Editorial note:

This section contains items culled from various Internet news services, discussion lists and other announcements. Unless specifically noted, I have not visited the sites, used any of the software, reviewed the literature, or written the news items. I present this digest to you in good faith but cannot vouch for the accuracy of its content.

Kerry Smith



Issue 51

Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Richard Waller [r.waller@UKOLN.AC.UK]

Thu 17/05/2007 4:30 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU Re: Spring Issue of Ariadne now available


Issue 51 of Ariadne contains the following articles:


Main Articles

*The W3C Technical Architecture Group

- Henry S. Thompson introduces the W3C Technical Architecture Group and its work.


*Supporting Creativity in Networked Environments: The COINE Project

- Geoff Butters, Amanda Hulme and Peter Brophy describe an approach to enabling a wide range of users to create and share their own stories, thus contributing to the development of cultural heritage at the local level.


*ARROW, DART and ARCHER: A Quiver Full of Research Repository and Related Projects

- Andrew Treloar and David Groenewegen describe three inter-related projects to support scholarly outputs and the e-research life cycle which have been funded by the Australian Commonwealth Government.


*Developing a Virtual Research Environment in a Portal Framework:

The EVIE Project

- Tracey Stanley provides an overview of the EVIE Project at the University of Leeds which was funded under the JISC Virtual Research Environments Programme.


*Using Blogs for Formative Assessment and Interactive Teaching

- Lisa Foggo provides a case-study of using a blog for formative assessment. Its interactivity engaged participants and permitted measurement of student expectations and satisfaction with library sessions.


*Search Engines: Why Ask Me, and Does 'X' Mark the Spot?

- Phil Bradley takes a look at different versions of Ask to see how it is developing and looks at how it is emerging from its servant roots.


*Citeulike: A Researcher's Social Bookmarking Service

- Kevin Emamy and Richard Cameron describe a tool which assists researchers gather, collect and share papers.


*Get Tooled Up: Towards Virtualisation: A New Approach in

Server Management

- Eddie Young provides an account of trials and implementations carried out here after Matt Thrower gives us the background and benefits of employing virtualisation.


*Get Tooled Up: Hold It, Hold It ... Start Again: The Perils of Project Video Production

- It's not like writing a paper. Film production, when the camera points at you, can challenge all sorts of sensitivities. Steve Hitchcock survived the ordeal to tell the story of the Preserv Project video.


*OpenID: Decentralised Single Sign-on for the Web

- Andy Powell and David Recordon take a brief look at OpenID and ask what relevance it has to e-learning.


At the Event

*The JISC Annual Conference 2007

- Philip Pothen and colleagues provide an overview of the proceedings of this Spring's JISC Annual Conference.


*What Is an Open Repository?

- Julie Allinson, Jessie Hey, Chris Awre and Mahendra Mahey report on the Open Repositories 2007 conference, held in San Antonio, Texas between 23-26 January 2007.


*KIM Project Conference: Knowledge and Information Management Through Life

- Alex Ball provides an overview of the March 2007 KIM Project Conference.


Ariadne Reviews

*E-learning and Disability in Higher Education

- Simon Ball reviews a comprehensive discussion of e-learning and accessibility that gives support and guidance to effect good practice from individual to institutional level.


*Teaching Web Search Skills

- Verity Brack takes a look at this book for Web trainers, teachers and instructors.


*Digital Literacies for Learning

- Peter Cliff reviews a work that challenges traditional notions of literacy and how suggests that new literacies need to be developed to empower both learners and teachers in the digital age.


*Information Architecture for the World Wide Web: Designing Large-scale Web Sites

- Keith Doyle reviews the 3rd edition of the primary reference book for practising in-house staff and consultants responsible for the development of institutional information architecture.


*Blogging and RSS: A Librarian's Guide

- Kara Jones reviews a practical guide to blogs and RSS written for librarians, packed with library-specific examples.




Plus News and Events from the Ariadne Newsline


Contributions to Ariadne issue 52 are being arranged and prepared; please send proposals for articles to me at our regular contact point:


Kindly send books and ideas for review to the Editor's address (below).

Best regards,



Issue 52


Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Richard Waller [lisrw@UKOLN.AC.UK]



Issue 52 of Ariadne contains the following articles:


Main Articles

*DRIVER: Seven Items on a European Agenda for Digital Repositories

- Maurits van der Graaf provides results and conclusions from the DRIVER inventory study.


*ARROW and the RQF: Meeting the Needs of the Research Quality Framework Using an Institutional Research Repository

- David Groenewegen and Andrew Treloar describe the role of repositories in the forthcoming Australian Research Quality Framework (RQF) and the responses of the ARROW Project to the needs of the RQF.


*Access to Scientific Knowledge for Sustainable Development:

Options for Developing Countries

- Barbara Kirsop, Leslie Chan and Subbiah Arunachalam consider the impact of donor access and open access to research publications on the sustainable development of science in developing countries.


*The SPP Alerting Portlet: Delivering Personalised Updates

- Virginia Knight describes the open-source alerting portlet which has been developed as part of the SPP Subject Portals Project (SPP) and the results of user feedback.


*Repository Thrills and Spills

- Sue Manuel and Charles Oppenheim take a look at recent developments in the digital repositories field and present a light-hearted project narrative.


*Institutional Repositories and Their 'Other' Users:

Usability Beyond Authors

- Dana McKay summarises the literature on the usability of institutional repositories, and points to directions for future work.


*24 Hour Museum: From Past to Future

- As 24 Hour Museum rebuilds and looks outwards to new partnerships, Jon Pratty looks at challenges faced over the last seven years.


*Web Archiving at the British Library:

Trials with the Web Curator Tool

- Jackson Pope and Philip Beresford report on progress at The British Library in installing and performance testing the Web Curator Tool.


*EThOSnet: Building a UK e-Theses Community

- Jill Russell outlines progress towards an e-theses service for the UK.


*Capacity Building: Spoken Word at Glasgow Caledonian University

- Iain Wallace, Graeme West and David Donald give an account of the origins, nature and establishment of Spoken Word Services at Glasgow Caledonian University.


At the Event

*IWMW 2007: Next Steps for the Web Management Community

- Shirley Keane reports on the wide range of presentations given at this year's Institutional Web Management Workshop.


*Repositories Support Project Summer School

- Jackie Knowles reports on the RSP Summer School, a 48-hour intensive learning programme for new institutional repository administrators, organised by the Repositories Support Project Team.


*JASIG June 2007 Conference

- Ian Dolphin and Robert Sherratt report on the JASIG Conference, which took place in Denver, Colorado over 24-27 June 2007.


*ALPSP Conference

- Kara Jones reports on the ALPSP 'Publishing and the Library of the Future' one-day seminar held at St Anthony's College, Oxford, in July 2007.


*Digital Repositories: Dealing with the Digital Deluge

- Pete Cliff gives an overall view of the multi-stranded JISC conference held in Manchester over 5-6 June 2007.


*Blogging from the Backroom

Ann Chapman reports on a seminar on blogging, designed for those working in the traditional 'backroom' professions such as cataloguing and indexing, held by the CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group in London, on 8 June 2007.


*Eduserv Foundation Symposium 2007:

Virtual Worlds, Real Learning?

- Paul Walk reports on the Eduserv Foundation Symposium which took as its theme 'Virtual Worlds, Real Learning?' and which was primarily concerned with educational uses for Second Life.



Ariadne Reviews

*The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland

- John MacColl reviews the first two volumes of this very substantial three-part work, covering the periods to 1640 and 1640-1850.


*Change Management in Information Services

- Ian Lovecy examines change theories and strategies, and their application to creating a change culture in an information service.



*Managing Technical People

- Lina Coelho expected a book that would challenge her technical knowledge and understanding but found a readable and useful guide for the time-pressed manager.




Plus News and Events from the Ariadne Newsline


Contributions to Ariadne issue 53 are being arranged and prepared; please send proposals for articles to me at our regular contact point:


Kindly send books and ideas for review to the Editor's address (below).

Best regards,


Richard Waller

Editor Ariadne


The Library

University of Bath

Bath BA2 7AY


tel +44 (0) 1225 383570

fax +44 (0) 1225 386838








The Australian Library Journal

Special Issue on INFORMATION BEHAVIOUR - call for papers; on behalf of; Professor Amanda Spink [] Fri 10/08/2007 11:12 AM

[Isef] CFP: Australian Library Journal - Information Behaviour




The Australian Library Journal - Special Issue on INFORMATION BEHAVIOUR


Guest Editor:


Amanda Spink

Professor of Information Technology

Queensland University of Technology, Australia





Full papers due: December 1 2007

Authors receive reviews: December 15 2007 Final papers due: February 1 2008 Anticipated publication: First quarter 2008


The Australian Library Journal has been published since 1951. Published quarterly, it contains a wide coverage of Australian library issues, including research. It is the acknowledged flagship publication of the Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA). The journal is available through subscription.



This special issue is seeking theoretical or empirical papers on any aspect of information behaviour.


Information behaviour is a basic element of human kind. Humans have sought, organized and used information for millennia as they evolved and learned patterns of information behaviour to help resolve their human problems and survive. The field of library and information science is a leading discipline in conducting research that seeks to understand human information related behaviours. Various interdisciplinary perspectives to information behaviour are emerging, including an information foraging approach, sense-making approach, information seeking approach, an everyday life information seeking approach and a more holistic approach integrating various approaches with information use and organisation. Theoretical and empirical papers discussing any aspect of information behaviour are encouraged.




Submissions of 3-5000 words should be emailed in Word format to the special issue editor, Amanda Spink at


The AGPS Style Manual is used. For further information see -



Amanda Spink

Research Capacity Building Professor of Information Technology Faculty of Information Technology Queensland University of Technology Gardens Point Campus

2 George St, GPO Box 2434

Brisbane QLD 4001 Australia

Tel: 61-7-3138-9583 Fax: 61-7-3864-2703






Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology

June July 07; on behalf of; Richard Hill [] Mon 11/06/2007 10:12 PM; [Asis-l] June July 07 Bulletin


This first, electronic-only issue of the Bulletin, is in an exciting new interactive pdf format. Please tell us what you think!


At there are links to download PDFs of the entire issue or individual articles, as well as the interactive PDF of the issue.



Information Architecture


Getting Richer

by Stacy Merrill Surla


IA Research: The Future State of the Art

by D. Grant Campbell

Face Tag: Integrating Bottom-up and Top-down Classification in a Social Tagging System

by Emanuele Quintarelli, Andrea Resmini and Luca Rosati


Evolutionary Psychology as a Basis for Ethical Design: Virtual Status and Ubiquitous Altruism

by Olly Wright

Data-Driven Design: Using Web Analytics to validate Heuristics

by Andrea Wiggins

IA and RIAs - You Know More than you Think You Do

by Adam Polansky


Information Commons: Service to the Community Starts with Solid IA

by Josh Knauer



Reflections on the Development of the Model of the Information search Process (ISP): Excerpts from the Lazerow Lecture, University of Kentucky, April 2, 2007

by carol Collier Kuhlthau

Desa Informasi: The Role of Digital Libraries in the Preservation and Dissemination of Indigenous Knowledge

by Liauw Toong Tjieka (Aditya Nugraha)




President's Page |


Editor's Desktop |


Inside ASIST |



Richard B. Hill

Executive Director

American Society for Information Science and Technology 1320 Fenwick Lane, Suite 510 Silver Spring, MD 20910

Fax: (301) 495-0810

Voice: (301) 495-0900





August/September 2007; on behalf of; Richard Hill [] Tue 28/08/2007 9:36 PM [Asis-l] August / September Bulletin


Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology -

August/September 2007 Volume 33, Number 7 ISSN: 1550-8366



[2] Editor's Desktop

[3] Inside ASIS&T



Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records 6] Introduction by Yin Zhang


7] Introducing the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records and Related IFLA Developments by Pat Riva


12] Understanding FRBR as a Conceptual Model: FRBR and the Bibliographic Universe by Allyson Carlyle and Lisa M. Fusco


17] From a Conceptual Model to Application and System Development by Athena Salaba and Yin Zhang


24] Understanding Support of FRBR's Four User Tasks in MARC-Encoded Bibliographic Records by Shawne D. Miksa


27] FRBR: The End of the Road or a New Beginning?

by Maja Zumer


30] Critical Issues and Challenges Facing FRBR Research and Practice by Yin Zhang and Athena Salaba


32} Standards in Electronic Resource Management Report compiled by Rafal Kasprowski


[38] Student Column: Second Life, Serious Leisure and LIS by Richard Urban


[41] IA Column: An Information Architecture Approach to Building a Much Better Digital Library by Stacy Merrill Surla


ASIS&T 2007

Big Names Tapped for ASIS&T 2007 Keynote Addresses Anthea Stratigos and Clifford Lynch


2007 ASIS&T Annual Meeting: Joining Research and Practice: Social Computing and Information Science October 19-24, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin



Richard B. Hill

Executive Director

American Society for Information Science and Technology 1320 Fenwick Lane, Suite 510 Silver Spring, MD 20910

Fax: (301) 495-0810

Voice: (301) 495-0900




Current Cites

March 2007


Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [roy.tennant@UCOP.EDU]

Sat 31/03/2007 1:30 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU Current Cites, March 2007


March 2007


Edited by [2]Roy Tennant


Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Leo Robert Klein, [5]Roy




Baish, Mary Alice. "[6]Librarians as Change Agents: How You Can Help

Influence Public Policy in the 110th Congress" [7]Searcher

15(3)(2007)( -

Although it's easy to lose sight of it in the press of day-to-day

concerns, this is a very important juncture for US legislation related

to to the sweeping changes that digital technology has wrought in the

copyright and media/publishing arenas. This article introduces you to

the new leadership in the House and the Senate, and it overviews

selected legislative issues that are on the table in the 110th

Congress. Those issues include circumvention, fair use, net neutrality,

open access to government sponsored research, and orphan works (among

others). - [8]CB


Davis, Philip M, and Matthew J. L Connolly. "[9]Institutional

Repositories : Evaluating the Reasons for Non-use of Cornell

University's Installation of DSpace" [10]D-Lib Magazine 13


2007)( -

Interesting look at faculty participation, or lack thereof, in the

Institutional Repository 'DSpace' at Cornell. Basically the incentives

aren't there for faculty to contribute their works. The lure of print

publication or other modes of distribution based on discipline are far

too strong and alternatives, such as posting a copy on one's own

personal web page seem adequate. Where there is steady growth, it's

"largely supported by active policies or guidelines that dictate that

items will be deposited into DSpace, such as the case of theses and

dissertations". This last might indicate the benefit of a more

energetic approach on the part of departments and the institution as a

whole. Ease-of-use issues and better integration across systems also

needs to be addressed. - [11]LRK


Elings, Mary W., and G?nter Waibel. "[12]Metadata for All: Descriptive

Standards and Metadata Sharing across Libraries, Archives, and

Museums" [13]First Monday 12(3)(March

2007)( - This

informative article begins by describing a conceptual model that

precisely identifies and describes the key components of any metadata

standard: data fields and structure, data content and values, data

format, and data exchange. Using these concepts, the authors then

construct a grid for appropriate metadata standards from the museum,

library, and archival communities in each of these areas. By

classifying standards from these communities using their conceptual

model, they hope to make the soup of acronyms more understandable. The

grid also serves to demonstrate how related these different communities

are in their needs for the same types of metadata standards. The piece

also provides a brief history of metadata standards in each community

and takes a look at recent trends. The authors end with an assertion

that the three areas would be more productively depicted as "cultural

materials, bibliographic, and archival" to indicate that museums, for

example, may find use for bibliographic metadata standards and vice

versa. - [14]RT


Goans, Doug, Pam Hackbart-Dean, and Lauren Kata. "On Your Mark, Get

Set, Go! Overview of a Digital Project from Start to Finish"

[15]Computers in Libraries 27(3)(March 2007): 16-23. - There are a

number of good, practical articles about library digitization projects

in this month's issue of - - . This article looks at the effort of

Georgia State to digitized the full run of a labor union journal

spanning a hundred years and comprising over 70k pages. The authors

briefly go over various considerations common to such a project:

out-sourcing the actually scanning, quality control, file formats to

choose, content-management systems, etc. How they went about this can

then be compared with the examples from other articles in the same

issue. - [16]LRK


Houghton-Jan, Sarah. "[17]Technology Competencies and Training for

Libraries" [18]Library Technology Reports 43(2)(March/April


itemID=2595). - Experienced technologist and trainer Houghton-Jan (of

the "Librarian in Black" blog) has produced a thorough guide to

developing and implementing a competencies-based library technology

training program. Beginning by addressing the question whether you

should even develop such a program, Houghton-Jan follows with chapters

titled "Build a Foundation for the List of Competencies," "Staff

Participation and Buy-In," "Writing the Competency Descriptions,"

"Formatting the Competencies List," "Implementing the Competencies,"

"Assessing Staff on Competencies," "Planning for Technology Training,"

"Creating Technology Training and Materials," "Conducting Technology

Training," and "Reassessment and Revision". A bibliography and lists of

helpful web sites are included. This is an excellent resource for any

library seeking to develop a technically competent staff. Which, come

to think of it, should be all libraries. - [19]RT


Roper, Alan R. "[20]How Students Develop Online Learning Skills"

[21]EDUCAUSE Quarterly

30(1)(2007)( - As a

signification portion of instruction moves over to an online

environment, articles on best practices like this one are worth their

weight in (digital) gold. This is particularly true when the

perspective is from the students themselves. In this article, the

author surveyed students who had done particularly well at taking an

online course. Among their priorities was maintaining motivation and

discipline. Also important was how the instructor managed online

communication, in particular threaded discussions (e.g. forums). One

student states succinctly: "Instructors who establish clear

expectations as to how threaded discussions are used or who ask

specific questions in response to student postings can expect to

encourage richer online dialogue." In other words, initiative, clear

goals and follow-up on the part of the instructor can have positive

results. - [22]LRK


Suber, Peter. "[23]The Ides of February in Europe: The European

Commission Plan for Open Access" [24]SPARC Open Access Newsletter,


ec). - The Ides of February turned out much better for the open access

movement in the European Union than the Ides of March did for Caesar,

but, while it made significant gains, it did not get an OA mandate from

the European Commission. Rather, the European Commission said that it

will: "issue specific guidelines on the publication of articles in open

repositories after an embargo period." As you may have noticed,

publishers of late have become increasingly vocal in their opposition

to OA mandates, and different publisher groups have issued a spate of

declarations to that effect (e.g., the "[25]Brussels Declaration on STM

Publishing"). On the OA side of the equation, a [26]petition supporting

an EU OA mandate now has over 24,000 signatures (more still welcome).

Suber notes: "The two EC Directorates General most involved in OA

policy-making -- Information Society and Media, headed by Vivian

Reding, and Research, headed by Janez Potocnik -- are trying to find a

diplomatic trail through a minefield. They are eager to show support

for the concerns on each side and postpone the day when they will have

to alienate one of them." Still, the European Commission made some

important commitments to OA, including allocating about 50 million

Euros for OA digital repository support and making contributions

towards the payment of OA journal publication fees. - [27]CB







































April 2007


Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [roy.tennant@UCOP.EDU]

Sun 29/04/2007 6:37 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU [CurrentCites] Current Cites, April 2007


Current Cites


April 2007


Edited by [2]Roy Tennant


Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Keri Cascio, [4]Frank Cervone,

[5]Susan Gibbons, [6]Leo Robert Klein, Jim Ronningen, Brian Rosenblum,

[7]Karen G. Schneider, [8]Roy Tennant



Editor's note: With this issue we welcome five new contributors to the

Currrent Cites team: Keri Cascio, Frank Cervone, Susan Gibbons, Brian

Rosenblum, and Karen Schneider. We are delighted to be joined by such a

distinguished and talented group, and after reading this issue I think

you will agree that they have a lot to offer. Welcome!


Arfeuille, Erik. "New Technologies in Libraries - The End" [9]New

Technologies in Libraries (5 April 2007) - Anyone interested in

digital libraries over the past 10 years is sure to recognize the name

of Erik Arfeuille. His regular compendium of articles on

library-related topics, New Technologies in Libraries, was a welcome

source of current awareness. It certainly gave me pointers on what to

read (and recommend). Alas in a farewell message dated 4/5/07, he

announces that his "workload" no longer allows him to produce the

lists. While this is a shame, the nature of his contribution for so

many years is appreciated. - [10]LRK


Carlson, Scott. "[11]Are Reference Desks Dying Out?" [12]The Chronicle

of Higher Education 53(33)(20 April 2007): A37+.

( - Despite the

overblown title, this article explore some interesting issues regarding

modern library reference service. The article begins with the example

of a UC Merced librarian answering text-message reference questions

from students via cellphone while thousands of miles away at a

conference. "Doing things the way I'm doing them now," Carlson quotes

the librarian, Ms. Michelle Jacobs, as saying, "I have reached almost

twice as many students as when I sat on a reference desk." That isn't

the whole story, though, and Carlson goes on to give those advocating

face-to-face reference services airtime as well. The article does not

come down on either side with any force, but rather leaves the reader

thinking about options. This reader thinks that the real answer is not

one or the other, but both, implemented in ways that maximize the

benefits of each while minimizing the staffing impact. - [13]RT


Chau, Michael, Xiao Fang, and Olivia R. Liu Sheng. "What Are People

Searching on Government Web Sites?" [14]Communications of the ACM

50(4)(April 2007): 87-92. - Quantification from search log analysis

meets some big questions of political philosophy: we don't get final

answers here but are introduced to an avenue of exploration, and that's

a start. The authors analyzed a log of over a million search queries at

the website. Their first conclusion gets the "at last we have

the numbers to support the obvious" prize: the top categories of what

people search for are different at a government website than at an

all-purpose search site such as Alta Vista. (Of course, queries for sex

on Utah's site might reveal evidence of an interesting fetish

subculture for state government porn, but I'd rather not imagine what

that could look like.) We hit the big questions when the focus turns to

search terms of potential interest to terrorists, and the issues around

open government come into play. Is someone searching for "water system"

interested in poisoning it, or looking for good news about irrigation?

"Small pox" - spreading it or avoiding it? The authors can't even get

close to a solution to the problem of which information might be too

sensitive to remain freely available, not that we'd expect them to pass

judgement on issues more appropriate for the state Supreme Court. Their

effort is commendable in that it makes a good case that ignorance

certainly isn't bliss and data gathering and analysis may eventually

inform some very difficult debates. - JR


Fichter, Darlene. "The Age of Darwinian Design (Intranet Librarian)"

[15]Online 31(2)(March/April 2007): 52-54. - Insightful article by

Darlene Fichter on the joys of "Rapid Iterative Design". This is a

method, traditionally used in the development phase of designing a

website, where you go through prototypes, testing them on users,

refining them when problems arise and then testing the results until

you have a complete solution. Fichter extends this procedure to

websites even after they've been launched arguing that it makes no

sense to wait for the next iteration of the site for improvements to be

made. In this way, she points out, library websites can mirror the

"permanent beta" of successful commercial sites. - [16]LRK


Fitzgerald, Brian F., Jessica M. Coates, and Suzanne M. Lewis,

eds. [17]Open Content Licensing: Cultivating the Creative Commons

Sydney: Sydney University Press,

2007.( - This freely

available e-book presents papers from the 2005 Open Content Licensing:

Cultivating the Creative Commons conference in Brisbane, Australia. It

includes two papers by Lawrence Lessig: "Does Copyright Have Limits?

Eldred v. Ashcroft and Its Aftermath" and "The Vision for the Creative

Commons: What Are We and Where Are We Headed? Free Culture." While much

of the book has an Australian slant, the underlying issues raised about

open content licenses, such as Creative Commons licenses, in areas such

as computer games, creative industries, and government resonate

worldwide. - [18]CB


Gorman, G.E. "Google Print and the Principle of Functionality "

[19]Online Information Review 31(2)(2007): 113-11. - G.E. Gorman

obviously hasn't gotten his copy of 'The Long Tail'. In this piece, he

warns against the "spurious, economically unsound views" of Google

Print in their intention to digitize "everything [they] can lay their

hands on". He recommends using "professional judgment" as a selection

method instead. All I can say is beware of what you wish for! There

already was a selection method in place that produced the original

collections. None represent the universe of all publications.

Furthermore, past use on the shelf is no indicator of future use once

in digital form. Digitalization of low-use material surely promises

more than simply "clutter[ing] the web" as Gorman argues. Also

thankfully, Google Print isn't the only game in town. Its academic

partners are free to pursue their own digitization schemes using

methods hopefully more to Gorman's liking. - [20]LRK


Grogg, Jill E., and Beth Ashmore. "[21]Google Book Search Libraries

and Their Digital Copies" [22]Searcher 15(4)(April

2007)( -

Entire articles have been written about the Google Book Search Library

Project--how Google's doing it, why libraries are joining in, and the

issue of copyright--but not much has been said about what those

libraries plan to do with their copies of the digitized materials once

they've been scanned. Grogg and Ashmore survey the field and study how

the project fits into existing and future digital libraries at various

institutions. Plans include open access to all, inclusion in OPACs and

digital repositories, and archiving and preservation. Many of the

libraries are still developing the infrastructure and delivery system

to handle the sheer volume of materials they are receiving. Of the

twelve institutions reviewed for the article, seven are sticking with

scanning materials in the public domain, and five are scanning all

materials regardless of copyright (at least until any court decisions

have been made). Grogg and Ashmore answer the question of motivation to

join when they write, "Google can offer digitization on a grand scale

at a price libraries can afford." It's a bargain that's hard to turn

down, even with the threat of pending litigation. - KC


McGovern, Nancy. "[23]A Digital Decade: Where Have We Been and Where

Are We Going in Digital Preservation?" [24]RLG DigiNews 11(1)(April

15, 2007)( -

Nancy McGovern provides a remarkably clear assessment of developments

in the digital preservation community over the past ten years, and

provides a look at what is needed as we move forward. One of the most

important recognitions here is that a digital preservation program

built upon a "three-legged stool" (organization, technology, resources)

is more sturdy and sustainable than "a technology pogo stick."

Organizationally, in the last decade we have seen the emergence of the

concept of the trusted digital repository (TDR), the creation of

numerous policy statements, and the acknowledgment of the need for

evidence-based audit and certification. Still needed is the ability to

move such polices and theories into action, and the development of

better digital preservation skills. On the technology leg, developments

include the OAIS Reference Model, the development of numerous

repository and digital library applications, and the development of

various other tools to perform digital preservation tasks such as

identifying file formats, normalizing data, and generating metadata. In

the coming years the community will need to enhance and integrate these

tools and software to help create modular, automated and scalable

workflows. The resources leg--developing an understanding of and

commitment to the costs of maintaining a digital preservation program

over time--is perhaps the least developed of the three legs, and there

is no general community model. (TDR and OAIS provide this function for

the technology and organization legs). Various resource models have

been proposed, but we need more responses to these contributions from

the community, and more transparency in reporting resource usage, in

order to move from "just-in-time" funding to more programmatic,

sustained support for digital preservation. The article helpfully

includes numerous links to many of the resources and documents

discussed. - BR


National Science Foundation, . [25]Cyberinfrastructure Vision for 21st

Century Discovery Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, March

21, 2007.( - Often

libraries are overlooked when issues related to cyberinfrastructure are

discussed, but this is not the case in the latest in this series of

reports on cyberinfrastructure development. In five chapters, this

report looks at the major issues to be addressed in the next several

years including high performance computing; data analysis and

visualization; virtual organizations and distributed communities; as

well as learning and workforce development. Throughout the document,

but particularly in the chapter on data analysis and visualization, the

critical role of libraries in developing the cyberinfrastructure is

made clear. Not surprisingly, many of the issues discussed in the

report will be familiar to those in the information professions.

Perhaps the biggest (unaddressed) question in the report is how we in

the information professions will take up the challenge to lead in the

further development of the cyberinfrastructure lest it be left to

others. - [26]FC


Puglia, Steve, and Erin Rhodes. "[27]Digital Imaging - How Far Have We

Come and What Still Needs to be Done?" [28]RLG DigiNews 11(1)(15

April 2007)( -

Few are as qualified as Steve Puglia to pen this history of library-

and archive-based digitization efforts. Having long labored in that

particular orchard for the [29]National Archives and Records

Administration, as well as served on the faculty of the highly regarded

[30]School for Scanning, Puglia has lived much of what he recounts. But

this is by no means simply a history of NARA's efforts, Puglia casts a

wide net over all the major players and the documents and procedures

they promulgated over the years. The table of "Imaging Specifications

and Guidelines" that identifies many of these is an impressive

statement to the body of work produced by those active in the field.

This and the other article cited in this issue of Current Cites are a

fitting end and tribute to this part of RLG DigiNews history. - [31]RT


Read, Eleanor J. "Data Services in Academic Libraries: Assessing Needs

and Promoting Services" [32]Reference & User Services Quarterly

46(3)(Spring 2007): 61-75. - Back when data services meant a place for

running mag tapes on mainframes, it was a contained specialization

without wider ramifications for information providers generally.

However, the explosion of networked numerical data deliverable to

desktops has created challenges for technologists and public service

people. Read's article can help both groups see through the haze of

this data cloud to identify sources, skill sets and support networks.

It springs from a data services awareness survey conducted at the

University of Texas, polling faculty and graduate students in

disciplines using social sciences data. One paradox is that the wider

availability of datasets has not been accompanied by a greater

awareness of their availability; one conclusion is that today's data

service providers have outreach and instruction as major job

components. - JR


Spoerri, Anselm. "[33]What is Popular on Wikipedia and Why?" [34]First

Monday (April

2007)( - "Google

giveth, Google taketh": this paper about Wikipedia's popularity is even

more pointedly an impact analysis of Google's secret sauce. Spoerr's

discussion of "which pages and topics are the most popular on Wikipedia

and why" uses data generated from Wikicharts to swiftly move through a

discussion about what's popular on Wikipedia (which despite Wikipedia's

reputation as an "encyclopedia" turns out to be entertainment and

sexuality). Spoerr then steps beyond these observations to the larger

question of "what precisely drives Wikipedia's traffic and growing

popularity," which is apparently a back-scratching relationship with

large search engines, particularly Google. Though we can't crack open

Google's black box to find out how it works, Spoerr's analysis strongly

suggests that Google, recognizing Wikipedia's popularity and high trust

with users, gives precedence to Wikipedia's entries so that results are

likely to show up within the highly-desirable top three results. Spoerr

points out that Wikipedia's favored placement only increases the

ferocity of competition among other websites to make the top three, or

at least top ten, search results. An unspoken question underlying this

article is where library-based Web resources fit into the competition

for Web turf--then again, maybe we don't want to know the answer. -



Stacey, Paul. "[36]Open Educational Resources in a Global Context"

[37]First Monday 12(4)(April

2007)( - This

article provides a useful overview of the state of development of open

educational resource (OER) initiatives and some of the questions

regarding their use and effectiveness in improving global access to

education. Based on an online discussion that took place in a

UNESCO-sponsored forum in November/December 2005, the author provides

examples of different models of OER initiatives (MIT's OpenCourseWare,

Rice University's Connexions, and Carnegie Mellon's Open Learning

Initiative), explores various business models, and suggests next steps

that can help OER initiatives realize their full potential. Especially

interesting are the discussions on global issues such as language, the

digital divide, and international cultural considerations. The author

also discusses some technical issues from a user's perspective, looks

at the possibility of social and community-based authoring, and points

to some convergences with other "open" initiatives, such as open-source

software and open access to research and scholarship. - BR


Staley, Laura, Rachel Van Noord, and Betha Gutsche, et. al.

[38]Blended Learning Guide Dublin, OH: OCLC, March

2007.( - This

38-page guide is an excellent overview of the present mix of learning

technologies being used by a number of organizations to provide

e-learning courses. Their definition of blended learning is "a

combination -- or blend -- of different online learning modes, or of

online and in-person learning." Summary sheets on each of these modes

(e.g., Discussion Boards, Instant Messaging/Chat, Podcasting, etc.) are

followed by a set of case histories about how various libraries have

used blended learning techniques. Highly recommended for any individual

or organization to gain a better understanding of current learning

technologies and how they can be used effectively in a blended mode.

Full disclosure: I was on the WebJunction Advisory Board and soon will

be employed by OCLC. - [39]RT


Van Orsdel, Lee C., and Kathleen Born. "[40]Serial Wars" [41]Library

Journal (15 April

2007)( - Library

Journal has published its annual review of serials prices. The bottom

line: "In 2007, academic libraries saw overall journal price increases

just under eight percent for the second year in a row. U.S. titles rose

nine percent on average; non-U.S., 7.3 percent." STM journals continued

to be quite expensive, with average 2007 prices for the top three

disciplines being: $3,429 for Chemistry, $2,865 for Physics, and $2,071

for Engineering. The country with the highest average price per title

($3,362) was the Netherlands. There is considerable discussion of open

access issues in this article, and Peter Suber has [42]commented: "This

is an excellent picture of where OA stands today. If you have

colleagues who want to know what's been happening and only have time

for one article, give them this URL." - [43]CB


Wilber, Dana J. "[44]MyLiteracies: Understanding the Net Generation

through LiveJournals and Literacy Practices" [45]Innovate: Journal of

Online Education 3(4)(April/May

2007)( -

This month's issue of Innovate: Journal of Online Education focuses on

the Net Generation student and how educators and the educational

systems could or should response to the challenges these student

impose. While there are a number of good articles, Wilber's deserves

particular note, which is a summary of an ethnographic case study she

conducted in Fall 2005. During the course of the semester, Wilber

studied the literacy and technology practices of college student,

focusing specifically on her use of the social networking and the

blogging site LiveJournal. She discovered an emerging set of new

literacy practices that challenge the once clear delineation between

author and reader. - [46]SG



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Current Cites


May 2007


Edited by [2]Roy Tennant <>


Contributors: Keri Cascio, [3]Susan Gibbons, [4]Leo Robert Klein, Jim

Ronningen, Brian Rosenblum



"[5]DigCCurr2007, an International Symposium on Digital Curation"

(April 18-20, 2007)(

- Last month's DigCCurr conference (it's pronounced "Dig Seeker" and

stands for Digital Curation Curriculum) in Chapel Hill focused on "what

digital curators do and what they need to know." The conference is part

of an initiative to prepare students to work in the field of digital

preservation, but the discussions will be just as useful for cultural

heritage organizations trying to develop expertise and skills among

their own staff. Several points were made repeatedly: digital curation

is a collaborative endeavor; the range of skills required goes far

beyond the technical; terminology matters because it helps define what

we do (Cliff Lynch called the term digital curation "truly

frightening"); and when the future is unclear, a return to the

foundations of our professions can help illuminate the way forward.

There are many good papers and presentations are on the conference

website, including Adrian Cunningham's forceful discussion on the

experience of the National Archives Austria, in which he [6]"draws a

line in the sand" and calls on us to remember the differences between

archives and libraries, and Ken Thibodeau's bird's-eye view of the

[7]"critical competencies for digital curation." At a more

nuts-and-bolts level, Liz Madden describes some "data-wrangling"

approaches to moving data from one stage of the digital life cycle to

the next. Hers is [8]wise advice based on experience in the trenches,

and not to be ignored. - BR


Gibson, Craig, and Dorothy C Lockaby. "The Johnson Center Library at

George Mason University" [9]Reference Services Review

35(2)(2007): 322-330. - Can a library center built in 1995 already be

obsolete? The construction of any library is naturally a reflection of

the technology and perceived needs at the time. If both these change,

the role of the library might have to be reconsidered. That at least is

the challenge confronting the Johnson Center Library at George Mason.

The authors make clear through an interesting discussion that the

developers got some things right and some things wrong. The question

now is how to build on the positive while making optimal use of the

space. - [10]LRK


Hendrix, Dean. "[11]Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Knowledge, Use, and Attitudes of

Academic Librarians" [12]portal: Libraries and the Academy 7(2)(April

2007): 191-212.

( <>

hendrix.html). - Discussions about P2P networks on academic campuses

usually focus on various dangers--security holes, bandwidth usage, and

legal threats from ambitious music industry lawyers. But P2P

technologies are also driving new library activities and initiatives,

such as instant messaging reference services, and Stanford's LOCKSS

program for preservation of e-journals. This article analyzes the use

and knowledge of P2P technologies among librarians in the U.S, taking

into account variables such as age, gender, year of MLS, and library

job description. The general conclusion: academic librarians are behind

the curve. Nearly 45% of the total questions on all the returned

surveys were answered with: "not sure." One shortcoming of the study

(acknowledged by the author) is that it asks only about file sharing

applications, and doesn't include instant messaging. Still, the general

conclusions of the article remain valid: as a group, we do not

extensively use P2P technologies, and thus we don't have a great

understanding of the relevant technical, social and legal issues,

haven't thought a lot about how we might use P2P to help advance our

missions, and don't have a strong voice in larger, campus-wide

discussions about P2P. - BR


Huang, Phil. "How You Can Protect Public Access Computers and Their

Users" [13]Computers in Libraries 27(5)(May 2007): 16-20. - When I

worked in a public library, we were always on the lookout for strange

goings-on at the public computer terminals. It's amazing how many

patrons could get around our security software, and how many users

didn't think to safeguard their personal information while surfing the

Web or creating a resume. Phil Huang gives libraries tips on both sides

of this issue--how to protect public access computers from unwanted

security breaches and how to protect your users from unwittingly giving

away their personal data. If you're looking for a framework to create a

workshop on computer and Internet safety for your users (and maybe even

for your staff), this article is a great starting point. - KC


Lally, Ann M., and Carolyn E. Dunford. "[14]Using Wikipedia to Extend

Digital Collections" [15]D-Lib Magazine 13(5/6)(May/June

2007)( - An example

of a library "getting in the flow," this article documents the

University of Washington Libraries' effort to put their digital

collections where their users will see them--in Wikipedia. The result

was so successful in driving more users to their collections that they

"now consider Wikipedia an essential tool for getting our digital

collections out to our users at the point of their information need."

It's a nice way to strengthen Wikipedia too. The article also contains

some useful tips on creating articles and cross-references within

Wikipedia, monitoring for changes and vandalism, and communicating with

other Wikipedia users. - BR


Marcus, Cecily, Lucinda Covert-Vail, and Carol A. Mandel. [16]NYU

21st Century Library Project: Designing a Research Library of the

Future for New York University: Report of a Study of Faculty and

Graduate Student Needs for Research and Teaching (January

2007)( - Over the 2005-06

academic year the New York University Libraries undertook a study to

determine how to "improve its physical spaces and services to best

address the current needs of scholars, as well as to create an

environment that could be adapted to the needs of the future of

scholarly research." The synthesized results of interviews and focus

groups with 65 NYU faculty and graduate students make up the bulk of

this 57-page report. The interplay of the library's physical and

virtual spaces, the continued reliance on serendipitous discovery, and

the growing importance of interdisciplinary and collaborative research

represent just three of the many themes that emerged from the

interviews. An easy, yet very thought-provoking read. - [17]SG


Moggridge, Bill. [18]Designing Interactions Cambridge, Mass.: MIT

Press, 2007.( - "Designers of

digital technology products no longer regard their job as designing a

physical object - beautiful or utilitarian - but as designing our

interactions with it." [Publisher's blurb.] Moggridge, a founder of

design firm IDEO, has compiled the design stories of digital artifacts

which have, without exaggeration, changed the world: screen interfaces,

input devices, handheld communicators, games, search systems. Reading

them is not only informative but inspiring in that it encourages

creative thinking about possibilities (and I suppose the corollary is

disappointment with the junk you're stuck with). The book itself is

beautifully designed, tempting to browse and suprisingly affordable

($40) for a 766-page tome liberally illustrated in rich color. It

includes a DVD of interviews with the designers, intercut with film of

their products in development and use, and adds an expressiveness (of

people and things both) which makes so much sense as another way to

appreciate their process. The website is very generous with clips from

the interviews, chapter descriptions and a downloadable chapter of the

week. Book, DVD and website can be a refreshing mental vacation for

those of us who, in our working lives, are encrusted with the minutiae

of digital information. - JR


Surowiecki, James. "[19]Feature Presentation" [20]New Yorker

83(14)(28 May


surowiecki). - The message of this article is that the customer is the

problem. Not because they're the unwilling victims of impossible-to-use

devices but because they actively seek out such devices and only

realize the error of their ways once they're back at home trying to

make the things work. Twenty-minutes is about all the time they're

willing to fiddle with something before throwing up their hands and

taking it back. One suggested remedy to this quandary is to make the

device feature-rich yet easy to operate. As to striking the right

balance, the author ends on a (perhaps overly) pessimistic note

pointing out "that even when you give consumers what they want they can

still end up hating you for it." - [21]LRK


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June 2007


Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [roytennant@GMAIL.COM]

Sat 30/06/2007 5:27 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU [CurrentCites] Current Cites, June 2007


Current Cites


June 2007


Edited by [2]Roy Tennant <>


Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Keri Cascio, [4]Frank Cervone,

[5]Susan Gibbons, [6]Leo Robert Klein, Jim Ronningen, Brian Rosenblum,

[7]Karen G. Schneider, [8]Roy Tennant



"[9]Britannica Blog: Web 2.0 Forum"

( <> ). - The

contributions to this series of blog posts by various pundits (with the

lead essay from Michael Gorman, former library dean of CSU Fresno)

range from fabulous to fatuous (even contributors who agree in general

with Gorman's contention that the world is going to hell in a digital

handbasket question his rhetoric), but the collection as a whole is lit

up by thoughtful posts by Matthew Battle, danah boyd, Roger Kimball,

Clay Shirky, and Gregory McNamee. Gender bias mars the overall

discussion (Britannica could only find one woman with a brain?) and

there is far too much space given over to what one librarian bard has

described in song as the "anti-digitalists," but if you can't find an

idea to engage with or object to in this collection, you're not trying.

- [10]KGS


"[11]Who Needs Google? Emory U. Libraries to Scan, Sell Books"

[12]Library Journal Academic Newswire (7 June 2007)

( <> ). - First the

[13]Million Book Project, then the [14]Google Books Library Project,

then the [15]Open Content Alliance, and now the Emory University,

Kirtas Technologies, and BookSurge partnership. Mass digitization has

become the name of the game, and Emory's Woodruff Library has come up

with a new spin: digitize books in conjunction with Kirtas, partially

funding the effort by selling low-cost print-on-demand copies via

BookSurge (see the [16]Emory and [17]BookSurge press releases for

additional details). Hard on the heels of the Emory announcement, the

University of Maine, the Toronto Public Library, and the Cincinnati

Public Library [18]announced that they would follow Emory's lead. If

Emory's detailed [19]2008-2012 strategic plan is any guide, expect more

bold moves in the future under the leadership of Vice Provost and

Director of Libraries Richard E. Luce. - [20]CB


Australasian Digital Theses Program. [21]Australasian Digital Theses

Program: Membership Survey 2006 Canberra, Australia: Council of

Australian University Librarians,

2007.( - This report

presents the results of a 2006 survey of Council of Australian

University Librarians and Council of New Zealand University Librarians

member libraries about their digital theses archiving activities. It

contains a number of interesting findings, especially regarding

submission rates. It found that when digital theses submission was

voluntary, only 17% of theses were deposited; however, when it was

mandatory, the rate rose to 95%. Twenty-two universities had a

mandatory submission policy in place when the survey was conducted,

with another five planning to do so in 2007, which means that 59% of

respondents will have a mandate in 2007. More that 90% of respondents

offer mediated deposit, with 63% offering mediated deposit only, 7%

offering self-deposit only, and 30% offering both options. Three key

reasons for the high level of mediated deposit support were conversion,

copyright, and software issues. Half of the respondents have completely

or partially digitized their print theses, and slightly over half have

an institutional repository, with only four of IRs not being used for

digital theses support. - [22]CB


Ayre, Lori Bowen. "[23]Library Delivery 2.0: Delivering Library

Materials in the Age of Netflix" [24]Library Philosophy and Practice

(June 2007) ( - Ayre makes a

case for learning from the Netflix model to deliver library items

directly to patrons. Some principles Ayre cites for making our ILL work

better include: make it easy, make it personal, and make it fast and

convenient. There will of course be much work required to make this

possible, but this brief, engaging piece at least makes the case that

we should try. Anyone involved with interlibrary loan -- or even simply

in managing library services -- sit up and take note. - [25]RT


Coyle, Karen. [26]Rights in the PREMIS Data Model: A Report for the

Library of Congress Washington, DC: Library of Congress, December


el.pdf). - Although this report has been out for awhile, it remains a

less discovered gem among the many recent reports related to metadata

issues. While the primary focus of the report is to discuss the

required enhancements to incorporate digital object rights information

into the PREMIS data model, a particular value of this report is its

comprehensive overview of the PREMIS metadata scheme. For those

unfamiliar with PREMIS, this report is a good introduction to the

metadata scheme and its role in establishing preservation information

for digital objects. - [27]FC


Del Bosque, Darcy, and Kimberly Chapman. "Your Place or Mine?

Face-to-Face Reference Services Across Campus" [28]New Library World

108(5/6) (2007): 247-262. - The future of reference is both more remote

and more direct. More remote in that our users can communicate with us

through email, IM, etc.; And more direct in that we can communicate

with them face-to-face wherever they choose to congregate whether

inside the library or somewhere else on Campus. The librarians in this

article discuss an innovative program at the University of Texas San

Antonio (UTSA) called "Direct-2-U Reference" which began in Fall 2005

and saw librarians setting up operations in five different locations on

campus including study areas and dorms. While the initial impact was

modest, the librarians felt nonetheless that it built bridges to the

outside academic community. It'd be interesting to see what traffic

would be like on campuses with more centralized student areas. -



Heid, Susan. "[30]Culture Morph " [31]Campus Technology 20(10) (June

2007): 42-48. ( ). - Much has

been written in the past on library and IT collaboration (or the lack

thereof), but with the increase in development of digital library

projects, interest in this issue is resurging. However, unlike some

articles in the past that were primarily obsessed with how different

libraries and IT are from each other, this article focuses instead on

how colleges have taken varying approaches to developing digital

library services collaboratively between the two units. Using a variety

of different approaches and not just relying on an administrative

combination of the two units into a single organization, these colleges

have been able to move forward with projects that have increased the

use of library resources, enhanced ease of access, and allowed them to

focus on making improvements based on students' expectations. - [32]FC


Henry, Charles. "[33]Rice University Press: Fons et origo" [34]The

Journal of Electronic Publishing 10(2) (Spring 2007)

( ). - Cash-strapped

university presses have been seemingly slow to explore new models of

electronic publishing that could help revitalize and sustain their

operations. One reason for this is the "cost of migration"--how to move

to a digital publishing model while continuing to incur standard

production and inventory costs. In this respect, the newly revived Rice

University Press is viewing it's original failure (it was shut down in

1996 for financial reasons) as a blessing in disguise, enabling it to

redefine itself from scratch as "the first fully digital academic press

in the United States." In this article, Charles Henry describes the

rationale and business models behind the new Press, their decision to

focus on art history and other areas that are particularly constrained

by the print-based model, and their vision of the Press as a platform

for new models of digital scholarship and a spur for changes in the

academic culture of research (especially in the humanities). Currently

the [35]Rice University Press website lists just two publications, but

it will be interesting to see how this initiative develops in the

coming months and years. - BR


Houghton-Jan, Sarah. "[36]Imagine No Restrictions: Digital Rights

Management" [37]School Libary Journal (6) (1 June 2007)

( - I've

presented a lot in the last year about digital audio options for

libraries, and these discussions have always included the controversy

surrounding Digital Rights Management (DRM). School librarians are

particularly interested in adopting digital audio resources, so I was

pleased to see an article in School Library Journal by Sarah

Houghton-Jan that lays out the issues for all libraries. Houghton-Jan

gives us three reasons to care about DRM: device compatibility,

roadblocks to fair use and accessibility, and long-term archival and

playback issues. She calls for librarians to talk to vendors about DRM,

and to support the vendors that are offering DRM-free content. A

sidebar to the article helps you explain DRM to your users when they

come up with the tough questions (i.e. why can't I use my iPod?). - KC


Lynch, Beverly P., Catherine Murray-Rust, and Susan E. Parker, et.

al."Attitudes of Presidents and Provosts on the University Library"

[38]College & Research Libraries 68(3) (May 2007): 213-227. - In 2004,

the authors replicated a 1992-93 study to investigate how the attitudes

of university presidents and provosts towards their academic libraries

have changed in the intervening years. Through an analysis of their

interviews of presidents and provosts at six universities, the authors

found that the symbolic role of libraries as the "heart of the

university" no longer carried as much weight as the libraries'

practical roles on campus. The article also contains evidence that

campus visibility, outside funding, and technological innovation are

new indicators by which university administrators judge the library's

relevancy. This study confirms the sense that I believe many librarians

share, which is the growing need to better articulate to campus

administrators the connections between the activities of the library

with the university's academic mission. - [39]SG


Villano, Matt. "[40]Collaborate" [41]Campus Technology (June 2007)

( - How library

information can be introduced into collaborative software for higher

education is not the issue here, and the absence of that issue is the

reason to read the article. The omission doesn't appear intended to

send a pointed message, but as sources for wikis etc are described with

the focus on bringing students and instructors together in virtual

learning spaces, it's telling that documents and other information

sources are usually described as simply coming from a web search. It

seems likely that in many cases campus IT planning will have a blank

spot where the library should be. Read these implementation tales,

review the products and learn to talk the talk before demanding a seat

at this table. - JR


Weinberger, David. [42]Everything is Miscellaneous NY: Henry Holt and

Company, 2007.( ). - This juicy

read from David Weinberger (of the Cluetrain Manifesto and Small

Pieces, Loosely Joined) challenges us by arguing that librarian-style

predictive order is passe and digital dishabille is a virtue. The meat

of this book, and its primary momentum and entertainment value, come

from Weinberger's lengthy discussions of the "third order," which

grounds itself in the digital world, where all the old rules are blown

out of the water. Those of us managing "second order" databases--such

as library catalogs--are momentarily off the hook, but that doesn't

make this any less of a must-read for all librarians. Weinberger's

fluid, engaging style masks the refreshing rigor of this highly

readable contribution to public intellectualism. - [43]KGS



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Current Cites


July 2007


Edited by [2]Roy Tennant <>


Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Keri Cascio, [4]Frank Cervone,

[5]Susan Gibbons, [6]Leo Robert Klein, Brian Rosenblum, [7]Karen G.

Schneider, [8]Roy Tennant



Abbott, Andrew. [9]The University Library Chicago: University of

Chicago, May

2006.( <> ). - Agree

with this report or not, it offers an invaluable outside-in perspective

on current hot-button issues in academic librarianship. Respected

scholar Andrew Abbott (author of The System of Professions) produced

this "a serious theoretical analysis of library research" for a task

force appointed by the provost of the University of Chicago, where

Abbott teaches. Abbott offers fresh and often trenchant observations,

many backed quite refreshingly by real data, about issues such as use

of the university library by undergraduates and faculty, off-site

storage, research study rooms, and even the current vogue for building

faculty-graduate research centers, which he refers to as "Potemkin

Villages" that "exist more as targets for external funding than as

physical realities." - [10]KGS


Anderson, Nate. "[11]Deep Packet Inspection Meets 'Net neutrality,

CALEA" [12]Ars Technica (25 July

2007)( <>

ets-net-neutrality.ars). - Information travels the Net through

'packets'. Whether we're sending email, watching video or talking to

friends using VoIP, it all consists of packets. So, what if there were

a technology that could identify each packet as to where it's going and

what it consists of? This is precisely what 'Deep Packet Inspection' or

'DPI' does and Nate Anderson of Ars Technica does a splendid job

explaining the implications. Short synopsis: Bad news for Net

Neutrality (and privacy). - [13]LRK


Blyberg, John. "[14]Always Pushing Information" [15]netConnect (15

July 2007)( -

Blyberg writes about, and expands upon, his "ILS customer bill of

rights" that he first [16]blogged about in November 2005. His list

includes: 1) Open, read-only, direct access to the database, 2) A

full-blown, W3C standards-based API (application programming interface)

to all read-write functions, 3) The option to run the ILS on hardware

of our choosing, on servers we administer, and 4) High security

standards. I'm certain that at least some vendors would take exception

to these points, either from the perspective that they already have

them implemented (my guess is that most vendors believe they already

have high security standards), or that they wouldn't be supportable

(e.g., to run on any hardware of your choosing, which would greatly

multiply their support headaches). Nonetheless, these are important

points well worth discussing and advocating with your vendor. - [17]RT


Bonnie, McCune. "10 Tips for Getting Grants to Keep Your Library

Afloat" [18]Computers in Libraries 27(7)(July/August 2007): 10-14. -

You spend many precious hours working on a grant proposal, only to find

out that your project wasn't chosen. What went wrong? Funding insider

Bonnie McCune, the library community programs consultant for the

Colorado State Library, shares ten tips for getting your grant

proposals accepted. Suggestions include tailoring your request for

smaller foundations, making key contacts in funding organizations,

planning for evaluation, and honing your message. Her best advice is

not to get discouraged. When you take the time to learn from your past

rejections, you improve your chances for success in the future. - KC


Brown, Laura, Rebecca Griffiths, and Matthew Rascoff, et.

al.[19]University Publishing in a Digital Age New York: Ithaka,


- While the journal publishing activities of university presses are

important, the key role that they have played in the scholarly

publishing ecology has been book publishing. Scholarly books often have

very limited sales, but they are critical to faculty in some

disciplines, especially those in the humanities. These disciplines

value books highly, and without publishing one or more scholarly books

faculty in them cannot get tenure. Unfortunately, the long-term trend

has been for universities to require that university presses be

increasingly self-sustaining, and this, combined with the very

corrosive effect of the serials crisis on academic libraries' monograph

budgets, has resulted in presses seeking more profitable sources of

income than obscure monographs. By publishing more popular books, they

can subsidize the continued publication of scholarly monographs, but

not at a level that scholars in book-heavy disciplines would desire,

creating a scholarly monograph crisis. Of late, university presses have

increasingly been put under the administrative control of academic

libraries, new digital/print-on-demand university presses have begun to

be established, and there has been increased interest in reexamining

the role of traditional university presses. The 69-page Ithaka report

is one of the most detailed investigations of how university publishing

could evolve. It advocates a stronger role for universities in

scholarly publishing; a strategic evaluation of what local scholarly

publishing activities should be; a cohesive university-wide approach to

publishing activities; the development of scalable, collaborative,

cross-institutional publishing infrastructure; the full utilization of

online publishing capabilities; strategic capital investment; and

vigorous leadership by university administrators, libraries, and

presses. It's a provocative, important report that deserves to be

widely read; however, while it advocates using a range of economic

publishing models tailored to local needs, most discussion is focused

on traditional fee-based approaches. - [20]CB


Carr, Leslie, and Tim Brody. "[21]Size Isn't Everything: Sustainable

Repositories as Evidenced by Sustainable Deposit Profiles " [22]D-Lib

Magazine 13(7/8)(July/August

2007)( ). - How can we

measure the success of a digital repository? Simply looking at the

number of deposited items is problematic for many reasons. A better

method, the authors argue, is to measure "community engagement," which

should be evident in deposit patterns. For example, a repository built

through a few large batch deposits may have less community engagement

than smaller repositories with daily deposits across a broad range of

subject categories. This article attempts to develop a "metrics of

community take-up" by analyzing the deposit profiles of repositories in

the [23]Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR), looking in

particular at the number of items deposited per day over the course of

a year, and the deposit patterns across subjects or communities in a

given repository. According to this data, 12 of 20 largest repositories

(in size) would not make the list of 20 most active. While the metrics

presented here are quite general, they provide a useful way forward for

institutions thinking about how to measure the use of their

repositories. In addition, much of this data is [24]tracked, kept

up-to-date and made available in the 900+ repository profiles on the

ROAR website, allowing institutions to see their own deposit patterns

and compare with others. - BR


Haya, Glenn, Else Nygren, and Wilhelm Widmark. "Metalib and Google

Scholar: a User Study" [25]Online Information Review

31(3)(2007): 365-375. - Interesting interface shootout between Metalib

and Google Scholar. The guinea pigs in this study were 32

"intermediate" undergrads from Uppsala University in Sweden. Neither

option swept students off their feet but the response to Google Scholar

was "more positive". This had to do with the familiarity of the

interface plus ease of use. Interestingly enough, success rates

increased considerably for both tools if the students went through a

short training session prior to beginning their search. The main lesson

to draw from studies like this is the importance of testing

"meta-search" products in order to gauge their effectiveness. Simply

making them available isn't enough. - [26]LRK


Lamb, Brian. "[27]Dr. Mashup or, Why Educators Should Learn to Stop

Worrying and Love the Remix" [28]EDUCAUSE Review 42(4)(July/August

2007): 13-24. ( -

As Lamb explains, the term "mashup" is used to describe the "reuse, or

remixing, of works of art, of content, and/or of data for the purposes

that were not intended or even imagined by the original creators."

HousingMaps ([29], which brings together

housing vacancies on craigslist with Google Maps, is an excellent

example. Although mashups are fraught with difficult questions for

educators and policy-makers, such as whether a mashup is a derivative

or original work, Lamb encourages the higher education community to be

more "open" to the possibilities. Specifically, Lamb would like to see

educators using open and discoverable resources (e.g . not locked inside

course management systems), open and transparent licensing (e.g.

Creative Commons), and open and remixable formats in order to encourage

the reuse of their content. A well-written piece that should cause

librarians to consider the appropriate types of content/data that we

could be offering up to the mashup sandbox. - [30]SG


Mary E. Piorun, , Lisa A. Palmer, and Jim Comes. "Challenges and

Lessons Learned: Moving from Image Database to Institutional

Repository" [31]OCLC Systems & Services 23(2)(2007): 148-157. - The

path to an Institutional Repository is not always a straight line as

this narrative from the Medical School Library at UMass makes clear.

Along the way at least in their case, were academic departments with

conflicting objectives, budgets duly proposed and rejected, hardware

and software issues. An epiphany of sorts came when they finally got

the chance to choose their own software. "It was critical," they

determined, "that the product be robust, require little special

programming, and be implemented and maintained with current library

staff." Finishing off this tale of joy and sorrow is a list of elements

they felt either helped or hindered their success. - [32]LRK


Swan, Alma. "[33]What a Difference a Publisher Makes"

[34]OptimalScholarship (7 July


blisher-makes.html ). - In this posting to her new

[35]OptimalScholarship weblog, scholarly communication consultant

[36]Alma Swan examines the copy editing of journal articles. Does it

add value, subtract value, or both? What are the typical differences

between the author's final draft and the copy-edited paper? Are these

differences significant? As digital repositories containing e-prints

multiply, these issues are increasingly important. Swan discusses

pertinent research studies that address these issues, and she discusses

the [37]VALREC project, which is developing a tool to alert readers to

the differences between article versions. - [38]CB


Vaas, Lisa. "[39]Is It OK For Google To Own Us?" [40]eWeek (July 9,

2007)(,1895,2155596,00.asp). - Google

has been a lightning rod for many issues in libraryland, but this piece

demonstrates that it's not just librarians that are concerned about

what Google is up to. In this brief article, Vaas provides an overview

of the issues in the current dispute between Google and Privacy

International. The basic dispute stems from a recent report from

Privacy International (available at[347]=x-347-553961

), in which Privacy International labeled Google "hostile to privacy"

for its lack of controls in protecting the personally identifiable

information (PII) of its users. Although some of the findings in the

Privacy International report have been disputed, both by Google and

external parties, this article and the Privacy International report are

reminders of the myriad ways seemingly innocuous information is being

collected on a regular basis without any substantive regulations or

guidelines on how that information can or should be used in the long

term. - [41]FC


Vondracek, Ruth. "Comfort and Convenience? Why Students Choose

Alternatives to the Library" [42]Portal: Libraries in the Academy

7(3)(July 2007): 277-293. - Library surveys often go over what users

like and dislike about the library. This survey is unique in that it

specifically asked non-users what they liked about their non-library

locations when doing research or study. Non-users or infrequent users

were asked where they studied most when on their own or in a group.

They were also asked about the characteristics of their preferred

locations (e.g. quiet, convenience). The thinking behind these

questions was to see if characteristics could be identified that could

then be applied to the library. Results included making it easier to

reserve group-study rooms and making individual study areas more quiet.

- [43]LRK



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Wed 5/09/2007 5:07 AM PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU [CurrentCites] Current Cites, August 2007


Current Cites


August 2007


Edited by [2]Roy Tennant


Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Keri Cascio, [4]Susan Gibbons,

[5]Leo Robert Klein, Brian Rosenblum, [6]Karen G. Schneider, [7]Roy




Albanese, Andrew Richard. "[8]Scan This Book!" [9]Library Journal (15

August 2007)( - This

piece is mostly an interview with Brewster Kahle of the Open Content

Alliance, with an introduction that sets the stage. The Open Content

Alliance occupies a particular niche among those doing mass

digitization, and this interview explores that well. Kahle sees himself

as a crusader, and someone following on the tradition of libraries in

this country while bringing their content to the web. "I see the

library system in this country as a $12 billion industry dedicated to

preservation and access of materials that are not mediated through a

corporate experience," Kahle says, "The alternative is that the

materials people learn from are forever mediated by a relatively small

number of commercial companies in terms of selection and presentation."

- [10]RT


Cervone, Frank. "ILS Migration in the 21st Century: Some New Things to

Think About This Time Around" [11]Computers in Libraries

27(7)(July/August 2007): 6-8; 60-62. - Cervone pens a timely and useful

article on making the tough transition from one integrated library

system to another. Given the current upheaval (some forced, some

voluntary) in the ILS market, his advice is timely indeed, and those

who are not immediately facing such a migration would nonetheless be

wise to pin it to their bulletin board for future use. To rephrase an

old quote, there are only two kinds of librarians -- those who have

weathered a system migration and those who will. In addition to listing

the basic steps of a migration, Cervone includes a summary list of

typical tasks and some links to open source web application testing

tools. Highly recommended for anyone with an ILS and a future. - [12]RT


Duguid, Paul. "[13]Inheritance and Loss? A Brief Survey of Google

Books" [14]First Monday 12(8)(6 August

2007)( - Paul

Duguid takes us step-by-step through Google Book Search looking for

online editions of Tristram Shandy and points out some problematic

results: the scans are unreadable, the metadata is non-existent, and

the editions appearing at the top of the search results are inferior

editions that the contributing libraries tucked away in remote storage

long ago. Duguid concludes that Google doesn't really appreciate "the

bookish character of books." They don't lend themselves to automated

digitization processes, and Google's powerful search tools cannot make

up for a lack of metadata. Duguid argues that this visible lack of

quality threatens the reputation not just of Google, but also those of

the contributing libraries -- he calls this a kind of "patricide" in

which the new digital form is not only inadequate itself, but destroys

the original resources it hopes to inherit. Invoking Nicholson Baker,

Duguid worries about Google Book Search becoming a kind of digital

"double fold" -- a high-tech, low quality project libraries find

themselves locked into. These arguments are weakened by a selective and

incomplete methodology and some narrow assumptions about the typical or

potential uses of Google Book Search--nevertheless, a thought-provoking

articulation of some of the concerns surrounding this project. - BR


Feather, Celeste. "Electronic Resources Communications Management: A

Strategy for Success" [15]Library Resources & Technical Services

51(3)(July 2007): 204-211, 228. - In her article "Electronic Resources

Communications Management," Celeste Feather discusses how e-resources

staff can better handle their lines of communication. She writes, "As

libraries face the question of how to provide more services with fewer

resources, administrators often expect e-resources acquisitions units

to mange more resources with fewer staff than their peer print

acquisitions units." We can easily apply this situation to other

departments in our libraries -- it seems that we're all trying to do

more with less. If you find yourself in a communications black hole,

Feather's article addresses the literature of the organization of

communications, provides analysis of the types of communication the

department is receiving, and makes recommendations on how communication

can be improved. She admits that her findings are specific to her

library's needs, but many of her suggestions can be applied at any

library. It's no surprise that a movement to increase face-to-face

communication helped to relieve what Feather calls "information

fatigue." - KC


Head, Alison. "[16]Beyond Google: How do Students Conduct Academic

Research?" [17]First Monday 12(8)(August

2007)( - This

article, based on research conducted by noted professor and usability

specialist Dr. Alison Head, challenges assumptions about student

research behavior. Far from turning to Google and confidently flipping

out a paper, students rely more on authoritative sources vetted and

provided by instructors and librarians, and are more hesitant,

diffident, and confused by the research process than is often assumed.

The paper concludes by recommending we pay more attention to research

instruction and information literacy, but implicit in its suggestions

is a ringing endorsement of classic librarian tasks in higher

education. - [18]KGS


Lynch, Clifford. "[19]The Shape of the Scientific Article in The

Developing Cyberinfrastructure" [20]CTWatch Quarterly 3(3)(August


e-scientific-article-in-the-developing-cyberinfrastructure/). -

Clifford Lynch elucidates how the scientific article is likely to

evolve in response to changes in the way scholarly work is carried out.

Much of the focus is on articles and their relationship to data. For

example, to what extent should articles incorporate data versus simply

reference data, and how well does our the current data repository

infrastructure support data preservation. Along with the need to make

data available comes the need for more meaningful, interactive ways to

visually present data. Finally, the literature itself will be computed

upon on a large scale, not just read one article at a time. Lynch

addresses these topics, provides some assessment for how well

technology is meeting these needs today, and identifies some areas

where more development is needed. This is just one article in the

current issue of CTWatch Quarterly, which is worth checking out in it's

entirety. The issue is devoted to [21]"The Coming Revolution in

Scholarly Communications & Cyberinfrastructure" and contains articles

by Paul Ginsparg, Peter Suber, and many others. - BR


McKay, Dana. "[22]Institutional Repositories and Their 'Other' Users:

Usability Beyond Authors" [23]Ariadne 52(July

2007)( - A lot has been

written on institutional repositories-- so much so that it can be hard

for someone new to the topic to know where to begin. Through focusing

on the various repository user and usability issues, McKay has created

a very useful review of the institutional repository literature. Her

conclusion is that while authors have been well studied, there are two

other important users of institutional repositories that require more

attention, namely information seekers ("end-users") and repository

managers. She recommends observational studies, formal usability

testing, and usage log analyses as three fruitful methods to improve

our understanding of repository users. - [24]SG


Yaffa, Joshua. "[25]The Road to Clarity" [26]New York Times (August

12 2007): 36.

( - Fonts

matter. On the road signs of our highways they can literally mean the

difference between life and death. This article is a history of how a

new font, Clearview, was developed for road signs in the U.S. It was

the first time, the author states that 'anyone attempted to apply

systematically the principles of graphic design to the American

highway.' The process was careful and took the better part of two

decades. The author describes what happened with wonderful detail using

it as a vehicle to discuss broader issues of design and typography. If

anyone wants an introduction to the subject, this is a great way to

start. - [27]LRK


van der Graaf, Maurits. "[28]DRIVER: Seven Items on a European Agenda

for Digital Repositories" [29]Ariadne

(52)(2007)( - During the

last few years, there have been growing number of surveys about digital

repositories that have helped to clarify the activities of these

important new systems ([30]ARL, [31]CNI, [32]CNI/SURF, [33]DSpace, and

[34]MIRACLE Project). Now, the [35]DRIVER Project has added to that

knowledgebase with a survey of repository activity in 27 European Union

countries. In 15 countries, a "sizeable proportion" of research

universities have a repository, in 5 "a few institutions" have

repositories, and in 7 there is no known repository activity. The

average repository has about 9,000 records. Ninety percent of these

records are for textual materials, and 61% are metadata-only records.

GNU Eprints is the most commonly used software, followed by DSpace.

Check out the article for more details. - [36]CB



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