Editorial note:

This section contains items culled from various Internet news services, discussion lists and other announcements. Unless specifically noted, I have not visited the sites, used any of the software, reviewed the literature, or written the news items. I present this digest to you in good faith but cannot vouch for the accuracy of its content.  

Kerry Smith


Advances in Library Administration and Organization:

Call for papers: “Culture, Context and History in the Post-Soviet World of Information Institutions, Resources and Practices

Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum []; on behalf of; J Nyce [jnyce@ROCKETMAIL.COM] Tue 13/09/2005 12:44 PM Correction/Addition Call for Papers: LIS in the Post Soviet World

I hope this is appropriate venue for a post of this kind. I apologize for cross listings.

JM Nyce


We invite contributions for a new volume in the Elsevier series Advances in Library Administration and Organization: “Culture, Context and History in the Post-Soviet World of Information Institutions, Resources and Practices.

This volume is inspired by the cross-national and comparative research of Richard Quandt, Christine Borgman, Andrew Lass, Nadia Caidi, all of which raise fundamental questions about the role culture, context and history have played in the post-Soviet reproduction and transformation of information institutions, resources and practices across the former Soviet bloc.

We are particularly interested in original contributions that address one or more of the following issues:

The definitions, understandings and roles played by local concepts of “culture” and ”cooperation” in the construction of cross-national information agendas in the post-Soviet space;

The character of the relationship between local concepts of “public” and “private” and the roles this specific relationship has played in the reproduction, transformation and/or invention of institutions dedicated to the management and provision of information;

Transformations in the social uses of libraries, ICTs,and public/private collections in the post-Soviet space;

Transformations in the understanding, goals and significance of “reading” over the past ten to fifteen years.

We welcome contributions from any discipline. We are particularly interested in receiving original contributions from scholars outside of the US .

Although we will consider shorter or longer papers, submissions should be 10,000 to 12,500 word, formatted in APA style and submitted via email. The deadline for submissions is June 1, 2006.

The volume editor's, William Graves III, email address is If you prefer to correspond or submit manuscripts by mail, please address all correspondence to:

William Graves III

Associate Professor of Humanities

English and Cultural Studies Department

Bryant University

1150 Douglas Pike

Smithfield , Rhode Island 02917


For inquiries regarding the journal “Advances in Library Administration and Organization,” please contact James M Nyce at or at the following address:

James M. Nyce

Associate Professor

School of Library and Information Management Emporia State 1200 Commercial Street Emporia , Kansas 66801 USA


African Journal of Information & Communication Technology


Vol 1, No 1 (2005)

Alex Byrne [] Mon 26/09/2005 2:09 PM [IFLA-L] UTSePress publishes African Journal of Information & CommunicationTechnology

Dear Colleague

I am pleased to announce that Vol 1, No 1 (2005) of the African Journal of Information & Communication Technology has just been published by UTSePress and is available at .

The African Journal of Information and Communication Technology (AJICT) is a peer reviewed international journal providing a publication vehicle for coverage of topics of interest to those involved in computing, communication networks, electronic communications, information technology systems and bioinformatics. It is international in focus but with a particular orientation towards developing countries and especially the nations of Africa .

The papers in this first issue of the AJICT come from different countries around the world: China , Italy , Germany , Norway , South Africa , United Kingdom and the USA . They deal with emerging technologies and address new and existing areas of information and communication technology (ICT). The editors reflect the international orientation and are Professor Johnson I Agbinya (Chief Editor - University of Technology, Sydney, Australia), Professor H. Anthony Chan (Editor - Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa) and Professor Donald A. Adjeroh (Editor - Lane Department of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, West Virginia University, USA). They note in the Preface:

“This Journal is international. Yet we call it "African" Journal to emphasis that the fruits of ICT can serve people of all nations including the developing countries in Africa . The title also underlines the fact that people in developing countries, such as those in Africa and elsewhere, can serve not just as a consumer of research results in information and communication technology, but equally as a source of ideas and solutions to some of the difficult problems in this area. We therefore encourage authors to include tutorial materials in each paper to make it understandable to a diverse audience. In addition to sharing the general ICT research problems, the Journal will also include papers on ICT research problems relevant to the specific needs of developing countries.

“We are pleased and honoured to be of service in editing the Journal and to ensure it is available as an open source periodical of high quality, dealing with contemporary and emerging technical, policy and regulatory matters in ICT.”

AJICT is the second journal published by UTSePress and joins Portal: Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies which has recently completed its second bibliographic year by publishing Vol 2 No 2. Portal has become well established as a peer reviewed journal in the burgeoning field of international studies and is distinctive for both its multidisciplinary character and its preparedness to publish multilingually.

Other titles are in preparation including some in the fields of history, Indigenous knowledge, cultural studies and information management. Through the publication of these titles, UTSePress is making available high quality peer reviewed research literature, often from perspectives which have been under represented in internationally scholarly discourse. It is also supporting the open access movement through its commitment to open access and universal availability.

Alex Byrne



Dr Alex Byrne FALIA FAIM

University Librarian & Deputy Chair of Academic Board Vice President (Alumni & Development) pro tem University of Technology, Sydney P O Box 123 BROADWAY 2007 AUSTRALIA

Tel +61 2 9514 3332 Fax +61 2 9514 3331

UTS CRICOS Provider Code 00099F

President, International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions P O Box 95312 , 2509 CH The Hague Netherlands

Tel: +31 70 31 40 884 Fax: +31 70 38 34 827

IFLA: Uniting Library and Information Services Globally since 1927



Issue 44

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Richard Waller [lisrw@UKOLN.AC.UK]

Thu 4/08/2005 6:54 PM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU Re: Ariadne issue 44 (July 2005) now available

With apologies for any cross-posting:

Issue 44 of Ariadne was published on 30 July 2005:

Main Articles:

* Creative Archive
- Paul Gerhardt describes the origins and development of the Creative
Archive Project at the BBC.

* Accessibility: The Current Situation and New Directions
- Kevin Carey describes accessibility by disabled people to digital
information systems across broadcasting, telecommunications and the
Internet, looks into the future and makes recommendations.

* Towards a Pragmatic Framework for Accessible e-Learning
- Lawrie Phipps, Neil Witt and Brian Kelly query the universal
applicability of the Web Accessibility Initiative's guidelines and
describe a framework which provides a broader context for their use.

* Involving Users in the Development of a Web Accessibility Tool
- Jenny Craven and Mikael Snaprud describe how the European Internet
Accessibility Observatory Project is involving users in the development
of a Web accessibility checking and monitoring tool.

* Web Accessibility Revealed:
The Museums, Libraries and Archives Council Audit
- Marcus Weisen, Helen Petrie, Neil King and Fraser Hamilton describe
a comprehensive Web accessibility audit involving extensive user testing
as well as automatic testing of Web sites.

* Revealing All
- Ann Chapman describes Revealweb, a Web site that brings together
information about accessible resources for visually impaired people.

* Virtual Research Environments: Overview and Activity
- Michael Fraser provides an overview of the VRE and introduces three
JISC-funded projects in which Oxford University is participating.

* The RAMBLE Project
- Paul Trafford describes how mobile blogs for personal reflection may
be related to institutional learning environments, drawing on experiences
from the RAMBLE Project.

* Supporting Local Data Users in the UK Academic Community
- Luis Martinez and Stuart Macdonald discuss the differing areas of
expertise within the UK data libraries with reference to their relationship
with National Data Centres, the role of DISC-UK and other specialists.

Get Tooled Up:

* Evaluating Web Sites for Accessibility with Firefox
- Patrick Lauke outlines how Mozilla Firefox can be used in conjunction
with the Web Developer Toolbar to carry out a preliminary accessibility

Workshop and Conference Reports: At the Event:
* Integration and Impact: The JISC Annual Conference
- Marieke Guy has collated reports on sessions from the JISC Annual
Conference held in Birmingham .

* IWMW 2005
- Miles Banbery reports on the 9th Institutional Web Management
Workshop held at the University of Manchester, UK, July 2005.

* Building Open Source Communities: 4th OSS Watch Conference
- Sebastian Rahtz and Randy Metcalfe report on a one-day conference
on open source software development communities organised by OSS
Watch held in Edinburgh , UK in July 2005.

* DCC Workshop on Persistent Identifiers
- Philip Hunter gives a personal view of this workshop held in Glasgow ,
30 June - 1 July, 2005.

Ariadne Reviews:

* Content and Workflow Management for Library Web Sites - Holly Yu
- Martin White appreciates its detail but is concerned at the impact that
the publishing process has had on the currency and utility of the

* The Academic Library - Peter Brophy
- Ruth Jenkins wishes this textbook had been available when she was a
library school student.

* Disaster Management for Libraries and Archives - edited by
Graham Matthews and John Feather
- Ian Lovecy looks at a useful consolidation of approaches to
disaster management.

* Managing Suppliers and Partners for the Academic Library - David Ball
- Tony Kidd examines this study's view of the importance of partnerships
in their widest context for the modern academic library.

..Plus our regular columns and expanded newsline.
Contributions to Ariadne issue 45 are being arranged and prepared; please send proposals for articles to our regular contact point:

Kindly send books for review to the Editor's address (below),
Best regards,
Richard Waller
Editor Ariadne
The Library
University of Bath
Bath BA2 7AY
tel +44 (0) 1225 383570
fax +44 (0) 1225 386838


Blackwell Publishing Library Newsletter

August 2005 - Number 28

Journal News [] Fri 9/09/2005 12:53 AM

Blackwell Publishing Library Newsletter August 2005

< > Blackwell Publishing Library Newsletter

August 2005 - Number 28

We are pleased to provide you with the latest Library Newsletter from Backwell Publishing. A brief summary of each item can be found below, with links to the full text of each article. You can read the entire newsletter online at < > .

In this issue:

*Announcing 2006 Journal Changes: Transfers and New Starts

*New Policy on New and Transfer Journals in the Blackwell Publishing Collection

*Changes in Frequency, Name Changes and Journals Leaving Blackwell Publishing

*Back File Access to Online Journals

*Are You Missing Out On The Online Access You Are Entitled To?

*Blackwell Synergy Now Z39.50 Compliant

*Additional Online Open Titles

*Forward Linking Via CrossRef Now Available on Blackwell Synergy


*Information About American Business Law Journal

*A Reminder of Your Regional Sales Contact

Hurricane Katrina

We would like to assure all of our customers in those states affected by hurricane Katrina that we are doing all we can to minimise the disruption to journals subscriptions and online access. We are currently unable to deliver journals to the following zip codes: 369, 393, 394, 395, 396, 700, 701, 704. We will be working closely with our postal supplier to monitor this situation and hope to resume service as soon as possible. We are also contacting the libraries directly affected, and those in the surrounding regions who are taking in displaced students, to ensure that all institutions have the required online access to content. If you have any questions please contact our customer service department < > (tel: 800 835 6770).



As we look forward to 2006 we would like to take this opportunity to inform you of recent developments here at Blackwell Publishing and to update you on our publishing plans for the year ahead.

Blackwell Publishing continues to be the publisher of choice for academic and professional societies, as proven by the number of societies that choose to transfer their publishing arrangements to us each year. We already have 39 journals confirmed as moving to us in 2006, of which 37 are published on behalf of or in association with a society. Details of those can be found in this newsletter, and we shall continue to keep you informed as more are confirmed in the coming months.

The societies we work with ensure that the journals we publish meet the distinct needs of the discipline they serve. Society journals also represent excellent value with lower than average subscription prices, on average only 40% that of the larger commercial publishers.

The latest ISI Journal Citation Report shows how Blackwell journals continue to publish highly relevant research in their fields. The average percentage increase in Impact Factor from 2003 to 2004 was 12.5%, and Blackwell now publishes 139 journals that rank within the top ten of their subject category. In addition many journals are expanding the amount of research they publish by increasing the number of issues published per annum, or the number of pages per issue.

At Blackwell Publishing we are also committed to working closely with the library community to provide access to our content. We have a wider range of purchasing and licensing options available than ever before. These range from our popular Collection model, most suitable for multidisciplinary institutions, through to subject bundle or pay-per-view options. For 2006 we have simplified our policy on new and transfer titles within Collection deals, details of which can be found in this newsletter.

Finally we continue to innovate in the field of online journal hosting. Blackwell Synergy remains one of the most user-friendly online journal platforms. Recent updates have included forward linking via CrossRef, Z39.50 compliance, and improvements to our OpenURL linking compliance, and we have ambitious development plans for 2006.

In the coming months many of you will be working with your local Blackwell sales representative to renew licensing deals, or with your subscription agent to renew subscriptions. We aim to provide you with all of the information you need to make this process as easy as possible. We shall continue to keep you informed via this newsletter and our library website ( < > ), and the contact details for all of our journal sales representatives can be found within this newsletter.


Announcing 2006 Journal Changes: Transfers and New Starts

The following journals have confirmed that they will transfer their publishing arrangements to Blackwell from 2006. We are still in negotiation with several other societies and will confirm any additions later in the year.

When a journal moves to Blackwell Publishing our policy is to obtain the subscriber list and the digitized back files from the previous publisher whenever possible. Normally, but not always, they are owned by the society along with the journal. Our overriding aim is to ensure that customers continue to get access to content they are entitled to and are given a period of time in which to switch their catalogue links to the new publisher service for the latest content. We ask that the previous publisher maintains access to older content on their site and includes a link to the new journal website on Blackwell Synergy for the latest issues.

View the full list of journals transfering to Blackwell Publishing and 2006 new start titles online here < > .


New Policy on New and Transfer Journals in the Blackwell Publishing Collection

For 2006 we have simplified our policy regarding the treatment of new and transfer journals within the Blackwell Publishing Collection. We received a lot of feedback from the library community that our previous policy of putting new and transfer titles into the Collection on a trial basis was confusing. As a result the following new policy will apply to customers who purchase either the Full Collection, the Science, Technical and Medicine Collection, or the Social Science and Humanities Collection from 2006.

Transfer Journals

Journals which are moving to Blackwell Publishing from the beginning of 2006 are included in the Blackwell Publishing Collection. Subscriptions to these transferring journals must be retained and will be monitored by Blackwell Publishing. We aim to abide by the ALPSP Guidelines for when journals change publishers ( < > ) and use our best endeavors to ensure that access is maintained for subscribing institutions. Transfer journals which were previously included on a trial basis will also now be included in the Collection

New/Young Journals

Journals which are less than five years old are not included in the Blackwell Publishing Collection. Institutions wishing to access content in these titles must take out a subscription. Please contact your Blackwell Publishing Sales Representative < > or your usual subscription agent. Journals less than five years old which were previously included on a trial basis will now be removed from the Collection.


Changes in Frequency, Name Changes and Journals Leaving Blackwell Publishing

The following journals will be changing their frequency of publication in 2006. We work closely with the editorial boards of our journals to ensure that we meet the needs of the research community that each journal serves. These increases will ensure that we are able to accommodate the growing amount of research and submissions in the coming year.

The following journals will no longer be published by Blackwell Publishing in 2006. As with journals that transfer to us, for journals leaving us we aim to abide by the ALPSP best practice guidelines that apply to society journals transferring between publishers. These guidelines are aimed at making the transfer process as smooth as possible, particularly in relation to ongoing online access and the transfer of subscription information.

View the full list of journals leaving Blackwell Publishing and journal name changes online here. < >


Back File Access to Online Journals

From January 2006 our policy regarding back file access to online journals will change. Customers with a current premium or online-only subscription and those with access to a purchased collection of Blackwell journals will have access to the recent back file for those titles. 'Recent back files' include all issues published online from January 1st 1997 to the current issue. Online content older than December 31st 1996 is classed as 'legacy back files' and may be purchased separately. Access to legacy back files is available via Blackwell Synergy.

From the beginning of 2006, a selection of Blackwell Publishing journals will have digitized legacy back files going back to Volume 1, Issue 1. These will be available for purchase on a title by title basis or as a package of titles. Discounts are available for larger purchases and for multiple sites. All journals participating in the legacy project are contractually committed to retain their legacy back file content on Blackwell Synergy even if they transfer the publishing arrangements for their current issues to another publisher or platform.

Please note that some journals legacy back files are currently available free on Blackwell Synergy and will continue to be free. This is where the society has subsidized the costs of digitizing older content. The list of journals with Legacy Back Files for 2006 will be available in October 2005. Please inform your Blackwell Journal Sales Representative if you are interested in more information about these.


Are You Missing Out on the Online Access You Are Entitled To?

All institutional subscriptions to Blackwell Publishing journals include an element of online access. Whilst Blackwell Publishing journals are available online on other platforms, the optimum way to get the full access your institution is entitled to is directly from us via Blackwell Synergy.

Not all libraries have yet set up access to content on Blackwell Synergy, but it's easy. Simply email us on < > providing details of:

* Your name and email address

* Your institution's name and addresses of all the main sites covered by your library

* The list of the Blackwell journals you have a subscription to and you want online access set up for

Further information about accessing journals online on Blackwell Synergy. < >


Blackwell Synergy Now Z39.50 Compliant

We are pleased to announce that Blackwell Synergy is now Z39.50 compliant, meaning that a library's Z39.50 web interface can now collect our data in a format that is compatible with your federated search software.

Read more about this new feature of Blackwell Synergy here. < >


Online Open Update

Since our last newsletter we have had a number of additional journals sign up to our Online Open service, bringing the total number of journals participating to 68. Online Open is a new pay-to-publish service that offers authors who wish to publish their research in a Blackwell journal the opportunity to ensure that their article is immediately made freely available for all to access online.

Further information about Online Open and the complete list of participating journals can be found on our website at: < >


Forward Linking Via CrossRef Now Available on Blackwell Synergy

Blackwell Synergy now includes forward linking via CrossRef. Forward linking, or 'cited-by' links point researchers towards articles that have cited the article being read. This will enable researchers to easily move between multiple publications as they navigate the research literature


< > Join COUNTER Now

Blackwell Publishing actively supports COUNTER as a member and we urge our customers to become members also. By doing so you will be supporting and influencing an important international initiative that serves librarians, publishers and intermediaries by creating standards and protocols for the recording and exchange of online usage statistics. The COUNTER Code of Practice covering journals and databases has already been widely implemented; a draft Code of Practice for books and reference works was published earlier this year, and will be finalized in early 2006. < >



< >

American Business Law Journal

Please note that Volume 42 of American Business Law Journal (Issues 1-6) will publish as a single hardbound volume in December 2005. From 2006, we expect the journal to publish quarterly and on schedule, beginning with 43:1 (March 2006). If you have any questions or concerns, please contact our customer service team < > .


A Reminder of Your Regional Sales Contact

As we are fast approaching the season for renewals of licensing deals we thought we should take this opportunity to remind you of your regional Blackwell Publishing journal sales contact.

Click here for a full list of regional sales contacts. < >

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Current Cites

March 2005

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; CITES Moderator []

Sat 26/03/2005 10:46 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU

Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Shirl Kennedy, [5]Leo
Robert Klein, Jim Ronningen, [6]Roy Tennant
[7]Serials: The Journal for the Serials Community 18(1)(2005) - This
issue of Serials has a number of interesting papers on open access. In
"A Mandate to Self Archive? The Role of Open Access Institutional
Repositories," Stephen Pinfield, tackles the controversial issue of
mandating the deposit of articles in institutional repositories. In
"Open Access: Evidence-Based Policy or Policy-Based Evidence? The
University Press Perspective," Martin Richardson describes experiments
at Oxford University Press with different OA journal publishing
models. In "Open Access: Principle, Practice, Progress," Jan Velterop
argues that the open access battle for hearts and minds is gaining
ground, but implementation issues remain and misconceptions about OA
persist. In "Open Access: Reflections from the United States ," Ann
Okerson weighs the pros and cons of OA for US research libraries,
noting that institutional repositories are likely to be expensive, and
their focus in the U.S. is likely to be on locally produced scholarly
materials other than articles. Consequently: "It is unlikely that
under this kind of scenario in the US , scattered local versions of STM
articles would compete effectively with the completeness or the value
that the publishing community adds." She also suggests that library
cost savings resulting from OA journals are "unlikely, unless
substantial production cost reductions can be realised by many
categories of publisher." In "Open Access to the Medical Literature:
How Much Content Is Available in Published Journals?," Marie E.
McVeigh and James K. Pringle report that for the research and clinical
medicine journals that they studied "26% of the journals made their
most recent issues open access, and 21% of articles since 1992 were
available as open access." In "Overview of the House of Commons
Science and Technology Select Committee Inquiry into Scientific
Publications," Ian Gibson discusses the important activities of the
Select Committee that he chaired. Finally, in "Scientific
Publications: Free for All? The Academic Library Viewpoint," Tom
Graham examines the key findings of the Select Committee's influential
report and criticizes the U.K. Government's response to it. - [8]CB

Associated Press. "[9]Next Hot Trend for Cell Phones: Reading ?"
[10] (18 March 2005)(
- "Your eyes probably hurt just thinking about it," this article
begins, and...yep. Nevertheless thousands of Japanese folks are
downloading and reading full-text novels on their cell phone screens.
Of course, the average Japanese consumer is a sophisticated user of
wireless technology anyhow; the cell phone there is routinely used as
both "an entertainment and communication device." And now there are a
number of websites where folks can browse and select from among
classics, bestsellers and "works written especially for the medium."
Quite honestly, it does not sound very enjoyable. "Only a few lines
pop up at a time because the phone screen is about half the size of a
business card." The latest technology is Java-based and incorporates
such ease-of-use features as "automatic page-flipping, or scrolling."
According to the article, this trend could spread to the U.S. , noting
that "Random House recently bought a stake in [11]VOCEL, a San
Diego-based company that provides such mobile-phone products as
Scholastic Aptitude Test preparation programs." Consumers in China and
South Korea hava already begun to embrace cell phone reading. What's
weird is that people are using this medium even when not on the go; a
recent marketing study found that 50 percent of cell phone readers are
female, and many are doing their cell phone reading in the home. What
sorts of books are people reading on their cell phones? Classics they
never got around to, sex manuals they'd be embarrassed to buy in the
dead.tree version...but the most popular content is an electronic
dictionary. - [12]SK

Babb, Nancy M. "Cataloging Spirits and the Spirit of Cataloging"
[13]Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 40(2)(2005) - Here's the
problem: take any spiritual communication in published form. You have
the medium who physically delivers the message and the originating
spirit who generated the message. Who should get credit? If you're a
cataloger, you'll know that this is no idle question since the work
has to be attributed to someone. The author of this article, Nancy M.
Babb, a cataloger at SUNY Buffalo, stresses that giving credit to the
spirit illustrates the advance in cataloging over the centuries in
that a "bibliographic" entity is preferred over a "biographical" one.
Such considerations are "exemplar of complex authorship", Babb argues.
They illustrate a more "inclusive and expansive concept" of
authorship; one that is centered on "what will be of most value to
catalog users". Babb in this breathless review of cataloging history
confirms what many of us have long suspected, namely, that "an author
need not physically exist to have recognized bibliographic identity
within the library catalog." - [14]LRK

Bailey, Jr., Charles W. [15]Open Access Bibliography: Liberating
Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals Mountain
View, CA: Association of Research Libraries, March
2005.( - Long-time Current Cites
contributor Charles W. Bailey, Jr. has published a bibliography on the
movement to free the scholarly literature. Available both online and
in print from the Association of Research Libraries, this thorough and
authoritative bibliography will serve as the seminal bibliographic
source for this movement. Over 1,300 selected English language books,
conference papers, journal articles and a number of other sources
(including digital videos) are included. Anyone interested in the Open
Access movement will likely find this contribution to the effort to be
an instant classic. - [16]RT

Fescemyer, Kathy. "Serials Clutter in Online Catalogs" [17]Serials
Review 31(1)(March 2005): 14-19. - Dealing with serials records in
the OPAC can be confusing even to librarians. It isn't always apparent
what record is the microfilm and what record is the electronic
version. The author looked at how easy it was to find a number of
titles in nine large academic libraries. Next she measured the
physical length of the records she found. In many cases, it was
difficult to find the right record when using titles such as "Science"
or "Nature". Many of the records contained holdings information that
ran to several hundred lines. The author argues for simpler records
with one bibliographic record per journal regardless of format. She
also points to the need to prioritize information making less
information the default setting. Someone looking for a call number
ought not to have to trudge though a sea of volume and issue listings.
Of course, this is as much an OPAC-Vendor problem as a library
problem. Doing what the author suggests (i.e. making a simpler
interface for serials) can only be achieved in certain OPACs (if at
all) through considerable customization. It ought not to be so hard! -


Mao, Ji-Ye, Karel Vredenburg, and Paul W. Smith, et. al."State of
User-Centered Design Practice" [19]Communications of the ACM
48(3)(March 2005): 105-109. - Some interesting results from a survey
of people involved with User-Centered Design (UCD). The authors
suggest that UCD is meeting with growing acceptance as a necessary
component of software development. This is thanks to the realization
on the part of developers that if users can't use their software,
they'll go elsewhere. Nevertheless, UCD continues to be plagued by
difficulties in measuring success and establishing clear goals. Some
of the more common techniques used are "iterative design, usability
evaluation, task analysis, informal expert review, and field studies".
The authors found that techniques tended to be either used or avoided
due to the perceived cost in time and money. They argue for a more
complete approach. (Note, CACM also has an interesting section on the
"Disappearing Computer" -- featuring interesting projects that make
use of ubiquitous computing). - [20]LRK

Mendoza, Martha. "[21]AP Review: Gov't Reducing Access to Info"
[22]Guardian Unlimited (13 March
tml). - In a piece that will likely suprise few librarians, an
Associated Press review has documented a major clampdown on the
release of government information to the American public. "The federal
government - not including the CIA - created 14 million new classified
documents in fiscal year 2003, a 60 percent increase over 2001,
according to the Information Security Oversight Office. At the same
time, the agency reports that it cut back on the number of documents
that were declassified" the article states. The Associated Press
documents a number of other findings from its review that anyone
interested in government by the people, for the people, will find
chilling. - [23]RT

Olsen, Stefanie. "[24]Yahoo's Game of Photo Tag" [25]CNet
(22 March
- A number of web sites such as the photo sharing site [26]Flickr and
the link sharing site [27] hav e provided a way for users
to attach their own topics (or "tags") to their links and photos. This
activity inspired Thomas Vander Wal to coin the term "folksonomies"
for user-created taxonomies. The purchase of Flickr by Yahoo! has
provided even more attention to this phenomenon, highighted in this
article. Although this is one of the hottest new topics in the press
at the moment, the jury is still out on just how effective this
technique will be in making things easier to find. As quoted in the
article, information architect Peter Merholtz thinks that "the future
of folksnomies involves meshing these user-generated categorizations
with more standardized categorizations, such as the Library of
Congress or the Getty Thesaurus of place names, so you could start to
connect data to allow more of these associations to be made." - [28]RT

Rossman, Parker. "Beyond the Book: Electronic Textbooks Will Bring
Worldwide Learning" [29]The Futurist 39(1)(January-February
2005): 18-23. - Gee whiz! And you'll eat your dinner in a tasty little
pill ... when you need a break from soldering the wiring of our
utopian days to come, take a look at this. It's worth it because it's
the kind of writing that creates unrealistic expectations and causes
purse string-holding politicians to salivate over the spending cuts of
the world of tomorrow. It's part Futuramaesque boosterism (I'll admit
to a pang of nostalgia for the Disney shows of my childhood), part
mid-90's Wired magazine wipe-the-slate-clean prognosticating (without
the fuchsia and lime green) and part laundry list of the kinds of
educational technology which divert students' attention from the
content to the medium. You'll notice that "academic rigor" isn't an
ingredient in this recipe, but it is meant for a general audience.
Granted that this mix of fact and imagination does give some plausible
examples of how some of the poor or handicapped might benefit from
digital information, but it does a disservice to the teachers who
struggle daily with aging infrastructure, shrinking resources and
students who want to hear that books are obsolete. But I forgot -
that's not a futurist's job. - JR


Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at
Copyright &copy; 2005 by Roy Tennant [33]Creative Commons License


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April 2005

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; CITES Moderator []

Sat 30/04/2005 1:51 PM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU Current Cites, April 2005

Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Terry Huwe, [5]Shirl
Kennedy, [6]Leo Robert Klein, Jim Ronningen, [7]Roy Tennant

Chen, Xiaotian. "Figures and Tables Omitted from Online Periodical
Articles: A Comparison of Vendors and Information Missing from
Full-Text Databases" [8]Internet Reference Services Quarterly
10(2)(April 2005): 77-90. - An online article may consist of a number
of parts, the two most prominent being text and image(s). If we ignore
formatting for a moment, we're clearly at a stage in our development
where text poses far fewer problems either to capture, store or
reproduce than do images. This being the case, what is the likelihood
that database vendors will cut corners and dump the images? This is an
important consideration because some of the article's informational
value may reside in the images -- be they tables, charts or whatever.
The author identified a number of articles from various print
publications and then checked the accuracy of their representation in
a number of "full-text" databases. What she found was that several
commercial vendors tended to skip the images and that some even failed
to indicate that there was anything missing at all. The author
concludes, "it would be a big improvement if 'full-text' would
actually mean all that is implied --the full article as originally
published. To have anything less is misleading." - [9]LRK
Chudnov, Daniel, Richard Cameron, and Jeremy Frumkin, et.
al."[10]Opening Up OpenURLs With Autodiscovery" [11]Ariadne
(43)(April 2005)( - A
revised and updated version of an unpublished piece cited in the
[12]December 2004 issue of Current Cites, this article describes a
world in which OpenURLs could be used more openly for a variety of
additional purposes beyond solving the classic "appropriate copy"
problem. The authors identify a number of specific scenarios in which
by simply placing OpenURL metadata in easily discoverable locations
such as embedded in HTML pages, any number of simple "hacks" to
support new services become possible. Once again we have an
illustration of the power of simple solutions to foster innovation. -
Davis, Harold. [14]Building Research Tools With Google for Dummies
Hoboken , NJ : Wiley Publishing Inc.,
2005.( - A review copy of this
book showed up in the mail, and when I opened the package, I mentally
rolled my eyes. "Dummies" books...hmmm... My customers love them, some
of them really are excellent, but others...well, take "Sex for
Dummies," for example. It's by "Dr. Ruth" and the title alone is kind
of scary. What's even more frightening is the subsequent volume you
may need, "Parenting for Dummies." But I digress. This particular
book, Building Research Tools With Google for Dummies, is badly
misnamed. Yeah, it does cover using the [15]Google APIs to build your
own applications -- something that most definitely is not for dummies
-- but there is ever so much more information in here, a fair amount
of which has nothing to do with Google. For example. there's an entire
chapter on competitive intelligence. Another chapter, entitled
"Researching Like a Pro," pays homage to the reference interview and
actually explains "Why Google Is Not the Web." (This is something I
try to explain to at least a couple of my customers every week.) Yet
another chapter tells you how to package and deliver your research
results. The author -- a technology consultant and programmer with a
law degree (?!) -- does a good job of delving into the nuts and bolts
of Google; while most information professionals know their way around
Google's advanced features, this provides a refresher on some useful
things you or I may have overlooked. The book also touches on my own
two biggest web research caveats -- the need to use more than one
search engine and the need to verify the information you find on the
web. Google APIs -- I don't go there myself, but I will happily try
clever things constructed by other people -- like some of the [16]Ten
Tools That Use the Google APIs included in this book. I kinda like
this book and will keep it on the shelf next to my copy of [17]Google
Hacks, by Tara Calishain and Rael Dornfest. - [18]SK
Gonzalez, Linda. "[19]What is FRBR?" [20]NetConnect (15 April
200)( - This brief and
gentle introduction to some key concepts laid out in the IFLA-produced
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records paper should be read
by any librarian wondering what all the "ferber" fuss is about.
Scratch that. It should be read by any librarian period. It's time for
us to admit our library catalogs are a mess from a user's perspective,
and FRBR can provide at least a partial solution to the problems we
face in fixing our systems. Therefore, knowledge of the basic concepts
that are already beginning to transform our bibliographic systems
should be considered basic, foundational, professional knowledge. So
start here, if you must, but then feel free to follow up with [21]the
full report. - [22]RT
Hammond, Tony, Timo Hannay, and Ben Lund, et. al."[23]Social
Bookmarking Tools (I)" [24]D-Lib Magazine 11(4)(April
2005)( -
Virtually since the advent of the World Wide Web in the early 90s,
users of it have been struggling with bookmarks. Sure, it's easy to
bookmark a web site, but it doesn't take long before an
undifferentiated list becames unwieldy. Meanwhile, this initial
problem has grown up into a suite of solutions and opportunities best
described as link management and social bookmarking, while a number of
new tools, techniques and services have created entirely new methods
of interaction. This useful overview article, as well as a
[25]companion case study of Connotea can serve as useful background
for a more visionary piece by Chudnov, also cited in this
issue. - [26]RT

Hickey, Thomas B.. "[27]Experiments with a Small Supercomputer"
[28]OCLC Newsletter (267)(January-March
research.htm). - As I reported in [29]a recent Library Journal column,
OCLC Research has been experimenting with using a cluster of
off-the-shelf computer hardware to create a supercomputer. This brief
but intriguing piece provides additional background, as well as
context for OCLC's experiments with this method of speeding up both
batch and online processing. As a tie-in to another piece cited in
this issue, this cluster is being used to perform much of OCLC's FRBR
work. Hickey once again proves that OCLC Research rocks, and that we
can expect some interesting and exciting times ahead. - [30]RT
Hirtle, Peter. "[31]Adopting 'Orphan Works'" [32]RLG DigiNews
9(2)(15 April
2005)( - This
brief but informative piece should be required reading for anyone
interested in copyright and intellectual property issues. The issue of
works under copyright for which the copyright owner cannot be located
(dubbed "orphan" works) can substantially impact the ability of
libraries and others to use the work in effective ways. For example,
as identified in formal comments submitted to the Copyright Office by
organizations such as the UC San Diego Libraries and the Cornell
University Library, the inability to locate a copyright holder can
prevent libraries from digitizing materials -- even when doing so is
unlikely to result in any harm to the copyright holder (orphan works
are most likely in this state due to the inability of the copyright
holders to make any money from them). As Hirtle reports in his usual
well-articulated style, the Copyright Office investigation of this
issue is ongoing and those who wish to comment still have an
opportunity to influence the outcome. - [33]RT
Horowitz, Lisa R., Patricia A. Flanagan, and Deborah L. Helman. "The
Viability of Live Online Reference: An Assessment" [34]portal:
Libraries in the Academy 5(2)(April 2005): 239-258. - This is an
interesting article about Chat reference at MIT. It's interesting not
because it's about "how we done good" but because it's about "how we
done bad". After a year and a half of existence, the initial attempt
at Chat Reference at MIT came to an end. Basically the usage was too
low to justify the time and training involved, particularly when
compared to alternatives like Email Reference and traditional
walk-ins. Nevertheless, you get the feeling while reading the article
that had they handled the service a bit differently, things might have
turned out better. Of particular value is their analysis of the
software they were using (LSSI). The Web Team at MIT has already
racked up considerable experience in usability thanks to a
site-redesign running at the same time. Their analysis of the
Chat-software is something all initiatives of this type should take to
heart: "user interface guidelines used by the most popular chat
software packages should be referenced to help choose an interface
that would be most helpful of the user." The closer we get to the kind
of "chat" our users are used to using, the easier it'll be both for
ourselves and for them. - [35]LRK
Jeon-Slaughter, Haekyung, Herkovic Andrew C., and Keller Michael
A.. "[36]Economics of Scientific and Biomedical Journals: Where Do
Scholars Stand in the Debate of Online Journal Pricing and Site
License Ownership Between Libraries and Publishers?" [37]First
Monday 10(3)(7 March
2005)( - The
authors evaluate the "big picture" of e-journal usage and licensure,
taking into consideration the roles not only of libraries, but also of
authors, users and publishers. These participants in the knowledge
creation and consumption process have complex and vibrant with
relationships with each other, and the balance of power between them
is in flux. The authors argue that the importance of scholars'
behavior in the pricing of scientific journals has been overlooked in
the debate between libraries and publishers, particularly regarding
site license practices. They cite a Stanford survey that indicates
that rapidly increasing costs are the main reason for individual
subscription cancellation, causing users to use the library more
heavily. Consequently, libraries continue to be vital providers in the
electronic era and their role in the evolution of scholarly
communication will grow. The driving forces behind this growth are
effective "branding" of the library and very strong and durable
relationships with users. Indeed, libraries have taken a role of
"agency" on behalf of users, and users are increasingly aware of this.
On the other side of the marketplace, publishers must find new
strategies for building better relationships with individual users.
They conclude by asserting that a cooperative spirit among the three
sectors (libraries, publishers, users) holds the greatest hope for an
optimized digital future. - [38]TH
Klang, Mathias. "[39]Free Software and Open Source: The Freedom Debate
and its Consequences" [40]First Monday 10(3)(7 March
2005)( - The
Swedish author of this article published it in response to a lively
online course that was held at the University of G ?teborg on the
topics of freeware and open access. He makes the timely point that to
the average net citizen, the ethics of software and the meaning of
open access are not really on the radar screen -- something that's
easy for librarians and other superusers to lose track of. Experts, he
argues, grasp the ethics and make informed choices, while casual users
see freeware and vendor products as s both the online world and by
extension the marketplace. He goes on to evaluate the characteristics
of each group, and how their choices influence both the online world
and by extension the software marketplace. His goal is not so much to
offer solutions or strategic suggestions as it is to simply define the
cognitive differences between the two cohorts of users. - [41]TH
Molnar, David, and David Wagner. "Privacy and Security in Library
RFID: Issues, Practices and Architecture" [42]Proceedings of the 11th
ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security (October 2004)
- When a library adopts radio frequency ID tags for inventory control,
it can become a hot button issue for the library's community. Many
have heard of large retail chains which use RFID tags to compile data
on consumer behavior, and of course it's become common (and warranted)
to be on the alert for threats to the confidentiality of library
patron records, so a level of paranoia may arise. This ACM conference
paper carefully examines what threats to privacy there may be in RFID
implementation for libraries, and proposes a solution to the insecure
transmission of data between tag and reader. The first half sets out
what is currently known about RFID tag technology, production and use,
and which security problems exist. Scenarios are described in which an
eavesdropper who doesn't have access to the patron files may yet,
through consistent multiple efforts, track the movements of particular
books which may be on a hotlist of titles to be monitored. The second
half of the paper is more technical, and sets out a private
authentication scheme which keeps tag and reader password transmission
secret. In their conclusions, the authors make a recommendation which
is simple enough to be restated here: libraries which use RFID systems
in their current state should encode the very minimum of information
in the tag, ideally just the item's barcode. - JR
Ober, John L.. [43]Postprint Repository Services: Context and
Feasibility at the University of California Oakland , CA : California
Digital Library, University of California , 31 March
tprintstudy_final.pdf). - The California Digital Library (part of the
University of California ) recently established the Office of Scholarly
Communications. But even before this event, the CDL had been working
with faculty to try to change the scholarly communications paradigm.
This publication is therefore merely the latest salvo in CDL's work to
change how UC faculty publish and receive recognition for, and
increased use of, their publications. Supported by a grant from the
Andrew W. Mellon foundation, this brief publication reports on
research on six issues: 1) potential postprint volume (postprints
being copies of published articles deposited in an institutional
repository), 2) postprint service cost, 3) UC participation in non-UC
repositories, 4) personal and departmental postprints, 5) open access
journal publishing, and 6) copyright attitudes and behavior. The
report recommends seven actions that the University of California
should take based on the findings. - [44]RT
Suber, Peter. "[45]Getting to 100%" [46]SPARC Open Access Newsletter
100). - In this article, Suber considers the obstacles that slow the
continued growth of open access journals and self archiving, and he
provides "a short progress report on where we stand in removing them."
First, there are [47]disciplinary differences that affect OA journal
economics and other key factors. One major difference is the level of
research funding that the disciplines have: less funding, more
difficulty in paying author fees. This can be overcome by universities
paying membership fees to OA publishers that eliminate or reduce
direct fee payment by authors; however, their willingness to do so is
likely tied to an assessment of how membership costs stack up against
traditional subscription costs. A widely heralded [48]study by Cornell
seemed to sink hopes that OA journals would be cheaper, but this study
was found to have made questionable assumptions. Second, there are
diverse OA journal business models, and the models of journals that do
not use author fees are poorly understood (according to a [49]recent
study only 47% of OA journals have processing fees). On the other
hand, self archiving faces two major problems: scholars need
disciplinary archives or institutional repositories (IRs) to deposit
articles in and, given how busy they are, they need to find the time
to do so. (I would add that they need to be convinced to do so as
well.) Progress is being made in automatic metadata generation upon
deposit, and a [50]recent study suggests that an active scholar may
spend as little as 40 minutes per year self archiving. Universities
should establish IRs, but what should scholars without access to
disciplinary archives or IRs do in the meantime? Here's the big news:
Suber is working with the Internet Archive to establish "an
OAI-compliant 'universal repository' that will accept eprints from any
scholar in any discipline." - [51]CB



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Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [roy.tennant@UCOP.EDU]

Wed 25/05/2005 6:58 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU [CurrentCites] Current Cites, May 2005

Current Cites, May 2005
Edited by [2]Roy Tennant
Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Terry Huwe, [5]Shirl
Kennedy, [6]Leo Robert Klein, Jim Ronningen, [7]Roy Tennant
[8]Digital Library Federation Spring Forum 2005 Washington , DC :
Digital Library Federation, April
. - Those interested in cutting edge library technologies, standards,
and procedures would be well advised to pay attention to the
presentations at the twice-yearly forums put on by the Digital Library
Federation. This one is no exception, with presentations ranging from
digital repositories to METS records and OAI harvesting. Library
techies are sure to find something of interest here, as well as
library administrators who want to know what's coming up next. - [9]RT
Blumenthal, Ralph. "[10]College Libraries Set Aside Books in a Digital
Age" [11]The New York Times (13 May
2005)( -
As of mid-July, the [12]undergraduate library at the University of
Texas-Austin will be devoid of books. It is being transformed into "a
24-hour electronic information commons, a fast-spreading phenomenon
that is transforming research and study on campuses around the
country." The reason this is a "fast-spreading phenomenon" is that
undergraduate libraries are becoming superfluous in an age when so
much full-text material has migrated online, and "top research
libraries" are no longer restricted only to graduate students and
faculty. The information commons, like others of its type, will be
"staffed with Internet-expert librarians, teachers and technicians."
And yet, according to the article, "Library staff members said they
were taken by surprise when told last month of the conversion, which
is how the news first emerged." Apparently no jobs were lost, however,
and the books were not discarded, but rather redistributed to other
university libraries. The article says librarians in general are in
favor of this trend, because it allows them to provide the kind of
service their users are increasingly demanding. - [13]SK
Brent, Doug. "[14]Teaching as Performance in the Electronic
Classroom" [15]First Monday 10(4)(4 April
2005)( - Brent
takes an analytical look at the increasingly subtle and complex
relationship between teaching and teaching technology. Pedagogy today,
he argues, would be recognizable by teachers 500 years ago. Moreover,
the culture of teaching retains a reticence to embrace technology. At
the same time, new developments in online educational technology have
a profound effect on notions of intellectual property. Drawing on
Walter Ong's research on the alphabet, and Shoshana Zuboff's research
on managerial knowledge as commodity, he depicts the challenge for
teachers as a tension between the paradigm of knowledge as
performance, and knowledge as thing. The performance paradigm
emphasizes the human agents, whereas knowledge as "thing" (read:
textual tools) follows longstanding emphases on curricula. Whichever
social group wins the paradigm battle -- performance versus text --
will have great influence on the future relationship between classroom
teaching and technology design. - [16]TH
Corrado, Edward M.. "[17]The Importance of Open Access, Open Source,
and Open Standards for Libraries" [18]Issues in Science and
Technology Librarianship (42)(Spring
2005)( - This is a good
summary overview of three important concepts for libraries: open
access to scholarly and research literature, software for which the
source code is available for users to view and change, and standards
that are developed and shared in a non-proprietary manner. Corrado
argues that the confluence of these three "opens" provides synergistic
benefits for libraries when used together. For those who want a gentle
introduction to these "hot" topics, and find the religious fervor of
some advocates off-putting, this is the piece to read. - [19]RT
Davis, Marc, et. al."[20]MMM2: Mobile Media Metadata for Media
Sharing" [21]Author's website (April
4E-CF77-4385-934F1AC56079D0AD.pdf). - Information management for
information that won't stay put - that's often the point at which many
librarians say "that's not me." How people create and share their own
information is certainly something that we need to be aware of,
though, and the popularity of digital imaging can't be denied. With
mobile phones becoming a global platform for sharing images, this work
by Marc Davis and his colleagues deserves your attention. The brief
paper, presented at ACM's CHI 2005 conference, describes a mobile
metadata scheme for cameraphone pictures in which metadata information
can be initiated at the point of capture, and then augmented through
the process of sharing. That process is facilitated with a prototype
mobile browser interface which can integrate preset lists of
recipients with a "co-presence" list of Bluetooth-sensed mobile users.
Thus, as the authors wrote, "sharing and metadata could be used in a
mutually reinforcing way," which addresses a fundamental aspect of
personal information usage that goes beyond cameraphones. It's not yet
at the point where public adoption of the system has been assessed;
readers should keep in mind that the stats showing field test success
result from use by his own grad students. At Davis ' website ("Garage
Cinema Research: To Enable the Billions of Daily Media Consumers To
Become Daily Media Producers") you'll find related work on personal
media production, collaboration and management. - JR
Gast, Matthew. "[22]Top Ten 802.11 Myths of 2005" [23]O'Reilly
Wireless DevCenter (2 May
tml). - Gast, author of [24]802.11 Wireless Networks: The Definitive
Guide, 2nd Edition, points out inaccuracies he sees in media coverage
of wireless technologies. These include security issues, confusion
over different flavors of 802.11x, and wireless LAN issues. Some of
this stuff is a bit on the geeky side for the average reader, but the
article is relatively brief and touches on things you may have heard
about, such as [25]AirSnort and [26]WEP. - [27]SK
Givler, Peter. "[28]Association of American University Presses Letter
to Google" [29]Business Week Online (20 May
0523_9039.htm). - Google has received a great deal of notice for its
"Print" and "Library" projects, which seek to digitize or obtain from
publishers the full-text of books, then provide full-text searching
and limited display of these works. Everyone agrees that the legality
of such efforts is murky at best, and this latest salvo in the debate
is one that Google can ignore only at its peril. There aren't many
deeper pockets out there in the area of intellectual property law, and
many a career can be made on a high-profile suit alleging major
copyright infringement. This AAUP letter outlines 16 sets of serious
questions for Google management, and ones that may presage legal
action if not adequately answered. It did not escape this reader that
the AAUP letter includes a deadline of June 20, 2005 by which Google
is expected to respond, and I doubt Google's legal counsel is so dense
as to overlook that either. - [30]RT
Hagedorn, Katerina. "[31]Looking for Pearls" [32]Research
Information (16)(March/April
2005)( -
The [33]Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting has
made it possible to federate access to hundreds of content
repositories world wide. But as the earliest and largest federation
service, [34]OAIster at the University of Michigan is the most
experienced in the problems of unifying access to such a diverse range
of content. Hagedorn identifies issues with the data they harvest,
some normalization procedures they apply, and future plans for the
service. - [35]RT
Jacso, Peter. "Google Scholar: the Pros and the Cons" [36]Online
Information Review 29(2)(2005): 208-214. - In case you haven't heard
enough about Google Scholar, here's an analysis of what it does and
doesn't do. In fine librarian tradition, Jacso subjects the database
to a battery of searches. He then compares these results with what
he'd get using alternative sources. The picture isn't pretty. -
Pennock, Lea, and Rick Bunt. "[38]Whose System Is It, Anyway?
Partnering with Faculty in Administrative System Projects"
[39]EDUCAUSE Quarterly 28(2)(2005): 24-31.
( ). - Librarians are
no strangers to projects that require buy-in from the institution at
large. That's why this article about planning and implementing a new
Student Information System at the University of Saskatchewan may
strike a few chords. The authors report on a successful effort, still
underway at the time of writing, of moving a large project forward in
the unique circumstances of a large academic institution. They worked
to get everyone on board, hired outside consultants when necessary,
and generally tried to maintain a "perception of accomplishment,
productivity and achievement". - [40]LRK
Poynder, Richard. "[41]The Role of Digital Rights Management in Open
Access " [42]INDICARE Monitor
. - This is a very important paper for librarians and open access
advocates to read. The negative view of Digital Rights Management
(DRM), which I confess to holding, is that it is like a silent, deadly
cancer that one discovers too late. We are largely unaware of it
because publishers have not widely chosen to utilize it to actively
control scholarly articles yet. But, once DRM is put in place, it
allows publishers to control how article files are used in
fine-grained ways, regardless of whether they are on the publisher's
server, the user's PC, or in an archive or institutional repository.
Poynder suggests that DRM is like "a two-layered cake. . . . the first
layer consists of metadata that define the usage rules (rights)
associated with the content. Then on top of this can be placed an
(optional) second layer of software-imposed limitations on copying,
printing, viewing etc. (i.e. technical measures) in order to enforce
the usage rules." To control self-archived articles, publishers would
ask authors to archive DRM-protected copies, which "would potentially
become a Trojan horse capable of transforming OA articles into
'pay-per-view objects'." Think this is unlikely? According to Poynder,
Springer Science+Business Media currently "invites" authors to
purchase the PDFs of their articles, which have been protected by
DocuRights. Poynder does not say that Springer has activated
particular restrictions, but they could at some future point. As long
as a publisher controls the copyright to the article, not the author,
the publisher can mandate that its DRM-protected copy of the article
be the self-archived final copy, and it can choose what restrictions
are activated. What if publishers could remotely turn on restrictions
at will? SoftVault Systems holds patents that "specifically claim
technology that enables the remote activation and disablement of
digital content, such as audio, video, text, data and image files."
what to do? The SPARC Author's Addendum modifies "the publisher's
agreement to make explicit the fact that the author is retaining
sufficient rights to self-archive, and to also require that the
publisher provides a free PDF version of the article--moreover, with
no DRM functionality incorporated into it." Of course, authors can
also attempt to retain copyright. But either strategy may imperil the
publication of the author's paper. OK, enough gloom. Poynder also
points out that DRM can be used for the author's benefit "to ensure
correct author attribution, to certify document integrity and
provenance, to prevent plagiarism, and indeed to enable creators
assert their rights in ways that encourage--rather than
restrict--access." (This issue also contains several other articles
about DRM issues that will be of interest.) - [43]CB
Shirky, Clay. "[44]Ontology is Overrated: Categories, Links, and
Tags" [45]Clay Shirky's Writings About the Internet (Spring
2005)( - Shirky is
not a librarian, but he has a lot to say about library classification
schemes. And most of it isn't complimentary. "One of the biggest
problems with categorizing things in advance," he states, "is that it
forces the categorizers to take on two jobs that have historically
been quite hard: mind reading, and fortune telling. It forces
categorizers to guess what their users are thinking, and to make
predictions about the future." Catalogers in particular will want to
come to this piece with as open a mind as they can muster, and wait on
interjecting until reading through the entire piece. Shirky is well
worth reading, because even if you don't agree, simply thinking
through his points and carefully will likely make you think of more
possibilities than you came to this piece with. And that alone is
worth the price of admission. - [46]RT
Sternstein, Aliya. "[47]'Tomahtoes' Get in the Way of Saving
E-Records" [48]Federal Computer Week (23 May
2005)( - "When it
comes to managing electronic records, technologists may say 'tomato,'
but archivists will say 'tomahto.' The differences may seem subtle,
but they often result in a breakdown in communications that undermines
the effort to protect e-records." This is an interesting take on the
disconnect between archivists and historians when it comes to the
retention and preservation of electronic records, such as back-up
tapes, e-mail, electronic calendars, etc. In particular, it discusses
the uproar after the [49]National Archives and Records Administration
( NARA ) placed a notice in the Federal Register that it planned "to get
rid of Clinton-era backup tapes." Of course, a large part of the whole
e-records conundrum is that fact that the original
software/media/hardware used to create the records may not be around
anymore, which essentially renders the information inaccessible.
brings IT people into the mix. Better communication among all parties
concerned is obviously vital. - [50]SK
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