Table 3 – Effect of demographics on information needs among cancer patients


Demographics Affect on type of information need   Type of cancer  Measure  Statistic

Age

       

Jenkins et al. (2001, p. 49)

Patients < 70 wanted more information on medical name of illness, diagnosis, progress during treatment, chances of cure, possible treatments, side effects, and treatment working against illness than did patients > 70.

Multiple–heterogeneous

Designed by researchers

Chi-square

Meredith et al. (1996, p. 725)

Younger patients 15-64 wanted more information on all possible treatments than did older patients.

Multiple–heterogeneous

Designed by researchers

Chi-square

Bilodeau & Degner (1996,  p. 695)

Women 65-83 wanted more information on self-care than did younger women.

Breast cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

T-test

Davison et al. (2002, p. 46)

Younger men ≤ 65 wanted more information on sexuality than did older men > 65.

Prostate cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

T-test

Degner et al. (1997, p. 1490) 

Younger women ≤ 50 wanted more information on sexuality and physical attractiveness than did older women > 50.

Breast cancer 

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

Test for equality of proportions

Luker et al. (1995, p. 138)

Among the newly diagnosed, women < 40 and 40-60 wanted more information on sexual attractiveness than did women > 60, and older women > 60 wanted more information on social life than did younger women.
 
 

Breast cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

ANOVA

Three groups compared

Raupach & Hiller (2002, p. 295)

     - follow-up group 

Women 50-69 wanted more information on sexuality and relationships, breast reconstruction, menopause and hormonal replacement therapy, and physical appearance than did women > 69.  Women < 50 wanted more information on complementary and alternative therapies, menopause and hormonal replacement therapy, sexuality and relationships, and breast reconstruction
than did women 50-69.
 

Breast cancer

Designed by researchers

Prevalence rate ratio (PRR)

Luker et al. (1996, p. 491)

No differences in need for any information based on age.

Breast cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

 

Education

       

Bilodeau & Degner (1996,  p. 695)

Women with high school education wanted more information on self-care than did women with higher levels of education.

Breast cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

T-test

Davison et al. (2002, p. 47)

Men with high school education or lower wanted more
information on hereditary risk of prostate cancer than
did men with higher levels of education.
 

Prostate cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

T-test

Degner et al. (1997, p. 1490) 

No differences in need for any information based on education.

Breast cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

 

Luker et al. (1995, p. 139)



Luker et al (1996, p.491) 

No differences in need for any information based on education.



No differences in need for any information based on education.

Breast cancer



Breast cancer         

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 
Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

 


Gender

       
         

Meredith et al. (1996, p. 725)

Women wanted more information on all possible treatments than did men.

Multiple–heterogeneous

Designed by researchers

Chi-square