Table 4 – Effect of situation on information needs among cancer patients

Situation Affect on type of information need  Type of cancer  Measures Statistic

Time since diagnosis

       

Harrison-Woermke & Graydon (1993, p. 452)

Patients at T1 wanted more information on diagnosis, investigative tests, treatment, and physical aspects than did patients at T2.
 

Breast cancer

INQ-BC

T-test

Degner et al. (1997, p. 1490) 

Closer to time of diagnosis, women wanted more information on chances of cure whereas further from diagnosis, women wanted more information on self-care.  
 

Breast cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

Test for equality of proportions

Raupach & Hiller (2002, p. 295)

     - follow-up group

With increasing time since diagnosis, women wanted less information on sexuality and relationships while their need for other types of information remained high.
 

Breast cancer

Designed by researchers

Mantel test for trend of odds

Harrison et al. (1999, p. 220)

No differences in need for any information over time. 
 

Breast cancer

TINQ-BC

 

Type of treatment

       

Meredith et al. (1996, p. 725)

Patients receiving radical treatment wanted more information on chances of cure, possible treatments, and side effects than did patients receiving palliative treatment.
 

Multiple–heterogeneous

Designed by researchers

Chi-square
Log rank test

Jenkins et al. (2001, p. 50)

No differences in need for any information based on type of treatment received.
 

Multiple–heterogeneous

Designed by researchers
 

 

Decision-making preference

       

Hack et al. (1994, pp. 284-5)

Active patients wanted more information on diagnosis,
treatment options and risks, and treatment procedures than did passive patients.
 

Breast cancer

Information preference cards

Wilcoxon’s rank sum test

Davison et al. (1995, p. 1405)

Collaborative-passive patients wanted more information on advance of disease, likelihood of cure, and types of treatment available than did active patients, passive patients, and other combination style patients.
 

Prostate cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

ANOVA

Six groups compared

Degner et al. (1997, p. 1490) 

Active patients wanted more information on chances of cure.

Breast cancer

Thurstone scaling of information needs
 

Test for equality of proportions