October 2005

Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Valauskas, Edward J. [ejv@UIC.EDU]           Tue 4/10/2005 1:14 AM           FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU                     First Monday October 2005

Dear Reader,


The October 2005 issue of First Monday (volume 10, number 10) is now available at




Table of Contents


Volume 10, Number 10 - October 3rd 2005


Geography matters: Mapping human development and digital access Stephanie A. Birdsall and William F. Birdsall



Policy circles have long made the assumption that information and communications technologies promote human development. In mapping the Human Development Index (HDI) against the Digital Access Index (DAI) we explore the statistical and spatial relationship between human development and digital access. The results suggest information and communications technologies may not play as strong a role in promoting human development as is usually asserted and that public policies might need to be centered more on human rather than digital capital.




Descriptive metadata for copyright status by Karen Coyle



The need to express the intellectual property rights of digital materials has focused on access and usage permissions which must be granted by the rights holder. A key set of permissions not acknowledged by these rights expressions is inherent in the legal copyright status of the item. Digital libraries can hold and provide access to many items for which copyright status is the sole governor of use. This article proposes a small set of descriptive data elements that should accompany digital materials to inform potential users of the copyright status of the item.




Evaluation of Web access to historical sheet music collections and music-related iconography by Maurice B. Wheeler and Mary Jo Venetis



Previous research within Music Information Retrieval (MIR) has examined audio and textual facets in attempts to retrieve information about the music itself, including humming melodies, encoding of audio for transmission, extracting bibliographic data as well as melodies and harmonies. An area lacking within MIR relates to the retrieval of images and illustrations that often accompany printed music. Addressing that deficiency, this paper will briefly discuss historical American sheet music and report results from research indicating whether researchers can retrieve sheet music imagery from digital music collections, using basic Internet search engines. The findings are expected to advance our understanding of the complexities of retrieving digital music collections and music–related iconography.




Open source software development: Some historical perspectives by Alessandro Nuvolari



In this paper we suggest that historical studies of technology can help us to account for some, perplexing (at least for traditional economic

reasoning) features of open source software development. From a historical perspective, open source software seems to be a particular case of what Robert C. Allen has termed "collective invention." We explore the interpretive value of this historical parallel in detail, comparing open source software with two remarkable episodes of nineteenth century technical advances.




"Information society" development in Thailand: Information workforce and information and communication technology perspectives by Joy Aswalap



Recent developments of information and communication technologies (ICTs) have changed nations and their citizens across the world regardless of their political or socioeconomic systems. To position Thailand - a constitutional monarchy with a predominantly rural agricultural economy - in a technology-driven and interconnected world, a framework is needed.

This article explores the concept of "information society," a concept that, while imperfect, is used to describe the complex global impacts of ICTs. This article discusses Thailand's successes and failures in trying to achieve the status of information society.




Is the digital divide between young and elderly people increasing?

by Gerd Paul and Christian Stegbauer



Elderly people still play a minor role in research on information needs and usage patterns of Internet users. Online research and advocacy groups look optimistically at the (economic and social) potential of the active and technology-skilled elderly; other approaches dealing with the social appropriation of technology see obstacles and stress the dangers of an increasing digital divide between generations. Our objective is to refer to taken for granted normative assumptions of the digital divide discourse, highlighting different requirements for the appropriation of the Internet. Using the concept of technological generations we look at formal and informal learning of young and elderly people in the German context. We use survey material and field impressions we gained in various technology related studies. The results show that the "two worlds apart"

assumption (young vs. elderly people) is too simplistic. Factors like gender, education and socio-economic status still play an important role for acceptance and diffusion of a technology. The diffusion rate among the elderly is increasing, but will continue to lag behind the figures of the young users. Cultural preparations and easy access modes are essential for the elderly, who could make use of latecomer advantages. Informal learning and peer group support will be crucial for the diffusion of the Internet among the elderly. In our conclusions we look at the specific social status of the elderly cohort, which makes a comparison with other social groups very difficult.




Deconstructing Google bombs: A breach of symbolic power or just a goofy prank?

by Clifford Tatum



In this study I compare two Google bombs using Melluci's (1996) social movement framework. Viewing the Google bombing practice as a social movement provides an informative lens from which to analyze the nature and goals as well as the results of this form of online collective action. The empirical basis for this research relies on analysis of the content and context of Google bomb hyperlinking using an approach informed by Beaulieu's (2005) notion of sociable hyperlinks. From this study I conclude that the Google bombing practice is an online protest technique not unlike the "media mind bomb" developed by the late Bob Hunter of Greenpeace (2004) fame. In the case of Hunter's mind bombs, sounds and images were used to form alternate constructions of reality in the news media. Similarly, Google bombs are constructed by manipulating the relative ranking of an Internet search term and thereby creating alternate constructions of reality through collective action online.




Book reviews




Special issue number 2: Open source

edited by Sandeep Krishnamurthy


November 2005

Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Edward J. Valauskas [ejv@UIC.EDU]

Wed 9/11/2005 10:41 AM                   FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU                    

Dear Reader,


The November 2005 issue of First Monday (volume 10, number 11) is now available at




Table of Contents


Volume 10, Number 11 - November 7th 2005


A democracy of groups

by Beth Simone Noveck



In groups people can accomplish what they cannot do alone. Now new visual and social technologies are making it possible for people to make decisions and solve complex problems collectively. These technologies are enabling groups not only to create community but also to wield power and create rules to govern their own affairs.

Electronic democracy theorists have either focused on the individual and the state, disregarding the collaborative nature of public life, or they remain wedded to outdated and unrealistic conceptions of deliberation. This article makes two central claims. First, technology will enable more effective forms of collective action.

This is particularly so of the emerging tools for "collective visualization" which will profoundly reshape the ability of people to make decisions, own and dispose of assets, organize, protest, deliberate, dissent and resolve disputes together. From this argument derives a second, normative claim. We should explore ways to structure the law to defer political and legal decision-making downward to decentralized group-based decision-making. This argument about groups expands upon previous theories of law that recognize a center of power independent of central government: namely, the corporation. If we take seriously the potential impact of technology on collective action, we ought to think about what it means to give groups body as well as soul - to "incorporate" them. This paper rejects the anti-group arguments of Sunstein, Posner and Netanel and argues for the potential to realize legitimate self-governance at a "lower" and more democratic level. The law has a central role to play in empowering active citizens to take part in this new form of democracy.




North America: Multiplying media in a dynamic landscape by Mahmoud Eid and Carrie Buchanan



Perhaps no region on earth has been as affected by the dramatic pace and extent of media development since 1990 as North America, where most have ready access to new media, such as the Internet and the latest telecommunications devices, as well as the traditional newspapers, radio and television. Even traditional media have undergone profound change as convergence and cross-ownership brought them together in vast media conglomerates dominated by a handful of global corporations. Digitization has taken hold in the United States and Canada, increasing commodification and cross-ownership of all forms of communication, from movies and music to the written word, and bringing together once separate domains of print, broadcasting, telecommunications and computer technology. Yet all is not monolithic on the North American scene. This increasing concentration of ownership has evolved at the same time as increasing fragmentation of media markets and outlets. Explosive growth in cable and satellite television channels, musical variety and the Internet, have given citizens many more choices and in some cases easier access to outlets for their own creative and political expression. Throughout North America, increasing cultural diversity has also led to products and policies serving multicultural needs in an information society. As a less powerful, less populous neighbor with close economic and cultural ties to the United States, Canada's history has been one of resisting cultural and economic domination. This theme continues in the current era, in the face of evolving trade agreements attempting to drop restrictions and barriers.


At the risk of becoming irrelevant in the Internet era, North American media have been quick to establish their online presence, with virtually all mainstream newspapers and broadcasters now posting news on Internet sites, and an increasing number of community newspapers and local broadcasters joining the trend. The accessibility and effectiveness of those Web sites vary greatly.

Media whose primary goals are to inform and educate, such as public broadcasters, have used the Web to enhance that mandate, with some of the most accessible interactive sites. Those who simply aim to generate revenue post a bare minimum of news content, and charge fees for access to their most valuable online resources, such as archival databases. The digital age has also changed the way journalists work, with significant cost savings and staff reductions as large media organizations pool resources and share material. Reporters use satellite phones and internet hookups to file stories from off-site, including abroad, and at times the same reporter writes stories and shoots television footage. In some cases the changes have eliminated locally based correspondents; instead "parachute reporters" travel to the scene with little knowledge of the region and situation. While these reporters may serve to entertain and persuade those back home, they can be ill equipped to educate and inform.




Re-imagining Web analysis as circulation by Christopher A. Paul



Many forms of Internet analysis grew out of literary and textual criticism that focused on interpreting meaning(s) in particular texts. In extending a meaning-based approach to Web texts, analyses have artificially constructed borders around texts to produce stable research objects. This paper refocuses criticism, shifting from meaning to critical analysis of circulation and the ways that movement is either facilitated or impeded in particular Web texts.

This analytical move respects the dynamic borders of Web texts whose hypertextual links defy precise definitions. By focusing on circulation, Web analysts can study the politics of pathways in Web sites, retaining the dynamism promised by the technology of the Web, yet enabling productive criticism.




"IM here" Reflections on virtual office hours by Shannon L. Roper and Jeannette Kindred



AOL Instant messenger (IM) was used over four semesters as an additional way for students to contact us during office hours. Since college students primarily use IM as a way to interact socially with their friends and family, we were curious if students would use IM to contact us, who would use it, how often they would use it, and what the content of the IM interactions would be. After two years of collecting all IM exchanges with students, we found that students did use IM to contact us on a regular basis. Both male and female students in roughly equal numbers used IM. In addition, a majority of the exchanges were task related; that is, questions and comments relating to a particular course or assignment. Results, personal reflections, and suggestions for future research are discussed.




Online images of industrialization in the American Midwest by Ruth Garner, Mark Gillingham, and Steve McShane



Someone who doubts that photographs, like paintings and drawings, are an interpretation of the world might study the two historical photo collections discussed in this article. The views of industrialization could hardly be more dissimilar. Looking at both collections - photos and captions - is instructive.




Web=based learning: Factors affecting students' satisfaction and learning experience by Kyung-Sun Kim and Joi L. Moore



This study investigates how students' characteristics and behaviors affect their satisfaction and learning experience within Web-based courses. Eighty-two graduate students taking a Web-based course from a Midwest university participated in the study. Web-based questionnaires were used to collect data on student demographics as well as learning experiences and styles. Findings suggest that students' interaction with classmates and their instructor may have an impact on their satisfaction with Web-based courses. In addition, students' gender and their perceived level of course difficulty seem to be correlated with interaction.


December 2005

Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Edward J. Valauskas [ejv@UIC.EDU]           Wed 14/12/2005 11:31 AM                 FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU                     First Monday December 2005

Dear Reader,


The December 2005 issue of First Monday (volume 10, number 12) is now available at




Table of Contents


Volume 10, Number 12 - December 5th 2005


Ringtones, or the auditory logic of globalization by Sumanth Gopinath



This essay attempts to provide a description of the global ringtone industry, to determine and assess the numerous cultural consequences of the ringtone's appearance and development, and to situate the ringtone within the context of contemporary capitalism. At its broadest, my assertion is that the development of the ringtone is a powerful lens through which we might clearly view some of the dynamics of present day (or "late") capitalist cultural production, including the development of new rentier economies within oligopolistic sectors of production and consumption, and a long-term shift in global productive dominance from North America to the Pacific Rim. The ringtone is also a remarkable cultural phenomenon that is demonstrating a high degree of popularity and is undergoing rapid transformation; therefore, its short, continuing lifetime already needs to be assessed historically.




Just how international is my Web site? Estimating reach through analysis of hourly demand by Dirk H.R. Spennemann



The increased commercialisation of Internet domain sales created the unanticipated side effect that domain extensions no longer signify the residence of the domain user. As a result, the analysis of the domain attributes in Web access logs no longer provides accurate information on the origin of the users and thus of the geographical 'reach' of a given site. This study provides an alternative method to assess the geographical 'reach' by calculating the average demand for Web pages in hourly intervals originating from each time zone. The resulting analysis tool, which relates to Greenwich Mean Time, is location independent and can be applied to Web sites world wide.




Finding information on the World Wide Web: A specialty meta-search engine for the academic community by Yaffa Aharoni, Ariel J. Frank, and Snunith Shoham



The Web is continuing to grow rapidly and search engine technologies are evolving fast. Despite these developments, some problems still remain, mainly, difficulties in finding relevant, dependable information. This problem is exacerbated in the case of the academic community, which requires reliable scientific materials in various specialized research areas.


We propose that a solution for the academic community might be a meta-search engine which would allow search queries to be sent to several specialty search engines that are most relevant for the information needs of the academic community. The basic premise is that since the material indexed in the repositories of specialty search engines is usually controlled, it is more reliable and of better quality.


A database selection algorithm for a specialty meta-search engine was developed, taking into consideration search patterns of the academic community, features of specialty search engines and the dynamic nature of the Web.


This algorithm was implemented in a prototype of a specialty meta-search engine for the medical community called AcadeME.

AcadeME's performance was compared to that of a general search engine

- represented by Google, a highly regarded and widely used search engine - and to that of a single specialty search engine - represented by the medical Queryserver. From the comparison to Google it was found that AcadeME contributed to the quality of the results from the point of view of the academic user. From the comparison to the medical Queryserver it was found that AcadeMe contributed to relevancy and to the variety of the results as well.




 From Eleanor Rigby to Nannanet: The greying of the World Wide Web

by Tara Brabazon



The proportion and number of wired seniors is small. A grey gap

punctuates in the digital divide. The World Wide Web is not a panacea

or salve for the isolation and ageism that confronts senior citizens.

Yet a proactive and political desire to wire those who are living,

dancing, talking and thinking in God's Waiting Rooms around the world

provide one more safety net and social safeguard to collectivize the

dispersed and dispossessed. This article uses quantitative and

qualitative studies to investigate how and why older populations

dis/connect from the digital environment. Commencing with

international surveys monitoring Web users, the study then drills

down to regions with a high proportion of older residents, exploring

if and then how seniors use the World Wide Web.




Web of lies? Historical knowledge on the Internet

by Daniel J. Cohen and Roy Rosenzweig



Scholars in history (as well as other fields in the humanities) have

generally taken a dim view of the state of knowledge on the Web,

pointing to the many inaccuracies on Web pages written by amateurs. A

new software agent called H-Bot scans the Web for historical facts,

and shows how the Web may indeed include many such inaccuracies -

while at the same time being extremely accurate when assessed as a

whole through statistical means that are alien to the discipline of

history. These mathematical methods and other algorithms drawn from

the computational sciences also suggest new techniques for historical

research and new approaches to teaching history in an age in which an

increasingly significant portion of the past has been digitized.




Agenda-setting, opinion leadership, and the world of Web logs

by Aaron Delwiche



More than 350 studies have explored the agenda-setting hypothesis,

but most of this research assumes a clear distinction between

reporters and their readers. Web logs erode this distinction,

facilitating participatory media behavior on the part of audiences

(Blood, 2003). The activities of journalistically focused Web log

authors give us new ways to understand and measure the agenda-setting

process. While previous researchers have explored issue salience by

focusing on audience recall and public opinion, Web logs invite us to

consider hyperlinks as behavioral indicators of an issue's perceived

importance. This paper tracks news stories most often linked to by

Web log authors in 2003, comparing the results to stories favored by

traditional media. Arguing that Web log authors construct an

alternative agenda within the admittedly limited realm of the

blogosphere, I note that their focus has shifted from technology to

broader political issues. My findings support Chaffee and Metzger's

(2001) prediction that "the key problem for agenda-setting theory

will change from what issues the media tell people to think about to

what issues people tell the media they want to think about."




The use of the Internet to activate latent ties in scholarly communities

by Paul Genoni, Helen Merrick, and Michele Willson



This paper presents the results of a survey on the use of the

Internet by university-based scholars to contact unknown peers. These

contacts are considered as examples of the activation of "latent

ties" which are said to exist within communities with associated

interests. The research indicates that the Internet facilitates the

activation of these ties and that the degree to which it is used for

this purpose is associated with academic rank.




Academic home pages: Reconstruction of the self

by Lesley Thoms and Mike Thelwall



Previous literature within the postmodern movement typically finds

the Internet to be a tool for surveillance and restriction. This is

particularly identified in the personal homepages of academics, where

the university is considered to marginalise staff through the

coercive governing of their identity construction. Using a

Foucauldian framework in which to analyse twenty academic homepages,

this study looks specifically at identity construction on the

Internet via the differences of link inclusion between academics

whose homepages have been university-constructed and those whose

homepages have been self-constructed, both dependent and independent

of the university site. A Foucauldian discourse analysis identifies

the marginalisation of academics in all conditions, wherein

discursive positions were typically those of disempowerment. A

typology of homepages and hence identities of academics is proposed

based on the Web sites examined, concluding that whether the homepage

is constructed by the academic or by the university, the identities

of the individual are ultimately lost to the governmentality of the





 From libraries to 'libratories'

by Leo Waaijers



While the eighties of the last century were a time of local

automation for libraries and the nineties the decade in which

libraries embraced the Internet and the Web, now is the age in which

the big search engines and institutional repositories are gaining a

firm footing. This heralds a new era in both the evolution of

scholarly communication and its agencies themselves, i.e. the



Until now libraries and publishers have developed a digital variant

of existing processes and products,i.e. catalogues posted on the Web,

scanned copies of articles, e-mail notification about acquisitions or

expired lending periods, or traditional journals in a digital jacket.

However, the new OAI repositories and services based upon them have

given rise to entirely new processes and products, libraries

transforming themselves into partners in setting up virtual learning

environments, building an institution's digital showcase, maintaining

academics' personal Web sites, designing refereed portals and -

further into the future - taking part in organising virtual research

environments or collaboratories. Libraries are set to metamorphose

into 'libratories', an imaginary word to express their combined

functions of library, repository and collaboratory. In such

environments scholarly communication will be liberated from its

current copyright bridle while its coverage will be both broader -

including primary data, audiovisuals and dynamic models - and deeper,

with cross-disciplinary analyses of methodologies and applications of

instruments. Universities will make it compulsory to store in their

institutional repositories the results of research conducted within

their walls for purposes of academic reporting, review committees,

and other modes of clarification and explanation. Big search engines

will provide access to this profusion of information and organise its

mass customization.




Book reviews


Books reviewed:

Kathy Bowrey.

Law & Internet Cultures.

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Reviewed by Matthew Rimmer.


Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner.

Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything.

New York: William Morrow, 2005.

Reviewed by Greg Stinson.


January 2006

Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Valauskas, Edward J. [ejv@UIC.EDU]           Tue 10/01/2006 3:41 AM         FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU                     First Monday January 2006

Dear Reader,


The January 2006 issue of First Monday (volume 11, number 1) is now available at




Table of Contents


Volume 11, Number 1 - January 2nd 2006


Cultural diversity in cyberspace: The Catalan campaign to win the new .cat top level domain by Peter Gerrand



In September 2005 ICANN approved the first top–level Internet domain to be dedicated to a particular human language and culture: '.cat'. This paper describes the history of the Catalan campaign to win the '.cat' domain against political opposition from the former conservative Spanish government and the reluctance of some decision–makers within ICANN circles. While '.cat' creates a precedent for greater use on the Internet of 'minority languages', there are significant hurdles for other candidates for language–based top–level domains. The paper discusses the concomitant factors needed to support the greater use of any minority language on the Internet.




The legal and practical implications of recent attacks on 128–bit cryptographic hash functions by Praveen Gauravaram, Adrian McCullagh and Ed Dawson



This paper discusses the legal and practical implications of attacks, presented at Crypto '2004, against various 128-bit hash functions and in particular MD5 due to its wide usage. These attacks are significant because a number of important applications depend on MD5. It is argued in this paper that the MD-x style of hash function designs for various applications can be a single point of failure. New hash function design schemes with some strict security properties should be developed in order to avoid new attacks in the future.




The filtering matrix: Integrated mechanisms of information control and the demarcation of borders in cyberspace by Nart Villeneuve



Increasingly, states are adopting practices aimed at regulating and controlling the Internet as it passes through their borders. Seeking to assert information sovereignty over their cyber–territory, governments are implementing Internet content filtering technology at the national level.

The implementation of national filtering is most often conducted in secrecy and lacks openness, transparency, and accountability.

Policy–makers are seemingly unaware of significant unintended consequences, such as the blocking of content that was never intended to be blocked. Once a national filtering system is in place, governments may be tempted to use it as a tool of political censorship or as a technological "quick fix" to problems that stem from larger social and political issues. As non–transparent filtering practices meld into forms of censorship the effect on democratic practices and the open character of the Internet are discernible. States are increasingly using Internet filtering to control the environment of political speech in fundamental opposition to civil liberties, freedom of speech, and free expression. The consequences of political filtering directly impact democratic practices and can be considered a violation of human rights.




Evolutionary information seeking: A case study of personal development and Internet searching by  Jarkko Kari



This article explores one question: what does Internet searching have to do with personal development? Personal development means that individuals improve their own abilities, skills, knowledge or other qualities by working on them. The paper reports on a qualitative case study, in which a single participant was interviewed and her Web searches observed.

Information search strategies seemed to form a spectrum of developmental sophistication. Four major types of relationship were found: a) the Internet in the context of development; b) development in the context of the Internet; c) development affecting Internet use; and, d) Internet use affecting development. There were some informational phenomena which exhibited regression, the converse of development.




Tight prior open source equilibrium: The rise of open source as a source of economic welfare by Matthias Barwolff



Open source has become a viable mode of production and resource allocation not only for intrinsicly motivated communities but for commercial firms as well. This may be due primarily to the fact that open source ultimately produces greater value on both the use and production sides. Open source thus acts as an institution that affects the structure of the software industry much more efficiently than politics and law. It also provides an economic perspective that may help refine the standard notion of the firm since it emphasises the link between firm and market, not the frontiers that separate the two.




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First Monday Editorial Group





FM10 Openness: Code, science and content Making collaborative creativity sustainable


First Monday's tenth anniversary conference, 15-17 May 2006 at the University of Illinois at Chicago


Recent years have seen a strong interest among academics, policy makers, activists, business and other practitioners on open collaboration and access as a driver of creativity. In some areas, such as free software / open source, sustainable business models have emerged that are holding their own against more traditional, proprietary software industries. In the sciences, the notions of open science and open data demonstrate the strong tradition of openness in the academic community that, despite its past successes, is increasingly under threat. And open access journals and other open content provide inspiring examples of collaborative creativity and participatory access, such as Wikipedia, while still in search of models to ensure sustainability.


There are clear links between these areas of openness: open content often looks explicitly towards open source software for business models, and open science provides through its history a glimpse of the potential of openness, how it can work, as well as a warning of the threats it may face. Finally, open collaboration is closely linked to access to knowledge issues, enabling active participation rather than passive consumption especially in developing countries.


Despite these clear links, there has been surprisingly little thoughtful analysis of this convergence, or of the real value of the common aspect of open collaboration. In particular, while open source software — due to its strong impact on business and on bridging the digital divide — has drawn much attention, it may provide false hopes for the sustainability of openness in other areas of content that need careful examination. The conference - FM10 Openness: Code, science and content: Making collaborative creativity sustainable - provides a platform for such analysis and discussion, resulting in concrete proposals for sustainable models for open collaboration in creative domains.


The conference will draw on the experience of First Monday as the foremost online, peer–reviewed academic journal covering these issues since May 1996. Not only has First Monday published numerous papers by leading scholars on the topics of open collaboration, open access, and open content in its various forms, it is itself an example of open collaboration in practice: for nearly a decade, the journal has been published on a purely voluntary basis, with no subscription fees, advertising, sponsorship or other revenues. The success of First Monday is demonstrated by thousands of readers around the world, downloading hundreds of thousands of papers each month. This conference celebrates First Monday’s tenth anniversary. The first issue of First Monday appeared on the first Monday of May 1996 at the International World Wide Web Conference in Paris. Altogether, 658 papers have been published in 115 issues, written by 783 different authors from around the world.


The conference is supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (, the Open Society Institute (, and the University of Illinois at Chicago (


Watch First Monday's Web site for further details on registration and the conference program.


February 2006 

Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Edward J. Valauskas [ejv@UIC.EDU]                       Thu 9/02/2006 1:03 PM                       FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU                     First Monday February 2006

Dear Reader,


The February 2006 issue of First Monday (volume 11, number 2) is now available at


In addition, there are two special issues,


Urban Screens: Discovering the potential of outdoor screens for urban society edited by by Pieter Boeder, Geert Lovink, Sabine Niederer, and Mirjam Struppek




Virtual Architecture at State of Play III, 6-8 October 2005 edited by Beth Simone Noveck




Table of Contents


Volume 11, Number 2 - February 6th 2006


Law and Borders: The Rise of Law in Cyberspace, Ten Years Later


Law and Borders: The Rise of Law in Cyberspace by David R. Johnson and David G. Post (originally published in First Monday's first issue in May 1996)




The Great Debate - Law in the Virtual World by David G. Post and David R. Johnson




Virtual Borders: The Interdependence of Real and Virtual Worlds by James Grimmelmann




Dispute Resolution Without Borders: Some Implications for the Emergence of Law in Cyberspace by  Ethan Katsh




The Life of the Law Online

by David R. Johnson




Special issue!

Urban Screens: Discovering the potential of outdoor screens for urban society edited by by Pieter Boeder, Geert Lovink, Sabine Niederer, and Mirjam Struppek


Introduction: Discovering the potential of outdoor screens for urban society by Pieter Boeder and Mirjam Struppek


Urban screens: The beginning of a universal visual culture by Paul Martin Lester


The politics of public space in the media city by Scott McQuire


The poetics of urban media surfaces

by Lev Manovich


Interpreting urban screens

by Anthony Auerbach


Story space: A theoretical grounding for the new urban annotation by Rekha Murthy


The urban incubator: (De)constructive (re)presentation of heterotopian spatiality and virtual image(ries) by Wael Salah Fahmi


Urban screens: Towards the convergence of architecture and audiovisual media by Tore Slaatta


Towards an integrated architectural media space by Ava Fatah gen. Schieck


Art and social displays in the branding of the city: Token screens or opportunities for difference?

Julia Nevarez


Hijacking the urban screen: Trends in outdoor advertising and predictions for the use of video art and urban screens by Raina Kumra


For an aesthetics of transmission

by Giselle Beiguelman


Intelligent skin: Real virtual

by Vera Buhlmann


Programming video art for urban screens in public space by Kate Taylor


Augmenting the City with Urban Screens

by Florian Resatsch, Daniel Michelis, Corina Weber, and Thomas Schildhauer




Another special issue!


Virtual Architecture at State of Play III, 6-8 October 2005 edited by Beth Simone Noveck


Introduction to virtual architecture at State of Play III


keep off the grass

acmipark - a case study of a virtual public place by Helen Stuckey


Taking New World Notes

An embedded journalist's rough guide to reporting from inside the Internet's next evolution by Wagner James Au


Architecture and the Internet: Designing places in cyberspace by Yehuda E. Kalay and John Marx


Architecture and the Virtual World

by Nathan Glazer


March 2006

Readership of First Monday [FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU]; on behalf of; Edward J. Valauskas [ejv@UIC.EDU]           Sat 18/03/2006 5:37 AM          FIRSTMONDAY@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU         First Monday March 2006

Dear Reader,


The March 2006 issue of First Monday (volume 11, number 3) is now available at




Table of Contents


Volume 11, Number 3 - March 6th 2006


Six degrees of reputation: The use and abuse of online review and recommendation systems by Shay David and Trevor Pinch




Robbery under arms: Copyright law and the Australia-United States Free Trade Ageeement by Matthew Rimmer




Landscape without bearings: Instructors' first experiences in Web-based synchronous environments by Elizabeth Murphy and Justyna Ciszewska-Carr




Digital divide or digital development? The Internet in Mexico by James Curry and Martin Kenney




Exploring factors influencing Internet users' adoption of Internet television in Taiwan by Kenneth C.C. Yang and Yowei Kang




Autumn 2005 – vol 1, issue 3

Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum []; on behalf of; The Grey Journal [journal@GREYNET.ORG]     Sun 16/10/2005 7:31 PM                    TGJ, Autumn 2005 , Volume 1, Issue 3 - Now in Print!

T h e   G r e y   J o u r n a l

              An International Journal on Grey Literature


                  Autumn 2005, TGJ Volume 1, Number 3

           ‘G r e y   A r e a s   i n   E d u c a t i o n’



 C O N T E N T S     ISSN 1574-1796




· Editor's Note                                                       108


· What's new in Grey Literature? Everything from the textbook

  market to the blogosphere                                           109

  By Julia Gelfand, University of California (USA)


· The moving border of tacit and explicit knowledge in e-Learning:

  Use and production of information & knowledge in technical

  university education                                                111

  By Anna-Kaarina Kairamo, Helsinki University of Technology (FI)


· Designing Digital Libraries for Teaching

  By Kate Wittenberg, Columbia University (USA)                       118


· A study of teachers and researchers practices with digital

  documents, grey or not                                              121

  By Céline Bourasseau, Cédric Dumas, Ecole des Mines de Nantes (FR)


· Learning About Grey Literature by Interviewing Subject Librarians   132

  By Pat Sulouff, Suzanne Bell, Judi Briden, Stephanie Frontz, and

  Ann Marshall, University of Rochester (USA)


· A Review of four Information Professionals - Their work and impact

  on the field of Grey Literature                                     138

  By Dominic J. Farace and Jerry Frantzen, GreyNet (NL)


On the News Front:


 · GL7 Conference Program and Schedule                                142

 · Grey Literature from Russia and China                              146

 · Author and Title Index 2005                                        148



E d i t o r i a l   A d d r e s s:



The Grey Journal (TGJ)

An International Journal on Grey Literature Beysterveld 251

1083 KE Amsterdam

The Netherlands


Tel/Fax +31(0)20-672.1217




Spring 2006, volume 2, no 1


The Grey Journal []                     Tue 21/03/2006 2:14 PM   Editor's Note - TGJ  Vol. 2, No 1, Spring 2006



T h e   G r e y   J o u r n a l

              An International Journal on Grey Literature


                  Spring 2006, TGJ Volume 2, Number 1


              "G r e y   M a t t e r s   f o r   O A I"



 C O N T E N T S     ISSN 1574-1796



Editor's Note


Last December, delegates from sixteen countries worldwide met at GL7 in Nancy, France to address the principles of open access as they apply to grey literature. Information professionals from sectors of government, academics, and business presented results of research projects intended to facilitate open access to grey resources. These results no doubt will allow for the further assessment of information policies both within and outside their respective organizations.


While there was general consensus on the benefits of open access, there were clear differences in how the principles of OA would be implemented. This ranged on a broad continuum between the position of The Royal Society on the one side and that of the Wellcome Trust on the other.


GreyNet seeks to remain in the forefront of this movement, but at the same time feels committed to keeping lines of communication open between these farthest positions. In this way, the entire grey literature community - both the public and private sectors - stand to gain. GreyNet continues to honor dialog as well as open choice, but has become very much aware of current statistics showing business and industry underrepresented in the field of grey literature. Open access is but one of the many important issues facing grey literature today; and, GreyNet believes that it is in the best interest of the entire field, if the private sector were now to become more visible.

In the long run this strategy would benefit the public sector as well.


Since the relaunch of GreyNet by TextRelease in 2003, authors both in the GL Conference Series as well as those contributing to The Grey Journal (TGJ) sign-on to a  “non-exclusive rights agreement”. The authors remain free to deposit their own work in other online repositories, which they deem fit.

This non-exclusive rights agreement further allows GreyNet to negotiate licensing and cooperative publishing exchange of the full text and metadata contained in its in-house content base.


In this issue of TGJ, a number of papers mainly from GL7 have been selected and brought together under the theme “Grey Matters for OAI”. The views and initiatives are predominantly from the public sectors of government and academics. The first three articles are by European authors and researchers.

Three articles then follow by their Asian counterparts. When reading these articles, I invite you not only to focus on the geographical emphases but also on the scope of topics related to OA e.g. peer review, self-archiving, migration of repositories, technical and organizational aspects, legal limitations, trends in subject areas, preservation, and other related matters that are covered here.


Contents:                                                            Page:


· Public funded research and Open Access: Perspectives and policies      7

  Cees de Blaaij (Netherlands)


· Assisting scientists to make their research results world wide        17

  freely available: an experience begun in the 90s

  Stefania Biagioni (Italy)


· Open archives and SIGLE participation in Italy:                       23

  Is there a subtle link between the two experiences?

  Rosa Di Cesare, Daniela Luzi, and Roberta Ruggieri (Italy)


· A Survey of Open Access Barriers to Scientific Information:           35

  Providing an Appropriate Pattern for Scientific Communication in Iran

  Mohammad Reza Ghane (Iran)


· Patterns of Research Output produced by Scholarly Communities         43

  in South Korea

  Hyekyong Hwang, Heeyoon Choi, Tae-Sul Seo, Soo-Sang Lee (South Korea)


· Open Access to Grey Literature: Challenges and Opportunities at the   50

  Banaras Hindu University in India

  Manorama Tripathi, H.N. Prasad, and S.K. Sonker (India)


On the News Front:


GL7 Conference Reviews

    · Aurélie Cordier (France)                                          54

    · Ulrich Herb (Germany)                                             55


GL8 Announcement & Call-for-Papers                                      56




E d i t o r i a l   A d d r e s s :



The Grey Journal (TGJ)

An International Journal on Grey Literature Beysterveld 251

1083 KE Amsterdam

The Netherlands


Tel/Fax +31(0)20-672.1217



IETF Journal

New issue; on behalf of; Michel J. Menou []        Sat 8/10/2005 12:35 AM              ; sigifp-l; sigiii-l; eurchap;          [Asis-l] [Fwd: [ISOC-members-announce] Announcing the IETF Journal - a new ISOC      Publication]

a new Internet Society publication produced in cooperation with the Internet Engineering Task Force.

A new online and open journal whose contents may be of interest to many MM


-------- Original Message --------

Subject:           [ISOC-members-announce] Announcing the IETF Journal - a new

ISOC Publication

Date:   Fri, 7 Oct 2005 10:45:24 -0400

From: David McAuley <>

To:       <>




Dear Members:


ISOC is pleased to announce the "IETF Journal", a new Internet Society publication produced in cooperation with the Internet Engineering Task Force. Our aim is to provide an easily understandable overview of what's happening in the world of Internet standards with a particular focus on the activities of the IETF Working Groups (WG). Each issue of the "IETF Journal"

will highlight some of the hot issues being discussed in IETF meetings and in the IETF mailing lists. Our first issue takes a look back at the recent 63rd meeting of the IETF in Paris.



Best wishes to you all.




David McAuley

Membership Director

Internet Society

703-326-9880, ext 104

703-963-5887 (mobile)




Special issue – call for papers; on behalf of; Ian Ruthven []           Wed 22/03/2006 1:31 AM            [Asis-l] Call for papers: Special topic issue of Information Processing and Management on User-centred evaluation of IR systems


INFORMATION PROCESSING & MANAGEMENT: An International Journal Special Topic Issue on User-centred Evaluation of Information Retrieval Systems


Guest Editors

Pia Borlund, Royal School of Library and Information Science, Aalborg, Denmark.

Ian Ruthven, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom


Introduction to special issue topic

Evaluation has always been a strong element of Information Retrieval

(IR) research, much of our focus being on how we evaluate IR algorithms.

As a research field we have benefited greatly from initiatives such as Cranfield, TREC, CLEF and INEX that have added to our knowledge of how to create test collections, the reliability of system-based evaluation criteria and our understanding of how to interpret the results of an algorithmic evaluation.  In contrast, evaluations whose main focus is the user experience of searching using IR systems have not yet reached the same level of maturity.  Such evaluations are complex to create and assess due to the increased number of variables to incorporate within the study, the lack of standard tools available (for example, test

collections) and the difficulty of selecting appropriate evaluation criteria for study.


In spite of the complicated nature of user-centred evaluations, this form of evaluation is necessary to understand the effectiveness of individual IR systems and user search interactions.  The growing incorporation of users into the evaluation process reflects the changing nature of IR within society; for example, more and more people have access to IR systems through Internet search engines but have little training or guidance in how to use these systems effectively. Similarly, new types of search system such as recommender systems and interactive IR facilities are becoming available to wide groups of end-users.


This special topic issue will address the current and future position of user-centred evaluation within IR and reflect the increased interest in, use of, and need for user-centred evaluations.  The special topic issue will act as a focus for dissemination in best practice in the area of user-centred evaluations by increasing our understanding of appropriate methodologies, our awareness of the effectiveness of evaluation measures and in raising new research directions in the user side of IR.



Submissions for the special topic issue should be high-quality manuscripts on the theoretical, empirical and methodological issues surrounding user-centred evaluations.  Submissions that describe evaluations will be welcome as long as they contribute to our understanding of how to perform a user evaluation.  Submissions should describe original research and not be under consideration in any other forum.  All submissions should be formatted according to the Information Processing & Management guidelines for papers, references, and citations and should be submitted using the electronic submission site.  Submitted articles will be reviewed according to the Information Processing & Management reviewing criteria and appropriateness to the special topic issue.  Full details of paper submission and reviewing are available at



We particularly welcome submissions on, but not limited to, the following aspects of user evaluations:

•           Methodologies for user-centred evaluations

•           Evaluation measures for user-centred evaluations

•           Theoretical issues in user-centred evaluations

•           User-centred test collections

•           Evaluations of user interfaces and interactive IR systems

•           User models and evaluation

•           Evaluations of non-traditional information access systems


Important dates

Submission of articles: Friday 7th April 2006 Notification to authors: Friday 30th June 2006 Final version of accepted papers: Friday 11th August 2006


All questions regarding submissions should be directed to the specialtopic issue Guest Editors: Pia Borlund (pb at and Ian Ruthven (ir at


Ian Ruthven

Department of Computer and Information Sciences University of Strathclyde Glasgow G1 1XH


Tel: +44 141 548 3098

Fax: +44 141 548 4523

Information Interaction in Context (IIiX) -



Editorial changes; on behalf of; Tom Wilson []            Tue 11/10/2005 3:45 AM            JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU; ASIST                      [Asis-l] Editorial changes at Information Research

North American readers (and authors) will be interested to know that Dr. Terry Brooks of the iSchool, University of Washington, and a long time member of the Editorial Board, has agreed to serve as Associate Editor, North America.


Consequently, authors from Canada and the USA are asked to forward their papers for review to Dr. Brooks at ""

with a copy to me at ""



Professor Tom Wilson, PhD

Publisher and Editor-in-Chief

Information Research: an international electronic journal







Vol 11, 2005/6, No 1


Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum [JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU]; on behalf of; Prof. Tom Wilson [t.d.wilson@SHEFFIELD.AC.UK]       Tue 18/10/2005 11:58 PM                   JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU            New issue of Information Research


he new issue of Information Researchwill be available on the Website tomorrow. There may be some editing glitches as a result of the problems explained in the Editorial, but one of the advantages of electronic publishing is the capacity to correct. :-) Here's the Editorial:




        Getting out the first issue of the new volume - which really signals that ten years have now gone by since Information Research first hit cyberspace

- has been rather fraught. My Internet connection has been playing up for the past month or so, with first, intermittent disconnection developing into intermittent connection and finally no connection at all. Eventually, after a couple of weeks talking to my ISP help desk, then tests by BT of the ADSL line, only the router was left as the likely source of the problem. So, now it is en route back to Netgear and I'm using the modem that came with the ISP subscription.


        The interruptions to service and the time taken in diagnosing the problem have meant that some papers that should have been published in this issue will have to wait until January - my apologies to the authors. Also, at this point, not all of the papers on the site have been properly proof-read; I simply wasn't able to get them to Rae-Ann so that she could do the proofing. Of course, one of the advantages of electronic publication is that we can correct the papers at any time and we shall do so as time goes by. No doubt, however, there are other errors lurking in the system somewhere: if you come across any, do let me know.


        In this issue


        We have the usual multi-national contributions to this issue, with papers from Greece, Hungary, Spain, Sweden, and the USA. From Sweden, we have a second paper from AnnBritt Enochsson on the use of the Internet by children; from Hungary a study of environmental scanning by companies in Western Europe and, coincidentally, another paper on environmental scanning by Greek companies from a Greek research, Liana Kourteli; and, if that was not enough on the subject, yet another, from the USA on environmental scanning by clinicians in substance abuse treatment clinics. Perhaps this ought to have been a special issue on environmental scanning. Finally, we have a couple of papers in

Spanish: one on the extent to which academics at the University of Murcia publish in the international journals, and the other on a scientometric study of academic collaboration by researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia.


        It is interesting to note that the papers in Spanish that have been published in Information Research are 'hit' to just about the same extent as the papers in English. This makes me wonder why more scholarly journals are not multilingual. I can understand the problems of accomplishing it, of course, especially for print-on-paper journals, but for open access journals (i.e., true open access, not author-charged) the costs are minimal when collaboration with colleagues abroad is so easily accomplished. The multilingual (or, more correctly, bilingual) character of Information Research surely encourages more native English speakers who understand Spanish to read these papers, while Spanish speakers get the opportunity at least to read the abstracts of the English papers in Spanish, even if they are not sufficiently bilingual to read the entire paper.




        Readers of the reviews (and I understand that there are some of you out there who are more likely to read these than any of the papers!) will notice a not too subtle change with this issue. Information Research has become an Amazon Associate. Each review now carries a link to an Amazon site, enabling you to buy the book reviewed immediately - whether for yourself or for your organization. If you do click on the links to Amazon, the journal gets a small payment for each book bought, thereby helping us to keep the journal going.


        I'm also experimenting with Google: initially, you'll find a search box at the end of the reference list on each paper with the search terms already entered. Just click on search and you'll be presented (on a new page) with output of a search on Scholar Google. Let me know if you think it is a good idea.




New feature


Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum [JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU]; on behalf of; Prof. Tom Wilson [t.d.wilson@SHEFFIELD.AC.UK]       Wed 28/12/2005 6:39 AM                   JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU                      A new feature in Information Research


As a result of a message to my Weblog

(, I looked at the practice of Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association and liked the idea of showing how many citations a paper had in Google Scholar.  Lacking a script to achieve this from the server, I've put in links manually for every paper in the journal that has citations indicated by Google Scholar for Volume 1 number 1 to Volume

9 number 4 - Volumes 10 and 11 are too recent to have citations.


If you are an Information Research author, you can check on your paper(s) and see whether or not it has the link - it's located following the 'How to cite this paper' feature at the end of each paper.


Go to to follow up this mail.




January 2006


Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum []; on behalf of; Prof. Tom Wilson [t.d.wilson@SHEFFIELD.AC.UK]

Sat 21/01/2006 6:50 AM                                New issue of Information Research



Dear all,


My apologies if you are a member of all the lists I mail to - but there's no way for me to know :-)


The January issue of the journal is now online at - rather than fill your mailbox with the editorial, you can point your browser at the top page and find it without problems (I hope).


In the Editorial I mention a scheme I'm cooking up to get sponosorship for the journal - essentially, selling pixels on a redesigned top page - a mock up can be found at - the image is a clickable map, so you can click on a logo and be transferred to the organization's Website.  The organizations shown are those I'm targeting initially.  However, it occurred to me that library organizations, especially academic schools and departments in the information sector might also like to become sponsors.  The journal site is fairly 'sticky' and about one third of all hits on the top page come from within the site - people find a paper through a search engine and find their way to the top page.  Judging from the traffic, the page is also in a lot of library catalogues and personal bookmarks, so the visibility of your logo is high.


Anyone who would like to communicate with me about this can simply mail me at


Enjoy the issue,




Tom Wilson


Professor T.D. Wilson, PhD, Hon.PhD

Publisher/Editor in Chief

Information Research


Web site:



Thematic issue: Activity Theory in Information Studies – call for papers; on behalf of; Tom Wilson []            Tue 28/03/2006 4:19 AM            ASIST              [Asis-l] Call for Papers: Activity Theory and Information Studies


Contributions are invited for a thematic issue of Information Research on Activity Theory in Information Studies to be published in April 2007. Activity Theory, developed in the Soviet Union in the 1930s has become widely used in education, information systems, and human-computer interaction. To date, its application in information management, information science and librarianship has been limited, but the potential for its application is considerable. We will particularly welcome contributions based on research in digital libraries, information systems development, information behaviour, information literacy and information management generally. Theoretical papers on the links between activity theory and other conceptual frameworks will also be welcome. All contributions will be peer reviewed.


The issue editor is Dr. Mark Spasser and contributions should be sent to him at with a copy to the Editor-in-Chief at





Professor Tom Wilson, PhD, Hon.Ph.D.,

Publisher and Editor-in-Chief

Information Research: an international electronic journal










Call for papers


Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum [JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU]; on behalf of; Alex Koohang [koohang@UWM.EDU]           Thu 1/12/2005 9:58 AM JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU                   


Call for papers - Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management (IJIKM)


Alex Koohang


Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management (IJIKM)


The mission of the Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management (IJIKM) is to provide readers around the world with the widest possible coverage of the use of information and technology to effectively create, apply, and communicate knowledge in organizations.


IJIKM is an interdisciplinary forum that publishes high quality articles on theory, practice, innovation, cases, and research covering the use of information and technology to effectively create, apply, and communicate knowledge in organizations.


Published articles currently will address one or more of the following major areas of inquiry:


Business Intelligence

Communities of Practice


Intellectual Capital

Knowledge Management Systems/Tools

Learning Organization

Organizational Learning


In addition, IJIKM provides those who submit manuscripts for publication with useful, timely feedback by making the review process constructive. IJIKM will strive to be the most authoritative interdisciplinary journal on Information, Knowledge, and Management covering the use of information and technology to effectively create, apply, and communicate knowledge in organizations.


IJIKM is an academically peer reviewed Journal. All submissions are blind refereed by three or more peers. IJIKM is published in print by subscription and its articles also appear online free of charge.


Please consider submitting a paper to the Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management (IJIKM) -


Submit a paper at







Special issue – call for papers; on behalf of; Michel J. Menou []                    Mon 23/01/2006 6:23 PM                       KM for Development;; sigiii-l;; eurchap; ciresearchers              [Asis-l] [Fwd: Fwd: [isworld] IJKL - CFP for a special issue on Knowledge, Technology and the Digital Divide: global per]



CALL FOR PAPERS - International Journal of Knowledge and Learning Special Issue  on  Knowledge, Technology and the Digital Divide: global perspectives


Special Issue Editors:

Bill Martin, Research Director, School of Business IT, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia Mohini Singh, School of Business IT, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia Alemayehu Molla, School of Business IT, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia


There is a global consensus on the perceived connection between the uptake of information and communication technologies (ICTs), economic growth and new knowledge. Development today is virtually synonymous with the presence of industries at whose core reside knowledge and related intangibles. This includes computer hardware and software, multimedia, communications and biotechnology, the informatisation and digitisation of traditional commodity and manufacturing production and exchange, and a range of government and business services available on a 24 X 7 basis.

Nonetheless, the benefits of the so-called digital revolution and the knowledge economy it enables have been accompanied by a further widening of the gap between those that access knowledge and information readily and those that lack such access completely or those whose access is constrained significantly. 


This digital divide exists both within the developed countries of the North and between them and those nations in the South that are striving to escape the burdens of under-development. Clearly the acquisition of technological capacity is a necessary but not sufficient response to such challenges. People must also have access to the information and knowledge to become both users and producers of these technologies. Even more basic people must be capable of responding to the opportunities presented by this combination of technology and knowledge. Various national and international institutions are undertaking policies, programs and projects to include those that remain on the negative side of the divide. This carries implications for issues of access and equity, be this in terms of the basic literacy necessary to participate in the digital economy or the freedom from poverty and disease that would enable participation in the workforce. There is a range of infrastructure issues to do with legal and regulatory frameworks for telecommunications, intellectual property, e-business and e-government.

There is also a range of relationship issues not only at governmental level and involving donors, investors and local partners, but also at a local level to do with balancing external and indigenous knowledge and resources in ways that are most likely to empower local communities.

Finally there are issues of lessons, outcomes and sustainability of impacts. 


This special issue will address this range of relationships and resource issues taking a global perspective. It will also look for insights into actual and potential responses involving this softer knowledge-based dimension of the response to some of the major problems of development and the digital divide. Submissions are invited that fall into (but are not limited to) one of the following topic areas:


Theories of knowledge and digital divide Knowledge and development, millennium development goals, modernisation, dependency, resource-based theory, knowledge-based theory of the firm, intangibles, knowledge creation, and management theories, including complex adaptive systems, knowledge and learning, theories of information and knowledge societies Information and knowledge in a North-South connection, issues of relevance and validity  Information and knowledge flows, potential obstacles and stimulators  Strategies for creating and sharing knowledge


Communities and content

Communities and knowledge sharing  donor-recipient, local and international  Content mix for North-South, South-South and South-North knowledge exchanges  Content gaps in the digital divide  Issues of equity and access  Issues of culture, norms and customs  E-spaces versus social spaces


Infrastructure issues

Technologies for sustainable development  Regulation and deregulation of basic infrastructures, IP regimes and legal frameworks  Global ebusiness structures: supply chains and value networks  North-South business clusters


Policies and models for addressing the digital divide Evaluation of policies Comparative studies of policies  Evaluation of models Issues and challenges Impact assessment


Case studies, successful and otherwise of knowledge transfer, sharing or technology projects involving a North-South dimension


Important dates:

31st May 2006 Submission of abstracts

30th November 2006 Submission of manuscripts 15th March 2007 Notification to authors 15th July 2007 Final versions due Late 2007 Publication


Style and authorship guidelines:

Author guidelines are available at:   


Dr Mohini Singh

Associate Professor of Information Technology and E-Business School of BIT, RMIT Business GPO Box 2476V Melbourne 3001 Victoria  Australia



Phone: 61 3 9925 1355  Fax:  61 3 9925 5850






Fall 2005; on behalf of; Andrea Duda []            Fri 18/11/2005 5:29 A                        [ISTL-updates] ISTL - Fall 2005


The Fall 2005 issue of Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship is now available at


Theme: Facilities


 * A Century of Progress? Adaptation of the Chemistry Library at the

   University of Chicago

   by Andrea Twiss-Brooks, University of Chicago


 * Changing Mission, Strengthened Focus: A New Use for the Current

   Periodicals Room at the University of California, Santa Cruz

   by Catherine Soehner, Christy Hightower, and Wei Wei, University of

   California, Santa Cruz


 * And Then There Was One: Moving and Merging Three Health Science Library


   by Mary Hitchcock, Rhonda Sager, and Julie Schneider, University of



 * Capital Improvement: One Northern Virginia Library's Support of

   Life-Saving Programs

   by Heather Groves Hannan, Victoria Shelton, William Fleming, and Nicki

   Trosclair Meacham, George Mason University


 * The Closing of the LSU Chemistry Library

   by William W. Armstrong, Louisiana State University


Refereed Articles


 * Biology Article Retrieval from Various Databases: Making Good Choices

   with Limited Resources

   by D. Yvonne Jones, Rollins College


Book Reviews


 * From Gutenberg to the Internet: A Sourcebook on the History of

   Information Technology

   by D. Lynn Koenig, University of Kansas


 * Internet Guide to Food Safety and Security

   by Ruth Riley, University of South Carolina


Database Reviews and Reports


 * Compendex Engineering Village 2

   by Meghan Lafferty, University of Minnesota and Kitty Porter,

   Vanderbilt University




 * Federal Repositories: Comparative Advantage in Open Access?




                                Andrea L. Duda

                         Sciences-Engineering Library

                    University of California, Santa Barbara





Winter 2006; on behalf of; Andrea Duda []                        Tue 14/03/2006 6:24 AM                        [ISTL-updates] ISTL - Winter 2006


The Winter 2006 issue of Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship is now available at






Reaching the Engineering and Science Communities: New Technologies and Approaches at MIT by J. Darcy Duke, Stephanie Hartman, and Angela Locknar, Massachusetts Institute of Technology


Creating a BUZZ: Attracting SCI/TECH Students to the Library!

by Mary Axford, Ray Bedner, Cathy Carpenter, Leslie Madden, Brian Matthews, Crystal Renfro, and Joanne Tobin, Georgia Institute of Technology


The Beat of a Different Drum: Using the Arts in Outreach to Science/Engineering Students and Faculty by Jeanne L. Pfander and Barbara A. Williams, University of Arizona




Materials Used by Master's Students in Engineering and Implications for Collection Development: A Citation Analysis by Virginia Kay Williams and Christine Lea Fletcher, Mississippi State University


Using Spreadsheets to Map a Library Reclassification, Reorganization, and Merger by Stephanie Wright and Nancy Blase, University of Washington


Surveying Graduate and Professional Students' Perspectives on Library Services, Facilities and Collections at the University of Illinois at

Urbana-Champaign: Does Subject Discipline Continue to Influence Library Use?

by Tina E. Chrzastowski and Lura Joseph, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign





by Jack M. Maness, University of Colorado


Google Scholar -- Science & Technology

by Marian Burright, University of Maryland



by Kate Peterson, St. Cloud State University



by Howard M. Dess, Rutgers University




Plant Conservation Resources on the Internet by Danielle Carlock, Arizona State University at the Polytechnic Campus


Marketing and Outreach for Science and Technology Libraries: Selected Resources by Maribeth Slebodnik, Indiana State University




Why Not Market Yourself?

by Barbara MacAlpine, Trinity University




Andrea L. Duda            

Sciences-Engineering Library

University of California, Santa Barbara







Special issue – call for papers


Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum [JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU]; on behalf of; Lydia Harris [lharris1@U.WASHINGTON.EDU]     Tue 14/02/2006 5:04 AM                     Tue 14/02/2006 5:04 AM                     Call for Papers


Call for Papers

Sponsored by the ALISE SIG on Distance Education

Special Issue of the Journal of Education for Library and Information Science (JELIS)


Dedicated to Distance Education

This call for papers seeks original contributions of research conducted in all areas of library and information science distance education for a special issue of JELIS. Possible paper topics include:


*           Comparison studies

*           Computer-mediated communication

*           Curricula

*           Evaluation

*           Faculty education/training/preparation

*           Faculty-student interactions

*           Methodology

*           Pedagogy

*           Subject specific, i.e., Reference

*           Student satisfaction

*           Student-student interaction

*           Teaching methods

*           Technology

*           Theory


Deadline for Papers:    May 15th, 2006


Submissions should follow the JELIS guidelines ( <>  )


and will be selected through blind review.

Papers should be sent to:


Lydia E. Harris

University of Washington

The Information School

4311-11th Avenue NE, Suite 400

Box 354985

Seattle, WA 98105-4895 <>





Special issue; on behalf of; Michel J. Menou []                    Fri 20/01/2006 6:41 PM             ;; eurchap             [Asis-l] [Fwd: [km4dev-l] CALL FOR CONTRIBUTIONS - Managing Knowledge Within and Across Geographic Borders]


-------- Message original --------

Sujet:   [km4dev-l] CALL FOR CONTRIBUTIONS - Managing Knowledge Within

and Across Geographic Borders

Date:   Wed, 18 Jan 2006 16:20:49 -0800 (PST)

De:      Yukika Awazu <>

Répondre ŕ:    KM for Development <>

Pour:   KM for Development <>







  Special Issue



  Managing Knowledge Within and Across Geographic Borders: The Role of




  Knowledge and Process Management


A Special Issue of Knowledge and Process Management

( on Managing Knowledge Within and Across Geographic Borders: The Role of Culture has been approved.

Knowledge management as a competitive capability continues to receive resounding interest from both practitioner and academic circles. The current literature in knowledge management can be described as immature, yet budding. One question that remains unanswered is the role of culture in knowledge management efforts. Culture, at the nationalistic, organizational, or even unit (also known as team or workgroup) and individualistic (also known as personality) level plays a significant role as an enhancer or suppressor of knowledge management programs.

The goal of this special issue is to encourage contributions from both scholars and practitioners, and ideally papers stemming from collaborative engagements between the scholarly and practitioner community, on the role of culture in global knowledge management agendas. We seek papers that go beyond the simple taxonomical approach to culture at the national level. For instance, we invite papers that question the relevance of national culture in an increasing global and borderless (or bordered) world. We would welcome papers that examine the differences or similarities across cultural m easures (at any level of

analysis) and their level of significance in promoting or hampering knowledge creation and transfer efforts. Papers that study cultural issues in facilitating knowledge transfer among global teams are definitely of interest. In addition, papers that study cultural difference within a nation’s borders and their impacts on moving knowledge within the country’s borders are also of interest (e.g. the differences between cultures in Boston, MA and that of San Jose, CA or Omaha, NE).

We welcome both conceptual and empirical papers. Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Culture as an enabler of knowledge management · Re-definition of the role of culture in knowledge management research · Culture as an enhancer (or suppressor) of knowledge transfer between countries.

· Culture as an enhancer (or suppressor) of knowledge transfer within regions in a country · Cultural issues in global knowledge-intensive teams · Cultural issues in global project management · Organizational cultural issues in collaborative inter-organizationa l alliances · Cultural issues in managing knowledge in the networked economy · Case studies of cross-cultural management failures in knowledge-intensive organizations · Managing Culture in 2015 and beyond – the futuristic perspective Important Dates:

Abstract Submission for Guidance: July 15, 2006 Submission Deadline: September 1, 2006 Reviews sent back to authors: November 1, 2006 Revised Submissions: December 15, 2006 Final Acceptance: December 31, 2006 Tentative Pub lication Schedule: Issue 14, Volume 2 (2007)



    Submission Instructions


Please send your submissions and queries to Yukika Awazu at <> with the subject line – “KPM Special Issue”.

Yukika Awazu


Institute for Engaged Business Research

The Engaged Enterprise





22, no. 8 (September/October 2005; on behalf of; Gerry Mckiernan []              Thu 13/10/2005 12:47 AM;;;;; lis-E-JOURNALS@JISCMAIL.AC.UK;; SYSLIB-L@listserv.BUFFALO.EDU;;; LIBREF-L@LISTSERV.KENT.EDU;                     

[Asis-l] eProfile: WikimediaWorlds. Part I. Wikipedia

WikimediaWorlds. Part I. Wikipedia




I am pleased to announcement the publication of my latest eProfile in Library Hi Tech News:


Gerry McKiernan, "WikimediaWorlds. Part I. Wikipedia," _Library Hi Tech News_ 22, no. 8 (September/October 2005): 46-54.


Overview/Summary from the publisher


ABSTRACT: Purpose - This article of part 1 of a two part series on wikis. Part 1 focuses on Wikipedia. Design/methodology/approach - The article is prepared by a library professional and provides a summary of the main features. Findings - A wiki is a piece of server software that allows users to freely create and edit web page content using any web browser. Wiki supports hyperlinks and has a simple text syntax for creating new pages and crosslinks between internal pages on the fly. Originality/value - This article is a useful summary of a development of interest to library and information management professionals


I have self-archived a copy at 


[  ]



I would Most Appreciate Any and All Comments/Critiques/Observations or Cosmic Insights about this review.


BTW: Wikis (and Blogs) are Not Just For Breakfast Anymore:


"The Wiki and the Blog: Toward a Complex Adaptive Intelligence Community"


D. CALVIN ANDRUS  (Central Intelligence Agency) [CIA] [Studies in Intelligence, September 2005] / Link to full-text available at


[ ]






Gerry McKiernan

Associate Professor


Science and Technology Librarian

Iowa State University Library

Ames IA 50011



August/September  2005

Emerald []                 Wed 5/10/2005 3:20 PM                     Library Link Newsletter - August/September 2005

Dear all,


Welcome to a double edition of Knowledge and Networks, the Emerald Library Link newsletter.


In this issue, we explore the virtual world of online education with two sections dedicated to e-learning: a new viewpoint, a few research articles and a blog review.


We take another stop further down the blog highway and visit an interesting resource for marketing your library.


We look at the copyright issues currently troubling the Google Print project  and ponder on copyright laws.


We do a double take on Rachel Singer Gordon’s monthly guide to publishing:

firstly, how to cure the “I could have done better” syndrome, a well known idiosyncrasy of the writer; and secondly, how to capitalise on your confidence as an author and extend the reach of your writing by presenting your work.


We meet Dr Theresa Dirndorfer Anderson, winner of the first Emerald/EFMD Outstanding Doctoral Research Award in the field of Information Science under the sponsorship of Journal of Documentation. We had the chance to congratulate her when she visited Emerald. A relevant encounter!


We introduce a new free monthly service! Newsletter Fillers are a way to muscle up your newsletter with original articles. This month: Google and Libraries! Try it!


And finally, you get the chance to ask eminent librarian Maurice B. Line a question.


Happy reading.



1. Theresa Anderson receives her Outstanding Doctoral Award at Emerald: An illustration of relevance:


It was a delight to meet Dr Anderson at the beginning of August as she paid a visit to Emerald whilst travelling through the UK during her study leave. We talked about her passion for research and information, her thrill “to be commended in by such a select panel of judges,” and the flow of opportunities the award means for her career.


Dr David Bawden, Editor of Journal of Documentation, and Dr John Peters, Director of Editorial at Emerald, were also here to greet Theresa and give her the award.


Read the full story here:



2. Publish, don’t Perish! What if: Overcoming Writer’s Remorse:


If you have written before you may have experienced this nagging sensation, once your manuscript or paper has been sent out, that this sentence or that paragraph could have been better.


Rachel Singer Gordon delivers a little workshop of exercises to perform to become a stronger and more self-confident writer.


Read the column here:



3. Publish, don’t Perish! Presenting and Publishing:


In this second helping, Rachel explores a natural extension to writing for the library literature: presenting.


Read it here:



And why not browse through over 12 months of Publish, don’t Perish!



4. Distance education: A-grade for e-learning?


Setting up a course online can potentially raise the profile and extend the reach of any teaching institution. It also requires a major investment of time and energy and the constant evaluation of the distance programme by students and faculty to ensure positive results.


All the effort involved might come as a surprise, considering distance learning is not new. It has indeed existed for over a century but it’s only in the past few years that e-learning programmes have started to proliferate and become an almost ubiquitous educational option.


Since 1999, when the term e-learning was seemingly coined, the demand for online education supported by multimedia technologies has soared dramatically, prompting teaching institutions to tailor their own e-learning education programmes.


Read the whole feature here:



5. Around the web in 80 blogs: Part I


What’s new at the e-learning centre?




Content: aptly enough, “What’s new at the e-learning centre?” is a news blog acting as an extension to the “e-learning centre” website.


Founded by Jane Knight, an experienced lecturer and e-learning expert, the website and blog are a useful resource of information for anyone who wants to find out more on the subject.


The blog contains direct links to news items, relevant events, new publications, related sites, reviews, reports and plenty more.


Navigation: the blog contains an extensive archive broken down in useful categories which makes it easy to select your area of interest.


The most recent posts are easily accessible, listed by titles on the right hand side menu.


Pay it a visit, it’s worth it!



6. Cock-a-Google-doo: a wake up call for Authors?


Or the dawn of new copyright laws for the digital era?


Copyright laws are likely to come under scrutiny or may even be revised for the digital age following the class action lawsuit filed against Google for “massive copyright infringement.” So far, the plaintiffs are the Authors Guild, which represents more than 8,000 US writers, and three individual writers.


Read the full story here:



7. Around the web in 80 blogs: Part II


Library Marketing – Thinking Outside the Book




Content: Jill Stover, Undergraduate Services Librarian at Virginia Commonwealth University, is the author of this most useful blog. Her alternatively serious and tongue-in-cheek voice delivers essential links and information on both general and specific marketing issues that are relevant for librarians. Jill clearly has a strong sense of the alliteration and the snappy sentence. I suspect that every expediently written entry will grab your interest and will get you clicking through the blog.


Navigation: the navigation facility of the blog is extensive. There is a comprehensive menu on the right hand side of the screen that enables you to browse other resources, other blogs, recent posts and archived content.



8. NEW service: Newsletter Fillers!


For all editors who want to add weight to their newsletters, you may use our Newsletter Fillers. It’s free, so try it out!



9. Ask Maurice B. Line a question!


I will be meeting eminent Librarian Dr Maurice B. Line later this month as Emerald celebrates his lifetime in librarianship.


If you would like to ask Maurice Line a question about the role he played at the British Library or any other LIS issue, please forward it to me before Friday 7th October:



10. News and events:


Only one week remaining until the Internet Librarian International conference!


It will take place in London on 10-11 October 2005 at the Copthorne Tara Hotel.


The theme is “Transcending Boundaries: Information Technologies & Strategies for the 21st Century.”


Learn from international experts and practitioners, update your skills and interact with colleagues from around the world during the conference sessions and range of special networking activities.


The full conference programme and registration details are available online at


Emerald Journal The Electronic Library sponsors the Internet Librarian International conference.



As usual for the latest LIS news, visit:



And to review the list of forthcoming events, go to:



Please forward new stories, press releases or the details of any events that you don’t see listed there to:



11. Subscriber information:


Emerald Library Link is published by Emerald Group Publishing Limited, leading English language publisher of academic and professional literature in the fields of management and Library & Information services and is a globally recognized source of online management information.


For more information about anything included within the newsletter please



Arnaud Pellé, Editor: Knowledge and Networks, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 60/62 Toller Lane, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.

Tel: +44 (0) 1274 777700


Knowledge and Network is produced monthly and is free to members of Library Link.


To receive Knowledge and Networks on your desktop each month click on the