Editorial note:

This section contains items culled from various Internet news services, discussion lists and other announcements.  Unless specifically noted, I have not visited the sites, used any of the software, reviewed the literature, or written the news items.  I present this digest to you in good faith but cannot vouch for the accuracy of its content.  

Kerry Smith



Issue 47 (April 2006)

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Richard Waller [lisrw@UKOLN.AC.UK]        Wed 3/05/2006 4:19 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU                 PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU

The Spring Issue of Ariadne was published 30 April 2006:

Main Articles:

* Preserving Electronic Scholarly Journals: Portico

- Eileen Fenton outlines issues relating to the long-term preservation of digital resources and the characteristics of an archival entity responding to this need.

* Metasearch: Building a Shared, Metadata-driven Knowledge Base System

- Terry Reese discusses the creation of a shared knowledge base system within OSU's open-source metasearch development.

* QMSearch: A Quality Metrics-aware Search Framework

- Aaron Krowne and Urvashi Gadi present a framework which improves searching in the context of scholarly digital libraries by taking a quality metrics-aware approach.

* Folksonomies: The Fall and Rise of Plain-text Tagging

- Emma Tonkin suggests that rising new ideas are often on their second circuit - and none the worse for that.

*Search Engines: Where We Were, Are Now, and Will Ever Be

- Phil Bradley takes a look at the development of search engines over the lifetime of Ariadne and points to what we might anticipate in the years to come.

* Digitising an Archive: The Factory Approach

- Duncan Burbidge describes a new approach to digitising an archive both as a future-proof substitute and for Web delivery.

* Retrospective on the RDN

- Debra Hiom, in the first of a two-part series on the Resource Discovery Network, looks back at the development of the RDN and its activities to date.

* Stargate: Exploring Static Repositories for Small Publishers

- R. John Robertson introduces a project examining the potential benefits of OAI-PMH Static Repositories as a means of enabling small publishers to participate more fully in the information environment.

* Serving Services in Web 2.0

- Theo van Veen shows with the help of an example, how standardised descriptions of services can help users control the integration of services from different providers.

Workshop and Conference Reports: At the Event:

* Code4lib 2006

- Jeremy Frumkin and Dan Chudnov report on the inaugural conference of the Code4lib community of programmers, hackers, and techies working in or with libraries and information systems.

* The Rustle of Digital Curation: The JISC Annual Conference

- Julie Allinson, Marieke Guy and Maureen Pennock find themselves contemplating e-frameworks, digital curation and repositories at the JISC Annual Conference.

* Digital Policy Management Workshop

- Neil Beagrie and Mark Bide report on a one-day invitational workshop on Digital Policy Management sponsored by The British Library, JISC and UKOLN.

* The Second Digital Repositories Programme Meeting

- Julie Allinson and Mahendra Mahey report on a 2-day JISC Digital Repositories Meeting focusing on project clusters working together and other related issues.

* The Digital Library and its Services

Neil Beagrie and Rachel Bruce report on a two-day invitational conference on The Digital Library and its Services sponsored by The British Library, JISC and UKOLN.

Ariadne Reviews

* The Institutional Repository

- Sally Rumsey recommends a new book about institutional repositories.

* Understanding and Communicating Social Informatics

- Sheila Corrall reviews a new landmark book which explains and promotes a distinctive approach to information-related research spanning traditional disciplinary and professional boundaries.

* The Virtual Reference Desk: Creating a Reference Future

- Lina Coelho feels that digital reference has come of age and that this work is one of its adornments where reference information professionals are concerned.

*The Successful Academic Librarian: Winning Strategies from Library Leaders

- Stephen Town finds this US multi-author work may not meet the needs of readers in the UK, and offers some ideas which a UK version might incorporate.

- plus the Ariadne newsline of events and news items

Contributions to Ariadne issue 48 are being arranged and prepared; please send proposals for articles to me at our regular contact point:

Kindly send books for review to the Editor's address (below).

 Best regards,

 Richard Waller

 Editor Ariadne


 The Library

 University of Bath

 Bath BA2 7AY


 tel +44 (0) 1225 383570

 fax +44 (0) 1225 386838




Issue 48, Summer Issue

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Richard Waller [lisrw@UKOLN.AC.UK]   Thu 31/08/2006 6:41 PM              PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU           Summer Issue 2006  of Ariadne now available

The Summer Issue of Ariadne is now available:

Main Articles in Issue 48:

*Library Systems: Synthesise, Specialise, Mobilise

- Robin Murray examines how the changing landscape for library systems is altering their service model.

*Introducing unAPI

- Dan Chudnov and a team of colleagues describe unAPI, a tiny HTTP API for serving information objects in next-generation Web applications.

*The Library Catalogue in the New Discovery Environment: Some Thoughts

- Lorcan Dempsey explores how the library catalogue will develop alongside evolving network discovery systems.

*Intute: The New Best of the Web

- Caroline Williams describes Intute in the context of the online information environment and outlines aspirations for the future.

*UK Digital Preservation Needs Assessment: Where We Go From Here

- Najla Semple and Maggie Jones outline the background and findings of the Digital Preservation Coalition's UK Needs Assessment and the Mind the Gap report.

*Search Engines: Accoona: Super-Charged Super Target Searching

- Phil Bradley puts a relative newcomer through its paces and finds some very useful features together with potential for improvement.

*The Tasks of the AHDS: Ten Years On

- Alastair Dunning reviews 10 years in the history of the Arts and Humanities Data Service.

*ShibboLEAP: Seven Libraries and a LEAP of Faith

- Martin Moyle introduces the ShibboLEAP Project, a multi-institution Shibboleth adoption in London, and hopes that later adopters will benefit from its findings.

*A Foundation for Automatic Digital Preservation

- Miguel Ferreira, Ana Alice Baptista and Jos Carlos Ramalho propose a Service-oriented Architecture to help cultural heritage institutions to accomplish automatic digital preservation.

Workshop and Conference Reports: At the Event:

*IWMW 2006: Quality Matters

- Adrian Stevenson reports on the 10th Institutional Web Management Workshop held at the University of Bath over 14-16 June 2006.

*C21st Curation Spring 2006 Public Lecture Series

- Neil Beagrie and Helen Forde report on the public lecture series 'C21st Curation: access and service delivery' held at University College London over April and May 2006.

*Email Curation: Practical Approaches for Long-term Preservation

- Dave Thompson reports on a two-day conference on Email Curation organised by the Digital Curation Centre.

*JISC/CNI Conference, York 2006

- Najla Semple and Robin Rice were at the JISC/CNI conference 'Envisioning future challenges in networked information'.

*Digital Preservation Coalition Forum on Web Archiving

- Maureen Pennock and Manjula Patel report on the Digital Preservation Coalition's second Web Archiving Forum which took place at the British Library in London on 12 June 2006.

*Fedora Users Conference

- Chris Awre and Richard Green report from the Fedora Users Conference, a two-day meeting for users of the open source Fedora repository system held at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

*CRIS2006: Enabling Interaction and Quality: Beyond the Hanseatic League

- Derek Sergeant and Jessie Hey report on this 3-day conference in Bergen, Norway, 11-13 May 2006.

Ariadne Reviews

*Blended Learning and Online Tutoring. A good practice guide.

- Lyn Parker considers that this book meets its aim of providing practical advice for tutors and staff developers engaged in online activities and blended learning.

*Managing Change

- Donald Maclean reviews a text that lays down guidelines for information managers attempting to analyse, implement and evaluate change within their organisation.

*Evaluating the Impact of your Library

- David Parkes reviews a new book, targeted at managers, which is both a tool to help evaluate your library and an analysis of Impact Evaluation methodology.

*The Librarians Internet Survival Guide, 2nd Edition

- Re-visiting this work in its new and second edition for Ariadne, Lina Coelho finds it amply repays the effort.

- plus the Ariadne newsline of events and news items.

Note that since issue 47 the content of the current issue is also available as an  RSS feed.

Contributions to Ariadne issue 49 are being arranged and prepared; please send proposals for articles to me at our regular contact point:

Kindly send books for review to the Editor's address (below).

Best regards,

Richard Waller

Editor Ariadne


The Library

University of Bath

Bath BA2 7AY


tel +44 (0) 1225 383570

fax +44 (0) 1225 386838





Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum []; on behalf of; GreyNet [info@GREYNET.ORG]

Wed 19/04/2006 10:58 PM           BDL, Biomedical Digital Libraries


Marcus A. Banks and Wayne J. Peay


Biomedical Digital Libraries is an Open Access, peer-reviewed, online journal that considers manuscripts on all aspects of digital library content and usage in biomedical settings, including academic medical centers, research and development institutes, and health care institutions.

Biomedical Digital Libraries will provide a forum for the discussion of unique considerations of biomedical information needs, and both opportunities and constraints presented by health care settings. The research results of collaborative initiatives with information technology and informatics partners are appropriate and encouraged.

Non-research articles should conform to a review format, which synthesizes previously published research or discussion. Publication of research articles by Biomedical Digital Libraries is dependent on either scientific validity or analytical coherence, as judged by our reviewers.

Biomedical Digital Libraries provides a legitimate alternative to traditional print journals in the field, which have subscription fees and assumption of copyright by the publisher. This journal will stress Open Access to research and practice in biomedical libraries, and will permit rapid and unimpeded dissemination of knowledge.


Grey Literature Network Service

Beysterveld 251

1083 KE Amsterdam

The Netherlands

Tel/Fax +31(0)20-672.1217



April 2006

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [roy.tennant@UCOP.EDU]

Sun 30/04/2006 5:56 AM                     PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU           [CurrentCites] Current Cites, April 2006

Current Cites <>

Current Cites, April 2006

Edited by Roy Tennant <>

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr. <> , Terry Huwe <> , Shirl Kennedy <> , Leo Robert Klein <> , Roy Tennant <


"University of Texas at Austin Investigates Computer Breach <> " Associated Press (via FindLaw) <>  (23 April 2006)( - Stories like this are becoming all too common in the media these days. This one involves roughly 200,000 records at the university's business school <>  which may have been illegally accessed. Apparently, this is the school's second major breach within three years. Meanwhile, in a survey <>  released earlier this month, it was revealed that just 65 of the 236 institutions of higher learning surveyed offered privacy notices prominently linked from their home pages -- this despite the fact that nearly every school collects personal data, conducts e-commerce and otherwise engages in practices that present potential privacy risks. Does your library prominently post a privacy policy <> ? (This particular story resonated with this writer because she was similarly victimized <>  just this week, when a laptop belonging to her employer's health insurance provider containing personal data on 35,000+ employees was stolen from the automobile of one of the insurer's employees.) - SK <>

Bachula, Gary R.."Testimony ... on Net Neutrality <> " EDUCAUSE Resouce Center on Net Neutrality <>  (7 February 2006 )( - Excellent testimony by Gary R. Bachula, vice President of Internet2, on Net Neutrality given before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation. 'Net Neutrality' ensures that all content on the web is treated equally by "network operators" (generally the telephone companies or 'Telco's'). Recently the Telco's are trying to get Congress to loosen the reins a bit and allow them to implement "preferential" treatment of content from one source over content from another. Bachula puts the question in terms of traffic on a city street: "We know that when an ambulance or fire truck comes down a congested highway, everybody else has to pull over and stop. For emergencies, and for public safety, that is accepted, but what if UPS trucks had the same preference? Giving a preference to the packets of some potentially degrades the transport for everyone else." Using the example of his own Internet2, he argues that increasing overall bandwidth is far more cost-effective and friendly to innovation than setting up complicated and artificial service- and cost-structures. - LRK <>

Bills, David B., Stephanie Holliman, and Laura Lowe, et. al."The New Mobile Scholar and the Effective Use of Information and Communication Technology <> " First Monday <>  11(4)(3 April 2006)( - This rather large group of authors takes a closer look at how mobile information and communication technologies (ICT) can improve the lot of social scientists -- freeing them to move about with ready access to large datasets. Since data is the name of the game in the social sciences, they make a good point. But they find that a substantial percentage of social scientists lack the full array of skills needed to take maximum advantage of the access technologies at their disposal. Moreover, interoperatbility is also a steep barrier to the formation of effective work habits. They argue that in order to reach the full potential of ICT applications in the social sciences, a seamless web of interoperability is vital, something a "holy grail" for a lot of developers these days. In the present situation researchers find that they get bogged down in connectivity hassles. It's worth mentioning that many academics who perform lots of field work have created their personal "workarounds" to bypass the interoperability challenge (e.g., anthropologists and other who go to remote sites). But the authors are correct when they discover greater obstacles for social scientists. Still, social science research would receive a large boost if practitioners can become "mobile scholars" -- another point in the case for lifelong learning habits with respect to technology. - TH <>

Byrd, Jackie, Gary Charbonneau, and Mechael Charbonneau, et. al.A White Paper on the Future of Cataloging at Indiana University <, IN: Indiana University Libraries, 15 January 2006.( - This is a report by a group "charged to identify current trends that will have a direct impact on cataloging operations and to define possible new roles for the online catalog and cataloging staff at Indiana University." Their one general conclusion after nine months of work is that "The need for cataloging expertise within the I.U. Libraries will not be diminished in the coming years. Rather, catalogers of the future will work in the evolving environment of publishing, scholarly communication, and information technology in new expanded roles. Catalogers will need to be key players in addressing the many challenges facing the libraries and the overall management and organization of information at Indiana University." The report also identifies five strategic directions. The report is an interesting read, and taken with the explosion of related reports (e.g., Calhoun's report to the Library of Congress cited in this issue, the UC Bibliographic Services TF Report), adds yet another perspective to the kinds of changes we must foster to create better library services in a vastly changed environment. - RT <>

Calhoun, Karen.The Changing Nature of the Catalog and Its Integration with Other Discovery <, DC: Library of Congress, 17 March 2006.( - In this report commissioned by the Library of Congress, Calhoun reviews the library catalog and its changing role amidst a new mix of finding tools and technologies. In preparing the report, Calhoun performed a literature review (largely focusing on the last five years) that informed the crafting of six questions that were used in interviews with selected individuals (full disclosure: I was one). The report identifies a number of options that Calhoun classifies in one of three categories of activities: lead, expand, and extend. A two-year phased approach to "revitalizing the research library catalog" is described. This report has caused some controversy -- particularly from the cataloging community which finds the de-emphasis on traditional library practice to be objectionable. But whatever position you may care to take, you would do well to read and consider the possibilities and implications of this report and other recent reports like it, such as the University of California Bibliographic Services Task Force Report <>  and the White Paper on the Future of Cataloging at Indiana University <>  (cited in this issue). - RT <>

Dempsey, Lorcan."Libraries and the Long Tail: Some Thoughts about Libraries in a Network Age <> " D-Lib Magazine <>  12(4)(April 2006)( - You would probably have to live under a rock to have not heard about "the long tail," but if your back is holding up a stone I will leave it to Dempsey's piece to explain it to you. After discussing the general concept of the long tail, Dempsey looks closely at libraries and the implications of this concept to what we do every day. There is a great deal to ponder here, and those of us involved with getting users to stuff would do well to ponder it carefully. Dempsey makes some specific recommendations, but perhaps the most significant assertion is that "We need new services that operate at the network level, above the level of individual libraries." Although one could point to Dempsey's place of employment as a prime example of this, what he is suggesting would go far beyond our present sharing of cataloging records and ILL infrastructure and get at the heart of aggregating supply and demand. Apologies for an outworn cliche, but this is just the kind of "out of the box" thinking we need right now. - RT <>

Miller, Paul."Coming Together around Library 2.0 : A Focus for Discussion and a Call to Arms <> " D-Lib Magazine <>  12 (4)(April 2006)( - Well, it was inevitable. First we had Web 2.0; now we have Library 2.0. The author defines this using a quote from a colleague as "an attitude, not a technology". This attitude encourages sharing of information and better integration not simply with other systems but with the "workflows" of our users. The author uses library holdings showing up on Amazon as an example but really the approach can be extended to any number of other Web 2.0 software and platforms. The author goes on to identify a trend that "moves beyond the reengineering of applications deployed within a single institution, or offered by a single vendor, and allows us to move towards a network-based Platform of subsystems encapsulating the functionality required by anyone wishing to construct the next generation of applications." Getting there, the author concludes, will require "dramatic change". - LRK <>

Quint, Barbara."Windows Live Academic Search: The Details <> " NewsBreaks & the Weekly News Digest <>  (17 April 2006)( - There's a new scholarly search engine in town: Windows Live Academic Search <>  (beta version), and, in this article, Quint delves into its specifics (see "Microsoft Offers Alternative to Google Scholar: Windows Live Academic Search <> " for a quick overview). Microsoft sought the advice of librarians, information school faculty, publishers, and others during the development of Windows Live Academic Search, and it shows. Search results appear on the left-hand side of the screen, and an optional "preview pane" on the right-hand side can display a selected work's fielded abstract, BibTex formatted abstract, or EndNote formatted abstract. Search results can be sorted by relevance, date (oldest), date (newest), author, journal, and conference. A slider bar above the search results can expand or contract the amount of information that's shown for each hit. Another slider bar to the right of the search results can be used to easily scroll through them. And, of course, there are a number of other features. For now, the beta search engine is limited to about six million records for Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, and Physics journals and conferences. It includes e-prints (see my "A Simple Search Hit Comparison for Google Scholar, OAIster, and Windows Live Academic Search <> " DigitalKoans <>  posting for a preliminary assessment of its coverage). As you would expect, the release of Windows Live Academic Search created quite a buzz <>  in the blogosphere, and, shortly after its release, Google announced enhancements to Google Scholar <> . - CB <>

Shaker, Lee."In Google We Trust: Information Integrity in the Digital Age <> " First Monday <>  11(4)(3 April 2006)( - Shaker chips away at the Google "mystique" by tracking how the New York Times reported on the company over a two year period. It turns out that Google's historic initial public offering and the trajectory of its stock price has as much to do with how favorably the company is regarded as its innovative search capabilities. He is essentially arguing that in the realm of mythmaking, money still talks. While one might be reluctant to discard the idea that Google's technological strategy also creates value and "myth," this article offers a great jumping-off point for thinking about information security and "trust" in the digital era. Moreover, he argues, if all it takes is fiscal successful to build customer loyalty and respect, then society has not yet begun to get to the heart of the matter when it comes to "information integrity." Google-watchers will enjoy this read, and the rest of us will appreciate the analysis of the relationship between success in the stock market, the power of marketing and "brand loyalty", and the public's perception of quality and trustworthiness. - TH <>

Wyatt, Edward."The Bottom Line on E-Textbooks <> " The New York Times <>  (23 April 2006)( - Why have e-textbooks not "taken off" as an alternative to dead.tree volumes? Certainly, they are more portable. They are easily browseable, searchable, and now -- highlightable. And e-book publishers apparently have eliminated the most egregious complaints -- e.g., that the digital books "expire" after the academic year. Most publishers have done away with expiration dates. Granted, there are still limitations. An e-textbook can only be transferred to another computer registered to the same user...and students like to share. Also, there is usually a limit of 100 pages that can be printed out in a week. But there may be a simple economic reason behind the lagging popularity of e-textbooks. Although they are usually 40% cheaper to purchase than a new dead.tree version (and 20% cheaper than a used copy), e-textbooks cannot be resold. The article points out that roughly half of dead.tree textbooks are sold back to bookstores or to other students; typically, the original purchaser can thus recoup half of the original purchase price. - SK <>

von Lohmann, Fred."The Season of Bad Laws, Part 2: Criminal Copyright Infringement, Drug War Style <> " DeepLinks <>  (25 April 2006)( - A draft copyright bill making the rounds in Congress is causing concern. Under the bill, an attempt to infringe copyright would be a criminal offense as would conspiracy to commit infringement. Law enforcement officials would have the "same criminal and civil forfeiture powers used in drug prosecutions," and wiretapping would be permitted in criminal infringement investigations. Prison terms would be significantly increased for criminal infringement. Works would no longer have to be registered prior to a criminal infringement investigation. Fred von Lohmann says about the bill: "Before they throw people in jail for copyright infringement (especially where the infringement does not involve a commercial motive), the feds should have to prove their case, just like copyright owners in civil cases. They should have to prove, among other things, that infringement took place, that it took place within the applicable statute of limitations, and that the work was properly registered." Also of interest, a short article about the new PERFORM Act (The Season of Bad Laws, Part 3: Banning MP3 Streaming <> ), which "would effectively require music webcasters to use DRM-laden streaming formats." - CB <>


May 2006

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [roy.tennant@UCOP.EDU]      Wed 31/05/2006 12:55 AM

PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU          [CurrentCites] Current Cites, May 2006

Current Cites <>

Current Cites, May 2006

Edited by Roy Tennant <>

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr. <> , Shirl Kennedy <> , Leo Robert Klein <> , Roy Tennant <


College Students' Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources <, OH: OCLC, .( - This "companion piece" to OCLC's recent report Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources <>  focuses on the college student slice of OCLC's survey of library users and their perceptions. As such, they can go into much more detail about their findings, and they do. One caution -- if you download the PDF either read it on-screen or print to a color printer, since some of the graphs become hard to interpret in grayscale. Highly recommended for academic library staff. - RT <>

Mass Digitization: Implications for Information Policy <, DC: U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS), 9 May 2006.( - The U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS) <>  sponsored the symposium "Scholarship and Libraries in Transition: A Dialogue about the Impacts of Mass Digitization Projects" <>  in March 2006 at the University of Michigan. This 24-page report identifies nine major issues that arose from that symposium and summarizes key points under each: copyright, quality, the role of libraries, ownership and preservation, standardization and interoperability, the role of publishers and booksellers, business models, information literacy, and assessment. - RT <>

Aftergood, Steven."ISOO Reports Nine Percent Drop in Classification <> " Secrecy News <>  (26 May 2006)( - The Information Security Oversight Office <> , which is part of the National Archives and Records Administration, reports "a nine percent drop in overall classification activity," according to its 2005 Annual Report to the President <>  (PDF; 1.7 MB). While ISOO Director William Leonard called this "a positive step," in light of "three years of rising numbers," Aftergood <>  -- who is director of the Federation of American Scientists Project on Government Secrecy <>  -- cautions that this does not necessarily mean more government openness. "While the data reported by ISOO each year serve as a useful benchmark," he says, "the ISOO methodology for collecting and reporting data is rudimentary and not very illuminating. For example, the annual report provides no way to assess overclassification <>  (PDF; 267 KB)." Aftergood does note: "In an extraordinary act of public outreach, the Information Security Oversight Office will hold a free public workshop <>  on June 30 on the use of mandatory declassification review as a tool for researchers. ISOO is also offering interested members of the public a DVD recording of an October 2005 Symposium <>  on classification policy that was held to mark the 10th anniversary of executive order 12958 <> ." - SK <>

Breeding, Marshall.Web Services and the Service-Oriented Architecture <, IL: ALA TechSource, 2006.( - The advent of XML and protocols such as the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) which uses it are transforming the way our computer systems work. Rather than being self-contained "silo" systems, our computer applications increasingly interact with other applications. This "service-oriented architecture" offers new opportunities to increase efficiency and effectiveness. Breeding's LTR on the topic thus comes at good time, when we all should know more about Web Services and what it has to offer our organizations. Thankfully, ALA nabbed someone with impeccable credentials and the ability to explain complex topics simply and clearly. Breeding uses the well-known Amazon and Google Web services as examples, even including code listings (a minor quibble is that the code should be downloadable from somewhere, for those that want to try this out). At the end of this 49-page publication is a summary of library automation vendor support for Web services within their applications. From this survey it is clear that Web services is not in your future -- it is here now. If you feel behind it is because you are, and this fine LTR is just what the doctored ordered as your cure. - RT <>

Mathews, Brian S.."Do You Facebook? <> " College & Research Libraries News <>  67(5)(May 2006):306-307. ( - Social networking. On the minus side, it seems like there's a new product every 15 minutes. It's hard to find out, let alone master, the online service de jour. On the plus side, each new product is potentially a new way for libraries to reach out to their patrons. In this case, it's Facebook <> , an online social network targeting people, students mainly, who attend academic institutions. Our intrepid author has subject responsibility at Georgia Tech for the School of Mechanical Engineering. He decided to look up how many of the School's students subscribed to Facebook. Out of 1,700 students, 1,300 (or 75%) subscribed! He then blasted them with an email saying who he was and giving out targeted information about the library. The initial level of response was modest. This is the Engineering School after all and their use of traditional library services is probably a lot less than other subject areas. Nevertheless, he got a number of responses including requests to link up as "friends" by several of the recipients. This innovative use of Facebook then becomes an opportunity for outreach and communication built around promoting library services. It's a great example of adapting to our users' technology rather than requiring them to adapt to ours. If that isn't Web 2.0, I don't know what is. - LRK <>

McCullagh, Declan, and Anne Broache."House Panel Votes for Net Neutrality <> " CNET <>  (25 May 2006)( - Could there actually be good news regarding the Net neutrality fight? Well, yes and no. The House Judiciary Committee has approved the Internet Freedom and Nondiscrimination Act of 2006 <> , but, according to this article, it was approved because Committee members "were worried that a competing proposal already approved by a different committee last month would diminish their own influence in the future." C'est la guerre. There are at least 6 bills dealing with the Net neutrality issue being considered in Congress (see "Net Neutrality Field in Congress Gets Crowded <> "), with a wide range of approaches to the issue. Libraries have a lot at stake in the Net neutrality battle, which is why ALA and ARL joined <>  the Coalition <> . To find out why it's so important, check out "Talking Points on the Importance of 'Net Neutrality <> ,'" "The Net Neutrality Debate: The Basics <> ," "Strong Copyright + DRM + Weak Net Neutrality = Digital Dystopia? <> ," and Why Consumers Demand Internet Freedom--Net Neutrality: Fact vs. Fiction <> . - CB <>

Moffatt, Malcolm.'Marketing' with Metadata - How Metadata Can Increase Exposure and Visibility of Online Content < Heriot-Watt University, 8 March 2006.( - This is an easy to understand explanation of metadata and the various ways in which metadata can be exposed to increase traffic to your web site. After briefly explaining terms, the paper makes the case for exposing metadata and uses examples of how doing so has increased exposure for a number of specific web sites. Simple explanations on how to expose metadata via harvesting, distributed searching, and syndication (i.e., RSS) are covered. - RT <>

Sternstein, Aliya."Bill Demands Free Public Access to Science Reports <> " Federal Computer Week <>  20(15)(15 May 2006):56. ( - It only makes sense, right? Taxpayers should have free access to the science research that they've paid for. Well, that access would be guaranteed if a bill introduced by Sens. John Coryn (R-TX) and Joe Lieberman (D-CT) -- the Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006 <>  -- makes it into law. Says the article, "It mandates that agencies with annual research budgets of more than $100 million to implement a public access policy granting swift access to research supported by those agencies." Basically. this means that articles reporting on publicly funded research must be made freely available online six months after publication in a scholarly journal. Some 11 agencies are covered: the departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security and Transportation; the Environmental Protection Agency; NASA; and the National Science Foundation. The article notes that "some publishers believe the six-month provision will disrupt their business models, and they remain skeptical that legislation is needed." The Association of American Publishers (AAP), which opposes the bill <> , "is urging that an independent study be conducted to measure the bill's potential impact on scientific quality, the peer-review process, and the financial standing of journals..." - SK <>

Stunden, Annie."The Toughest IT Challenge <> " EDUCAUSE Review <>  41(3)(May/June 2006):32-42. ( - Talk about defensive! This head of IT at the University of Wisconsin suggests (perhaps slightly tongue-in-cheek) that as you approach the launch of a new information systems project "you should put your resume on the street." The urge to jump ship comes from what the authors describes as "post-implementation pain". The author then goes on to discuss all the hazards of implementing a major project from haggling over the budget to squabbles over who will manage the IT staff. The perspective here is pure IT and it's easy to imagine complaints from the other side. Nevertheless, the author suggests the secret of success early on and that comes in partnership and mutual respect from all sides. - LRK <>

Vogele, Colette, Mia Garlick, and The Berkman Center Clinical Program in Cyberlaw.Podcasting Legal Guide: Rules for the Revolution < Francisco: Creative Commons, 2006.( - You've got all the neat gadgets you need to podcast and lined up your distribution service. Ready to rock and roll, right? Wrong. Why? Because, as Lawrence Lessig says in this work's introduction: "Federal law regulates creativity. That regulation is insanely complex. Indeed, the law is more complex today than at any point in our history. It seems the more the lawyers work on the law, the less useable the law becomes." As a podcaster, you are a multimedia publisher. This involves some legal complexities that go beyond textual blogging, which are explained in the first 27 pages of this work. The rest of it is a handy guide to podcasting itself, resources related to podcasting, and relevant legal resources. This work belongs on your virtual bookshelf with the EFF: Legal Guide for Bloggers <> . - CB <>


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June 2006

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [roy.tennant@UCOP.EDU]      Fri 30/06/2006 12:55 AM

PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU          [CurrentCites] Current Cites, June 2006

Current Cites <>

Current Cites, June 2006

Edited by Roy Tennant <>

Contributors: Charles W. Bailey, Jr. <> , Terry Huwe <> , Shirl Kennedy <> , Leo Robert Klein <> , Jim Ronningen, Roy Tennant <


Taiga Forum Presentations <, IL: Taiga Forum, June 2006.( - The Taiga Forum was a two-day invitation-only event in March 2006 for AULs and library Assistant Directors to consider the many changes and challenges affecting libraries today. Among the program presentations you will find such gems as Dale Flecker's admonishment that "What hits you from left-field is likely as important as what you have been staring at." Speakers included library leaders such as Jim Neal, Karen Calhoun, Lorcan Dempsey and others, as well as library "outsiders" like Paul Duguid and Rick Lugg. Although PowerPoint presentation "mining" can be challenging, at least one includes notes to help flesh out the slides, and you can likely get at least the thrust of the remarks from the slides themselves. - RT <>

"Nature Peer Review Trial and Debate <> " Nature <>  (2006)( - Nature is offering another of its stimulating Web debates, this time dealing with the important issue of peer review. Like other Web debates Nature has offered, this one is a series of short position papers that express a wide range of views. However, this time, Nature is trying something new as well: an optional open peer review process for its authors on a trial basis. Of particular note in the debate section are: "Certification in a Digital Era <> "; "Evolving Peer Review for the Internet <> "; "An Open, Two-Stage Peer-Review Journal <> "; "Opening Up the Process <> "; "Reviving a Culture of Scientific Debate <> "; and "Wisdom of the Crowds <> ." - CB <>

Associated Press, ."Cell Phone Cinematographers Make Feature Debut: Italian Directors Make 93-Minute Film With Nokia <> " Technology <>  (15 June 2006)( - Another one to convince skeptics that the line between journalism and citizen journalism continues to blur, and that personal media technology is revolutionizing how we exchange information. The movie, titled "New Love Meetings," isn't only noteworthy because making a documentary film with a cell phone was cheap, but that it allowed the filmmakers to capture interviews with 700 people (about 100 made it into the movie) in a casual, unobtrusive way. Co-director Barbara Seghezzi said "To use a small instrument that belongs to people's daily routine allows you to establish an intimate dialogue, instead of using a regular camera. The interview becomes more like a chat." They admit that the visual quality isn't up to large-screen projection, but this kind of thing lends itself to be viewed on a smaller-scale digital display anyway. The Nokia N90 that they used is about to be one-upped by the Nokia N93, which the company says will have a 3.2 megapixel still camera and capture DVD-quality video. Granted that such high-end phones won't be in everyone's pocket right away, but they are previews of what's to become gradually more affordable. - JR

Bailey, Annette."LibX -- A Firefox Extension for Enhanced Library Access" Library Hi Tech <>  24(2)(2006):290-304. - Part of outreach in the digital world, is adapting software and resources that our patrons already use in order to highlight library material. Some software is easier to customize for this purpose than others. In this article, we have an excellent example of the library at Virginia Tech creating an extremely innovative "extention" or add-on software for the open source Firefox Browser. This extention which they call "LibX" allows the user to search for library books and articles through a customized box at the top of the browser window. It allows for contextual searches depending on whether there's an ISBN/ISSN number on a given webpage. It also adds a tiny graphic which they call 'cues' to pages on Google, Yahoo, Amazon and B&N that link to catalog records. The article briefly goes over alternative approaches and privacy concerns as part of its thorough discussion of this utility. If you don't know your 'zippi' from your 'zool', this is a good place to start for some great ideas. - LRK <>

DiPerna, Paul."K-12 Encounters the Internet <> " First Monday <>  11(5)(1 May 2006)( - DiPerna takes a fresh look at the unintended consequences of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, or NCLB). Much has been written about the pressure the law places on school districts which can't afford to comply with it, but DiPerna's article takes another angle, exploring the potential of the Internet as a positive influence. "The convergence of NCLB realities with the Internet's ever expanding capabilities offers a window of opportunity to build a social network website service that is suited for K-12," he says. He explores three questions: how K-12 information is presented on the Internet; what in fact are the needs of K-12 teaching environments for Internet-based information; and whether a Social Networking Web (SNW) site could help meet these needs. He makes an important overall point: it's not enough to just throw technology dollars at the schools and expect them to make good use of them. It's critical that an effective culture for learning about how to use technology also takes root, and that it involves everyone: students, teachers and parents. SNWs (think of them as for school) could save time and energy by reducing overall email load. They could also generate more meaningful statistics on Web usage, and they could foster new and creative zones for informal learning. If SNW platforms are embraced by youth for fun, it follows that their potential may carry benefit for K-12 teaching as well. This article provides a good overview of the challenges of bringing technology to bear in the K-12 arena, and also provides some creative thinking about the teaching process. - TH <>

Lombardi, Candace."U.C. System Signs on to Microsoft Book-Scan Project <> " CNET <>  ( 9 June 2006)( - Microsoft's Windows Live Book Search got a big boost this month when the University of California System and the University of Toronto Libraries agreed to allow it to digitize out-of-copyright books and other material from their collections. UC has over 34 million volumes in its libraries, while Toronto has more than 15 million volumes. In contrast to Google Book Search, Windows Live Book Search takes an "opt-in" approach to digitizing works still under copyright through its Windows Live Books Publisher Program <> . Because it scans in-copyright books without permission, Google has been sued for copyright infringement by both authors <>  and publishers <> , including a French publisher <> . However, Google asserts that its program is justified under fair use provisions since it shows only brief excerpts from books. Moreover, Google will remove books at the request of publishers. More details on the Windows Live Book Search deal can be found in Microsoft's press release <> . - CB <>

Potter, Bruce."Wireless Hotspots: Petri Dish of Wireless Security" Communications of the ACM <>  49(6)(June 2006):51-56. - In a nutshell, this article's message is don't use a public wireless hotspot at all if you don't want to run the risk of getting hacked. Potter drives home the point by comparing the effective security measures of enterprise systems with the porous security of open environments. A centrally controlled enterprise network can utilize authentication schemes like the Extensible Authentication Protocol which presents system designers with choices such as simple username&password or the tighter security of bidirectional certificate-based authentication. In contrast, the "any port in a storm" nature of hotspot access leaves the OSI layer 2 (data link) vulnerable; layer 3 solutions placed on top of that weakness, such as firewalls or virtual private networks, aren't solving the problem. Eavesdroppers within range can configure wireless-enabled PDAs to run interception programs automatically, and (among other things) harvest personal data. These attacks are rarely detectable by the victim. Of course there aren't hackers lurking at every cafe table, but it only takes one spill of your data to make your life a real mess. - JR

Rutkoff, Aaron."Social Networking for Bookworms <> " The Wall Street Journal <>  (27 June 2006)( - This article discusses LibraryThing <> , "a Web site where members can create library-quality catalogs of the books they own and display their collection to fellow online bookshelf browsers." Since its launch last August by creator Tim Spalding, "a computer programmer and bibliophile," the site has acquired close to 48,000 registered members "and a user-created catalog that includes more than 3.6 million volumes," which theoretically makes it "the 58th largest library in the U.S." The site is easy to use; registration is free and simple -- just pick a username and password. No personal info required. Then enter the authors, titles or ISBNs from the books in your personal library. "The LibraryThing search engine, which is connected to <> , the Library of Congress <>  and 45 other libraries around the world (via the Z39.50 protocol), returns likely matches." You can enter your first 200 titles for free; unlimited use costs $10 annually or $25 for a lifetime membership. The social networking aspect comes in via LibraryThing's "book-recommendation engine," which offers suggestions based on the collections of "likeminded readers." The article refers to LibraryThing as "a sort of MySpace for bookworms." - SK <>

Teets, Michael, and Peter Murray."Metasearch Authentication and Access Management <> " D-Lib Magazine <>  12(6)(June 2006)( - Those laboring in the metasearch (aka federated search, cross-database search, etc.) world know how difficult authentication issues can be -- especially if when working in a consortial environment. This paper reports on the work of the NISO Metasearch Initiative's <>  Access Management Task Group (one of three groups) to make this easier and more effective. The group surveyed the authentication and authorization methods currently being used, developed use cases, considered environmental factors, ranked the various methods against the use cases and environmental factors, aggregated and modeled the rankings, and made recommendations based on their findings. Their key findings were that in the present environment, IP-authentication with a proxy server and good old username and password are the two most effective methods for authentication. - RT <>


September 2006

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [roy.tennant@UCOP.EDU]      Fri 29/09/2006 10:53 AM

PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU          [CurrentCites] Current Cites, September 2006

The latest issue of Current Cites can be found at:

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April 2006

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Bonnie Wilson [bwilson@CNRI.RESTON.VA.US]

Tue 18/04/2006 4:18 AM                    PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU                      The April 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available


The April 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is now available.

This issue contains an opinion piece, two commentaries, three articles, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  This month D-Lib features the Earth Science Picture of the Day (EPOD) from the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and Universities Space Research Association.

The Opinion is:

Coming Together around Library 2.0: A Focus for Discussion and a Call to Arms Paul Miller, Talis

The Commentaries are:

Librarians and the Long Tail: Some Thoughts about Libraries in a Network Age Lorcan Dempsey, OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

The Impact of Mandatory Policies on ETD Acquisition Arthur Sale, University of Tasmania

The articles include:

Identifier Interoperability: A Report on Two Recent ISO Activities Norman Paskin, Tertius Ltd

Investing in Value: A Perspective on Digital Preservation James Currall and Peter McKinney, University of Glasgow

The Development of a Local Thesaurus to Improve Access to the Anthropological Collections of the American Museum of Natural History Kevin L. De Vorsey, Christina Elson, Nina P. Gregorev and John Hansen, American Museum of Natural History

D-Lib Magazine has mirror sites at the following locations:

UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England

The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany

Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal

(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the April 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later.  There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)

Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine


May 2006; on behalf of; Bonnie Wilson []                   Fri 12/05/2006 10:06 PM

DLib-subscribers                      [Dlib-subscribers] The May 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available


The May 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is now available.

This issue contains four articles, a project update, a workshop report, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  This month D-Lib features The Museum of Musical Instruments.

The articles include:

Why OpenURL?

Ann Apps and Ross MacIntyre, The University of Manchester

Using Annotations to Add Value to a Digital Library for Education Robert A. Arko and Kim A. Kastens, Columbia University; and Kathryn M.

Ginger and John Weatherley, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

A Technical Approach and Distributed Model for Validation of Digital Objects Justin Littman, Library of Congress

A Handful of Things: Calisphere's Themed Collections from the California Digital Library Isaac Mankita and James Harris, University of California, Berkeley; and Ellen Meltzer, University of California Office of the President

The project update is:

Digital Library Federation (DLF) Aquifer Project Katherine Kott, Digital Library Federation; Jon Dunn, Indiana University; Martin Halbert and Liz Milewicz, Emory University; Leslie Johnston, University of Virginia; and Sarah Shreeves, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The workshop report is:

Integration of Services - Integration of Standards: Workshop Report, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague March 3, 2006 Theo van Veen, Koninklijke Bibliotheek

D-Lib Magazine has mirror sites at the following locations:

UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England

The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany

Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal

(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the May 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later.  There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)

Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine


June 2006

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Bonnie Wilson [bwilson@CNRI.RESTON.VA.US]  

Thu 22/06/2006 10:21 PM                    PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU

The June 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available


The June 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is now available.

This issue contains four articles, a commentary, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  This month D-Lib features the Smithsonian Institution collection: Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation.

The articles include:

Distributed Preservation in a National Context: NDIIPP at Mid-point Abby Smith, Independent Consultant

Metadata Authentication and Access Management Michael Teets, OCLC Online Computer Library Center; and Peter Murray, OhioLINK

Metadata Interoperability and Standardization - A Study of Methodology, Part I: Achieving Interoperability at the Schema Level Lois Mai Chan, University of Kentucky; and Marcia Lei Zeng, Kent State University

Metadata Interoperability and Standardization - A Study of Methodology, Part II: Achieving Interoperability at the Record and Repository Levels Marcia Lei Zeng, Kent State University; and Lois Mai Chan, University of Kentucky

The commentary is:

The Digital Road to Scientific Knowledge Diffusion: A Faster, Better Way to Scientific Progress?

David E. Wojick, Innovations in Scientific Knowledge and Advancement; Walter L. Warnick, U.S. Department of Energy; Bonnie C. Carroll and June Crowe, Information International Associates, Inc.

D-Lib Magazine has mirror sites at the following locations:

UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England

The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany

Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal

(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the June 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later.  There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)

Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine


July/August 2006; on behalf of; Bonnie Wilson []              Tue 25/07/2006 1:51 AM

DLib-subscribers [Dlib-subscribers] The July/August 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available


The July/August 2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is now available.

This issue contains four articles, seven reports from the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL 2006), the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  This month D-Lib features, courtesy of the Independence Hall Association, Philadelphia, PA.

The articles include:

Building a Distributed, Standards-based Repository Federation: The China Digital Museum Project Robert Tansley, Hewlett Packard

A Service Framework for Libraries

Brian Lavoie and Lorcan Dempsey, OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.; and Geneva Henry, Rice University

WikiD: An OpenURL 1.0 Application

Jeffrey A. Young and Thomas B. Hickey, OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.

The Role of Evidence in Establishing Trust in Repositories Seamus Ross and Andrew McHugh, Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute at University of Glasgow

The reports from JCDL include:

Report on the Sixth ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL

2006) - Opening Information Horizons: Held June 11-15, 2006, in Chapel Hill, North Carolina Michael Khoo, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Metadata Tools for Digital Resource Repositories: JCDL 2006 Workshop Report Jane Greenberg, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; and Thomas Severiens, Universitat Osnabruck, Germany

Digital Libraries in the Context of Users' Broader Activities: JCDL 2006 Workshop Report Ann Blandford and Jeremy Gow, University College London Interaction Centre

METS Implementation Meeting: JCDL 2006 Workshop Report Nancy Hoebelheinrich, Stanford University

Digital Curation and Trusted Repositories, Seeking Success: JCDL 2006 Workshop Report Carolyn Hank, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Developing a Digital Libraries Education Program: JCDL 2006 Workshop Report Kristine R. Brancolini and Javed Mostafa, Indiana University

Report on the JCDL 2006 Doctoral Consortium Geneva Henry, Rice University

D-Lib Magazine has mirror sites at the following locations:

UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England

The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany

Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal

(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the July/August

2006 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later. 

There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)

Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine


To Journals Part 2