June 2005
Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [Roy.Tennant@UCOP.EDU]
at 2/07/2005 12:53 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU [CurrentCites] Current Cites, June 200
June 2005
Edited by [2]Roy Tennant
Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Terry Huwe, [5]Shirl
Kennedy, [6]Leo Robert Klein, Jim Ronningen, [7]Roy Tennant
[8]LITA Blog ( http://litablog.org/ ). - LITA's new weblog has blasted
off in a big way with extensive coverage of the American Library
Association's recent annual conference. Even the French blog
BiblioAcid [9]took notice. Here are some sample postings from the
postings that currently available: "[10]Eric Lease Morgan's Top
Technology Trends, 2005"; "[11]Giving Them 'Google-Like' Searching";
"[12]Greenstone Digital Libraries: Installation to Production";
"[13]Karen's Uber-Trend"; "[14]Leo Klein's Top Technology Trends";
"[15]LITA President's Program (Take Dos)"; "[16]Marshall Breeding's
Top Technology Trends"; "[17]Radio Frequency Identification Technology
in Libraries: Meeting with the RFID Experts"; "[18]Tennant's Top Tech
Trend Tidbit"; "[19]Thomas Dowling's Non-Trends from the Trailing
Edge"; and "[20]Using Usage Data." - [21]CB
[22]Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata: Final Report of the
PREMIS Working Group Dublin , OH : OCLC and RLG, May
final.pdf). -
This data dictionary is the culminating deliverable by a large,
distinguished, and international group of individuals participating in
the [23]Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies (PREMIS)
working group, sponsored by OCLC and RLG. As stated in the
introduction, "The Data Dictionary defines and describes an
implementable set of core preservation metadata with broad
applicability to digital preservation respositories." - [24]RT
[25]FRBR in 21st Century Catalogues: An Invitational Workshop Dublin ,
- In May 2005 OCLC hosted an invitational workshop on the
[26]Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records (FRBR) and the
various methods and techniques of implementing the concepts described
in that report within library catalog systems. This web site offers
PowerPoint slides from nearly all of the presenters at that workshop.
- [27]RT
Acharya, Anurag, Matt Cutts, and Jeffrey Dean, et.
al.[28]Information Retrieval Based on Historical Data Washington , DC :
US Patent and Trademark Office, 31 March
050071741%22.PGNR.&OS=DN/20050071741&RS=DN/20050071741). - We cite a
lot of strange things in Current Cites, but this is the first time I
recall citing a patent application. But perhaps we could be forgiven
for doing so, since this is the application for the ranking algorithm
that has created the most successful Internet search engine so far,
and an economic powerhouse that now rivals much older companies such
as [29]Time Warner. I'm not exactly sure what you can do with this --
legally, at least -- but it can make for some fascinating reading for
anyone who has been wondering what, exactly, is under the hood of
their favorite search engine. - [30]RT
Agosto, Denise E, and Sandra Hughes-Hassell. "[31]People, Places, and
Auestions: An Investigation of the Everyday Life Information-Seeking
Behaviors of Urban Young Adults" [32]Library & Information Science
Research 27(2)(Spring 2005): 141-163.
( http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6W5R-4FPYWX3-2/2/
6a11c57e213175729bc0360d00). - Interesting look at the general
information seeking behavior of 'urban', predominantly
African-American, teens including their attitudes to libraries.
information needs ranged from what to wear to how late the local Red
Lobster was open. The authors report that teen attitudes to libraries
wasn't all that favorable. Teens preferred friends, family and even TV
as sources of information. Their communication device of choice was
the cell-phone followed by the TV. The authors discuss interviews they
conducted in some detail and suggest ways for libraries to do a better
job at reaching out. - [33]LRK
Beagrie, Neil. "[34]Plenty of Room at the Bottom? Personal Digital
Libraries and Collections " [35]D-Lib Magazine 11(6)(June
2005)(http://www.dlib.org/dlib/june05/beagrie/06beagrie.html). -
Here's something we don't think enough about: where will all those
digital photos and videos end up? What about the blog entries that
generations to come will spend a lifetime producing? The totality of
our individual digital output is what the author calls our "personal
digital collection". This collection, our digital legacy in fact, will
become as important as traditional personal papers have been in the
past. Serious consideration is required then to preserve and give
access to these collections. The author goes through a number of
interesting ideas and implications. - [36]LRK
Beck, Ernest. "Customize This" [37]I.D. 52(4)(June 2005):
57-59. -
The ramifications of personally customizable information systems got
some of the biggest buzz at the Library & Information Technology
Association sessions within the American Library Association annual
conference, which just took place in Chicago . If you're keeping tabs
on the manifestations of digital DIY, read this article about product
customization and individualized fabrication - and I don't mean lying,
I mean making. The technology exists for desktop prototyping and
manufacturing on a small scale, inexpensively done, with tools which
don't require extensive training for the end user. If for no other
reason, information professionals should spend a few minutes just to
absorb the zeitgeist and understand the younger clientele, who scoff
at the old paradigm of products handed down from on high to a passive
consumer. The article may serve as an appetizer for Neil Gershenfeld's
recent book, FAB: The Coming Revolution on Your Desktop--From Personal
Computers to Personal Fabrication, in which young kids in a Fab Lab
design and manufacture toys, and a transmitter network is built to
track a herd of reindeer in northern Norway . This is revolutionary in
the same way that the localization of processes like publishing and
sound mixing has been. A technologically precocious childhood friend
of mine, the first person I knew in the 70's to utter the words "fiber
optic cable," later explained her career in manufacturing by saying
"Well, somebody's gotta make things." Looks like somebody can be just
about anybody. - JR
Bridis, Ted. "[38]Web Site Makes Gov't. Reports Available" [39]ABC
News (from the Associated Press) (27 June
Feeds0312). - Our taxes pay for them. They are not copyrighted or
otherwise protected by law. But it's never been really easy to get our
hands on Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports. CRS, which is
part of the Library of Congress, maintains that it works specifically
for Congress, which is why it doesn't automatically release its
reports to the public as they are completed. But various entities have
made a practice of collecting and aggregating these reports over the
years, and the Internet has facilitated our access to them. The
[40]Center for Democracy and Technology, "a Washington-based civil
liberties group," has just launched a website, [41]Open CRS, that
"links more than a half-dozen existing collections of nearly 8,000
reports from the Congressional Research Service and centrally indexes
them so visitors can find reports containing specific terms or
phrases." The site encourages visitors to ask for reports from their
congressional representatives and to upload any reports they have
available. It also maintains links to the larger online repositories
of CRS reports...but not [42]the new one recently launched by the
University of North Texas Libraries. - [43]SK
Electronic Frontier Foundation. [44]Legal Guide for Bloggers San
Francisco: Electronic Frontier Foundation,
2005.(http://www.eff.org/bloggers/lg/). - Your're a blogger, not a
journalist or publisher, right? Guess what? You have the same legal
obligations as the big guys, but without the specialized training and
the troop of lawyers to back you up. Bonne chance! If you live in the
US, you need the Electronic Frontier Foundation's Legal Guide for
Bloggers. Of course it "isn't a substitute for, nor does it
constitute, legal advice," but are you really going to hire a lawyer
to vet your blog? Bloglines recently [45]announced that it indexes
over 500 million blog entries. That's a lot of billable hours. So,
here's what the EFF guide offers instead: "The Bloggers' FAQ on
Election Law," "The Bloggers' FAQ on Intellectual Property," "The
Bloggers' FAQ on Labor Law," "The Bloggers' FAQ on Online Defamation
Law," "Overview of Legal Liability Issues," "The Bloggers' FAQ on
Media Access," "The Bloggers' FAQ on Privacy," "The Bloggers' FAQ on
the Reporter's Privilege," and "The Bloggers' FAQ on Section 230
Protections." Since it's free, it's way cheaper than getting a J.D.,
and it's in plain English. Sure, it looks a bit overwhelming; however,
as the EFF says: "But here's the important part: None of this should
stop you from blogging. Freedom of speech is the foundation of a
functioning democracy, and Internet bullies shouldn't use the law to
stifle legitimate free expression." - [46]CB
Fox, Robert. "Psychology of Virtual Architecture. " [47]OCLC Systems
& Services 21(2)(2005): 100-104. - The author finds similarities
between the architecture of a library's physical plant and its online
presence. Indeed he goes so far as to say, "the web is the abstract
counterpart to the physical architecture of a library." Questions such
as graphic design and layout are fundamental to both manifestations;
So is being user-friendly and satisfying task-oriented user needs. As
the author sees it, 'we are attempting via the web site to guide our
patrons to their desired information goal using the shortest path
possible while attempting to create an experience that is at least
marginally satisfying while reducing frustration.' - [48]LRK
Houghton, Sarah. "I've Been Framed! Designing a Library Web Site
Within a Government Frame. " [49]Computers in Libraries 25(6)(June
2005): 6-8, 48. - With all the talk about ERP's (or Enterprise-wide
systems), this article about what libraries can do to fit in comes at
just the right time. The author stresses that this kind of arrangement
can be far from ideal. Indeed, many of her recommendations involve
finding ways to contrast the library's material from the surrounding
non-library navigation/context. She recommends working with the host
institution wherever possible though her "best solution" is simply to
break out of the institutional shackles and set up an independent
site. This last of course may not always be possible. - [50]LRK
King, Julia. "[51]The Paperless Hospital -- Really!"
[52]Computerworld (13 June
/story/0,10801,102387,00.html). - This article describes the "all
electronic environment" at [53]Baptist Medical Center South (BMCS), a
"small, 92-bed community hospital" in Jacksonville , FL. Much larger,
more prestigious hospitals have failed spectacularly in their efforts
to go all-electronic, but BMCS adopted that culture right from the
very beginning -- first by getting buy-in from area physicians.
"Today, physicians at the brand-new hospital make their rounds toting
wireless devices to check lab results, view X-rays, update charts,
order prescriptions and send and receive e-mail." A key element here
is the hospital's 10-person informatics group of "technology-savvy
clinicians," headed by a registered nurse. The groups communications
the needs of doctors and nurses to the 65-member IT staff. "Having
wireless access to previous test results in a fully electronic medical
record is especially valuable to doctors in the emergency room, says
physician Ted Glasser." All in all, very cool. Worth reading. - [54]SK
Sale, Arthur. "[55]De-unifying a Digital Library" [56]First Monday
10(5)(2 May 2005)(http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_5/
- Sale describes the University of Tasmania 's decision to create a
single, unified digital library for all its research output, including
articles, conference papers, higher degree theses, and faculty
research data. He describes the repository approach, which mirrors
several others underway around the world, but goes further, creating a
single online environment for all users. This sounds a lot like many
past efforts to create "integrated library systems," portals and other
single-platform Web environments. It differs insofar as it doubles an
as open access venture, offering, if it passes the test of time, an
enterprise-level solution to other universities who have programming
FTE but might be short on cash. - [57]TH
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July 2005
Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [Roy.Tennant@UCOP.EDU]
Mon 25/07/2005 9:36 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU [CurrentCites] Current Cites, July 2005
Current Cites July 2005
Edited by [2]Roy Tennant
Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Shirl Kennedy, [5] Roy
"[6]Tenth Anniversary Issue" [7]D-Lib Magazine 11(7/8)(July/August
2005)(http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july05/07contents.html). - This
anniversary issue celebrates ten years of publication. From its
[8]first issue, D-Lib Magazine has been a key resource for those
interested in digital library technologies and techniques. One of the
strengths of the magazine has been its ability to attract important,
useful articles from both the computer science and library science
communities, and therefore serve as a common meeting ground where we
can collaborate to further our common goals. As an example, even the
first issue mixed an article on metadata from a librarian (Stu Weibel
from OCLC) with an article on digital library architectures from a
computer scientist (Bill Arms from Cornell). The anniversary issue
appropriately inludes pieces from those two contributors as well as a
number of other leading lights from both disciplines. Current Cites
salutes the D-Lib Magazine anniversary, in particular since pieces
from that source are cited frequently in our own publication. May
D-Lib Magazine have many, many good years ahead. - [9]RT
Dietz, Roland, and Carl Grant. "[10]The Dis-Integrating World of
Library Automation" [11]Library Journal (15 June
2005)(http://libraryjournal.com/article/CA606392.html). - Dietz and
Grant are by no means the first to advocate busting apart the
integrated library system into interoperable components. Andrew Pace
(in his [12]February 1, 2004 Library Journal cover article) has
certainly said as much, as have others. But what makes this piece so
ground-breaking is that it is written by two leaders of library
systems companies. In other words, these are the very folks with the
power to put what they say into play. Skeptics may say they want to
see them "put their money where their mouth is," but if so Dietz and
Grant can point to the [13]Vendor Initiative for Enabling Web Services
(VIEWS) as evidence that they are serious. - [14]RT
Gardner, Susannah. "[15]Time to Check: Are You Using the Right
Blogging Tool?" [16]Online Journalism Review (14 July
2005)(http://www.ojr.org/ojr/stories/050714gardner/). - Blog we must,
but how? And what's a trackback, anyway? Try this handy analysis of
major blogging software, complete with a blogging terminology guide.
Not to be missed is the link to the detailed "Blog software comparison
chart." Before you know it you'll be moblogging and using
bookmarklets. - [17]CB
Mills, Elinor. "[18]In Canada : Cache a Page, Go to Jail?" [19]CNET
News.com (19 July
28_3-5793659.html?tag=cd.top). - Is it the beginning of the end for
search engines? In Canada , a bill under consideration (Bill C-60)
appears to make the storage and provision of crawled Web pages
illegal. According to copyright attorney Howard Knopf: "The way it
reads, arguably what they're saying is that the very act of making a
reproduction by way of caching is illegal." Search engines could face
a legal environment where they could be much more easily sued unless
Web pages were removed whenever copyright holders requested it. Of
course, this potential law has generated quite a buzz. A [20]posting
on Traffick takes a calmer view and provides a link to an analysis of
the situation by Eric Goldman. It's worth a look. - [21]CB
Quint, Barbara. "[22]OCLC Pilots Traditional Libraries into Web
Services" [23]NewsBreaks (5 July
2005)(http://www.infotoday.com/newsbreaks/nb050705-2.shtml). - We all
know that many of our users are using Google for what they formerly
used their local library to accomplish. And if they fail in Google,
they may not think to fall back on us. So what to do? The best thing
may be to meet them where they are -- in Google. But how? It clearly
takes a big play, which no single library is really equipped to do.
Enter OCLC. Their [24]Open WorldCat program makes it possible for
Google and Yahoo users to discover library materials in their search
results. But as Barbara Quint reports in this article, OCLC sees that
as merely the wedge into a wide array of library-based services.
Having noted that some of the inquiries they were getting from users
were reference questions and others were requests to buy the book,
OCLC is now moving to serve those needs and still others as well.
end result for us is likely seeing some of the users we lost with the
advent of Google being redirected back to us from Google when
appropriate. Wouldn't that be nice. - [25]RT
Talbot, David. "[26]The Fading Memory of the State" [27]Technology
Review (July
ory.asp). - The [28]National Archives and Records Administration
( NARA ) has a big problem. Because "(e)lectronic records rot much
faster than paper ones," NARA has got to quickly develop a way of
saving the "tsunami" of contemporary digital government records. "It
is confronting thousands of incompatible data formats cooked up by the
computer industry over the past several decades, not to mention the
limited lifespan of electronic storage media themselves." The
Declaration of Independence , the Constitution and other core
documents, "written on durable calfskin parchment," live in sealed
glass cases, immersed in protective argon gas. NARA has hired two
contractors, Harris Corporation and Lockheed Martin, to come up with a
similar durable means of storage for digital records. A secondary
issue is that many electronic records are simply not being retained in
the first place. Organizations in the private sector are, of course,
facing similar crises, but the sheer size and scope of NARA 's
situation is a problem of unimaginable complexity. And because the
agency has no good system for absorbing more data, a staggering
backlog of electronic records hangs in limbo at countless federal
agencies. This article talks about research efforts and potential
solutions to NARA 's situation. - [29]SK
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Turns 15 years old  
Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [Roy.Tennant@UCOP.EDU]
Mon 8/08/2005 11:47 PM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU [CurrentCites] Current Cites Turns 15 This Month
The popular current awareness service "Current Cites" turns 15 years old this month. The monthly electronic newsletter features citations and evaluative abstracts of articles in information technology and librarianship considered by the Current Cites team as the most significant for that month. Sources of citations include
professional magazines, journals, web sites and occasionally books.
The newsletter goes out to a subscription base of over 3,000 individual subscribers and is either forwarded or featured in additional mailing lists, online forums, paper publications, and blogs. Each issue typically contains about a dozen one-paragraph citations, distributed toward the end of each month. Currency is the publication's strength, with some sources appearing only days (or
hours!) before it is cited and published in Current Cites.
Distribution was far different with Issue Number One. That came out as a paper insert to the library newsletter at UC Berkeley. The original intent was to provide an in-house guide to the rapidly expanding literature in information science. Soon however, the first electronic version became available through the University of California MELVYL system. Next came distribution through the PACS-L mailing list, and subsequently through a myriad of systems and protocols that reads like a glossary to technology in the 1990's:
FTP, Gopher, WAIS, and finally the Web. Most recently, Current Cites completed a move to WebJunction.org, a library support site managed by OCLC and supported in part by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Current Cites has always been a volunteer operation, with no budget to its name but simply a team of committed individuals.
The Current Cites team consists of 7 tech-savvy librarians. Their contrasting interests and styles serves to give each annotation a distinctive personal touch. This monthly dive into the literature in order to fish out the pearls is easily as rewarding to the team as the final product hopefully is to the public. Otherwise it would be hard to explain the service's longevity. Nevertheless, as founder and editor Roy Tennant admitted to American Libraries in 2001, "It still amazes me that we have continuously published this resource month after month for almost 11 years." Make that 15 years!
Current Cites is available for online browsing at < Error! Hyperlink reference not valid. > or email subscription at < Error! Hyperlink reference not valid. >.
•  The Current Cites Team
August 2005
Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [Roy.Tennant@UCOP.EDU]
Thu 1/09/2005 3:17 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU [CurrentCites] Current Cites, August 2005
Current Cites < http://lists.webjunction.org/currentcites/ >
Current Cites, August 2005
Edited by Roy Tennant < http://roytennant.com/ >
Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr. < http://www.escholarlypub.com/cwb/bailey.htm > , Terry Huwe < http://iir.berkeley.edu/faculty/huwe/ > , Shirl Kennedy < http://www.uncagedlibrarian.com/ > , Leo Robert Klein < http://leoklein.com/ > , Jim Ronningen, Roy Tennant < http://roytennant.com/ >
Editor's Note: With this issue Current Cites celebrates 180 months of continuous free publication (15 years for readers who are math challenged). This all-volunteer operation began as an in-house publication at the UC Berkeley Library, created by the Library Technology Watch Program, now defunct. Current Cites took on a life of its own, however, and remains one of the few early free Internet-distributed publications still in existence. Thanks for sticking with us, since we have entirely too much fun doing it to want to stop. If you're curious about our early history (including what the first issue looked like), see our history < http://lists.webjunction.org/currentcites/history.html > page.
"Testing the Barriers to Digital Libraries: A Study Seeking Copyright Permission to Digitize Published Works" New Library World < http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0307-4803.htm > 106(7)(2005):332-342. - Interesting look at what it takes to get permission to digitize a printed work. Librarians at Carnegie Mellon took a random sampling of titles off the shelf, still under copyright, and then proceeded to ask publishers if they could digitize the material. About a quarter said yes. Academic and non-profit institutions were likelier to give their consent. Overall the authors list their results as "disappointing", emphasizing that such an exercise can be extremely complex and lengthy. On the plus side, the effort helped define "best candidates" and this in turn helped improve outcomes. - LRK < http://leoklein.com/ >
Aula, Ann, and Mika Kaaki."Less is More in Web Search Interfaces for Older Adults < http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/aula/ > " First Monday < http://www.firstmonday.org/ > 10(7)(4 July 2005)( http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/aula/ ). - The authors have been studying how older Web users face obstacles in using the Internet, and now they have designed an elderly-friendly search tool called Etsin. They conducted usability studies to compare their search tool with Google -- the search engine of choice for most casual Web users. They found that their own product was easier for the elderly to use than Google, mainly due to a very simple design interface. User experience is improved by decreasing the number of features to choose from, they argue, helping elderly searchers feel more in control of the online experience. Unsurprisingly, they further argue that consulting with elderly users (via focus groups, etc) is a critical step in interface design. Even though this seems an obvious requirement, there's an implication here that even now, designers can forget this crucial step. They also find that visual icons have higher value among the elderly as visual cues -- and that novice users benefit the most from an emphasis on iconography. - TH < http://iir.berkeley.edu/faculty/huwe/ >
Cohen, Laura B.."Finding Scholarly Content on the Web: From Google Scholar to RSS Feeds" Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries < http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlpubs/choice/Home.htm > 42(Web IX)(September 2005):7-17. - After a hiatus, Laura Cohen is back in the Choice special Web issue with another nicely organized overview of current web technology useful for academic research. Bombarded as we are with news of recent innovations, it is hard to see the forest for the trees sometimes, and this article takes the step back for you. In her discussion of search engines, concept clustering, scholarly content in the deep web, blogs and RSS feeds, she always does a thorough job of describing what behaviors to expect from the tools and what particular use they can be put to in an academic setting. Librarians in other types of libraries should read it, too - while the sample searches and subjects are appropriate for the intended readership, the knowledge to be gained about web technology is good for all. For further exploration, Cohen appends a complete list of sources cited. - JR
Crawford, Walt."Investigating the Biblioblogosphere < http://cites.boisestate.edu/v5i10b.htm > " Cites & Insights: Crawford at Large < http://cites.boisestate.edu/ > 5(10)(2005):2-13. ( http://cites.boisestate.edu/v5i10b.htm ). - In this article, Crawford ranks top library Weblogs (blogs) on various criteria (see the Wikipedia entry for blogosphere < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blogosphere > to help decipher the article's title). Over 200 blogs were winnowed down to 60 finalists using a weighted "reach" formula that took into account Bloglines readership data and AlltheWeb, Google, and MSN "link:" search data (see the analysis spreadsheet < http://waltcrawford.name/liblograw.xls > ). Blogs were then analyzed on a variety of criteria (e.g., starting date, frequency of posts, total and average length of posts, and number of comments) for specific periods in 2005 (see the expanded spreadsheet < http://waltcrawford.name/liblog60.xls > ). Blogs were then grouped by "reach" into three groups. Needless to say, this study provoked considerable comment, especially by library bloggers (blogging is one of the most personal forms of publication and ego investment is likely to be high). One of the most interesting follow-up postings was "Library Blogs and Google PageRank < http://lorenzen.blogspot.com/2005/08/library-blogs-and-google-pagerank.html > " by Michael Lorenzen, whose analysis suggests a different rank order for library blogs, although some blogs, such as the ResearchBuzz, remained top blogs in the biblioblogosphere. - CB < http://www.escholarlypub.com/cwb/bailey.htm >
Dueze, Mark."Towards Professional Participatory Storytelling in Journalism and Advertising < http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/deuze/ > " First Monday < http://www.firstmonday.org/ > 10(7)(4 July 2005)(http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/deuze/). - Dueze surveys the potential of the Web -- the "graphic interface" of the Internet -- to change how stories are presented, perceived and can be modified. Media professionals in particular are faced with "fascinating opportunities as well as vexing dilemmas." The same might be said of the majority of us, as we face the Web, yet Dueze's analysis of the meaning of narrative, visual display of story, and the relationship between 'connectivity' and 'content' is insightful. It can be boiled down to the new ascendance of participation in the narrative experience, which blurs the line between community (or social interaction) and the Web as a pipeline or utility. The challenges of being distinctive in the new media are 'supercharging' the dialogue about how to use the Web, which has been an ongoing theme in all media professions' witness Jay Rosen, Dean of Journalism at NYU's remark on Blogs: "The system was, 'here's our news, take it or leave it;' now, sovereignty over the story is shifting." (New York Times, April 1, 2004, p. E3). Dueze presents the history of media, broadening the exploration with recent examples of hybrid forms of storytelling. He pulls theoretical analysis back to the real-world challenges facing media professionals, who now have to grapple with ideas like "co-creation" with customers, Blogs that rebut the press, etc. This is one of those articles where media analysis meets cultural studies, and the result is worth reading for anyone who manages digital media and conversations. - TH < http://iir.berkeley.edu/faculty/huwe/ >
Hands, Joss."E-Deliberation and Local Governance: The Role of Computer Mediated Communication in Local Democratic Participation in the United Kingdom < http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/hands/ > " First Monday < http://www.firstmonday.org/ > 10(7)(4 July 2005)(http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/hands/). - Hands evaluates how local government Web sites in the United Kingdom are actually operating during a period when 'e-government' is being pushed more and more. The Web sites are designed to encourage and facilitate democratic deliberation, and are accumulating a great deal of information on how users view government Web sites. He poses the question, "To what end, and on whose terms, are citizens being encouraged to engage local government via computer-mediated communication?" To find out what the user traffic tells us, he examines 469 local government Web sites, reviewing the contextual evidence. He finds that while interaction is being encouraged, it remains limited and leans toward individualistic expressions rather than a communal dialogue where many people share common interests and discussion streams. - TH < http://iir.berkeley.edu/faculty/huwe/ >
Hill , Michael ."Libraries Offering Audiobook Downloads < http://news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/libraries_book_downloads > " Associated Press (via Yahoo! News) < http://news.yahoo.com/ > (26 August 2005)(http://news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/ap/libraries_book_downloads). - I work in a military library < http://www.tblc.org/macdill/ > and audio books are wildly popular with my customers, who are often on the move and lack the time to read dead.tree literature. And though we don't offer these yet at my library, what could be more convenient than downloadable audio books -- available for checkout 7/24/365? Basically, all the customer has to do is go to a library-specific website, browse the virtual stacks and download something that looks good. After three weeks or whatever standard loan period has been established, the downloaded files expire -- e.g., go dead and can no longer be played. The downloadable audio books space for libraries is dominated by OverDrive < http://dlrinc.com/ > and OCLC's NetLibrary < http://netlibrary.com/Gateway.aspx > . People can listen to the books on their computers or on portable media players. One huge fly in the ointment is that these library download services are geared toward Windows users, meaning the files are not compatible with Apple's operating system or the iPod -- which holds the lion's share of the portable media player market. While iPod users can still listen to audio books purchased from Audible.com < http://www.audible.com/ > or the iTunes store < http://www.apple.com/itunes/ > , they will not be able to take advantage of the free service offered by their libraries -- although some libraries are buying and loaning out compatible media players to their customers. - SK < http://www.uncagedlibrarian.com/ >
Hirschheim, Rudy."The Internet-Based Education Bandwagon: Look Before You Leap" Communications of the ACM < http://www.acm.org/pubs/cacm/ > 48(7)(July 2005):97-101. - Fascinating questions are raised in this article about what exactly we're getting when we shift from a traditional classroom environment to web-based instruction. Are we providing a better product or are we merely tailoring it to fit the medium, and is that necessarily a good thing? The author warns against a "more standardized, minimalist product targeted for a mass market". He goes on, "the new delivery mode is pushing change, and universities must consider if they are happy with the direction being taken." The best outcome is "a judicious mixture of Internet and lecture content". - LRK < http://leoklein.com/ >
Marmion, Dan, Eric Flower, and D. Scott Brandt, et. al."Celebrating 25 Years of CIL Magazine" Computers in Libraries < http://www.infotoday.com/cilmag/ > 25(7)(July/August 2005):10-15. - Trip down memory lane for a number of contributors to Computers in Libraries in celebration of the magazine's 25th anniversary. Originally called Small Computers in Libraries, the magazine happily shook off the "Small" bit in 1989. Included along with the reminiscences are a number of magazine covers down through the ages, demonstrating not only how far our technology has come but our graphic skills as well! Lovely. - LRK < http://leoklein.com/ >
Morrison, Heather." Dramatic Growth of Open Access: Revised Update < http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.com/2005/08/dramatic-growth-of-open-access-revised.html > " The Imaginary Journal of Poetic Economics < http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.com/ > (20 August 2005)(http://poeticeconomics.blogspot.com/2005/08/dramatic-growth-of-open-access-revised.html). - This posting uses various metrics to estimate the growth of open access (OA) materials, such as Directory of Open Access Journals < http://www.doaj.org/ > entries, OAIster < http://oaister.umdl.umich.edu/o/oaister/ > records, the number of free back issues from Highwire Press < http://highwire.stanford.edu/lists/freeart.dtl > , and the number of BioMedCentral titles < http://www.biomedcentral.com/ > . One of the most striking statistics is the dramatic increase in the number of OAIster records: there were 3.7 million records in November 2004 and 5.7 million records in August 2005. Two million metadata records for digital works added in nine months! Of course, that number excludes works that are not in OAI-PMH-compliant archives or repositories, such as personal Websites, so it is only a partial measure of self-archiving and other non-journal-publishing OA activities. OA journals listed in the DOAJ increased from about 1,400 in 2/05 to 1,683 in 8/05; the number of journals published by BioMedCentral jumped from about 100 to 139 in the same period. Clearly, OA is continuing to gain ground at an impressive clip, especially on the self-archiving side of the equation. - CB < http://www.escholarlypub.com/cwb/bailey.htm >
Parker, Kimberly, and Daniel Dollar."E-Terminology: Why Do I Need to Know What You Mean?" portal: Libraries and the Academy < http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/pla/ > 5(3)(July 2005):421-426. - When historians finally record this stage in our digital research culture, I do hope they go beyond such simplistic statements as, 'and then it all became available online'. The authors here point out how complicated and confusing access to subscription-based resources can be. "As digital resources librarians," they observe, "we live in a world of platforms, gateways, packages, and aggregations." Their proposed solution, developing "precisely defined terminology", sounds a bit iffy, but they rightly stress the need for librarians to help make sense of this mishmash, "distilling", as they put it, "the important aspects of these definitions for readers". - LRK < http://leoklein.com/ >
Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition. Sponsorships for Nonprofit Scholarly & Scientific Journals: A Guide to Defining & Negotiating Successful Sponsorships < http://www.arl.org/sparc/resources/Sponsorship_Guide.pdf > Washington , DC : SPARC, July 2005.(http://www.arl.org/sparc/resources/Sponsorship_Guide.pdf). - SPARC has long tried to help libraries, universities, professional societies, and others open access to scholarly research and publication. From pieces like "Getting Your Journal Indexed" to this latest publication, SPARC has tried to advise and assist those starting open access journals and other types of open access publications. Sections of this 59-page PDF include Evaluating the Potential for Journal Sponsorships, Planning the Journal's Sponsorship Program, Negotiating Sponsorships, and Sources Cited & Further Reading. For someone new to creating a financially viable open access journal, publications like this are invaluable. - RT < http://roytennant.com/ >
Singer, David, and Sara Moulton Reger."The Many Facets of Complexity < http://www.research.ibm.com/thinkresearch/pages/2004/20041130_think.shtml > " IBM Think Research < http://www.research.ibm.com/thinkresearch/ > (2005)(http://www.research.ibm.com/thinkresearch/pages/2004/20041130_think.shtml). - No one sets out to make a poorly designed website. One of the inevitable culprits often is unnecessary complexity. The Research Team at IBM looks at complexity from an organizational standpoint, identifying problems and offering possible solutions. Part of a much larger and generally excellent series of reports and articles on Systems Development from the good people at IBM. - LRK < http://leoklein.com/ >
Topping, Darren, and Geraint Evans."Public libraries in Belfast and the Troubles, 1969-1994" Library Management < http://www.emeraldinsight.com/0143-5124.htm > 26(6)(2005):373-385. - Most of us are familiar with the stresses and stains that normally face an urban library system but what about a system in the midst of a prolonged civil conflict? In Belfast , during the "Troubles", libraries were repeatedly damaged as a consequence (often indirect) of bombings, people were shot at, one library was fire-bombed. The "Troubles" affected service hours, staffing levels and even collection development. The article relates that librarians "had to walk an extremely cautious line in terms of remaining valid within the community and remaining neutral." Often this wasn't possible. - LRK < http://leoklein.com/ >
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D-Lib Magazine
April 2005

dlib-subscribers-admin@dlib.org; on behalf of; Bonnie Wilson [bwilson@cnri.reston.va.us] Sat 16/04/2005 3:04 AM
DLib-subscribers [Dlib-subscribers] The April 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available
The April 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( http://www.dlib.org/ ) is now available.
This issue contains four articles, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'. The Featured Collection for April is 'IMAGES: Seeing the Invisible' courtesy of William Lewis and James L.
Burch, Southwest Research Institute.
The articles include:
Social Bookmarking Tools (I): A General Overview Tony Hammond, Timo Hannay, Ben Lund and Joanna Scott, Nature Publishing Group
Social Bookmarking Tools (II): A Case Study - Connotea Ben Lund, Tony Hammond and Timo Hannay, Nature Publishing Group; and Martin Flack, NeoReality, Inc.
Initial Experiences in Developing a Chronologically Organized Digital Library for Continuing Education in Biodefense Donna M. D'Alessandro, MD and Michael P. D'Alessandro, MD, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Survey of the Providers of Electronic Publications Holding Contracts with Spanish University Libraries Blanca Rodriguez Bravo and Maria Luisa Alvite Diez, University of Leon
D-Lib has mirror sites at the following locations:
UKOLN, University of Bath , Bath , England
The Australian National University , Canberra , Australia
State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen,
Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires , Argentina
Academia Sinica, Taipei , Taiwan
BN - National Library of Portugal , Portugal
(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the April 2005
issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later. There is
a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States
and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)
Bonnie Wilson
D-Lib Magazine
May 2005
Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Bonnie Wilson [bwilson@CNRI.RESTON.VA.US]
Tue 17/05/2005 2:27 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU The May 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available

The May 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( http://www.dlib.org/ ) is now available.
This issue contains four articles, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'. The Featured Collection for May is Raid on Deerfield : The Many Stories of 1704, courtesy of Lynne Spichiger, Juliet Jacobson, and the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association/Memorial Hall Museum.
The articles include:
The Museum and the Media Divide: Building and Using Digital Collections at the Instituto de Cultura Puertoriquena W. Brent Seales and George V. Landon, University of Kentucky
The Cultural Heritage Language Technologies Consortium Jeffrey Rydberg-Cox, University of Missouri , Kansas City
Influencing User Behavior through Digital Library Design: An Example from the Geosciences Cathy A. Manduca, Ellen R. Iverson, and Sean Fox, Carleton College ; and Flora McMartin, MERLOT
What Readers Want: A Study of E-Fiction Usability Chrysanthi Malama, Macedonian Museum of Contemporary Art; Monica Landoni, University of Strathclyde; and Ruth Wilson, Scotproof
D-Lib has mirror sites at the following locations:
UKOLN, University of Bath , Bath , England http://mirrored.ukoln.ac.uk/lis-journals/dlib/
The Australian National University , Canberra , Australia http://dlib.anu.edu.au/
State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/edoc/aw/d-lib/
Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires , Argentina http://www.dlib.org.ar
Academia Sinica, Taipei , Taiwan
BN - National Library of Portugal , Portugal
(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the May 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later. There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)
Bonnie Wilson
D-Lib Magazine
June 2005
Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Bonnie Wilson [bwilson@CNRI.RESTON.VA.US]
Sat 18/06/2005 12:32 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU The June 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available
The June 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( http://www.dlib.org/ ) is now available.
This issue contains a commentary, three articles, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'. The Featured Collection for June is The Open Collections Program at the Harvard University Library, contributed by Thomas J. Michalak, Christine Madsen, and Megan Hurst.
The Commentary is "Plenty of Room at the Bottom? Personal Digital Libraries and Collections" by Neil Beagrie.
The articles include:
A Standards-based Solution for the Accurate Transfer of Digital Assets Jeroen Bekaert, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Ghent University; and Herbert Van de Sompel, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Digital Preservation: Architecture and Technology for Trusted Digital Repositories Ronald Jantz and Michael J. Giarlo, Rutgers University
Building Interoperability for United Kingdom Historic Environment Information Resources Edmund Lee, English Heritage
D-Lib has mirror sites at the following locations:
UKOLN, University of Bath , Bath , England http://mirrored.ukoln.ac.uk/lis-journals/dlib/
The Australian National University , Canberra , Australia http://dlib.anu.edu.au/
State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany http://webdoc.sub.gwdg.de/edoc/aw/d-lib/
Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires , Argentina http://www.dlib.org.ar
Academia Sinica, Taipei , Taiwan
BN - National Library of Portugal , Portugal
(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the June 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later. There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)
Bonnie Wilson
D-Lib Magazine
July/August 2005
Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Bonnie Wilson [bwilson@CNRI.RESTON.VA.US]
Tue 19/07/2005 5:46 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU The July/August 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available
The July/August 2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( http://www.dlib.org/ ) is now available.
This tenth anniversary issue contains nine articles, reports from the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries 2005, the 'In Brief'
column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'. The Featured Collection for the July/August issue is Kinematic Models for Design Digital Library (KMODDL) contributed by Kizer Walker and John M.
Saylor, Cornell University .
The articles include:
A Tenth Anniversary for D-Lib Magazine
Bonita Wilson and Allison L. Powell, Corporation for National Research Initiatives
Really 10 Years Old?
Amy Friedlander, Shinkuro, Inc.
Whence Leadership?
Ronald L. Larsen, University of Pittsburgh
Funding for Digital Libraries Research: Past and Present Stephen M. Griffin, National Science Foundation
Digital Libraries: Challenges and Influential Work William H. Mischo, University of Illinois , Urbana-Champaign
Where Do We Go From Here? The Next Decade for Digital Libraries Clifford Lynch, Coalition for Networked Information
A Viewpoint Analysis of the Digital Library William A. Arms, Cornell University
Dewey Meets Turing: Librarians, Computer Scientists, and the Digital Libraries Initiative Andreas Paepcke, Hector Garcia-Molina, and Rebecca Wesley, Stanford University
Border Crossings: Reflections on a Decade of Metadata Consensus Building Stuart L. Weibel, OCLC Research
The reports from JCDL 2005 include:
Report on the Fifth ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries - Cyberinfrastructure for Research and Education: June 11, 2005, Denver , Colorado Tamara Sumner, University of Colorado at Boulder
JCDL Workshop Report: Studying Digital Library Users in the Wild Michael Khoo, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research and David Ribes, University of California - San Diego
Developing a Digital Libraries Education Program: JCDL Workshop Summary Molly Dolan, University of Illinois , Urbana-Champaign
NSF/NSDL & CODATA Workshop on International Scientific Data, Standards, and Digital Libraries Laura M. Bartolo, Kent State University and John Rumble, Information International Associates
Next Generation Knowledge Organization Systems: Integration Challenges and Strategies Deanne DiPietro, Sonoma Ecology Center
D-Lib has mirror sites at the following locations:
UKOLN, University of Bath , Bath , England
The Australian National University , Canberra , Australia
State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen,
Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires , Argentina
Academia Sinica, Taipei , Taiwan
BN - National Library of Portugal , Portugal
(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the July/August
2005 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later.
There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United
States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)
Bonnie Wilson
D-Lib Magazine
First Monday  
April 2005, volume 10, number 4
Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Valauskas, Edward J. [ejv@UIC.EDU]
Dear Reader,
The April 2005 issue of First Monday (volume 10, number 4) is now available at http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_4/
Table of Contents
Volume 10, Number 4 - April 4th 2005
The democratic divide
by Stephanie Birdsall
Remote Internet voting has been proposed as a solution to low voter turnout. It is tempting to see the use of Internet technology by a large segment of the population as a quick fix for making the voting process more accessible to a larger number of people. This argument, however, demonstrates a disconnect with the reality of Internet use; that is, that it happens in a place. Internet use is not an ethereal, boundary–less activity, it is situated in a spatial/geographic context. Reviewing this geographic context using Geographic Information System technology can reveal the serious limitations of a "point and click" solution to improving political participation.
Piercing the peer–to–peer myths: An examination of the Canadian experience by Michael Geist http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_4/geist/
Canada is in the midst of a contentious copyright reform with advocates for stronger copyright protection maintaining that the Internet has led to widespread infringement that has harmed the economic interests of Canadian artists. The Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA) has emerged as the leading proponent of copyright reform, claiming that peer–to–peer file sharing has led to billions in lost sales in Canada .
This article examines CRIA's claims by conducting an analysis of industry figures. It concludes that loss claims have been greatly exaggerated and challenges the contention that recent sales declines are primarily attributable to file–sharing activities. Moreover, the article assesses the financial impact of declining sales on Canadian artists, concluding that revenue collected through a private copying levy system already adequately compensates Canadian artists for the private copying that occurs on peer–to–peer networks.
'Public eyes': Direct accountability in an information age by Albert Jacob Meijer http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_4/meijer/
The Internet creates interesting opportunities for citizens to call public organizations to account. Government Web sites provide information and facilitate debates on public sector performance. An explorative study in the Netherlands indicates that citizens make little use of the opportunities to call public organizations to account. Openness, however, does have a direct effect: 'public eyes' stimulate government organizations to score better on performance indicators and comply with formal rules.
The limits of Web–based empowerment: Integrated water resource management case studies by Mike Thelwall, Adrian Barlow, and Katie Vann http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_4/thelwall/
This article is an analysis of the limits of Web–based empowerment of the voiceless, leveraging from five Integrated Water Resource Management
(IWRM) case studies, and motivated by several recent Web–based empowerment success stories. For IWRM, the Web picture is of an emerging academic–trained professional community of water professionals, with close ties to national governments, but closer ties to powerful international NGOs and NGOs sponsored by western governments. Nevertheless, no Web evidence was found for the involvement of ordinary citizens in IWRM, despite this being a key theoretical goal, and no Web evidence was found of the emergence of genuine grass–roots pressure groups. A comparison with other high–profile Web–enabled issues, such as the anti–World Trade Organisation protests, indicates that the Internet can be used to help give a voice to the voiceless in many different ways, but that its use at a grassroots level is not automatic.
Computer–aided music distribution: The future of selection, retrieval and transmission by Nancy Bogucki Duncan and Mark A. Fox http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_4/duncan/
The Internet has made music more widely available and increased the convenience with which we can listen to music. We increasingly recognize that recorded music can take the form of digital files. The Internet and related technologies for music delivery have been made viable by advances in compression, data storage, and transmission technologies. To provide greater value to consumers, music labels need to make greater use of retrieval and selection technologies.
Teaching as performance in the electronic classroom by Doug Brent http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_4/brent/
New developments in online educational technology have a profound effect on notions of intellectual property. Theories of the social construction of technology explain the extremely unstable nature of new technologies.
Walter Ong's theory of the alphabet effect provides insight into the ways in which knowledge changes as media of communication change. Shoshana Zuboff's ideas on how managerial knowledge is transformed by technology help us understand how certain kinds of knowledge resist being textualized. These ideas help us understand the effects of new teaching technologies in terms of a long–standing struggle between two views of
knowledge: knowledge as performance and knowledge as thing.
On becoming a Web site
by Punya Mishra
The course Web site is a critical mediator between the instructor and students in online classes. This requires a shift in how instructors think of their presence and influence on the classroom. This essay, based on the author's personal experience in designing and teaching online, argues that the design of the course Web site needs to carefully reflect the passions and pedagogical philosophy that drive the instructor. It is also an argument against one–size–fits–all approaches to online course design as instantiated in most course management systems.
Conversations in the dark: How young people manage chatroom relationships by Rob Walker and Babis Bakopoulos http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_4/walker/
This paper reports a small number of interviews with young people in Athens about their use of Internet chatrooms as a means of meeting people.
In the last few years there has been a growing public concern about the dangers of socialising with strangers in chatrooms, but what do the users themselves think about the risks involved, and what strategies have they adopted to manage these risks? Some of the practices adopted by these young people are surprising and counter to the conventional advice given by official authorities.
Where does Web bibliographies' author information come from?
by Timothy C. Craven
Web pages cited with personal author identification in 12 longer Web bibliographies and a collection of 19 shorter Web bibliographies were investigated. With one exception, the personal author names could be matched in the visible text of the great majority of pages. Metatags (both for authors and for descriptions) and page titles rarely added any author information. In some cases, frames or inline graphics appeared to be the sources used. Somewhat more frequent probable sources were linked pages, such as home pages.
Letters to the Editor
May 2005, Volume 10, no 5
Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Valauskas, Edward J. [ejv@UIC.EDU]
Dear Reader,
The May 2005 issue of First Monday (volume 10, number 5) is now available at http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_5/
Table of Contents
Volume 10, Number 5 - May 2nd 2005
Virtual dissection and physical collaboration by Kenneth R. Fleischmann http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_5/fleischmann/
This paper explores how software can be designed for individual use or for collaboration in the physical or virtual world, focusing on physical collaboration. The case study explored is the design and use of frog and human dissection simulation software. Since socialization has traditionally played an important role in the dissection laboratory experience, yet dissection simulations do not typically incorporate any online or offline interactions, the idea of virtual dissections or other types of educational software for physical collaboration is proposed.
Beyond markets and firms: The emergence of Open Source networks by Federico Iannacci and Eve Mitleton-Kelly http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_5/iannacci/
Although hierarchies and markets (i.e., autonomy) have been subject to extensive study, heterarchies represent different modalities of organizing that have been little researched. Drawing on complexity theory and the main features of complex evolving systems (CES), this paper sets out to remedy this imbalance by showing that heterarchies feature highly decentralized and relatively stable interactions which are coordinated through an emergent process of parametric adaptation. Implications in terms of learning are discussed casting a new light on the delicate issue of motivation in Open Source software development.
MusicGrid: A case study in broadband video collaboration by Hassan Masum, Martin Brooks, and John Spence http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_5/masum/
The technical requirements for widespread deployment of broadband video over the Internet are rapidly being met. But a harder challenge remains:
how can video-based technologies promote collaboration and learning?
We present a case study: the MusicGrid Project. Running from 2002 to 2004 with partners in several Canadian and international locations, this modestly funded initiative ran over one hundred successful multi-site education and performance sessions. The rationale, development, and operation of the project are discussed, along with general lessons learned. We believe that our experience and the opportunities and issues identified will be useful to all those interested in large-scale, video-based collaboration projects.
Interdoc: The first international non-governmental computer network by Brian Martin Murphy http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_5/murphy/
This paper tells in detail a little known story from the annals of computer networking history. In the early 1980s a small group of international non-governmental aid giving organizations developed their own network using available technologies to empower groups that worked for social and economic justice. Interdoc had member institutions from four continents, formalized its mandate with an international accord called the Valletri Agreement, operated in a three-circle structure, and aimed to manage the system from a social justice perspective. The network was used to inform and empower worker organizations, link grassroots activists, facilitate community-based research and education, bridge international political fault lines, collect and circulate human rights data, and disseminate information on sustainable development. Interdoc and its members were a precursor to, and helped facilitate the founding of the Association for Progressive Communications which grew to be the world's largest computer networking institution serving non-governmental organizations dedicated to human rights, social, economic and environmental justice, and political change during the 1990s.
Evaluation of digital libraries using snowball sampling by Elaine Peterson http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_5/peterson/
This article describes how snowball sampling was applied in two different cases to evaluate digital collections. The first digital library was evaluated by conducting in-person interviews with survey participants. For the second digital library, an e-mail survey was mailed to site users. The results are compared and a cost-benefit analysis is provided. The author concludes that the convenience of an e-mail survey is not necessarily the most effective way to survey users.
WSIS: Whose vision of an information society?
by Ajit Pyati
The United Nations (UN) and International Telecommunication Union (ITU), in their development of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), are contributing to the on-going discourse of the "Information Society." This study analyzes how WSIS contributes to the on-going Information Society discourse, especially how it frames a vision of an Information Society and the global "digital divide." The methodology of this study is a broad, comprehensive, and critical content analysis of the two main documents of WSIS, its Declaration of Principles and Plan of Action. The content analysis utilizes discourse analysis and ideology critique, and quantitative and qualitative methods. The results of the analysis show that WSIS paints a wholly utopian, technologically deterministic picture of an "Information Society" that oversimplifies and generalizes a complex issue and phenomenon, about which no clear consensus exists.
Intrinsic vs. extrinsic incentives in profit-oriented firms supplying Open Source products and services by Cristina Rossi and Andrea Bonaccorsi http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_5/rossi/
This paper contributes to the literature on Open Source (OS) software by providing empirical evidence on the incentives of firms that engage in OS activities. Data collected by a survey conducted on 146 Italian companies supplying OS solutions (Open Source firms) show that (surprisingly) intrinsic, community-based incentives do play a role but are not, in general, put into practise. We investigate the discrepancy between attitudes and behaviours and single out groups of firms adopting a more consistent behaviour. Our results are in line with the literature on business models of the firms that enter the Open Source field.
De-unifying a digital library
by Arthur Sale
The University of Tasmania decided to explore using a unified digital library for all its research output: journal articles, conference papers, higher degree theses, and other types. This decision is in advance of the state of the Australian national indexing systems. The digital library also uses OAI-PMH protocols for harvesting, which one of the national repositories does not as yet. The paper describes the context, reasons for the University's decision, consequences and outcomes, and the development of software to talk to the Australian Digital Theses Program.
Multimedia that matters: Gallery-based technology and the museum visitor by Scott Sayre http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_5/sayre/
Throughout the 1990s, many art museums began to struggle with the questions of how and where to integrate interpretive technologies into exhibits and galleries. While early adopters have continued to expand and revise their interpretive technology initiatives, the demands of the Internet and the tighter economics of the second millennium have prevented all but a minority of others from continuing to research and experiment with computer-based interpretive technologies in their galleries. Because of the interrupted evolution of the field, recent advances in technology, and significant changes in audience expectations, there is a growing need for current research in this area of interactive interpretive media in the museum environment. This paper examines recent testing and evaluations of gallery-based interpretive media projects produced by four major art museums and concludes with a summary of findings and recommendations for future research and program development.
Book reviews
June 2005  
Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Edward J. Valauskas [ejv@UIC.EDU]
Tue 7/06/2005 6:44 AM FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU First Monday June 2005
Dear Reader,
The June 2005 issue of First Monday (volume 10, number 6) is now available at http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_6/
Table of Contents
Volume 10, Number 6 - June 6th 2005
Teaching and learning with digital resources: Web-Wise 2005
Selected papers from the Sixth Annual Conference on Libraries and Museums in the Digital World, sponsored by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services and the University of Illinois at Chicago , 17-18 February 2005
Using digitized primary source materials in the classroom: A Colorado case study by Nena E. Bloom and Cynthia Stout http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_6/bloom/
Using digitized primary source materials with K-12 students makes learning content more engaging and relevant, and helps students develop a wide range of skills. This paper highlights the use of primary source materials in Colorado classrooms and provides a brief overview of what educators' needs are in order to use digitized primary source materials more efficiently and effectively with students
The Agricultural Economics Challenge: An online program where high school students learn economics and agriculture of the Salinas Valley by Leti M. Bocanegra and Margie Harrison-Smith http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_6/bocanegra/
The National Steinbeck Center created a virtual farm online to teach high school students economic principles by using a local lettuce company as a model. This article traces the development of the program, offers an overview of the Agricultural Economics Challenge game as well as the challenges the Museum faces in implementing the program.
Project Access for adult English-language learners by Anne Henderson and Elyse Adler http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_6/henderson/
Project Access, funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services, is a collaborative two-year program between the Frist Center for the Visual Arts and the Nashville Public Library. The goal of Project Access is to help increase adult English Language learners' (ELL) skills in language, visual art, and computer literacy. The eight-visit program offers participants from local community service institutions the opportunity to engage in art making, computer-based learning, museum and library visits. This article and the project Web site, http://www.projectaccess.org , give the visitor an overview of the project, lesson plans, and interactive features.
Engaging the public with digital primary sources: A tri-state online history database and learning center by Laurie Mercier and Leslie Wykoff http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_6/mercier/
This collaborative database project, involving five universities and historical societies in Washington , Oregon , and Idaho , has sought to encourage online researchers to think more deeply about the digitized primary sources featured. The project intended to serve as a model for other institutions that wanted to share collections and stimulate public interest in and use of those collections. This essay focuses on how we incorporated pedagogical elements into the design of the database, and how we have encouraged K-12 teachers and college students to use it.
The Maine Music Box
by Marilyn Lutz and Laura Gallucci
The paper describes the Maine Music Box and examines its potential as
a tool for teaching and learning music. Pedagogical concepts are
demonstrated using MIDI , Scorch, image and streaming video files.
Digital Deerfield 1704: A new perspective on the French and Indian Wars
by Lynne Spichiger and Chris Sturm
In February 2003, on the 300th anniversary of the raid on Deerfield ,
the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association and the Memorial Hall
Museum launched a Web site that both commemorates and reinterprets
this event from the perspectives of all the cultural groups who were
present: Wobanakiak, Kanienkehaka, Wendat, English, and French. The
site brings together a multitude of Web elements including historical
scenes, narratives of peoples' lives, artifacts and historic
documents, interactive maps, voices and songs, essays,
illustrations/paintings, and an interactive timeline to provide a
window into a world of global political and religious conflict,
family stories, and military sagas. Many teachers find that this site
- with its wealth of primary source material; its special features
like interactive maps and artifacts, zoom function, and magic lens;
and its curricula section - is an excellent digital resource for
their classrooms.
Commentary on Web-Wise
by Peter Kaufman

July 2005
Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Edward J. Valauskas [ejv@UIC.EDU]
Thu 7/07/2005 8:55 PM FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU First Monday July 2005
Dear Reader,
The July 2005 issue of First Monday (volume 10, number 7) is now available at http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/
Table of Contents
Volume 10, Number 7 - July 4th 2005
Less is more in Web search interfaces for older adults by Anne Aula and Mika Käki http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/aula/
We have previously found the elderly users to face several usability problems with the current search engines. Thus, we designed an elderly-friendly search interface, Etsin. To evaluate the success of the design, a usability study was conducted for comparing the usability of Etsin and Google. The participants faced fewer usability problems when using Etsin than Google and they valued the clarity of the Etsin interface. In conclusion, elderly users benefit from a simplified search engine interface that is easy to understand and that takes into account age-related issues.
The challenges of classification: Emerging VOIP regulation in Europe and the United States by David Bach and Jonathan Sallet http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/bach/
Internet telephony - or Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP) - has the potential to transform the world of voice communications more profoundly than anything since the invention of the telephone itself. As telecommunications incumbents and a range of new entrants begin rolling out commercial VOIP services, policymakers around the world are grappling with the regulatory implications. In the United States and the European Union, the two largest near-term VOIP markets, efforts are underway to fit VOIP into existing regulatory frameworks. This process of "regulatory classification" is by no means a purely administrative act. A lot is at stake and different interest groups have therefore mobilized to shape the respective outcomes.
Because legacy regulatory systems in Europe and the United States differ, the regulatory treatment of VOIP in the two markets is beginning to differ as well. Yet in both markets there is a substantial danger that fitting VOIP into existing classifications will force VOIP to look more like regular telephony, thereby limiting its innovation potential.
Communicative practice and transgressive global
politics: The D'ua of Sheikh Muhammed Al Mohaisany by Michael Dartnell http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/dartnell/
Walter Benjamin noted the transformative impact of information technology when he said that "photography greatly extends the sphere of commodity exchange... by flooding the market with countless images of figures, landscapes, and events which had previously been available either not at all or only as pictures for individual customers." Echoing his assessment, multimedia activism has emerged as a practice through which multiple-user communication by non-state actors highlights transgressive values and issues. This paper focuses on Islamic extremist Web activism by discussing a multimedia file, the "d'ua of Sheikh Muhammed Al-Mohaisany." The file is examined to illustrate how the Web and other IT provide once inaccessible information and potentially alter communication by directly addressing targeted publics. Multimedia activism introduces issues of identity, boundaries, and perceptions into global politics and culture through telecommunication practices that were formerly state regulated.
Towards professional participatory storytelling in journalism and advertising by Mark Deuze http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/deuze/
The Internet - specifically its graphic interface, the World Wide Web - has had a major impact on all levels of (information) societies throughout the world. For media professionals whose work has primarily been defined as creative storytelling - whether in advertising, journalism, public relations or related fields - this poses fascinating opportunities as well as vexing dilemmas. The central question seems to be to what extent storytelling can be content- or connectivity-based, and what level of participation can or should be included in the narrative experience. Although these two issues have been part of creative decision-making processes in media work before the Web, new technologies of production, distribution and communication are 'supercharging' them as the central dilemmas in the contemporary media ecosystem. This paper discusses the history and contemporary examples of media work combining various elements of storytelling as a hybrid form between content and connectivity, and considers the normative and economical implications for the professional identity of media workers in journalism and advertising.
E-deliberation and local governance: The role of computer mediated communication in local democratic participation in the United Kingdom by Joss Hands http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/hands/
This paper focuses on the use of local government Web sites in the United Kingdom to encourage and facilitate democratic deliberation. The question addressed is to what end, and on whose terms, citizens are being encouraged to engage local government via computer-mediated communication.
After an initial investigation into the legislative framework of local e-democracy, this paper examines opportunities available for citizens to deliberate by examining 469 local government Web sites. This information is then reviewed in the context of empirical evidence on the practices and attitudes of those responsible for the management and upkeep of the specific sites under question. It appears that while interaction is being encouraged, it is limited and tends towards an individualistic liberal model.
Ethnic media and politics: The case of the use of the Internet by Uyghur diaspora by Kilic Kanat http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/kanat/
The role of the active production and consumption of various forms of media on the ethnic groups and diasporas has long been debated among scholars from different disciplines. Currently the use of the Internet has become the focal point of these studies. In recent years, the Uyghur diaspora has been increasingly using the Internet and cyberspace in order to reach their goals of "being the voice of the repressed people of their homeland," disseminating information and increasing communication among themselves. In this paper I will try to discuss the influence of this netizenship of the Uyghur diaspora on Uyghur politics and identity.
Usability@90mph: Presenting and evaluating a new, high-speed method for demonstrating user testing in front of an audience by Paul F. Marty and Michael B. Twidale http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/marty/
This article documents the authors' attempt to develop a quick, inexpensive, and reliable method for demonstrating user testing to an audience.
The resulting method, Usability@90mph, is simple enough to be conducted at minimal expense, fast enough to be completed in only thirty minutes, comprehensible enough to be presented to audiences numbering in the hundreds, and yet sophisticated enough to produce relevant design recommendations, thereby illustrating for the audience the potential value of user testing in general. In this article, the authors present their user testing demonstration method in detail, analyze results from 44 trials of the method in practice, and discuss lessons learned for demonstrating user testing in front of an audience.
Survey of Web-based educational resources in selected U.S. art museums by Robert A. Varisco and Ward Mitchell Cates http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_7/varisco/
Art museums in the United States share a common mission to educate many people - from families to teachers to researchers. But how do these museums use the World Wide Web to extend their educational mission? More specifically, what kinds of educational materials do U.S. art museums offer to online visitors, and how broadly available are such resources across the Web? This study set out to answer these questions and to tie the findings to the contextual model of museum learning. Conclusions are drawn about how museums from the sample fit within a technology adoption curve.
Special issue number 1: Music and the Internet edited by David Beer
Introduction: Collecting the fragments of transformation by David Beer http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/special10_7/beer/
Tracking technological transformations
The Big Bumpy Shift: Digital Music via Mobile Internet by Daniel P. Dolan (originally published in December 2000) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue5_12/dolan/
Technological and Social Drivers of Change in the Online Music Industry by Mark Fox (originally published in February 2002) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue7_2/fox/
Distribution, copyright and democracy
Giving Away Music to Make Money
by Michael Pfahl (originally published in August 2001) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_8/pfahl/
Music in the Age of Free Distribution: MP3 and Society by Kostas Kasaras (originally published in January 2002) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue7_1/kasaras/
Rip, Mix, Burn: The Politics of Peer to Peer and Copyright Law by Kathy Bowrey and Matthew Rimmer (originally published in August 2002) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue7_8/bowrey/
Gifting technologies
by Kevin McGee and Jörgen Skågeby (originally published in December 2004) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue9_12/mcgee/
Culture, community and consumption
The Napster Network Community
by Kacper Poblocki (originally published in November 2001) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_11/poblocki/
Digital music and subculture: Sharing Files, Sharing styles by Sean Ebare (originally published in February 2004) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue9_2/ebare/
Grey Tuesday, online cultural activism and the mash-up of music and politics By Sam Howard-Spink (originally published in October 2004) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue9_10/howard/
How Will the Music Industry Weather the Globalization Storm?
by Wilfred Dolfsma (originally published in May 2000) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue5_5/dolfsma/
Artists' earnings and copyright: A review of British and German music industry data in the context of digital technologies By Martin Kretschmer (originally published in January 2005) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_1/kretschmer/
Reflecting on the digit(al)isation of music by David Beer (originally published in February 2005) http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_2/beer/
August 2005
Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Valauskas, Edward J. [ejv@UIC.EDU]
Tue 9/08/2005 5:17 AM FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU First Monday August 2005
Dear Reader,
The August 2005 issue of First Monday (volume 10, number 8) is now available at http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/
Table of Contents
Volume 10, Number 8 - August 1st 2005
A proposal for an open content licence for research paper (Pr)ePrints by Roger Clarke http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/clarke/
Many academic papers that are to be submitted to refereed conferences and journals have been previously exposed to the author's colleagues. The term 'preprints' has long been used to describe such documents. 'Departmental Working Paper' series were for many years a conventional vehicle for their publication. In the modern world, preprints are frequently transmitted electronically, variously as e–mail attachments and as files available for download via FTP or HTTP.
When a preprint is made available electronically, it is likely that the author provides the recipient not only with a copy, but also with a copyright licence. In most cases, however, the licence is only implicit, and the terms of the licence are unclear. This creates the potential for considerable uncertainties, and those uncertainties are of serious concern in the context of tension between for–profit publishers of refereed articles and the research communities that referee and edit them gratis, and depend on them for early access to information.
This paper briefly reviews the open content and ePrints movements, considers the interests of the various stakeholders, proposes a set of licence terms intended to satisfy the needs of all parties, and concludes that a particular Creative Commons licence type should be applied to all electronic preprints.
Diffusion pattern of Linux: An assessment on major technology dimensions by Nir Kshetri http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/kshetri/
This paper attempts to gain an understanding of the diffusion dynamics of Linux by assessing it on Rogers ' technology dimensions — relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, observability, and trialability. The analysis makes clear that Linux possesses greater relative advantage than its proprietary competitors because of its low cost, lower susceptibility to bugs and crashes, resilience to obsolescence, ability to run on older machines and higher perceived security. Linux is facing compatibility problems with applications, hardware and other corporate resources; suppliers' and customers' technologies; and, skills of current and potential employees. Extreme configurability and user unfriendly interface; limited support and staff knowledge; and, potential hazard of forking into competing versions have been some major sources of Linux's complexity. Linux seems to have a reasonably good performance on observability and trialability dimensions. The paper concludes by offering some suggestions on how to accelerate the diffusion of Linux among software developers, national governments and international agencies.
Using the Internet to reduce market risk for alternative energy sources:
The case of large-scale solar photovoltaic production by Joshua M. Pearce http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/pearce/
Although tremendous progress has been made in improving the conversion of sunlight into electricity with solar photovoltaic cells, their widespread adoption is primarily limited by high costs. This paper explores the use of the Internet as a catalyst for the diffusion of solar photovoltaic technology by reducing market risk. With market risk minimized by a database generated by a community of pledged consumers, solar cell companies would be motivated to construct a "Solar City Factory." Such a factory would produce solar panels that would enable systems costs to drop below US$1 per Watt and thus be less expensive than fossil fuels in providing bulk electricity. This price would have a positive–spiral effect encouraging many consumers to switch to solar electricity and transition the global energy infrastructure to renewable solar energy.
The unacknowledged convergence of open source, open access, and open science by John Willinsky http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/willinsky/
A number of open initiatives are actively resisting the extension of intellectual property rights. Among these developments, three prominent instances — open source software, open access to research and scholarship, and open science — share not only a commitment to the unrestricted exchange of information and ideas, but economic principles based on (1) the efficacy of free software and research; (2) the reputation–building afforded by public access and patronage; and, (3) the emergence of a free–or–subscribe access model. Still, with this much in common, the strong sense of convergence among these open initiatives has yet to be fully realized, to the detriment of the larger, common issue. By drawing on David's (2004; 2003; 2000; 1998) economic work on open science and Weber's (2004) analysis of open source, this paper seeks to make that convergence all the more apparent, as well as worth pursuing, by those interested in furthering this alternative approach, which would treat intellectual properties as public goods.
Adoption of information technology by Greek journalists: A case study by Andreas Veglis, George Tsourvakas, Andreas Pomportsis, and Evagelia Avraam http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/veglis/
The information age has created many challenges for every profession. In the case of journalism the introduction of information technology has altered considerably various aspects of the profession. Today various computerized sources are regularly being used in media organizations. This paper investigates the adoption of information technology by Greek journalists. The study focuses on journalists working in local newspapers.
Virtually there: Travelling with new media by Peter B. White and Naomi Rosh White http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/white/
This paper examines the uses of mobile, fixed telephone and Internet–based communication by travellers and the implications of that use for the experience of travel. For most of the respondents, continued communication with their networks of contacts back home were integral to their travel experience, allowing them to maintain an ongoing symbolic proximity or co–presence with people with whom they shared a common history. Travellers make clear distinctions between the uses, benefits and drawbacks of phones, texting and Internet–based communication. The continuation of intense communication between travellers and non–travellers suggests that people 'back home' and the travellers are involved in forms of 'virtual travel'.
Sooner or later we will melt together: Framing the digital in the everyday by David Beer http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/beer/
Digital technologies are increasingly pervading our everyday lives. Many of our everyday practices involve the appropriation of digital technologies. The aim of this piece is to discuss two central issues surrounding this digitalisation of everyday life: (i) what constitutes digital culture?; and, (ii) how do digital technologies transform ownership? These questions are considered in this work with the intention of creating a benchmark from which future explorative (empirical) case studies can be developed. The central argument of the piece is that the study of digital technologies should be framed within everyday life. In other words, the study of digital technologies should be redefined as the study of the digitalisation of everyday life.
Characteristics, uniqueness and overlap of information sources linked from North American public library Web sites by Chandra Prabha and Raymond D. Irwin http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/prabha/
This article reports on the availability, domain distribution, percentage of Web sites versus Web pages, perceived value, and category of 31,400 Web–based resources selected by 50 public libraries in the United States and Canada . Eighty–seven percent of these resources were available, 60 percent were Web pages, and resources selected by 20 percent of the sampled libraries were finding tools such as general or subject specific search engines. Ninety–three percent of the resources were selected by just one of the 50 libraries; only 17 percent of the resources appeared to be primarily of local interest. The public may be unaware of these unique resources. The public library community must develop programs to increase the awareness and sharing of these evaluated resources.
From genesis to revelation of an online resource: The North Carolina History and Fiction Digital Library by Elizabeth H. Smith http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_8/smith/
This paper provides an account of the development of the North Carolina History and Fiction Digital Library
( http://www.lib.ecu.edu/ncc/historyfiction/ ) from an idea into a worldwide resource in two years. The principal investigator for the project introduces the Web site and gives practical and technical information that can be used as a model in other digital projects. The paper includes use statistics; reactions to the site; suggestions for how students, historians, genealogists, and other researchers can use the site; and plans for enhancements.


Book reviews


September 2005

asis-l-bounces@asis.org; on behalf of; Richard Hill [rhill@asis.org]     Fri 2/09/2005 3:05 AM
asis-l@asis.org; sigifp-l@asis.org; sigtis-l@asis.org; sigbwp@asis.org          [Asis-l] FW: First Monday September 2005


From: Readership of First Monday [mailto:FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU] On Behalf Of Valauskas, Edward J.
Sent: Thursday, September 01, 2005 3:05 PM
Subject: First Monday September 2005

Dear Reader,

The September 2005 issue of First Monday (volume 10, number 9) is now available at http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_9/



Table of Contents

Volume 10, Number 9 - September 5th 2005

The economy of phishing: A survey of the operations of the phishing market by Christopher Abad http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_9/abad/

Phishing has been defined as the fraudulent acquisition of personal information by tricking an individual into believing the attacker is a trustworthy entity. Phishing attacks are becoming more sophisticated and are on the rise. In order to develop effective strategies and solutions to combat the phishing problem, one needs to understand the infrastructure in which phishing economies thrive.

We have conducted extensive research to uncover phishing networks.
The result is detailed analysis from 3,900,000 phishing e-mails, 220,000 messages collected from 13 key phishing-related chat rooms, 13,000 chat rooms and 48,000 users, which were spidered across six chat networks and 4,400 compromised hosts used in botnets.

This paper presents the findings from this research as well as an analysis of the phishing infrastructure.



Podcasting: A new technology in search of viable business models by Sheri Crofts, Jon Dilley, Mark Fox, Andrew Retsema, and Bob Williams http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_9/crofts/

Podcasting has become popular as it allows listeners to time-shift content, i.e., to listen - when it suits them - to radio-like programming on portable MP3 and related devices. Dissatisfaction with traditional radio - which has too much advertising and is perceived to have generic programming - is fueling interest in programming that better meets the individual needs and interests of consumers.
Podcasting represents a shift from mass broadcasting to on-demand personalized media. We look at the development of podcasting technology, the social context within which this development has occurred, and outline the legal constraints that podcasters face.
Then we examine some business models for podcasting.



Hacking for a cause
by Brian Still

This paper explores the concept of hacktivism, which is hacking for a political or social cause on the Internet. Generally hackers, even those hacking government-sponsored sites, have been negatively stereotyped as malicious thrill seekers or, worse yet, cyberterrorists. But increasingly there are more politically motivated hackers distancing themselves from cyberterrorism by engaging in hacktivism that is intent more upon disruption than disobedience. Certain hacktivists, in fact, have created tools or taken advantage of those already available to provide freedom of speech in the electronic frontier for those living in oppressive nation-states. This paper will show that these hacktivists are, far from being online terrorists or thrill-seekers, organized, technically skilled, politically conscious and socially aware hacktivists who seek to challenge the authority of oppressive nation-states.



Professors online: The Internet's impact on college faculty by Steve Jones and Camille Johnson-Yale http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_9/jones/

This paper reports on findings from a nationwide survey of Internet use by U.S. college faculty. The survey asked about general Internet use, use of specific Internet technologies (e-mail, IM, Web, etc.), the Internet's impact on teaching and research, its impact on faculty-student interactions, and about faculty perceptions of students' Internet use. There is general optimism, though little evidence, about the Internet's impacts on their professional lives.
The findings show that institutions of higher education still need to address three broad areas (infrastructure, professional development, and teaching and research) to assist faculty to continue to make good use of the Internet in their professional work.



Software and seeds: Open source methods
by Margaret E.I. Kipp

Open source methodologies used in software are interrogated and then compared to the methods used in farmers' rights groups. The use of open source methods in other contexts illustrates increasing interest in grassroots democratic movements participating in the continuing process of balance between public and private interests. These efforts provide a possible alternate framework for policy decisions concerning intellectual property.



Using virtual lectures to educate students on plagiarism by Laura A. Guertin http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_9/guertin/

Plagiarism is a concern on all university campuses. Some of the main issues pertaining to plagiarism violations are student misunderstanding or inconsistent and lack of instruction. Virtual lectures are an electronic resource available to students throughout the semester to aid them in proper citation and avoiding academic integrity violations. The technological tool of virtual lectures is also useful for communicating rules of ethics and other regulations for industry or other areas of employment outside of academia.



Cats in the classroom: Online learning in hybrid space by Michelle M. Kazmer http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_9/kazmer/

Students and professors create a shared on-campus classroom environment through individual and collaborative contributions.
Similar contributions go into the design of an online classroom.
Online instructors build the learning environment to create a shared learning experience, and designers of course management software reinforce this consistency. Examining the online classroom as "hybrid space" - comprising physical and online space - reveals a more complex reality than a seamless learning environment. Students and instructors share a learning experience, but they also occupy local environments that influence their learning and indirectly influence the experience of everyone in the online class



Electronic courseware in higher education by Maureen C. Minielli and S. Pixy Ferris http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_9/minielli/

The rising costs of education often lead to the call for a change from the traditional, space-and-time bound institutions to ones that offer increasingly cost-effective, technologically enhanced programs.
As institutions of higher education turn to technology, primarily Internet-based, to address these challenges, the use of electronic courseware is dramatically increasing. In order to effectively utilize electronic courseware in the classroom, educators not only need to be aware of terminology, functions, and uses of the most popular types of electronic courseware, but also (and perhaps more
importantly) educators need to develop and critique pedagogically based research that can, at the broader level, help educators at various levels of technological expertise learn and adapt their teaching styles to maximize student learning.

In this paper we consider electronic course management systems from a pedagogical perspective, with the goal of aiding educators to effectively utilize electronic courseware in the classroom. By discussing the basics (such as terminology, functions, and uses of the most popular types of electronic courseware) and examining pedagogically based research we hope, at the broader level, to help educators at various levels of technological expertise learn and adapt their teaching styles to maximize student learning.



Habermas' heritage: The future of the public sphere in the network society by Pieter Boeder http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue10_9/boeder/

In the digital age, the discussion about the public sphere has at the same time become increasingly relevant and increasingly problematic. The validity and relevance of post-modern critique to Habermas' concept of the public sphere cannot be denied, yet the concept of a public sphere and Habermas' notion of a critical publicity is still extremely valuable for media theory today.

The public sphere is subject to dramatic change; one might even argue that it is on the verge of extinction. Computer-mediated communication has taken the place of coffeehouse discourse, and issues such as media ownership and commodification pose serious threats to the free flow of information and freedom of speech on the Web. I don't believe the situation is quite that serious. I will give an introductory overview of Habermas' theoretical concept and point out that it is conceptual rather than physical.

I will describe why Habermas' key concept is valuable for media theory today. Further, I will give an overview of the main issues, debates and problems that arose around the concept of the public sphere in the decades that followed. I will conclude that the notion of the public sphere is not a static one, but subject to change, and show how the theoretical concept of the public sphere is being used to work out viable options for a digital future and models for positive change.



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First Monday Editorial Group


The Grey Journal

Summer 2005, Volume 1, Number 2
The Grey Journal [journal@greynet.org]          Thu 12/05/2005 4:06 PM
journal@greynet.org          Forthcoming Issue TGJ - Summer 2005, Volume 1, Number 2


An International Journal on Grey Literature
Summer 2005, Volume 1, Number 2

‘R e p o s i t o r i e s – h o m e 2 g r e y’


C O N T E N T S http://www.greynet.org/pages/5 ISSN 1574-1796



Editor's Note

• Knock, Knock: Are Institutional Repositories a Home for Grey Literature?
Julia Gelfand (United States)

• Making Grey Literature Available through Institutional Repositories
LeRoy J. LaFleur and Nathan Rupp (United States)

• Grisemine, A Digital Library of Grey University Literature
Marie-France Claerebout (France)

• Wallops Island Balloon Technology:
Can’t see the Repository for the Documents
Andrea C. Japzon and Nikkia Anderson (United States)

• Sharing Grey Literature by using OA-x
Elly Dijk (Netherlands)

• Building an Autonomous Citation Index for Grey Literature:
RePEc, The Economics Working Papers Case
José Manuel Barrueco (Spain), Thomas Krichel (United States)

‘On the News Front’

About the Authors


E d i t o r i a l A d d r e s s
Special Notice: http://www.textrelease.com/pages/3



The Grey Journal
TGJ, An International Journal on Grey Literature Beysterveld 251
1083 KE Amsterdam
The Netherlands

Tel/Fax +31(0)20-672.1217


Information for Social Change
Volume 21, Summer 2005

john pateman [johnpateman9@hotmail.com]          Sat 20/08/2005 6:05 PM     eliades@bnjm.cu; ascubi@bnjm.cu; mblakea@cix.compulink.co.uk; campbell@vcn.bc.ca; communique@ifex.org; GDavies@odpp.nsw.gov.au; oficult@cubaldn.com; faife-l@infoserv.inist.fr; moz.greenshields@derby.gov.uk; elspeth.hyams@cilip.org.uk; ifla-l@infoserv.inist.fr; jill.martin@cilip.org.uk; listproc-managers@listproc.sjsu.edu; martynlowe@usa.net; venceremos@venceremos.fsnet.co.uk; relacint@bnjm.cu; bob.mckee@cilip.org.uk; fmeneses@correo.unam.mx

[IFLA-L] Latest edition of ISC available on website

Editorial by John Pateman and Ruth Rikowski

Report of the Book Launch for Ruth Rikowski’s book Globalisation, Information and Libraries – Ruth Rikowski

Failed Globalisation Policies Effects on African Faiths – David Nderitu

Pain of Globalistion – David Nderitu

How anyone can write, compile and sell (or give away) e-books on the Internet – Kingsley Oghojafor

Key Worker Status for Library Workers – Martyn Lowe

Information needed to cope with crisis in the lives of individuals and
communities: an assessment of the roles public libraries and voluntary sector agencies play in the provision of such information – Zapopan Martin Muela Meza

Rethinking the ‘Balance in Copyright’: 3 parts to the balance, not just one!
– Ruth Rikowski

Breaking Barriers: Libraries and Socially Excluded Communities. By Annette DeFaveri

Culture, Identity and Libraries. By John Pateman

Going to the Movies. By Martyn Lowe

Imperialism, Censorship and Fascism. By Fernando Buen Abad DomĂnguez

Using libraries in Nigeria as tools for education and national development in the 21st century. By Rose B. Okiy

A World to Win: a rough guide to a future without global capitalism by Paul Feldman and Corinna Lotz. Reviewed by John Pateman

Globalisation, Information and Libraries. Reviewed by John Pateman

Globalisation, information and libraries: the implications of the World Trade Organisation’s GATS and TRIPS Agreements. Reviewed by John Vincent

Book review of ‘E-book publishing services: how anyone can write, compile and sell e-books on the Internet’ by Kingsley Oghojafor – Reviewed by Ruth Rikowski

Book review of ‘Helen Macfarlane: a feminist, revolutionary journalist and philosopher in mid-nineteenth century England by David Black – Reviewed by Ruth Rikowski

John Pateman