward J. Valauskas

FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU                  Thursday, April 08, 2004 6:18 PM


Dear Reader,

The April 2004 issue of First Monday (volume 9, number 4) is now available at


May 2004

From: Readership of First Monday [mailto:FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU] On Behalf Of Edward J. Valauskas

Sent: Monday, May 03, 2004 11:21 PM


Subject: First Monday May 2004


Dear Reader,


The May 2004 issue of First Monday (volume 9, number 5) is now available at




Table of Contents


Volume 9, Number 5 - May 3rd 2004


Sharing Digital Resources: Selected papers from the Fifth Annual Conference on Libraries and Museums in the Digital World, sponsored by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services and the University of Illinois at Chicago, March 3-5 2004, Chicago.


Keynote at The Field Museum

by John McCarter


Imaging Pittsburgh: Creating a shared gateway to digital image collections of the Pittsburgh region by Edward A. Galloway


The power and problems of public media

by David B. Liroff


CAMEO: A free Internet reference on materials used in the production and conservation of historic and artistic works by Michele Derrick


Choosing the components of a digital infrastructure

by Tim DiLauro


Building semantic bridges between museums, libraries and archives: The CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model by Tony Gill


The role of museums in online teaching, learning, and research by Kenneth Hamma


Can technology make the recommendations of learning science practical and affordable? by Henry Kelly


Building on success, forging new ground: The question of sustainability by Don Waters


On My Mind: Commentary on Web-Wise

by Bill Barnett


Lessons from the Silurian: On digitization and the human element by Edward J. Valauskas




You've received this message because you're registered to First Monday's Table of Contents service. You can unsubscribe to this service by sending a reply containing the word unsubscribe in the body of the message or use the form at


First Monday Editorial Group




September 2004


-----Original Message-----

 From: Readership of First Monday [mailto:FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]

 On Behalf Of Edward J. Valauskas

 Sent: Monday, September 13, 2004 10:08 PM


 Subject: First Monday September 2004


 \Dear Reader,


 The September 2004 issue of First Monday (volume 9, number 9) is now

 available at




 Table of Contents


 Volume 9, Number 9 - September 6th 2004


 Asynchronous discussion groups as Small World and Scale Free Networks

 by Gilad Ravid and Sheizaf Rafaeli



 What is the network form of online discussion groups? What are the

 topological parameters delineating the interaction on such groups? We

 report an empirical examination of the form of online discussion

 groups. We are interested in examining whether such groups conform to

 the Small World and the Scale Free models of networks. Support for

 these expectations provides a formal expression of growth, survival

 potential and preferential attachment in the connection patterns in

 discussion groups. The research questions were tested with a sample of

 over 8,000 active participants, and over 30,000 messages. We find that

 the social network resulting from discussion groups is indeed a Scale

 Free Network, based on In, Out and All Degree distributions. We also

 find that, for the same sample, discussion groups are a Small World

 Network too. As expected, the clustering coefficients for these groups

 differ significantly from random networks, while their characteristic

 path lengths are similar to random networks. Implications of the

 topology for the design and understanding of discussion groups include

 the stability and control of such groups, as well as their longevity.




 Lost in gallery space: A conceptual framework for analyzing the

 usability flaws of museum Web sites by Paul F. Marty and Michael B.




 This article reports on a study which used results from 119

 scenario-based evaluations of 36 museum Web sites to develop a

 conceptual framework for analyzing the usability flaws of museum Web

 sites. It identifies 15 unique dimensions, grouped into five

 categories, that exemplify usability problems common to many museum

 Web sites. Each dimension is discussed in detail, and typical examples

 are provided, based on actual usability flaws observed during the

 evaluations. The availability of this conceptual framework will help

 the designers of museum Web sites improve the overall usability of

 museum Web sites in general.




 Small ads as first steps to Internet business: A preliminary survey of

 Cameroon's commercial Internet usage by David Zeitlyn and Francine




 We have surveyed current commercial use of the Internet in Cameroon.

 This paper provides some data on Cameroon's presence on the Internet

 as an initial means of assessing the impact information technologies

 and the Internet have had on local business practices in Cameroon. We

 have found some NGOs promoting entrepreneurs and artisan producers to

 sell their wares. Alongside tourism and import/export listings, the

 use of small ads is predominant. Connectivity via fixed lines remains

 a bottleneck impeding expansion. Since mobile phone use is

 mushrooming, a suggested solution is the development of SMS-Web





 The economics of open source hijacking and the declining quality of

 digital information resources: A case for copyleft by Andrea




 The economics of information goods suggest the need for institutional

 intervention to address the problem of revenue extraction from

 investments in those resources characterized by high fixed costs of

 production and low marginal costs of reproduction and distribution.

 Solutions to the appropriation issue, such as copyright, are supposed

 to guarantee an incentive for innovative activities at the price of

 few vices marring their rationale. In the case of digital information

 resources, apart from conventional inefficiencies, copyright shows an

 extra vice since it might be used perversely as a tool to "hijack" and

 privatise collectively provided open source and open content knowledge

 assemblages, even in the case in which the original information was

 not otherwise copyrightable. Whilst the impact of hijacking on open

 source software development may be uncertain or uneven, some risks are

 clear in the case of open content works. The paper presents some

 evidence of malicious effects of hijacking in the Internet search

 market by discussing the case of The Open Directory Project.

 Furthermore, it calls for a wider use of novel institutional remedies

 such as copyleft and Creative Commons licensing, built upon the

 paradigm of copyright customisation.




 Cons in the panopticon: Anti-globalization and cyber-piracy by Indhu

 Rajagopal with Nis Bojin



 This paper examines the paradox of the digital telecommunications

 revolution that augured the transcendence of big business and big

 government, but also extended to the World Wide Web the processes of

 privatization and commodification. Instead of facilitating individuals

 to design, through interactive technology, their own media and

 directly express their will, the Internet has come to embody a

 panopticon that extends the reach of corporatists. We discuss the

 panopticon in the context of the globalizing cyber-technology, and

 argue that piracy is an anti-globalization movement.




 Is copyright necessary?

 by Terrence A. Maxwell



 Copyright is a legal mechanism for promotion of useful knowledge.

 However, it is not the only means society could use to encourage

 information dissemination, and several alternative models have been

 suggested over the last 200 years. This article provides the results

 of a dynamic simulation of the publishing industry in the United

 States from 1800 to 2100, and tests the impact of different protection

 schemes on the development of authorship, the publishing industry, and

 reader access. It closes with a discussion of intellectual property

 information policy decisions that can be currently made, and their

 likely impacts on domestic and international copyright protection.




 Letters to the Editor




 You've received this message because you're registered to First

 Monday's Table of Contents service. You can unsubscribe to this

 service by sending a reply containing the word unsubscribe in the body

 of the message or use the

 form at


 First Monday Editorial Group




Government Information Quarterly


Volume 21, number 1 (2004)


John Bertot []   Fri 7/05/2004 11:56 PM


The editors (see below) of _Government Information Quarterly:  An International Journal of Information Technology Management, Policies, and Practices_ are pleased to announce the release of Volume 21, number 1 (2004). The issue  contains a number of articles that explore e-government, governance, technology management, and information access and dissemination policy issues.


Issue 1 articles include:


Designing electronic government information access programs: a holistic approach, Pages 3-23 Sharon S. Dawes, Theresa A. Pardo and Anthony M. Cresswell


Screen level bureaucracy: Databases as public records, Pages 24-50 David Landsbergen


A two-stage model of e-government growth: Theories and empirical evidence for U.S. cities, Pages 51-64 Christopher G. Reddick


An accessibility study of state legislative Web sites, Pages 65-85 Jody Condit Fagan and Bryan Fagan


Learning by fire: the learning challenges facing U.S. Forest Service aviation, Pages 86-98 Earl McKinney, Jr.


The Minitel and France's legacy of democratic information access, Pages 99-107 H. L. Moulaison


Implementing a voluntary code on access to information: Nirex's practical experience, Pages 108-112 Tim Barnes and John Dalton


Reviews include:


United State Government Information: Policies and Sources by Peter Hernon, Harold C. Relyea, Robert E. Dugan, and Joan F. Cheverie. Libraries Unlimited, 2002. xvii, 430 pp. CD Rom. $70.00 (Cloth), ISBN: 1-56308-978-5, $50.00 (Paperback), ISBN: 1-56308-979-3, Pages 113-115 Charles R. McClure


Edgeless Cities: Exploring the Elusive Metropolis By Robert E. Lang. Washington D.C. The Brookings Institution, 2003. 154 pp. $18.95 (paperback), ISBN 0-8157-0611-1, Pages 115-117 Marcy M. Allen


Information Management: Challenges in Managing and Preserving Electronic Records United States General Accounting Office, GAO-02-586, June 2002, 77 pp., Pages 117-118 Valerie Glenn


The United States Department of the Interior Web site Visited July 2003, Pages 119-121 Charles D. Bernholz


A Statistical History of the American Electorate Jerrold G. Rusk. Washington, DC: CQ Press, a division of Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 2001. 708 pp. $75.00, ISBN 1-56802-364-2 (cloth), ISBN 1-56802-363-4 (paper), Pages 121-122 Suzanne L. Holcombe





Volume 21, number 2 (2004)


John Bertot [] Tue 22/06/2004 12:52 AM


The editors (see below) of _Government Information Quarterly:  An International Journal of Information Technology Management, Policies, and Practices_ are pleased to announce the release of Volume 21, number 2 (2004). The issue  contains a number of articles that explore e-government, governance, technology management, and information access and dissemination policy issues.


Issue 2 articles include:


1) One step forward, one step back? Restructuring, evolving policy, and information management and technology in the New Zealand health sector, Pages 125-142 Robin Gauld


2) Implications of technological advances for access to the cultural heritage of selected countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Pages 143-155 Patrick Ngulube


3) Developing a one-stop government data model, Pages 156-169 Olivier Glassey


4) Integrating knowledge management tools for government information, Pages 170-198 Georgia Prokopiadou, Christos Papatheodorou and Dionysis Moschopoulos


5) The World Wide Web as an information system in Spain's regional administrations (1997-2000), Pages 199-218 Antonio Muoz Ca avate and Celia Chain Navarro


6) Exploring success factors for Taiwan's government electronic tendering

system: behavioral perspectives from end users, Pages 219-234 Pin-Yu Chu, Naiyi Hsiao, Fung-Wu Lee and Chun-Wei Chen


Review articles include:


7) The Environmental Protection Agency Web Site:  Washington, DC. Visited July 2003. Pages 235-237 Suzanne L. Holcombe


8) Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements:

Editors: Edmund Ozmanczyk and Anthony Mango. 3rd edition. New York: Routledge, 2003. 4 v. lviii, 2941 pp. $495.00, ISBN 0-415-93920-8 (cloth). Pages 238-239 Ben Amata


9) Cities, Politics, and Policy: A Comparative Analysis:  John P. Pelissero (Editor). Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2003. xvii, 350 pp. $39.95 (paper). ISBN 1-56802-686-2. Pages 239-240 Thomas A. Karel


10)  Washington, DC: Department of Labor. Visited July 16, 2003.  Pages 240-241 Claudene Sproles


11) Marbury versus Madison: Documents and Commentary:  Mark A. Graber and Michael Perhac (Editors). Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2002. viii, 424 pp. $99.95 (cloth). ISBN 1-56802-719-2.  Pages 241-242 Sara Kelley


12) Managing Web Usage in the Workplace: A Social, Ethical and Legal

Perspective:  Murugan Anandarajan and Claire Simmers. Hershey: Idea Group Publishing, 2002. vi, 376 pp. $74.95. ISBN 1-930708-18-1.  Pages 243-244 Susan L. Kendall


13) The Illusion of Control: Force and Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First

Century.:  Seyom Brown. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2003. xii, 196 pp. $18.95 (paper), $46.95 (cloth), ISBN 0-8157-0263-9 (paper), ISBN 0-8157-0262-0 (cloth).  Pages 244-246 Joseph A. Salem, Jr.




Volume 21, number 3 (2004); on behalf of; John Bertot []

Wed 4/08/2004 2:49 AM



The editors (see below) of _Government Information Quarterly:  An International Journal of Information Technology Management, Policies, and Practices_ are pleased to announce the release of Volume 21, number 3 (2004). The issue  contains a number of articles that explore e-government, governance, technology management, and information access and dissemination policy issues.


Issue 3 articles include:


ORCON Creep: Information sharing and the threat to government accountability, Pages 249-267 Alasdair Roberts


Communication technology at the Federal Communications Commission: E-government in the public interest?, Pages 268-283 Michael A. McGregor and JoAnne Holman


A comparison of the strategic priorities of public and private sector information resource management executives, Pages 284-304 Mark A. Ward and Scott Mitchell


Applying informetric methods to empirically assess the authoritativeness of Health Canada electronic documents, Pages 305-318 Frank Lambert


India's convergence policy within its communication sector: A long road ahead, Pages 319-336 Siddhartha Shankar Menon


Behind the Web site: An inside look at the production of Web-based textual government information, Pages 337-358 Kristin R. Eschenfelder


Privacy, confidentiality, and data sharing: Issues and distinctions, Pages 359-382 David McMillen



Reviews include:


Agency Web Pages--An Information Resource and a Public Relations Tool: The USDA Example, Pages 383-390 Chuck Malone


Distance Documents: Continuing Education Workshops Delivered on the Internet Documents Jump Start ($350), Legislative Sources ($180), Regulations, ($135). Prof. Judith Robinson, University at Buffalo. Available: . Accessed: Wednesday, February 11, 2004, Pages 390-393 Cassandra Hartnett


Civil Society in the Information Age Peter I. Hajnal (editor). Hampshire,

England: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2002. xi, 298 pp. $75.00 (hard cover). ISBN 0 7546 18382, Pages 393-394 Faye Couture


Managing Internet and Intranet Technologies in Organizations: Challenges and Opportunities Edited by Subhasish Dasgupta. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing, 2001. 224 pp. $74.95. ISBN: 1878289 950 (paperback); ISBN: 0585379998 (electronic book), Pages 394-395 Earl Shumaker





Government Information Quarterly is a quarterly publication of Elsevier Science.  The journal explores such topics as information and telecommunications policy; access to and use of government information; information technology management, implementation, planning, and evaluation; information services development, management, and provision in a distributed networked environment; e-commerce in governments; service quality assessment, benchmarking, and performance measurement; and, governing and governance in a networked environment.


Additional information regarding the journal and journal submissions is available at:


John Carlo Bertot <>, School of Information Studies, Florida State University serves as the journal editor.


Charles R. McClure <>, School of Information Studies, Florida State University serves as the journal associate editor.


John A. Shuler <>, Documents, Maps, Microforms, & Curriculum Department, Univeristy of Illinois Chicago serves as the journal assistant editor.


Aimee C. Quinn <>, Government Documents Department, Univeristy of Illinois Chicago serves as the journal reviews editor.




* John Carlo Bertot, Ph.D.                        Phone: (850) 644-8118 *

* Professor                                         Fax: (850) 644-4522 *

* School of Information Studies             Email:   *

* Florida State University *

* 101 Shores Building                                                   *

* Tallahassee, FL 32306-2100                                            *




INFLIBNET Newsletter


March 2004


J.K.Vijayakumar []            Wed 5/05/2004 6:07 PM


Latest INFLIBNET Newsletter is online at


Information Research


Volume 9 No. 3


Prof. Tom Wilson []  Thu 15/04/2004 1:08 AM



is now availabe at


Apologies for multiple postings, if you are a 'registered reader'. If you think you ARE a registered reader but have not received previous notification of the issue, it probably means that you have changed your e-mail address. Go to the registration page to re-register.


Here is the Editorial





Although I find it difficult to keep count of submissions on a day by day basis, I have the impression that the journal is attracting more. Our readership base also continues to grow, with almost 3,000 registered users. I imagine there would be at least 10,000 if the system was set up to require registration and password use for access. In other words, we seem to have a successful journal here and it is rather surprising to me that, following my efforts to secure the future of the journal, only two universities appear to be seriously interested in taking on the journal. A publisher is also interested and would probably make the journal open access to non-institutional IP addresses (that is, anyone accessing from a home computer would continue to use the journal freely, while institutions would pay) and to institutions in certain countries in the developing world and Central and Eastern Europe.


So - let me open a debate on this: how concerned would you be if Information Research was to become only partly open access? And, if you are seriously concerned, are you prepared to persuade your institution to contribute to its survival? I do not keep detailed accounts of the time I spend on the journal and what I do could be split over at least three persons, but, as a ball-park figure, it would probably cost an organization about £8,000 a year to reproduce what I do - unless, of course, people are prepared to do as I do and take it on as a voluntary task. It would probably help the cause of open access publishing if institutions rewarded staff for this role in the scholarly communication process in the same way as they reward research outputs. After all, the role is no less important.


You can communicate with me directly on this or send a message to the Weblog. This issue


Part of this issue is taken up with papers representing research being carried out at the Information Management Research Institute at Northumbria University in the UK. As usual, it has an Issue Editorial, so I shall say no more


We also two more papers from the Digital Libraries conference in Espoo, Finland, which contributed papers to the previous issue. The first, from Hyldegaard and Seiden at the Royal School, Copenhagen explores the usefulness of a personal portal to access scholarly articles - this, of course, is a modern variant of the old 'selective dissemination of information' strategy and, not surprisingly suffers from at least one of the same problems, that is, persuading the user to develop an effective profile and to maintain it. This second, by Mark Notess, deals with a digital library of a rather different kind, dealing as it does, with music. The paper is of general interest, however, because it deals with the methods used to identify users' needs. Three methods were employed: contextual design, log file analysis, and questionnaires. The author concludes, ""...all three methods can be fruitfully combined to provide a more holistic picture of use."


Once again, let me remind organizers of conferences in 2004 who are looking for an open source outlet for the papers are invited to contact me.


Finally, there are two more refereed papers - it's interesting that the submission of Working Papers has declined to the point at which it may be unnecessary to have that option; perhaps now that the journal has found its place in the citation indexes, people are more prepared to put the effort into preparing an acceptable paper.


Terrence A. Brooks presents an interesting view of the impact of the Google search engine in the creation of what he calls a culture of 'lay indexing'. That is, a situation in which what is retrieved depends not upon original indexing - indeed, Google and other search engines ignore the meta-tags that convey such indexing - but upon its PageRank algorithm:


    If a large number of Web users in the role of authors create content that points at certain Web pages, then it is highly probable that those same Web pages presented as query results will satisfy a large number of Web users in the role of searchers. In other words, Google satisfies the average Web searcher so well because it has aggregated the valuations of the average Web author. In this way, Google transforms Web authors into lay indexers of Web content where the linkages they set is a plebiscite for the most "important" Web pages.


No doubt the competition between Google and Yahoo! and the competition between these and Microsoft's future search engine will result in more and more ways to cluster documents in response to a search.


The other paper is also on digital libraries - not, in this case, resulting from the Espoo conference. It is a multi-authored account of the development of a digital library for endangered languages, of which there are many. There is, in fact, a UNESCO Red Book on Endangered Languages. This paper discusses the problem of endangered languages and presents an


    ...architecture of a distributed digital library for endangered languages which will contain various data of endangered languages in the forms of text, image, video, audio and include advanced tools for intelligent cataloguing, indexing, searching and browsing information on languages and language analysis.


I hope you all enjoy this new issue and, remember, you can discuss the papers by registering with the Information Research Weblog .



Professor T.D. Wilson, PhD

Publisher/Editor in Chief

Information Research

University of Sheffield

Sheffield S10 2TN,  UK


Web site:


Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship


Summer 2004; on behalf of; Andrea Duda []        Wed 18/08/2004 1:17 AM            [ISTL-updates] ISTL - Summer 2004

The Summer 2004 issue of Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship is now available at:






   * Access and Retrieval of Recent Journal Articles: A Comparative Study

     of Chemists and Geoscientists

     by Julie Hallmark, The University of Texas at Austin


   * Death of an Encyclopedia Salesman? The Fate of Science Reference

     Resources in the Digital Age

     by David Flaxbart, University of Texas, Austin


   * Building a RefWorks Database of Faculty Publications as a Liaison and

     Collection Development Tool

     by Scott Marsalis and Julia Kelly, University of Minnesota


   * Agriculture Journal Literature Indexed in Life Sciences Databases

     by Jodee Kawasaki, Montana State University - Bozeman


   * Sustainable Agriculture and Sustainable Forestry: A Bibliographic


     by Caroline D. Harnly, San Francisco State University


   * The Web-Based Academic Field Trip Bibliography: A Multi-Use Library


     by Lura E. Joseph, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign


   * Science, Technology and Research Network (STARNET)

     by Walter R. Blados, Research and Technology Organization, NATO




   * Access to International Plant Sciences Journals - An Endangered


     by Kathy Fescemeyer, The Pennsylvania State University




   * ACRL Strategic Plan Implementation: Science and Technology Section




   * Selective Webliography for Health Sciences Authors

     by Mark A. Spasser, Jewish Hospital College of Nursing & Allied

     Health Library




   * A History of Online Information Services: 1963-1976

     Reviewed by Gregory K. Raschke, North Carolina State University


   * Chemistry Resources in the Electronic Age

     Reviewed by Mary Ann Mahoney, University of California, Berkeley


   * The Extreme Searcher's Internet Handbook: A Guide for the Serious


     Reviewed by Margaret Henderson, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory


   * Biology Resources in the Electronic Age and Biosciences on the

     Internet: A Student's Guide and Biosciences on the Internet : A

     Student's Guide

     Reviewed by Catherine Jeanjean, Kansas State University


   * Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

     Reviewed by David Flaxbart, University of Texas




   * Special Libraries Association 2004 Annual Conference: Putting

     Knowledge to Work

     by Zsuzsa Koltay, Steven Rockey, and Kizer Walker, Cornell University


   * Library Management in a Changing Environment: 25th IATUL Conference

     by Patricia B. Yocum, University of Michigan




                                Andrea L. Duda

                         Sciences-Engineering Library

                    University of California, Santa Barbara





Volume 55, Number 4

Richard Hill []                  Tue 30/03/2004 10:54 PM       [Asis-l]


Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology Volume 55, Number 4, February 15, 2004


[Note: at the end of this message are URLs for viewing contents of JASIST from past issues.  Below, the contents of Bert Boyce=s AIn this Issue@ has been cut into the Table of Contents.]






In This Issue

Bert R. Boyce     281



Name That Tune: A Pilot Study in Finding a Melody From a Sung Query Bryan Pardo, Jonah Shifrin, and William Birmingham 283 Published online 10 December 2003

     Pardo, Birmingham, and Shifrin describe the matching processes of what is commonly called a Query-by-Humming system for the search of musical databases based upon content rather than metadata and called MuseArt. Sung queries vocalized as a single repeating syllable are recorded, transcribed, and converted into a sequence of pitch intervals and rhythms using a MIDI- like representation, as are themes stored in the database. Fifty milliseconds or more of low variance pitch constitutes a note defined by pitch, onset time, and duration. Retrieved themes are ranked by similarity in timing and pitch contour, and may be played. Both string matching processes and a hidden Markov model, where a themes probability of generating the query provides the similarity measure, are utilized. Using a database of 284 themes from 260 Beatles songs and targets from this set as queries, string alignment mean right rank was consistently one, while the hidden Markov model yielded a mean right rank of 1 in 23 of 29 cases. The string matching system was 12 times faster than the hidden Markov model.



The Digital Reference Research Agenda

R. David Lankes  


Published online 18 December 2003

     Lankes believes that the interest in digital reference service has been primarily found among practitioners, and thus the research agenda produced by the Harvard symposium reported here will encourage the research community to address the topic. Digital reference is defined as "the use of human intermediation to answer questions in a digital environment." The central research question is expressed as, "How can human expertise be effectively and efficiently incorporated into information systems to answer user questions?" Other questions concern measurement of costs and benefits, the architecture that would be necessary and sufficient, the identification of information need through questions, and the nature of satisfactory answers. The agenda assumes that human expertise is a useful component and that digital reference is in some sense different than traditional reference. Research in the area may be viewed from a perspective of policy, of systems, of evaluation, or of behavior.



Reconfiguring Control in Library Collection Development: A Conceptual Framework for Assessing the Shift Toward Electronic Collections

Lisa M. Covi and Melissa H. Cragin 


Published online 18 November 2003

     Covi and Cragin contend that as a consequence of the shift in library collection development from an ownership model to an access model, collections are exhibiting both breaks in the continuity of scholarly publications and information masked by difficulty with interface use or metadata inadequacy. A review of the current academic library collection development milieu leads to the observation of a lack of a conceptual framework to measure and evaluate the use of electronic sources. A comparison of eight electronic versions of abstracting and indexing and full text databases exhibits inconsistent availability of information on scope, coverage, currency, selectivity, and authority.



Information-Seeking Behavior of Chemists: A Transaction Log Analysis of Referral URLs

Philip M. Davis  


Published online 20 November 2003

     Davis looks at the logs of the American Chemical Society servers to identify the path into the servers taken by Cornell University IP addresses. Thus, behavior described is that at an individual computer, not necessarily that of an individual scientist. The method will not identify referrals from other than Web-based e-mails, browser bookmarks, or within domain URLs. Referral data from December 2002 until February 2003 provided 9,949 valid Web connections with referral URLs from 1,591 unique IP addresses. Library catalogs provide 25% of referrals, bibliographic databases 24%, e-journal lists 18%, Web pages 11%, and Web searches 10%.  E-journal lists were mostly those provided by Cornell libraries; Web pages were dominated by the ACS journal pages 33% and Web-based new sources 24%, but departmental and personal pages were nearly as productive. The relationship between the number of domains and number of referrals appears to follow an inverse-square law. Redundant and complementary access tools are in regular use with heavy users demonstrating more methods of access.




An Information Processing Model of Undergraduate Electronic Database Information Retrieval

Karen Macpherson 


Published online 25 November 2003

     Macpherson models the thinking processes underpinning electronic information retrieval in order to generate teaching strategies on that subject. Her model is rooted in the cognitive psychology concepts of declarative and procedural knowledge and the Piaget-like stages of cognitive development, and is said to involve two stages, problem recognition (an internal search of the individual's declarative knowledge schema for appropriate central concepts) and a second stage, a production (an iterative process where decision points are reviewed and appropriate operations carried out). The second stage terminates in synthesis and evaluation, which may lead to a return to stage one. On the assumption that success in searching would be increased by teaching knowledge development for information retrieval as well as searching procedure skills and that such success would validate the model, 254 undergraduates were divided into an experimental group which received technique and concept-based instruction and a control group which received only skill-based search techniques. No differences were found in pretests, but in the posttests the control group was significantly lower than on the pretest and the experimental group significantly higher. Of 12 variables examined in the retrieval assignment, only number of concepts showed a significant difference in favor of the experimental group.



The Added Value of Task and Ontology-Based Markup for Information Retrieval

Suzanne Kabel, Robert de Hoog, Bob J. Wielinga, and Anjo Anjewierden   


Published online 3 December 2003

     Kabel, et alia, believe that retrieval is enhanced if highly structured concept spaces (controlled indexing languages) include work task concepts as well as core content. Such enhancement is expected to involve both a qualitative increase in work task outcome and a decrease in the effort required. A domain ontology provides descriptors for the topic at hand (in this case Gorillas, and it is limited to physical, mental, social, behavioral, and communicative). A task or description ontology provides multiple roles for concepts derived from document content by providing types of description, for example, generality and possible instructional use). Seventy psychology students were divided into three groups, one using keywords only, one using the structured domain ontology, and the third having the descriptive ontology as well. They searched a database of 250 keyword described pictures and text fragments, and made use of their retrievals in the creation of lesson plans for which templates were provided. Plan quality was assessed by three coders, and measures of efficiency and effectiveness based upon relevant fragments, total fragments, fragments observed, and fragments used, were computed. Efficiency differences are not statistically significant, but effectiveness differences are. Quality criteria are not significantly different across the treatments.




Mapping Scientific Frontiers: The Quest for Knowledge Visualization, by Chaomei Chen

Jesper W. Schneider    


Published online 20 November 2003


Understanding Reference Transactions: Transforming an Art Into a Science, by Matthew L. Saxton and John V. Richardson, Jr.

Denise E. Agosto 


Published online 16 December 2003


Chat Reference: A Guide to Live Virtual Reference Services, by Jana Smith Ronan

Lorri Mon        


Published online 2 January 2004





Special Topic Issue of JASIST: Soft Approaches to Information Retrieval and

Information Access on the Web



Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL) 2004: Global Reach and Diverse




The ASIS web site <>

contains the Table of Contents and brief abstracts as above from January 1993 (Volume 44) to date.


The John Wiley Interscience site <>

includes issues from 1986 (Volume 37) to date.  Guests have access only to tables of contents and abstracts.  Registered users of the interscience site have access to the full text of these issues and to preprints.



Volume 55, Number 7

Richard Hill []                  Tue 30/03/2004 11:54 PM       [Asis-l]


[Note: at the end of this message are URLs for viewing contents of JASIST from past issues.  Below, the contents of Bert Boyce's "In this Issue" has been cut into the Table of Contents.]






In This Issue

Bert R. Boyce    




Information Retrieval by Metabrowsing

F. Wiesman, H.J. van den Herik, and A. Hasman

Published online 17 February 2004  


      Wiesman, van den Herik, and Hasman consider six difficulties in information retrieval: expression of information need, communication of that need to the system, implicit inter-human communication, indexing consistency, reliability of retrieved items, and the need of the searcher for five distinct knowledge types (system procedural, domain, search strategy, indexing policy, and search tactics). Since humans are good at recognizing relevance but not at describing it, browsing can overcome these difficulties. In particular they suggest metabrowsing, the browsing of information about documents’ domain, contents, location, and relations to other documents, rather than of the documents themselves. They represent domain with a simplified version of the Unified Medical Language System and use 36,000 1995 Medline records for documents, each linked to the domain file by their assigned primary or secondary index terms. A key term is chosen from an alphabetical list, its preferred term is substituted, and a window opened around this preferred term in the domain. Related terms may be added to this window with arcs indicating the relation type and clickable definitions. A new screen will give sub-terms of the chosen term and links to documents so indexed. The document’s other terms can be displayed or its content presented. Bookmarking, backtracking, and a history list provide for reorientation, if needed. A test group of 24 second- and fourth-year medical students used the system and WinSpires on the same file with three questions designed by domain experts who also evaluated the retrieved documents. Overall, there was no significant difference in effectiveness or user satisfaction, and the system was less efficient for fourth-year students who also were more satisfied with WinSpires.


Improving Performance of Text Categorization by Combining Filtering and Support Vector Machines Irene Díaz, José Ranilla, Elena Montañes, Javier Fernández, and Elías F. Combarro

Published online 20 February 2004  


      Diaz et alia believe text categorization, the automatic classification of documents reduced to weighted stem counts and, in this case, assigned to categories by a Support Vector Machine (SVM), can be improved by feature reduction techniques despite the SVM’s unique capability of handling large feature spaces. They compare the effect of term frequency, inverse document frequency, and information gain, as reduction techniques on expert classed collections; the Reuters-21578 corpus, and three subsets of the Osmand Medline collection, using fixed training sets and parameters for the SVM. They define precision as the number of true positives over the sum of the number of true and false positives; and recall as the number of true positives over the sum of the number of true positives and false negatives and use van Rijsbergn’s combined measure with equal weights. The filtering has no effect on precision, but all methods provide a significant improvement in recall, and thus the combined measure, over unreduced text. Information gain is the best performer at aggressive filtering levels.



A Formal Knowledge Management Ontology: Conduct, Activities, Resources, and Influences C.W. Holsapple and K.D. Joshi

Published online 25 February 2004  


      Holsapple and Joshi develop an ontology, or set of definitions and axioms, which can be used to characterize knowledge management as a discipline. The goal is to identify and express the knowledge manipulation activities that fall within that domain. They begin by setting the conditions for their design, namely, that their result occurs in business settings, describes KM phenomena, and captures concepts at two or more levels of detail. Then, they collected KM case studies, surveys, and articles as a source for terminology, and chose terms via multiple iterations until their satisfaction as to helpfulness, comprehensiveness, and unification was attained. Interacting by questionnaire with a panel of 31 KM researchers and practitioners, the four initial components of their framework (conduct, resources, knowledge manipulation, and KM influences) were reviewed for completeness, accuracy, clarity, and conciseness and the whole reviewed for utility, comprehensiveness, unification, and limitations. The resulting revision along with a summary of comments was again sent to the panel, evaluated by questionnaire, and the process repeated until no further revision occurred. Ninety-four percent of panelists were at least moderately satisfied with the ontology. Eighty-one percent felt the ontology was at least moderately successful in terms of providing a unified and comprehensive view. Sixty percent considered the result to be either helpful or extremely helpful to researchers, and 70% felt it was at least moderately helpful to practitioners.



An Entropy-Based Interpretation of Retrieval Status Value-Based Retrieval, and Its Application to the Computation of Term and Query Discrimination Value Sándor Dominich, Júlia Góth, Tamás Kiezer, and Zoltán Szlávik

Published online 5 February 2004   


      Dominich et alia show that any Retrieval Status Value (RSV) based retrieval model can be seen as a probability space where the amount of associated Shannon-type information is decreased by retrieval operations, that is to say, as an Uncertainty Decreasing Operation (UDO) probability space. Thus, a term’s discrimination value can be based upon its reduction of the UDO space entropy, rather than upon its reduction of Euclidean space as in the vector space model, and term discrimination values become available to any RSV system. The term discrimination values (TDV) for an 82 document ADI test collection that gave 915 terms, time stop listed and Porter stemmed, were computed by each method. About half the terms using UDO have a 100% TDV, and each such term has a positive vector space based TDV indicating agreement on good discrimination. Most of the terms with UDO based TDV between 80% and 100% have positive vector space based TDVs, while those between 40% and 80% have near-zero vector space discrimination values. UDO may be used to compute a discrimination value for queries, and such values were computed for 35 ADI test queries. The fewer relevant answers a query has, the higher its discrimination value was found to be, except for query 27 where all terms have very high document frequencies and the query is extremely general. Retrieval tests on ADI using both weights indicates that UDO weights enhance precision at recall levels above 50%, but perform equally at lower recall levels. Tests on three additional databases of various similarity measures show that dot product reduces entropy to the greatest extent and that cosine produces the least entropy reduction. The use of normalized frequency weighting reduces entropy to the greatest extent, while lack of normalization gave the least entropy reduction. UDO is faster, and less restrictive.



The Effects of Fitness Functions on Genetic Programming-Based Ranking Discovery for Web Search Weiguo Fan, Edward A. Fox, Praveen Pathak, and Harris Wu

Published online 17 February 2004  


      Fan et alia find fitness function design important in the improvement of Genetic Programming based ranking functions for Web retrieval. Candidate ranking functions are represented as individuals in a GP population tree structure and evolved to find those with better fitness values. Average precision, which does not preserve rank order information, has been the reasonably effective common fitness function, but other possibilities may improve performance. The ideal utility function preserves rank order information and is non-linear with high values for documents ranked at the top of the list and quickly losing value as the rank increases. Four functions are designed to meet these requirements. Chang and Kwok and Lopez-Pujalte et alia each provide functions that preserve rank order information with the Lopez-Pujalte function incorporating negative values for nonrelevant documents. As an experimental baseline, the Okapi BM25 ranking formula is used with the TREC 10GB collection of 1.69 million documents and 100 queries from TREC 9 and TREC 10 in a vector space format. The fitness function in use had a noticeable effect on performance with three of the new functions showing strong improvement.



Query Association Surrogates for Web Search

Falk Scholer, Hugh E. Williams, and Andrew Turpin

Published online 25 February 2004  


      Scholer, Williams, and Turpin construct document surrogates by supplementing existing document texts with terms from queries that dropped these documents as the top N (thirty nine) of a retrieved list based upon the Okapi BM25 similarity measure, and limiting such supplementation to M

(nineteen) queries per document. When the set limits are reached, new query terms with higher similarity measures can supplant those in existence. However, only terms that appear in the document as well as the associated query may be added to the surrogate, so that it is the weight of these terms that changes in the document surrogate. They also create surrogates that are a set of such query terms without the original document surrogate. The 1.69 million Web documents of TREC WT10g make up the experimental collection, which is searched for title word strings (stop listed but not stemmed) from 50 queries each from TREC-9 and TREC-2001 without relevance feedback. Queries for creation of supplements came from some 900,000 logged Excite queries. Query association improved mean average precision by 4.3%, and mean average precision at 10 by 7%. Adding anchor terms has no effect on queries that did well, but, this reduces performance of those below the baseline even further. Query term surrogates without full text are 6% less effective under average precision at 10 than text alone. Query associations did not appear helpful for named page finding, and a dynamic parameter setting for M and N does not lead to improvement.




A History of Online Information Services, 1963–1976, by Charles P. Bourne and Trudi Bellardo Hahn Derek G. Smith

Published online 6 February 2004   



Research Questions for the Twenty-first Century, edited by Mary Jo Lynch Lydia Eato Harris

Published online 23 February 2004  




The ASIS web site <>

contains the Table of Contents and brief abstracts as above from January 1993 (Volume 44) to date.


The John Wiley Interscience site <>

includes issues from 1986 (Volume 37) to date.  Guests have access only to tables of contents and abstracts.  Registered users of the interscience site have access to the full text of these issues and to preprints.



Richard Hill

Executive Director

American Society for Information Science and Technology

1320 Fenwick Lane, Silver Spring, MD  20910

FAX: (301) 495-0810

Voice: (301) 495-0900


Journal of Community Informatics


Inaugural Issue; on behalf of; Michel J. Menou [] Thu 14/10/2004 6:03 PM                    

The Journal of Community Informatics (JoCI) is pleased to announce the online availability of its Inaugural Issue .  JoCI is a peer-reviewed Open Archive on-line quarterly journal for and by the Community Informatics research community and produced under the auspices of the Community Informatics Research Network (CIRN) 


This Inaugural Issue of JoCI is an invitational response by members of the Editorial Group to give a context to our enterprise through position papers, scholarly papers and other materials.


The issue includes:

An introduction (in part through video) to the work of K-Net, an aboriginal group in Northern Canada which is innovating in the use of ICT for education, for administration, for health and perhaps most importantly, is demonstrating the way in which ICT truly can enable AND empower communities to move beyond traditional barriers and impediments to find a new and more equitable role in the Information Society.



A description of an ambitious current research project examining the impacts and outcomes of government support for community technology in Canada with an overall objective of providing insight toward the future of such programs and their impact on the larger society (Clement, Gurstein, Longford, Luke, Moll, and Shade)


A presentation of a most important rural ICT initiative whose current success is transforming large areas of rural India (Jhunjhunwala, Ramachandran, and Bandyopadhyay)


An analysis and plan for using a major university in a Less Developed Country (South Africa) as a base for a highly innovative program of CI for community transformation (Erwin and Taylor)


A highly significant analysis of the current state of the art with respect to Telecentre development in Latin America and where it might go from here by three key actors in these developments. (Menou, Delgadillo and Stoll)


A fine paper examining the theoretical background to community use of ICT in the context of Human Capital development and giving most useful directions for future research as well as community practice towards this end. (Pigg and Crank)


A most original and insightful critique of current thinking and approaches to ICT for Development (Robinson)


A path breaking approach to applying an analysis drawn from the methods and insights of Social Anthropology to ICT design and development as a response to rural poverty (Salvador)


A brave and insightful analysis of the opportunities and risks that are attendant to ICT in a most important but largely unknown part of the world. (Stafeev) and


A document presenting the current "state of play" for a leader in supporting ICT use by women in local communities (Webb and Jones) .


The second issue which will appear January 1, 2006, will consist of peer reviewed papers on "Sustainability and Community Technology" presented at the recent CIRN Prato conference on this subject. The papers will be revised and edited as per conference feedback and a second round of peer reviews.  The third issue scheduled for April 1, 2006 is currently soliciting articles The fourth issue, scheduled for July 1, 2006 has the tentative theme "Gender and Community Informatics" and will be edited by Lesle Reagen Shade of Concordia University.


Each issue will include, in addition to peer reviewed articles, a Review section, documents and reports of CI significance, and commentaries on peer reviewed papers by leading CI practitioners and those with a policy interest in CI and related matters.


The Editorial Board (for the Inaugural Issue)



Michael B. Gurstein, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ, USA


Editor: Reviews

Peter Day, University of Brighton, Brighton, UK

Editor: Latin America and the Caribbean

Michel J. Menou, France / Somos@Telecentros

Editor: Information Systems Research

Donald Schauder, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Editor: Rural and Remote

Wallace Taylor, Cape Technikon Peninsular University, Cape Town, South


Editor: Layout and Design

Sergei Stafeev, CCNS, St. Petersburg, Russia


Editorial Board   



Michael Gurstein, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ, USA

Lishan Adam, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Carlos Afonso, Rede de Informacoes Para o Terceiro Setor, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Andrew Clement, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Barbara Craig, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand

Peter Day, University of Brighton, Brighton, UK

Fiorella De Cindio, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Joan Durrance, University of Michigan School of Information, Ann Arbor, USA

Susana Finquelievich, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Heather Hudson, University of San Francisco, San Francisco, USA

Ashok Jhunjhunwala, Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai, India

Herbert Kubicek, University of Bremen, Germany

Brian Loader, University of Teeside, Middlesborough, UK

Stewart Marshall, The University of the West Indies, Barbados

Michel Menou, France

Kenneth Pigg, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA

Madanmohan Rao, Asian Media Information and Communication Centre (AMIC), Singapore

Scott Robinson, Universidad Metropolitana, Mexico DF

Tony Salvador, Intel Corporation, Portland, OR, USA

Donald Schauder, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Doug Schuler, Evergreen State College, Olympia, WA, USA

Leslie Shade, Concordia University, Dept. of Communication Studies, Montreal, Canada

Yero Sylla, University of Senegal, SAFEFOD, Dakar Senegal

Wallace Taylor, Cape Technikon Peninsular University, Cape Town, South Africa Victor Tischenko, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Peter van den Besselaar, NIWI, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Science, Amsterdam, the Netherlands



Review Board   


Brian Beaton, Keewaytinook Okimakanak (K-Net), Sioux Lookout, ON, Canada Donald Cameron, Australia Richard Fuchs, International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada Beris Gwynne, Foundation for Development Cooperation, Brisbane, Australia

Sergei Stafeev, CCNS, St. Petersburg, Russia

Klaus Stoll, President, Fundacion Chasquinet, Ecuador

Susan Webb, Community Development Foundation, London, UK

===8<===========End of original message text===========



Journal of Digital Information 

Volume 4 2004          Tue, 30 Mar 2004 15:37:08 +0200        

New applications of Knowledge Organization Systems: free JoDI special issue


Journal of Digital Information (JoDI) announces

a special issue on NEW APPLICATIONS OF KNOWLEDGE ORGANIZATION SYSTEMS (Volume 4, issue 4, March 2004) Special issue Editors: Douglas Tudhope, University of Glamorgan, and Traugott Koch, Lund University The issue is freely accessible at



Knowledge Organization Systems/Services (KOS), such as classifications, gazetteers, lexical databases, ontologies, taxonomies and thesauri, model= the underlying semantic structure of a domain. They can support subject indexing and facilitate resource discovery and retrieval, whether by humans or by machines. New networked KOS services and applications are emerging and we are reaching the stage where we can prepare the work for future exploitation of common representations and protocols for distributed use. = A number of technologies could be combined to yield new solutions. The papers published here are concerned with different types of KOS, discuss various standards issues and span the information lifecycle. D. Tudhope, T. Koch =

Editorial: New Applications of Knowledge Organization Systems: introduction to a special issue


The papers stretch from reengineering existing KOS (developing the FAO AGROVOC thesaurus towards an ontology), move on to mapping techniques between vocabularies, the focus of the work of the OCLC Terminology Services Project, then discuss KOS service protocols and interfaces studied at the University of Glamorgan, illustrate an application of KOS to teaching scientific concepts in the ADEPT project at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and finally present a theoretical and historical foundation of a Semantic Web for Culture. D. Soergel, B. Lauser, A. Liang, F. Fisseha, J. Keizer, S. Katz = Reengineering Thesauri for New Applications: The AGROVOC Example D. Vizine-Goetz, C. Hickey, A. Houghton, R. Thompson = Vocabulary Mapping for Terminology Services C. Binding, D. Tudhope = KOS at your Service: Programmatic Access to Knowledge Organisation Systems T. Smith, M. Zeng = Building Semantic Tools for Concept-based Learning Spaces- Knowledge Bases of Strongly-Structured Models for Scientific Concepts in Advanced Digital Libraries K. Veltman = Towards a Semantic Web for Culture


The Journal of Digital Information is a peer reviewed electronic journal published only via the Web. JoDI is currently free to users thanks to support from the British Computer Society and Oxford University Press Enjoy reading and welcome discussing, Traugott Koch JoDI Theme Editor Information Discovery




The Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society (ICES)


Call for Papers


Les Pourciau [pourciau@MEMPHIS.EDU]      Wed 12/05/2004 5:03 AM      

Journal of ICES Call for Papers


Call for Papers


The Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society (ICES) is an established quality refereed publication which provides an interdisciplinary and international perspective on the impacts of new media and information and communication technologies on society, organisations, the environment and individuals.


Recent papers have, amongst other topics, covered aspects of surveillance, biometrics, hacking, online communities, copyright, open source software and e-business.


High quality unpublished work from academics and practitioners is welcomed for consideration. Such work might be conceptual, visionary, empirical or policy focused, or any combination of these. It might be written from a single disciplinary or multidisciplinary perspective.


Papers can cover any sector such as agriculture, commerce, education, finance, government, health, industry, leisure, media and transport. All topics in the area of social and ethical issues are acceptable.


It is acceptable to consider all or any of the stakeholders such as clients, communities, customers, developers, owners, policy makers, users and vendors.  Quality papers that have a broader focus than the US/UK are particularly welcome.


Submissions should be prepared and submitted following the guidelines at  However authors may additionally contact the editors to enquire about the suitability of the subject matter for a paper prior to submission.  The editors can be emailed at


Those organising appropriate conferences might wish to consider discussing an arrangement for the best papers from the conference to appear as a special section - please contact the editors at


Prof Simon Rogerson & Dr Ben Fairweather, Editors


Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility | Centre: +44 116 250 6143

School of Computing,    De Montfort University | Fax:    +44 116 207 8159

The Gateway, LEICESTER, LE1 9BH, Great Britain |




Library Hi-Tech News


Call for items


Les Pourciau [pourciau@MEMPHIS.EDU]           Mon 14/06/2004 7:40 AM


I am now the retired Director of Libraries at The University of Memphis in Tennessee in the U.S., but still am active in serving as a contributing editor for Library Hi-Tech News, a journal published ten times each year. My specific responsibility and interest is in soliciting reports of conferences held outside the United States. If you are a participant in any forthcoming conference I want to encourage you or someone of your acquaintance to prepare a report for publication in LHTN. I can send you samples of previously published reports if this is interest to you and, I can also send you further information about LHTN. So, please let me know of any interest you might have in this matter. I look forward to hearing from you. With all best regards,







Library Link Newsletter

March 2004


Library Link []               Tue 27/04/2004 5:44 PM



                    Library Link Newsletter

                    April 2004







1. Library Management & Information Services - Viewpoint & Article 2. Library Link News 3. Library Technology Links 4. Just published in "Library Management" journal 5. Emerald sponsors eVALUEd conference 6. 2003 management journal rankings now available 7. Feedback




1. Library Management & Information Services - Viewpoint & Article


The Uniqueness of Knowledge Management - or the Emperor's New Clothes? Professor G E Gorman Read the full viewpoint at


Related Articles:

Darroch, J. (2003) 'Developing a Measure of Knowledge Management Behaviors and Practices'. Journal of Knowledge Management 7, 5: 41-54


Diakoulakis, I.E.; Georgopoulos, N.B.; Koulouriotis, D.E.; and Emiris, D.M.

(2004) 'Towards a Holistic Knowledge Management Model'. Journal of Knowledge Management 8, 1: 32-46


Snyman, R., and Kruger, C.J. (2004) 'The Interdependency between Strategic Management and Strategic Knowledge Management'. Journal of Knowledge Management 8, 1: 5-19


Styhre, A. (2003) 'Knowledge Management beyond Codification: Knowing as Practice/Concept'. Journal of Knowledge Management 7, 5: 32-40


Takahashi, T., and Vandenbrink, D. (2004) 'Formative Knowledge: From Knowledge Dichotomy to Knowledge Geography - Knowledge Management Transformed by the Ubiquitous Information Society'. Journal of Knowledge Management 8, 1: 64-76


Access this article at




2. Library Link News


Keep up to date with the latest news and information in your field. Visit:


Press Releases


Book Announcements


Book Reviews



3. Library Technology Links


External web sites in this area are reviewed and linked to for your information at



4. Just published in "Library Management" journal.


Just published by Bernard F Reilly Jr in "Library Management" journal: A report from the conference "Preserving America's Printed Resources: The Roles of Repositories, Depositories, and Collections of Record", organized by the Center for Research Libraries. This was a two-part event held in Chicago, 21-22 July 2003, and this report summarizes the second part, which was an extended discussion on the theme of repositories and collections of record, asking "How can libraries work together to optimize management of the nation's knowledge resources in printed form?" The intended outcome of the discussion was to be an agenda consisting of realistic near- and long-term national-level actions, and identifying the appropriate participants in those activities and the roles those participants might play.


Go to and click on "Table of Contents" for subscriber access to the full text of the report.




5. Emerald sponsors eVALUEd conference


Library Evaluation in Practice: Electronic Information Services in Higher Education Birmingham, UK 16 June 2004


Emerald is delighted to support the eVALUEd conference. The one-day event aimed at library, practitioners, researchers and others which forms part of the HEFCE-funded evalued project which is based at the UCE.


There will be a keynote address by Professor Charles McClure of Florida State University, who has been a consultant to the project, and a range of speakers in addressing current issues in the evaluation of Electronic Information Services (EIS) in Higher Education including: the e-metrics project; the emeasures project; selection criteria for e-resources; performance management; projectCOUNTER; and extending LIBQUAL+ to the digital environment.


The day will conclude with a panel drawn from the speakers who discuss a key topic.


Booking form and programme are available at


For further information please contact


The conference proceedings will be published in VINE: The Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems

( later in the year.




6. 2003 management journal rankings now available


Vital for librarians, editors, researchers and publishers, the latest Emerald Management Reviews annual journal performance rankings have just been made available at along with details of this year's Golden Page Award winners.




7. Feedback


We would like your feedback both on the structure and content of the site, what you would like to see on Library Link, as well as your thoughts on the viewpoints and topics covered. If you have any comments or suggestions you may send them to or complete our feedback form at


If you think your colleagues would be interested in becoming a member of Library Link and receiving the monthly newsletter then point them to the page at



August 2004


Library Link []   Wed 18/08/2004 7:39 PM

Library Link Newsletter - August 2004


Knowledge & Networks

August 2004




To the August issue of Knowledge and Networks, the official newsletter of Emerald Library Link. We publish monthly and include a round up of interesting papers currently available at the Library Link website as well as a summary of the newest articles published by Emerald.


'Knowledge and Networks' will keep you up to date with links to useful articles, case studies, and practical advice on managing your library and increasing its appeal to library users.  We also pinpoint other websites and news items that may be of interest to you.


A subscription to Knowledge Networks is free to members of Library Link and comprises 12 online issues per annum.


New Look Library Link


We are pleased to present the new look Library Link website, which has been designed following consultation with practising librarians and information professionals world-wide. The website will publish regular articles on Information management, general management, marketing your library and how to get published. New features include guru interviews, Emerald alerts, user surveys, and resources to integrate Emerald products into your library. We even have access to Emerald fulltext content from Library Link, which means that subscribers can have an immediate seamless link to the fulltext content they need.


1. New on Site


- Information Management


"Knowledge Management and Special Libraries - Amicable Companions or Uneasy Bedfellows"


By David Tan, Resource Centre Manager, Coles Myer Research, Coles Myer Ltd.


This viewpoint discusses the role played by corporate librarians in Knowledge Management and how they can manage this role more effectively.


"Administrative Metadata"


By Dr Dan Dorner, Library and Information Management Programmes Director, Victoria University of Wellington.


This Learning Curve discusses administrative metadata for managing digital resources. In particular, articles in recent issues of VINE, Library Hi Tech and OCLC Systems & Services are cited as resources that can be used as good points of introduction to the subject.


"Riding the knowledge management wave to job security"


By Dr David J Pauleen


This viewpoint considers whether Librarians and Information Professionals could be working themselves out of a job by embracing new technology in a similar way to the Chief Electricity Officers at the turn of the 20th Century.


- Management Resources


"Scenario planning: persuading operating managers to take ownership"


By Gill Ringland. Strategy & Leadership Volume 31 Number 6 2003 pp. 22-28


Information services within the corporate and commercial sector may have some experience of scenario planning to the extent that they are part of, or affected by, these scenarios. But libraries serving the general public, government department libraries and academic libraries have largely escaped this new approach at future forecasting.


2. Emerald Features


- New Editor of Performance Measurement and Metrics


We are delighted to announce the appointment of Dr Linda Banwell as Editor of Performance Measurement and Metrics: The International Journal for Library and Information Services. Dr Banwell is Director of the Information Management Research Institute in the School of Informatics at Northumbria University, UK. She succeeds Sandra Parker who retired from Northumbria University at the end of July 2004. We wish Sandra luck in her new post as Visiting Professor at the University of Tsukuba, Japan.


Articles for Performance Measurement and Metrics: The International Journal for Library and Information Services should be sent to the Editor: Dr Linda Banwell, Director, Information Management Research Institute, School of Informatics, Northumbria University, Lipman Building, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK


To learn more about Performance Measurement and Metrics please click  follow the link:



- Meet the Editor


Dr Linda Banwell will be attending ISIC 2004 in Dublin, 1-3 September.  For more information visit


- Noteworthy papers


By highlighting papers from our LIS journals, which we think are interesting or even controversial we believe we can inform you about the best, save you time and effort and encourage dialogue.


"What's the "big deal", and why is it a bad deal for universities?"


David Ball

ILDS Vol. 32 No. 2, 2004


"Professional LIS associations should rise to the challenge of promoting open access and lead by example"


Morrison, Simon Fraser University Library, BC, Canada

LHTN Vol. 21 No. 4 May, 2004


"Clinical medical librarian to clinical informationist"


Helen Ann Brown

RSR Vol 32 No. 1, 2004


"Metadata and cataloguing practices"

Magda El-Sherbini, Ohio State University Libraries, USA and George Klim, OhioNet, USA


TEL Vol. 22 No. 3, 2004


Emerald News


- Emerald Recruits Academic Advisors


- Emerald has become a partner in the Stanford LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) program

- Emerald announces 2005 doctoral research awards


- Emerald introduces Emerald Management Xtra


- Emeralds Copyright policy statement - July 2004



3. Services Highlight


- Emerald and Library Link at IFLA 2004, Buenos Aires, Argentina


The 2004 Library Link Workshop and lunch are being held at the Crowne Plaza Panamericano, Buenos Aires, Argentina on 24 August.  Round table discussions are as follows:


A) Is the traditional library journal dead? How best to get published


B) The Battle is on: Google V Quality Library Resources


- Meet the Emerald Editor Sessions


Some of our world-renowned editors will be joining Emerald staff at the Emerald booth.


- Linda Ashcroft, Editor of New Library World

- Lucy Tedd, Editor of Program: electronic library and information systems

- Nicholas Joint, Editor of Library Review

- Julia Gelfand, Editor of Library Hi-Tech News

- Gary Gorman, Editor of Online Information Review


- Emerald Editor/Editorial Advisory Board members making presentations


- Julia Gelfand (Editor Library High-Tech News) - will be Chairing the Science & Technology Section and has arranged and open session on 24th August from 16:00-18:00

- Linda Ashcroft (Editor New Library World) - is presenting "ICT skills for information professionals in developing countries: perspectives from a study of the electronic information environment in Nigeria"  This paper is the result of the Emerald Research Fund Awards 2003.

- Lucy Tedd (Editor Program) - will be presenting "LIS journal usage in masters' dissertations: experiences at the University of Wales Aberystwyth" to the Library and Information Science Journal section.

- Hannelore Radar (EAB Reference Services Reviews) -  will be presenting "Information literacy for lifelong learning" to the Information Literacy with Latin America and the Caribbean section.


- Delegates are invited to attend the meeting about LIS journals


Emerald publishes more library and information management journals than anyone else, and so supports the work of the IFLA special interest group - the LIS Journals Section (see  - which represents the interests of this form of professional communication. The Section has an exciting programme  planned for Buenos Aires and invites delegates to join in the debates on:


Thursday 26 August

Session 149.  16.00-18.00: LIS Journals for continuing professional education

- Latin American journals in library and information science

- RUBÉN URBIZAGÁSTEGUI ALVARADO (University of California, Riverside, USA)

- LIS journals as a source of evidence for evidence-based practice: the case of School Libraries Worldwide L. ANNE CLYDE (University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland) and DIANNE OBERG (University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada)

- Información, cultura y sociedad: a contribution to the professional literacy in Argentina SUSANA ROMANOS DE TIRATEL, ALEJANDRO E. PARADA, PEDRO FALCATO and GRACIELA M. GIUNTI (Universidad de Buenos Aires & CIME división CID Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Industrial, Buenos Aires, Argentina)

- Citations and links as a measure of effectiveness of online LIS journals ALASTAIR G. SMITH (Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New


- LIS Journal usage in masters' dissertations: experiences at the University of Wales Aberystwyth LUCY A. TEDD (University of Wales Aberystwyth, Aberystwyth, UK)

- Library and information science journal as a tool for continuing professional development in Malaysia: a bibliometric study AHMAD BAKERI ABU BAKAR (Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology, International Islamic University, Malaysia


Lucy A. Tedd is editor of the Emerald journal Program: electronic library and information systems (see


For more information about the Library Link Workshop please see



4. Subscriber Information


Emerald Library Link is published by Emerald Group Publishing Limited, leading English language publisher of academic and professional literature in the fields of management and Library & Information services and is a globally recognized source of online management information.


For more information about anything included within the newsletter please



Andrea Watson-Lee, Editor: Knowledge and Networks, Emerald Group Publishing

Limited, 60/62 Toller Lane, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.   Tel:  44

1274 777700,


Knowledge and networks is produced monthly and is free to members of Library Link.  To receive Knowledge and Networks on your desktop each month click on the link:




Library Trends


52(3), Winter 2004


GSLIS Publications Office []             Sat 8/05/2004 2:43 AM

[Asis-l] New Library Trends Available


Now available from the University of Illinois Graduate School of Library and Information Science Publications Office:


Library Trends, 52(3), Winter 2004

"The Philsophy of Information" edited by Ken Herold


Single copies are $28, including postage. Subscription rates for the quarterly are: Institutional, $105 per volume ($112 for international subscribers); Individual, $75 per volume ($82 for international subscribers); and Student, $30 per volume ($37 for international subscribers). ISSN 0024-2594 Order single copies or subscriptions from the University of Illinois Press, Journals Department, 1325 S. Oak Street, Champaign, IL 61820; 1-866-244-0626; fax: 217-244-9910; e-mail:


Luciano Floridi's 1999 monograph, Philosophy and Computing: An Introduction, provided the impetus for the theme of this issue, more for what it did not say about librarianship and information studies (LIS) than otherwise. Following the pioneering works of Wilson, Nitecki, Buckland, and Capurro (plus many of the authors of this issue), researchers in LIS have increasingly turned to the efficacy of philosophical discourse in probing the more fundamental aspects of our theories, including those involving the information concept. A foundational approach to the nature of information, however, has not been realized, either in partial or accomplished steps, nor even as an agreed, theoretical research objective. It is puzzling that while librarianship, in the most expansive sense of all LIS-related professions, past and present, at its best sustains a climate of thought, both comprehensive and nonexclusive, information itself as the subject of study has defied our abilities to generalize and synthesize effectively. Perhaps during periods of reassessment and justification for library services, as well as in times of curricular review and continuing scholarly evaluation of perceived information demand, the necessity for every single stated position to be clarified appears to be exaggerated. Despite this, the important question does keep surfacing as to how information relates to who we are and what we do in LIS.


---From the Introduction by Ken Herold


Articles and Authors Include:


"Information and Its Philosophy," Ian Cornelius


"Documentation Redux: Prolegomenon to (Another) Philosophy of Information," Bernd Frohmann


"Community as Event," Ronald E. Day


"Information Studies Without Information," Jonathan Furner


"Relevance: Language, Semantics, Philosophy," John M. Budd 


"On Verifying the Accuracy of Information: Philosophical Perspectives," Don Fallis


"Arguments for Philosophical Realism in Library and Information Science," Birger Hjørland


"Knowledge Profiling: The Basis for Knowledge Organization," Torkild Thellefsen


"Classification and Categorization: A Difference that Makes a Difference," Elin K. Jacob


"Faceted Classification and Logical Division in Information Retrieval," Jack Mills


"The Epistemological Foundations of Knowledge Representations," Elaine Svenonius


"Classification, Rhetoric, and the Classificatory Horizon," Stephen Paling


"The Ubiquitous Hierarchy: An Army to Overcome the Threat of a Mob," Hope A. Olson


"A Human Information Behavior Approach to a Philosophy of Information," Amanda Spink and Charles Cole


"Cybersemiotics and the Problems of the Information-Processing Paradigm as a Candidate for a Unified Science of Information Behind Library Information Science," Søren Brier


"LIS as Applied Philosophy of Information: A Reappraisal," Luciano Floridi


The Publications Office

Graduate School of Library and Information Science

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

501 E. Daniel Street

Champaign, IL 61820-6211


(217) 333-1359 phone, (217) 244-7329 FAX



54 (1), March 2004


i.m.johnson@RGU.AC.UK                  Wed 14/04/2004 12:27 AM     JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU


Measuring for Sustainability: A Multi-dimensional Measurement Framework for Library and Information Services
Martie J van Deventer and Retha (MMM) Snyman
CSIR Information Services, Pretoria, South Africa; Department of Information Science,
University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

Knowledge economy literature indicates that proof of an organization’s sustainable future and growth lies in multi-dimensional evaluation rather than in the traditional one-dimensional monetary or financial capital perspective. This article attempts to provide a multi-dimensional framework within which a library and information service (L&IS) could measure its performance. As prerequisite, for implementation of the stated framework, the L&IS management (and staff) needed to understand that:

·       measuring should be done for local development and progress using the L&IS’s mission and a strategy for a sustainable future as the focal areas;

·       sustainability requires more than providing proof of spending the stakeholder’s money wisely; and
·       adding value for the customer in isolation also does not ensure sustainability.
In order to be sustainable in the knowledge economy it is necessary to understand that the relationships between the human, structure, customer and stakeholder capitals are vital. The L&IS sector would therefore, in the first instance, be required to ensure that customers could trust that they are receiving the services and products that maximise their own productivity and asset utilization. Secondly L&IS stakeholders would need to be assured that they are receiving the best value for their investment. Lastly, but perhaps most importantly, L&IS staff would have to be assured that they have the necessary skills and resources to provide for a motivating environment and that the infrastructure created will ensure continuous improvement for all.

Trickle-Down Technology: Full Text Access to Journals in the Hispanic American Periodicals Index
Barbara G. Valk
of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA

The Hispanic American Periodicals Index (HAPI), produced and published by the Latin American Center at the University of California, Los Angeles, is an example of a relatively small, multilingual, specialized bibliographic database developed in the early 1970s that has managed to stay abreast of technological innovations in the field of information science to the extent that it now offers links to full text articles for many of its citations. HAPI indexes the contents of nearly 550 scholarly journals, published throughout the world and of interest to Latin Americanists. Subject coverage includes all areas of the social sciences and the humanities. Although HAPI operates on a small budget and with a minimal staff, it was initially developed in computerized format and has always been a leader among non-commercial databases in providing technologically current forms of access, via Telnet in 1992 and on CD-ROM the next year. Its Web site opened in 1997. Links to full text articles were released to subscribers in December 2003. This article chronicles HAPI’s history, describes its contents, and offers a detailed picture of its full text linking service as well as plans for future developments.

Use and User Perception of Electronic Resources in the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU)
Ahmed Elhafiz Ibrahim
United Arab Emirates University, Libraries Deanship, Al-Ain, UAE

This study reports findings from a survey conducted to measure the use and perception of the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) faculty members of electronic resources. Questionnaires were sent to a sample of 140 faculty members. Responses were received from 125 (89%) faculty members. Analysis confirmed frequency of use of electronic resources was low. Reasons cited were lack of time because of the time needed to focus on teaching; lack of awareness to electronic resources provided by the library; ineffective communication channels, and language barrier.

Conceptions of Bibliography in the Russian Federation: The Russian Phenomenon of Bibliographic Theory
Elena Macevičiūtė and Osvaldas Janonis
Swedish School of Library and Information Science, University College of Boras, Sweden, and Faculty of Communication, Vilnius University, Lithuania

This article aims to explain the essence of the theory of bibliography as it has developed in Russia since 1975. The basic methods used are literature review and analysis of theoretical concepts. The article consists of a background section, presentation of four main concepts of modern Russian bibliography and an attempt to relate those to the equivalent concepts in the Western (mainly English) LIS literature. The four Russian concepts described are the ‘documentary’ concept of bibliography by Korszunov, the ‘ideo-documentary’ concept by Sliadneva, the ‘cognitive’ concept by Fokeev and the ‘epistemological’ concept by Astachova. Basic features and shortcomings of each theory are discussed. The ideas of the four authors had to be significantly compressed for the article, and the authors of this article also confronted major difficulties in reproducing the equivalent of Russian academic LIS language. The essential issues reflected in the theories are the context, in which bibliography emerges and develops, the basic functions and role of bibliography in society, the essential features and structure of bibliography, the regularities of the development of bibliography, the role of bibliographic science and the theory of bibliography.

Methods for Analysing Web Citations:A Study of Web-Coupling in a Closed Environment
Cristina Faba-Pérez¸ Vicente P. Guerrero-Bote, and Félix De Moya-Anegón
University of Extremadura, Library and Information Science Faculty, Badajoz, Spain, and University of Granada, Library and Information Science Faculty, Granada, Spain

To reveal the structure of the relationships that establish themselves on the World Wide Web, one needs to apply tools that faithfully represent the virtual environment. Some of the most interesting relationships are those that are brought to light by Web-coupling (the Web analogue of bibliographic coupling). We here propose an analysis of this type based on the common links that are generated within a closed Web environment, using multivariate statistics (principal component analysis, and multidimensional scaling) and a connection-based technique (Kohonen's self-organizing maps). The results show that it is possible to use the common links of Web spaces in order to reveal the structures and the underlying relationships in a thematic closed environment.

Information Seeking Behaviour of the Informal Sector Entrepreneurs:
The Uganda Experience

Robert Ikoja-Odongo and Dennis N. Ocholla
East African School of Library and Information Science, Makerere University, Kampala Uganda; Department of Library and Information Science, University of Zululand, KwaDlangezwa South Africa

This article reports the results of a study aimed at identifying the information needs and uses of the informal sector in Uganda. The demographic and business characteristics of these entrepreneurs are highlighted and empirically tested with regard to their information needs. This study has largely employed qualitative research methodologies, such as the critical incidence technique for interviews with 602 informal sector entrepreneurs from a variety of trades. Observations of the entrepreneurs’ work environments and historical methods were also employed. The results suggest that modern/exotic models of information transfer based on textual media and ICT exhibit less impact on the entrepreneurs’ information needs and use at macro levels because of poverty, illiteracy and poor information infrastructure. It is however noted that most ‘elite’ models share a platform with information behaviour of entrepreneurs at the micro levels. The study concludes that an appropriate model for information behaviour for the information poor community must be grounded on oral traditions and indigenous knowledge and be sensitive to poverty, infrastructure and illiteracy. Recognition is also made of the need for information repackaging and the use of appropriate media for information provision.



54 (2) June 2004; on behalf of;      Wed 4/08/2004 9:52 PM

[Asis-l] FW: Contents of LIBRI


Contents of LIBRI: international journal of libraries and information services, 54 (2) June 2004

Profile of LIS Applicants Selecting Different Specialisations

A Study of Israeli Library and Information Science Students’ Perceptions of Their Profession

Universal access through time: archiving strategies for digital publications

Commercial Libraries in an Indian City: an Ethnographic Sketch

Academic Authors and Open Archives: A Survey in the Social Science Field

Content on Agricultural Research Organisation Web Sites: A Study of International Trends

Measuring University Library Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis



Profile of LIS Applicants Selecting Different Specialisations

The Division of Information Studies at the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, revised its curriculum in 2000 and defined eight areas of specialisation. Applicants to the MSc (Information Studies) programme were asked to fill out a questionnaire and indicate the specialisation and the subjects in which they were interested. A cluster analysis of students based on the subjects they selected identified four clusters of students corresponding to the following areas: library service, digital library, information technology, and knowledge management. A statistical analysis was then performed to identify the characteristics and background of applicants selecting the various specialisations and belonging to the different clusters. Applicants selecting different specialisations were found to have different profiles, educational and employment backgrounds. Age and gender differences were also found.  Applicants tend to select the specialisation that is related to their educational and employment background. Teachers tend to select the school libraries specialisation; people with finance, business and accountancy background tend to select corporate information services and knowledge management; and IT workers tend to select information systems. The library specialisations tend to be selected by arts & social sciences graduates, whereas science and technology graduates prefer information systems and the Internet specialisations. However, the Internet specialisation appears to cut across all sectors, with applicants from every industry selecting it. Gender and age differences were also found. The public library and school library specialisations tend to attract female applicants. The library specialisations also attract older applicants than the information systems and Internet specialisations. Men and younger applicants are more interested in IT subjects, and the knowledge management area tends to be selected by slightly older applicants and male business/accountancy graduates.

A Study of Israeli Library and Information Science Students’ Perceptions of Their Profession

As the librarian’s traditional roles undergo significant changes reflecting the transition from the world of print to the digital world, we focus on Israeli LIS students’ responses to these changes. Our study examined the attitudes and perceptions of 180 Israeli students regarding the relationship between librarianship and information science as professions, the roles of librarians and information scientists, potential places of employment for librarians and information scientists, comparative status and prestige of librarians and information scientists and finally, students own individual career preferences. Although most students believed that both professions are related, they attributed higher status and prestige to information science. Information science was also perceived as more highly associated with computer technologies. In general, students aspired to be information scientists. As future representatives of their professions in both private and public work settings, their attitudes and preferences will undoubtedly affect the nature of the profession. The present study is significant in a period of transition as schools of librarianship and information science modify their curricula and cope with the technological innovations impacting the traditional nature of librarianship.

Universal access through time: archiving strategies for digital publications

The author’s definition of a permanent archive or electronic deposit distinguishes between its aim of long term preservation and the goals of Open Access, contrasts its probably limited search and retrieval system with the functionality of a publisher’s site, and indicates that while it should be compliant with the Open Archives Information System (OAIS) it need not offer the unrestricted access sought by the Open Archives Initiative (OAI).  Libraries maintain paper-based archives of publications, often duplicating collections, without publishers taking an active part, but a single copy of a digital object can be accessed globally.  Digital objects can be changed easily, may have a technically short lifespan, and their volume and variety is growing rapidly.  The key concepts in the preservation of electronic media are refreshing, migration, and emulation.  All make regular demands on the archiving institution’s resources, and require a long-term commitment.  The LOCKSS strategy and institutional repositories do not address the issues of long-term preservation.  Very few individual libraries or large library cooperatives have the resources to accept this global responsibility.  Publishers need to support these permanent archives because their customers expect them to do so, and because it would help if long-term preservation needs were recognised when new developments were being planned.  The costs of permanent archiving must also be shared amongst the user community. 

Commercial Libraries in an Indian City: an Ethnographic Sketch

In this report of research currently underway on libraries in the city of Pune, Maharashtra (India), the focus is on commercial, street-corner libraries. Using an ethnographic approach, this research explores the way these libraries function, and the values placed on reading by Pune’s middle class library users. Commercial libraries seem to have occupied a niche not filled by the public libraries in Pune, that of providing current popular fiction and glossy magazines in convenient locations. The libraries have a variety of origins and motivations, but are typically run with only the most rudimentary of cataloging and shelving systems, and no reference functions at all. Patrons describe their reading activity as leisure, and name television viewing as the main alternative or competing activity.

Academic Authors and Open Archives: A Survey in the Social Science Field

The paper reports on a survey of the academic staff of the Faculties of Economics and Law of the University of Brescia, Italy.  The survey sought to determine knowledge and use of Open-Access archives, and to verify the conditions stated by the staff for their participation in an Institutional Open-Access initiative.  The response to the questionnaire was 57.9% (62 authors).  Results show that 44% (25/57) of the authors knew about the existence of Open-Access initiatives and archives.  Of the persons who are aware of the existence of Open-Access archives, only 4% (1/25) affirmed they had already used them to deposit papers, while 33% (16/48), among those who declared to use materials free available on the web, affirmed to have used an Open-Access disciplinary archive.  Sixty-one percent (41/62) of the respondents answered they were prepared to archive personally their own scientific or educational material on an institutional repository, once the conditions that they request have been fulfilled.  The study illustrates the crucial role that authors play in the process of diffusion of Open-Access initiatives. 

Content on Agricultural Research Organisation Web Sites: A Study of International Trends

Web sites have become essential tools in the dissemination of content in digital format, especially in organisations where the generation, management and distribution of information and knowledge are among the major activities. This should also be true in agricultural research organisations, where information and knowledge are the major by-products of agricultural research. This point is supported by the results of a content survey of 28 Web sites of international agricultural organisations, eight Web sites of regional-based agricultural research organisations in Africa and 21 Web sites of organisations involved in agricultural research in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). Overall, international agricultural organisations are way above agricultural research organisations in Africa and the SADC region in the use of Web sites in providing access to information and knowledge resources in digital formats. Agricultural organisations in Africa and the SADC region are generally behind in implementing innovative use of the Web. They need to be guided in the development and provision of digital information services using the Internet and Web technologies.

Measuring University Library Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis

In this paper we analyse the technical efficiency of 118 randomly selected university libraries from German-speaking countries (Austria, Germany, Switzerland) and English-speaking countries (the United States, Australia and Canada) using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). DEA efficiency scores are calculated using library staff, measured in full-time equivalents, and book materials held as inputs, and the number of serial subscriptions, total circulations, regular opening hours per week, and book materials added as outputs. Among the 118 university libraries analysed 10 are rated fully efficient. However, comparing group-specific efficiency scores we found that there are no significant differences between libraries from English-speaking and German-speaking countries or between small and large university libraries.



OASIS newsletter


Winter 2003/Spring 2004


Hogarth, Margaret [mhogarth@Exchange.FULLERTON.EDU]            [Asis-l] combined Winter 2003/Spring 2004 OASIS newsletter now available on LACASIS website                       

Wed 5/05/2004 11:59 PM


The combined Winter 2003/Spring 2004 OASIS newsletter is now available on the LACASIS website!


Go to: and click on the link to "oasis newsletter".



Winter 2003 / Spring 2004 OASIS

Table of Contents



Chair's column: Linda Heichman

By Linda Heichman


As spring nears, I am reminded of new beginnings, re-energization and renewal. These themes are particularly applicable to LACASIS this year. The chapter welcomed several relative newcomers to our Board and Advisory Council last October, namely Rachael Clemens, Chair-Elect; Christina Salazar, Secretary; and Margaret Hogarth, Program Recorder and E-Publicity Coordinator. Our website has a fresh new look thanks to energetic Webmaster Marla Gunasegaram. We launched our first issue of e-OASIS, spearheaded by dynamo Louisa Verma [more]



Guest article: Human Society vs. Cyborg Society: As I See Them By Benedict A. Oladele, Ph.D


As a practicing librarian of 25 years standing from Nigeria, I have had the opportunity to experience at close range information activities and the application of information technology to information management on the continent. Coming to the U.S. therefore as a Fulbright scholar has given me the opportunity not only to see the other side of the picture but to also study the extent to which Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have impacted on the information service delivery capacity of think tank libraries in the States.[ more ]


LACASIS/SLA-SCC Joint Holiday Party

By Margaret Hogarth


LACASIS and the Southern California Chapter of the Special Library Association hosted a joint holiday party at the elegant Los Angeles Athletic Club December 11, 2003. Following vivacious conversation and cocktails, Kelly Lange regaled us with the story of how she got her start as a news anchor. [ more ]


LACASIS Awards Dinner

By Margaret Hogarth


The LACASIS Awards Dinner was held at the UCLA Faculty Center on January 13, 2003. [ more ]


ASIS&T 2003: Business Meeting Summary

By Amy Wallace


The business meeting opened with a report from outgoing President Trudi Bellardo Hahn. Cecelia Preston gave the Treasurer's Report. Dick Hill presented the Executive Director's Report. Samantha Hastings, the incoming President, wrapped up the meeting. [ more ]


ASIS&T 2003: Death of the User

By Margaret Hogarth


The Death of the User panel at the ASIS&T Conference started out with Howard Rosenbaum, of Indiana University, pointing out that the concept of the user has had a rich and fruitful life in library and information science (LIS), influencing both design and practitioners. This has helped us to understand how people interact with computers, shows what makes an interface easy to use, and has improved ergonomics. The problem with "the user" as a concept is that many information and communication technologies (ICTs) are developed for a wide variety of users and are costly failures. Many of these systems are balky and need continuous patching. [ more ]


ASIS&T 2003: Sunday Keynote Plenary:

By Margaret Hogarth


Jodi Forlizzi spoke on "Interfaces for People: Design for Emotion, Image, and Sound." Anne Gilliland-Swetland spoke on "Digital Asset Management and Electronic Archives." Brian Detlor spoke on "Library Portals and Enterprise Intranets." [ more ]


ASIS&T 2003: Usability in Practice

By Margaret Hogarth


Randolph G. Bias, the University of Texas at Austin spoke on "The Dangers of Amateur Usability Engineering." Barbara M. Wildemuth, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill spoke on "Identifying Critical Usability Problems from Discount Usability Testing." Allison Druin, University of Maryland spoke about "The Roles Children Can Play in the Technology Design Process." Sandra G. Hirsh, Hewlett-Packard Laboratories, spoke of "Application of Usability Findings into Design." [ more ]


ASIS&T 2003: Notes from the 2003 ASIS&T Annual Conference

By Ann Coppin


I attended the American Society for Information Science and Technology

(ASIS&T) Annual Conference held in Long Beach on October 19-22, 2003. The theme of the meeting was "Humanizing Information Technology: From Ideas to Bits and Back." The following is a summary of my notes from a few of the sessions I attended. [ more ]





Off The Shelves


April 2004                      Fri 16/04/2004 2:17 AM          ebrary News -- Special Offer for Business Schools, SLA Partnership, and More


The April edition of Off The Shelves, ebrary’s newsletter for librarians, is now available at


If you have not already installed the ebrary Reader, our free software that turns static documents into a highly interactive experience, you will need to do so before viewing this newsletter online. The Reader usually takes seconds to install. To download the Reader, click on the link above or visit





* Special Offer for Business Schools


ebrary is pleased to announce a special offer just for business schools.  Libraries that subscribe to our highly affordable, publisher-branded databases from Datamonitor, D&B and/or Harris InfoSource prior to June 30,2004, receive significant cost savings on our Business & Economics book database, which provides simultaneous, multi-user access to nearly 3,000 full-text titles from leading publishers.   Read the newsletter for details.  Sign up for a free 30-day, IP authenticated trial of any ebrary database at 


* SLA Selects ebrary’s Platform to Distribute Information Outlook Magazine Online


Special Library Association (SLA) is now licensing ebrary’s platform to distribute and archive

digital replicas of Information Outlook magazine, its flagship publication distributed monthly to

more than 12,000 special libraries in over 83 countries.  Read the press release at


*American Libraries Magazine now live online


American Libraries Association (ALA) members now have online access to a fully searchable, digital database of American Libraries magazine. Hosted, distributed and archived using ebrary’s platform, the database is now available at ,


* Case Study: Byron Hoyt Digital – “Could You Lend Me A Tenor?”


Read how ebrary’s digital sheet music database from Byron Hoyt helped Little Travers Civic Theatre produce the musical comedy “Lend Me A Tenor.”


* Content Update


See a sample of new titles added to our aggregated book databases in March.


* Events calendar


Meet ebrary at a number of tradeshows and other events in 2004.


* Career Opportunities at ebrary


ebrary is hiring!  See which job openings are currently available.



If you do not wish to receive this newsletter in the future, please respond to this email with the word “remove” in the subject line.


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Visit the Library Center, ebrary’s complimentary resource for librarians and students, at




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Palo Alto, CA  94306




May 2004   ebrary News -- Win a Free Book Database at ALA, Small Library Program, and More              Thu 20/05/2004 12:36 AM


The May edition of Off The Shelves, ebrary’s newsletter for librarians, is now available at


If you have not already installed the ebrary Reader, our free software that turns static documents into a highly interactive experience, you will need to do so before viewing this newsletter online. The Reader usually takes seconds to install. To download the Reader, click on the link above or visit




* Win a Free Book Database at the ALA Annual Conference


ebrary is conducting a sweepstakes at ALA, June 24-30, 2004 in Orlando, FL (Booth # 1882). Two libraries will be randomly selected to win a free annual subscription to either our Academic Complete or Public Library Complete book database (up to $50,000 in value). 


Read the newsletter for details, or enter online at 


* Special Offer for Smaller Libraries and Distance Learning 


Smaller libraries and distance learning programs in the U.S. and Canada with FTE less than 2500 may now purchase an annual subscription to our Academic Complete book database for a flat rate of just $2,500 (a cost savings of at least $500 for all subscribing organizations).  This offer ends on June 30, 2004.   


As part of this limited time offering, we’re providing both a seven-day password trial, and a 30-day IP Authenticated trial.  To sign up for a password trial, please email and include the name of your library, phone number, and FTE.  You may also sign up for a 30-day IP authenticated trial at 


* Customer Profile -- American Intercontinental University


* Content Update


See a sample of new titles added to our aggregated book databases in April.


* ebrary Appoints New Director of Publisher Relations


We’re pleased to announce that we have appointed Marc Fawwaz, formerly of netLibrary, as our new Director of Publisher Relations. 


* Events Calendar


Meet ebrary at a number of tradeshows and other events in 2004.


* Career Opportunities at ebrary


ebrary is hiring!  See which job openings are currently available.



If you do not wish to receive this newsletter in the future, please respond to this email with the word “remove” in the subject line.


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Visit the Library Center, ebrary’s complimentary resource for librarians and students, at




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Palo Alto, CA  94306




September 2004   Wed 22/09/2004 4:37 AM  Off the Shelves: ebrary extends its Small Library Program


The September edition of Off The Shelves, ebrary’s newsletter for librarians, is now available at


If you have not already installed the ebrary Reader, our free software that turns static documents into a highly interactive experience, you will need to do so before viewing this newsletter online. The Reader usually takes seconds to install. To download the Reader, click on the link above, or visit





EBRARY EXTENDS ITS SMALL LIBRARY PROGRAM THROUGH SEPTEMBER 2004 ebrary is pleased to announce that we are extending our special offer for smaller libraries. Through September 30, 2004, U.S. academic libraries with FTE less than 2500 may purchase an annual subscription to our Academic Complete book database for a flat rate of just $2500, a 20% discount in savings. Read the Article...


MEET EBRARY AT NELA AND THE BREAKING DOWN BARRIERS CONFERENCE ebrary will be exhibiting this month at the New England Library Association (NELA) conference, Sept. 26 - 28 in Manchester, New Hampshire (Booth #303), and the “Breaking Down Barriers” event, Sept. 30 - Oct. 1 at Northern Kentucky University in Erlanger, Kentucky. Read the Article...



To show our appreciation, we will be hosting a cocktail party exclusively for our customers at the Charleston Conference on Wednesday, November 3, 2004. If you are an ebrary customer and would like to receive further details regarding this dinner please contact Tim Narita, Marketing Manager, at Read the Article...


THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES, EBRARY AND E-LIBRO JOIN FORCES In an ongoing effort to provide people in the Western Hemisphere with better ways to access and share information, knowledge and ideas, the Organization of American States (OAS) has partnered with ebrary and E-libro, our partner in Latin America and Spain. Read the Article...


EBRARY TO ROLL OUT NEW CONSORTIA PROGRAM, APPOINTS NEW DIRECTOR OF CONSORTIA SALES ebrary is in the process of developing programs for consortia and regional networks tailored to their specific needs. We would like to meet with consortia leaders to see how we might work together to provide member libraries with a unique research database of digital books at a very affordable price. Read the Article...



Congratulations to Biblioteca Nacional de Maestros and University of South Florida. Libraries at these institutions have won free annual subscriptions to ebrary's Academic Complete full-text book database and E-libro's Spanish database. Read the Article...













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April 2004

Karen O'Brien Prism - e-newsletter of the ALA's Office for Accreditation        Tue, 20 Apr 2004 15:37:50 -0500

The latest edition of Prism, the e-newsletter of the ALA's Office for Accreditation, is available at In addition to the latest accreditation actions and news from the Office, you will find messages from the Chair of the Committee on Accreditation, from the Director of the Office for Accreditation, a roundup of the issues brought to the ALA Committee on Education, and more. Your feedback on the edition is welcome as well as submissions for the fall edition. Submission deadline for the fall edition is August 15th.



Karen O'Brien, Assistant Director

Office for Accreditation

American Library Association

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Chicago, IL 60611-2795