October 2005

Emerald [librarylink@emeraldinsight.com]                 Mon 31/10/2005 9:32 PM        Library Link Newsletter - October 2005

Hello all,

 

Welcome to this month’s edition of Knowledge and Networks, the Emerald Library Link newsletter.

 

Do you mind if we humour you a little this month? Maurice Line, eminent influential librarian and former Director General of the British Library, discusses his career during a lunch in Harrogate celebrating his contribution to librarianship.  On the menu: management, humour, humanity and hope…

 

Rachel Singer Gordon reveals editors’ secrets to help you get published, and not perish.

 

Our journey through library weblogs continues with an excursion into technology territory, for the not necessarily so savvy.

 

And also a brand new article on how to control the growing flow of emails, to inform your own newsletter readers.

 

 

Happy reading.

 

 

 

1. Guru Interview: Maurice Line, hopelessly humourous and human

 

Maurice Line has acquired worldwide notoriety for his enormous contribution to librarianship and information science. He has been an influential figure defying convention, pioneering technology and helping to revolutionise working practices and ideas as they were known, amongst numerous other important deeds accomplished and landmark essays written.

 

Maurice Line’s Festschrift issue of Interlending & Document Supply (ILDS) was the occasion for friends and former colleagues to gather for a celebratory lunch in Harrogate earlier this month.

 

Full story here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/Management_Resources/man_guruline.htm

2. Publish, don’t Perish! What I’ve Learned as an Editor:

 

This month, Rachel Singer Gordon takes you to the other side of the publishing mirror and makes you stand in the shoes of the editor. No magic involved here, only a shift in perspective that will teach you a thing or five about increasing your chances of getting published and probably, too, about you!

 

Read Rachel’s column here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/How_to_get_Published/perish_issue14.htm

 

Take the full course of Rachel’s past columns, here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/How_to_get_Published/perish.htm

 

3. Around the web in 80 blogs: Librarian In Black.

 

URL: http://librarianinblack.typepad.com/librarianinblack  

 

Content: devised by Sarah, a self-proclaimed “techie gamer librarian chick”, Librarian In Black is a one-stop blog, with a voice of its own, for anyone who wants to learn everything they need to know about technology, internet gadgetry and how to use all these complicated sounding things. It is a most useful resource if, for instance, you are developing a website for your library, would like to enhance the interaction with your customers and don’t know how to proceed or what's available. Beyond the technological tips, there are also many interesting articles, often compelling and entertaining, about specific library issues.

 

Navigation: as Librarian In Black is a technology based weblog, you can imagine  that all the facilities you need to navigate the site are included. There are more RSS feed options than a starving browser could probably ever dream of.

 

Explore at leisure and learn.

 

 

4. Newsletter Fillers: Turn Down the Volume Please!

 

What can you do to make email communication more relevant and less intrusive?

 

Well, for a start, you can include this article in your next newsletter as it explores this typical media age concern. To be shared with everyone!

 

Read the article here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/filler_article02.htm

 

 

5. News and events: a few highlights.

 

Call for papers!

 

For the 72nd IFLA General Conference and Council taking place in Seoul, Korea, 20-24 August 2006.

 

Session Theme: Promoting the Implementation of Open Access.

 

The focus of submissions should be on practical rather than theoretical aspects of Open Access, and on Open Access resources (materials, software, information).

 

The deadline to submit a detailed, one-page abstract and full author details is 15 December 2005.

 

 

Call for proposals!

 

For the 72nd IFLA General Conference and Council (Seoul, 20-24 August

2006)

 

Programme theme: Preservation Advocacy and Education.

 

The IFLA Continuing Professional Development and Workplace Learning (CPDWL), and Preservation and Conservation (PAC) Sections, together with the Preservation and Conservation Core Activity are planning a joint programme for the Seoul conference.

 

Seeking contributions for the two following programmes:

 

- a two hour session with speakers presenting papers that describe studies that have defined the extent and nature of preservation problems, and demonstrations of campaigns used to raise awareness and educate stakeholders;

 

- a two hour hands-on session with speakers presenting best practices in training library staff in basic perservation principles and techniques, and demonstrations of training methods, tools, and courses.

 

If interested, please send a one-page abstract and information on the author by 15 December 2005 to Sarah Toulouse for the PAC Section

(sarah.toulouse@bm-rennes.fr) and Susan Schnuer for CPDWL Section (mailto:Schnuer@uiuc.edu).

 

For full details on how to submit papers, visit:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/News/events.html

 

Marketing your Library Services Effectively: free event taking place at the Robinson Library, University of Newcastle upon Tyne on 8th November 2005.

 

Do you need to improve marketing your library services to a variety of users to make them aware of what you offer? This event will explore how to promote our library services more effectively.

 

 

For full details about this event, visit:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/News/events.html

 

Read the latest LIS news here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/News/press.htm

 

If you know of any LIS news or events you would like to see published on Library Link, please forward the details to me at mailto:apelle@emeraldinsight.com

 

 

6. Subscriber information:

 

Emerald Library Link is published by Emerald Group Publishing Limited, leading English language publisher of academic and professional literature in the fields of management and Library & Information services and is a globally recognized source of online management information.

 

For more information about anything included within the newsletter please

contact:

 

Arnaud Pellé, Editor: Knowledge and Networks, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 60/62 Toller Lane, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.

Tel: +44 (0) 1274 777700

mailto:apelle@emeraldinsight.com

 

Knowledge and Network is produced monthly and is free to members of Library Link.

 

To receive Knowledge and Networks on your desktop each month click on the

link:

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/Insight/menuNavigation.do?hdAction=menu_au_prof_newsletters

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December 2005

Library Link [librarylink@emeraldinsight.com]            Fri 30/12/2005 6:56 PM                       Library Link Newsletter - December 2005

Dear readers,

 

Welcome to the latest edition of Knowledge & Networks, Emerald Library Link newsletter.

 

In this last issue of the year, Rachel Singer Gordon reflects on the reason why library literature is important for a fulfilled professional life.

 

Lisa Ellis lays the foundation for a marketing plan. You will find her tips and examples on The Marketing Shelf.

 

“Around the Web in 80 blogs” travels to the southern hemisphere of the blog planet in search of a most inspiring blog.

 

Our Newsletter Filler, designed to be re-printed in your own newsletters, deals with the historical heritage of American Presidential libraries.

 

And, finally, thank you for responding to last month’s Library Link survey. Remember it is never too late to send your comments and suggestions for an ever-improved Library Link. We have new plans for the New Year…

 

On behalf of everyone at Emerald we wish you all a happy 2006! 

 

 

1. Publish, don’t Perish! Why Library Literature Is Important

 

This month Rachel Singer Gordon digs deep into the motivational ground of library literature. Meaning and reason mix in this philosophical take on the publishing cycle. The conclusion tells you why you should get

involved:

 

Read the article here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/How_to_get_Published/perish_issue16.jsp

 

Revisit the whole year with Rachel:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/How_to_get_Published/perish.jsp

 

2. The Marketing Shelf: Developing a Plan, Starting Small, and Building Momentum

 

In her new column, Lisa Ellis sets the stage for a marketing plan. Before you embark on your journey, know where you are heading and how to get there. Some small steps taken by others before you can be a great source of inspiration too.

 

Read Lisa’s column here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/Marketing_your_library/markshelf_issue2.jsp

 

 

3. Around the Web in 80 blogs: The Connecting Librarian

 

URL: http://www.connectinglibrarian.blogspot.com/ 

 

Content: this last library blog review of the year is an incursion down under. Written by Michelle McLean in Australia, Connecting Librarian comments on professional issues and reviews technological tools and literature for other information professionals, and in particular those working in public libraries. Michelle McLean is a “middle-aged wife and mother of two young children” but also a fully committed Information Services Librarian. Her dedication clearly comes across in her posts and her passion for technology is shared with enthusiasm.

 

Navigation: the blog seems to have been created fairly recently. The title of each post is very aptly and pragmatically selected making it fairly easy to search for specific information and browse by subject of interest.

 

Connecting Librarian also illustrates very well the sense of community among library bloggers with extensive links to other useful blogs.

Michelle McLean also highlights beautifully the benefits she has gained from blogging.

 

A highly recommended resource.

 

 

4. Newsletter Filler: Presidential Libraries – Preserving the Period

 

Newsletter Fillers are “ready-to-print” articles on subjects that are informative and interesting for library patrons. You can place them in your electronic or paper newsletter for free. All you have to do is insert the citation statement at the end of the article.

 

This month’s Newsletter Filler sheds a light on a special type of library:

the American Presidential Library. Akin to museums, these libraries have been specifically created to record and archive the historical legacy of American presidents. You can now visit them online, wherever you are in the world.

 

Find the article here:

 

 http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/filler_article04.jsp

 

5. Emerald at ALA Mindwinter Meeting, San Antonio, Texas

 

Come and visit Emerald at ALA Midwinter 2006, January 20-23, Henry B.

Gonzalez Convention Center, San Antonio, Texas.

 

You will find us at booth No. 871! 

 

 

6. Emerald Group Publishing mourn the passing of Ilene Rockman

 

It is with great sadness and deep respect that Emerald Group Publishing Limited acknowledges the passing of Dr. Ilene Rockman, information literacy champion and long-time editor of our journal, Reference Services Review (RSR). Ilene was Manager of the Information Competence Initiative for the Office of the Chancellor of the 23-campus California State University System, as well as an active speaker, author, and consultant.

She had a deep passion for, and commitment to, not only RSR but the information management profession in general.

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/obituary_ilenerockman.jsp

 

 

7. News and Conference Highlights

 

*ALPSP (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers) is holding a very interesting briefing meeting on 25 January, in London.

Representatives of all the major companies who are engaged in “mass digitisation” programmes – Google, Microsoft (who are working with the British Library), Amazon and Yahoo!/ Open Content Alliance, will give an informative update about what they are doing, followed by questions and discussion.

 

 

*A joint workshop on future-proofing institutional websites will take place in London on 19-20 January 2006. It is organised by the Digital Curation Centre and the Wellcome Library.

 

This event will focus on practical tools and techniques that can help to ensure that institutional websites are future-proofed against risks such as institutional change and technological obsolescence. In particular, this event will examine appraisal processes, formats for curation and preservation, international curation and preservation activity, and specific experiences via a series of case studies.

 

The workshop will be of benefit to institutions who are in the process of implementing or managing an institutional website.

 

The workshop will be delivered over three sessions – international activity, practical tools and techniques, and selected use cases. Each session will be chaired by a leading expert on the topic.

 

Key themes will include:

 

Overview of international curation and preservation activities Tools and techniques to create and persistently identify website content for curation and preservation Examples of real-life experiences in web archiving

 

And for all the details on forthcoming events, visit:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/News/events.jsp

 

 

8. Subscription Information:

 

Emerald Library Link is published by Emerald Group Publishing Limited, leading English language publisher of academic and professional literature in the fields of management and Library & Information services and is a globally recognized source of online management information.

 

For more information about anything included within the newsletter please

contact:

 

Arnaud Pellé, Editor: Knowledge & Networks, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 60/62 Toller Lane, Bradford BD8 9BY, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

Tel: +44 (0) 1274 7777 00

mailto:apelle@emeraldinsight.com

 

Knowledge & Networks is produced monthly and is free to members of Library Link.

 

To receive Knowledge & Networks each month click on the link below:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/join.jsp

 

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January 2006

Emerald [librarylink@emeraldinsight.com]     Thu 9/02/2006 6:20 PM                       Library Link Newsletter - January 2006

Dear readers,

 

Welcome to this first issue of the year of Knowledge & Networks, the Emerald LibraryLink newsletter.

 

This newsletter is slightly jetlagged due to my voyage to Texas for the ALA Midwinter conference in San Antonio. This ALA gathering, my first, offered me a very insightful look into the world of American libraries. I met a lot of people and attended a number of useful meetings and discussions. All this, I am sure, will have stimulated synaptic connections that will infuse the LibraryLink pages for months to come.

 

My personal highlights were the speech by Bill Johnson, Director of New Orleans Public Library, and Andrei Codrescu’s keynote address. Bill Johnson gave a heartfelt account of the aftermath of hurricane Katrina, “it was like having a massive heart attack and then having to get up and go to work the next day,” and stressed how important it was that ALA still take place in New Orleans this summer. The strikingly articulate Andrei Codrescu delivered a jubilantly delectable speech on the importance of libraries, “take away the library and what you have is a mindless shopping mall.” He then created mild controversy by chiding the ALA for failing to support librarians unjustly persecuted and imprisoned in Cuba. Many library blogs have reported this in detail.

 

If you travelled to the ALA Midwinter meeting, what were your highlights?

 

Back to less transient occupations now and on to a rich programme.

 

Is the Wiki world wicked or wonderful? New contributor Luke Vilelle wonders.

 

Rachel Singer Gordon finds that reviewing can be a good alternative to giving your views.

 

Lisa Ennis shows off what the library has got to offer.

 

And we also have a special feature on Iraq’s National Library and Archive, a great Newsletter Filler for all newsletter editors to use and a very useful library blog from New Zealand.

 

Happy reading!

 

 

1. Info Management: Wikipedia: It’s Far From Perfect… And That’s OK

 

New contributor, Luke Vilelle, compares wikidpedia, the self-edited online encyclopedia, to the Encyclopaedia Britannica and wonders where librarians stand on the subject.

 

Read his viewpoint here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/Information_Management/info_viewpointjan06.jsp

 

2. Publish, don’t Perish! Read a Little, Write a Little: Getting Started as a Book Reviewer

 

For those who like to tiptoe rather than dive into the swimming pool, Rachel Singer Gordon finds book reviews can be the perfect transition between reading about the profession and writing for the profession.

 

Find out how here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/How_to_get_Published/perish_issue17.jsp

 

 

Reread Publish, Don’t Perish!

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/How_to_get_Published/perish.jsp

 

3. Special feature: Help for Iraq’s National Library and Archive

 

Linda Ashcroft was present at a dinner organised at the British Library by Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library, for Dr Assaad Eskander, Director of the Iraq National Library and Archive. She has written a short news item following the event.

 

Read it here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/News/iraq_help.jsp

 

 

4. Newsletter Filler: Going the Distance for Education

 

As a librarian, you can reach out to distant learners and still provide support and assistance.

 

Newsletter Filler is a free service of “ready to print” articles, written specifically for you to insert in your academic newsletter, either electronic or in print. All you need to do is insert the citation paragraph at the end.

 

Find the article here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/filler_artilce5.jsp

 

If you edit an academic newsletter, please send me your ideas and opinions of Newsletter Filler: mailto:apelle@emeraldinsight.com

 

 

Alternatively you can forward the article filler to the newsletter editor in your institution.

 

 

5. The Marketing Shelf – Displays: Highlighting What You Have!

 

Lisa A. Ennis gives practical advice on how to use your library assets and resources to grab the attention of your patrons.

 

Play and display, here:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/Marketing_your_library/markshelf_issue3.jsp

 

6. Around the Web in 80 blogs: Valisblog (New Zealand)

 

URL: http://valisblog.blogspot.com/ 

 

For professionals who want to keep a bright eye on the information universe, Valisblog offers a clear and long range view of what is happening in the field. Valisblog is half an acronym for Vast Active Library and Information Science blog. Valisblog certainly has a vast scope, with news covering sources from the BBC to other library blogs, reviewing technology, literature, events, etc. A thorough inspection of the blog should leave you satiated and buzzing with information.

 

 

7. News and events highlights

 

*INFORUM 2006, 12th Annual Conference on Professional Information Resources, Prague, 23-25 May 2006

 

CALL FOR PAPERS

 

Conference topics:

 

Trends in Searching Scientific Literature, Trends & News in the Field of Electronic Information Resources, Current Trends and Technologies of Digital Libraries, Web Search News, Wikis, Blogs and RSS, Open Access – a New Way for Distribution of Scientific Information?

Management of Information and Knowledge in the Business Environment, E-learning and the New Information Technologies in Medical Libraries.

  

 

*13th Congress of Southeast Asian Librarians (CONSAL), Palawan Room, EDSA Shangri-La Hotel, Mandaluyong City, Metro Manila, 27-29 March 2006

 

This event is organised by the University of the Philippines.

 

Theme

 

CONSAL at the Crossroads: Challenges for Greater Regional Cooperation

 

Emerald will be present at the event at Booth No:18

 

For more information, visit www.consal13.up.edu.ph/new/

 

 

*Internet Librarian International 2006, Discovering New resources, Demystifying Web Technologies, Copthorne Tara Hotel, London, UK

 

Internet Librarian International is a unique conference for global information practitioners seeking professional development and career enhancement.

 

The conference is currently inviting proposals for presentations, seeking a mix of papers for conference sessions, workshops, and short tutorials.

 

Emphasis is on the practical rather than theoretical; case studies and proposals about initiatives in your library, not product pitches or overviews.

 

Emerald and The Electronic Library sponsor this event.

 

For more information visit, www.internet-librarian.com

 

 

For all forthcoming events and latest news:

 

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/News/events.jsp

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/librarians/News/press.jsp

 

 

8. Subscription information

 

Emerald Library Link is published by Emerald Group Publishing Limited, leading English language publisher of academic and professional literature in the fields of management and Library & Information services and is a globally recognized source of online management information.

 

For more information about anything included within the newsletter please

contact:

 

Arnaud Pellé, Editor: Knowledge & Networks, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 60/62 Toller Lane, Bradford BD8 9BY, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

Tel: +44 (0) 1274 7777 00

mailto:apelle@emeraldinsight.com

 

Knowledge & Networks is produced monthly and is free to members of Library Link.

 

To receive Knowledge & Networks each month, click on the link below:

 

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/info/help/emeraldnewsletters.jsp

Library Link

mailto:librarylink@emeraldinsight.com

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/librarylink

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LIBRI

September 2005

Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum [JESSE@listserv.utk.edu]; on behalf of; Ian M. Johnson [i.m.johnson@RGU.AC.UK]                Sat 15/10/2005 12:39 AM                    JESSE@listserv.utk.edu        FW: Contents of LIBRI, September 2005

Contents of LIBRI: international journal of libraries and information services, 55 (2-3) September 2005

 

On the Methods by which we Acquire Information, and the Effectiveness of libraries in Supporting these Behaviors Jack Kormos

 

Libraries and the Communicative Citizen in the Twenty-first Century William F. Birdsall

 

Indigenous Australians and the 'digital divide'

Katrina Samaras

 

Usability Assessment of Academic Digital Libraries: Effectiveness, Efficiency, Satisfaction, and Learnability Judy Jeng

 

Curricular Design and Labour Market Demand: Comparing Three Carlos III University of Madrid Curricula Carmen Martín-Moreno, Carlos García-Zorita, Maria Luisa Lascurain-Sánchez y Elías Sanz-Casado

 

Library Funding in Pakistan: A Survey

Khalid Mahmood, Abdul Hameed and Syed Jalaluddin Haider

 

Use of School Libraries by Teachers: the Case of Oman Abdelmajid Bouazza and Moosa N. Al-Mufaraji

 

Co-Operation among Caribbean Theological Libraries: A Case Study Glenroy Taitt

 

Environmental Monitoring and Control at National Archives and Libraries in Eastern and Southern Africa Patrick Ngulube

 

 

 

ABSTRACTS FOLLOW

 

On the Methods by which we Acquire Information, and the Effectiveness of libraries in Supporting these Behaviors Jack Kormos

 

Winner of LIBRI Best Student Paper Award 2005

 

It seems clear that one of the primary functions and goals of libraries and librarians in our societies is to connect people with information, whether it be in the form of a book, manuscript, painting or digital document. But what is not clear is how this connection in fact takes place, which is essential to understand if librarians are to design and manage their libraries most effectively. It is the purpose of this paper to argue that there are two distinct ways in which people come in contact with information, namely self-initiated acquisition of information and environment-imparted acquisition of information, and that the former is dependent upon the latter. Given this, this paper argues that the present state of librarianship is catering primarily to self-initiated acquisition and paying little attention to environment-imparted acquisition of information, and that as a result, the connection of people with information is not as effective as it could be and indeed should !

 be, if we are striving to live in societies the foundations of which are well educated individuals.

 

Libraries and the Communicative Citizen in the Twenty-first Century William F. Birdsall

 

Modern American Librarianship, a model for much of the world, is based on the concept of the informed citizen. This concept can no longer sustain the library and librarianship in a twenty-first century of expanding global electronic interactive communication and expanding universal human rights. It is argued that a renewed librarianship must shift to the concept of the communicative citizen grounded in a universal human right to communicate. The right to communicate provides a framework for a new conception of the library and of librarianship that builds on the accomplishments of the past but addresses the needs of the individual and the community in an electronically connected world.

 

Indigenous Australians and the 'digital divide'

Katrina Samaras

 

As a result of their disadvantaged socioeconomic position, Indigenous Australians experience disadvantaged digital information access, both in terms of the distribution of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the skills-based capabilities required for their effective utilisation (e.g., literacy and information literacy). As social, economic, and political opportunity becomes increasingly wedded to ICT access in the information society, Indigenous digital disadvantage threatens to perpetuate or exacerbate the existing inequalities constraining access. Despite concerns such as the issue of information imperialism, Indigenous Australians have recognised the empowering potential of the Internet as an information resource, communication tool, and publishing medium. Though the policies of government and the information profession commit to maximising equity of ICT and information access, Indigenous digital disadvantage suggests the need for greater intervention an!

 d comprehensive strategies in the interests of a socially inclusive information society, of benefit to all Australians.

 

Usability Assessment of Academic Digital Libraries: Effectiveness, Efficiency, Satisfaction, and Learnability Judy Jeng

 

This study is to develop and evaluate methods and instruments for assessing the usability of digital libraries. It discusses the dimensions of usability, what methods have been applied in evaluating usability of digital libraries, their applicability, and criteria. It is found in the study that there exists an interlocking relationship among effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction. It provides operational criteria for effectiveness, efficiency, satisfaction, and learnability. It discovers users' criteria on "ease of use," "organization of information," "terminology and labeling," "visual attractiveness," and "mistake recovery." Common causes of "user lostness" were found. "Click cost" was examined.

 

Curricular Design and Labour Market Demand: Comparing Three Carlos III University of Madrid Curricula Carmen Martín-Moreno, Carlos García-Zorita, Maria Luisa Lascurain-Sánchez y Elías Sanz-Casado

 

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the role that the degree of curricular specialization in academic disciplines plays in connection with labour market demand for graduates in the respective areas. The curricula of three conventional social science disciplines for which degrees are awarded by the Carlos III University of Madrid: the general degree in Library Science, the Bachelor of Arts degree in Information Science and the Bachelor of Science degree in Economics are compared and analyzed in terms of the job offers received for their respective graduates from a series of industries. The results of the multivariate analysis conducted, based on the multidimensional indicators identified, reveal greater subject variability in the former two. In other words, the curricula for these two degrees are of a broader nature, whereas the curriculum for the degree in Economics is more specialized, with content covering a smaller number of areas. The outcome is a wider diversity of !

 job offers for graduates in Economics.

 

Library Funding in Pakistan: A Survey

Khalid Mahmood, Abdul Hameed and Syed Jalaluddin Haider

 

The paper reports on a research study conducted to find out the funding situation of large libraries in Pakistan. It considers their funding sources, satisfaction with present funding, funding needs and the activities for which they demand more funding. The methodologies used included a literature review and a questionnaire survey. The results reveal that libraries in Pakistan have been provided funds without the use of any formula. Provincial governments are the major source of library funding in the country. Libraries also receive funds from the federal government and from their parent institutions. Some libraries also generate their own funds, which include endowments and bank profit (interest) on library security money. Most of the libraries are dissatisfied with their present funding. Among them college and university libraries are more dissatisfied. Libraries demand large increases in their budgets to fund a variety of services including the purchase of the latest mate!

 rials, the use of modern technology, the improvement in professional status, the organization of materials and the improvement of the standard of library services.

 

Use of School Libraries by Teachers: the Case of Oman Abdelmajid Bouazza and Moosa N. Al-Mufaraji

 

This study, which was conducted in the first half of 2005, investigated the nature and extent of use of school libraries by teachers in preparatory and secondary schools in Oman. It evaluated in detail the types of material and the range of services used. It also assessed the extent of teachers' satisfaction with provision. The results of the survey revealed a low use of school libraries by teachers. School libraries held poor collections, especially of audiovisual materials, journals and electronic resources, and access to the Internet. Teachers expressed their dissatisfaction with library services which appeared poorly developed and tended to be traditional in character.

 

Co-Operation among Caribbean Theological Libraries: A Case Study Glenroy Taitt

 

This study set out to determine whether cooperation exists among the libraries of six theological colleges in the Caribbean and to identify potential areas for further cooperation. The objectives of this study were: to ascertain whether cooperation exists among the selected theological libraries; to identify the areas in which there may be cooperation; to ascertain the opinions of librarians and administrators of the selected theological colleges towards cooperation; to identify the existing factors in the libraries under study which are liable to promote or hinder cooperation; and to make recommendations on possible areas of (further) cooperation. The study found that cooperation exists at a national level but not at the regional level. The factors which foster cooperation are: geography, strong links between parent institutions, the use of CDS-ISIS software as a common platform and a vibrant national information system. The barriers to cooperation appear to be geography, f!

 inance, the small number of research students in the colleges comprising CATS, the use of incompatible software, denominationalism, the absence of librarians from CATS meetings and a focus on preparing students to become ministers rather than on theological education more broadly-speaking.

 

Environmental Monitoring and Control at National Archives and Libraries in Eastern and Southern Africa Patrick Ngulube

 

When national archivists and national librarians select and acquire materials, they should ensure that the materials are accessible over time. All their efforts may come to naught if the documentary materials were lost as result of being exposed to extreme environmental conditions. Environmental control and monitoring are keys to preventive preservation strategies in the management of collections in libraries and archives.

Libraries and archives may fail to provide access to their holdings over time if they do not take preventive measures to protect their holdings into the future. The current study investigated environmental management at national archival institutions and national libraries in eastern and southern Africa. The results revealed that little attention was being paid to environmental control and monitoring as a collection management strategy.

 

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