Editorial note:

This section contains items culled from various Internet news services, discussion lists and other announcements.  Unless specifically noted, I have not visited the sites, used any of the software, reviewed the literature, or written the news items.  I present this digest to you in good faith but cannot vouch for the accuracy of its content.  

Kerry Smith




Issue 53


Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Richard Waller [lisrw@UKOLN.AC.UK]

PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU                        Wed 14/11/2007


Issue 53 of Ariadne Web Magazine contains the following articles:

   Main Articles:


*The Second Life of UK Academics

-John Kirriemuir introduces a series of studies investigating how the Second Life environment is being used in UK Higher and Further Education.


*Googlepository and the University Library -Sue Manuel and Charles Oppenheim discuss the concept of Google as a repository within the wider context of resource management and provision in Further and Higher Education.


*The National Centre for Text Mining: A Vision for the Future -Sophia Ananiadou describes NaCTeM and the main scientific challenges it helps to solve together with issues related to deployment, use and uptake of NaCTeM's text mining tools and services.


*Further Experiences in Collecting Born Digital Archives at the Wellcome Library -Chris Hilton and Dave Thompson continue discussing plans for the engagement with born digital archival material at the Wellcome Library.


*The Video Active Consortium: Europe's Television History Online -Johan Ooman and Vassilis Tzouvaras provide an insight into the background and development of the Video Active Portal which offers access to television heritage material from leading archives across Europe.


*DRIVER: Building the Network for Accessing Digital Repositories across Europe -Martin Feijen, Wolfram Horstmann, Paolo Manghi, Mary Robinson and Rosemary Russell present an outline of the DRIVER Project and its achievements so far in supporting and enhancing digital repository development in Europe.


*The DARE Chronicle: Open Access to Research Results and Teaching Material in the Netherlands -Leo Waaijers reflects on four years of progress and also looks ahead.


At the Event reports:


*DC 2007

-Ann Apps reports on DC2007, the International Conference on Dublin Core and Metadata Applications, held 27-31 August 2007 in Singapore.


*Knowledge by Networking: Digitising Culture in Germany and Europe -Alastair Dunning reports on an international conference exploring the current state of digitisation in the worlds of culture and scholarship, held in Berlin over 21-22 June 2007.


*Progress towards Addressing Digital Preservation Challenges -Helen Hockx-Yu reports on the 2nd Planets, CASPAR and DPE annual conference, held on 5-6 September 2007 in Lisbon, Portugal.


*ECDL 2007

-Mahendra Mahey, Emma Tonkin and Robert John Robertson report on the

2007 European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, held in Budapest, Hungary, over 16-22 September, 2007.


*The KIDMM Community's 'MetaKnowledge Mash-up'

-Conrad Taylor reports on the KIDMM knowledge community and its September 2007 one-day conference about data, information and knowledge management issues.


News and Reviews:


*The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland -Lorcan Dempsey reviews Volume III of a landmark collection on the history of libraries in 'Britain and Ireland' from 1850 to 2000.


*Principles of Data Management: Facilitating Information Sharing -Pete Cliff takes a look at a new book from the British Computer Society that aims to help readers understand the importance, issues and benefits of data management across an enterprise.


*Listen Up!: Podcasting for Schools and Libraries -Elizabeth McHugh looks at how podcasting has the potential to take library services and activities to new audiences.


*The Cult of the Amateur

-Stephanie Taylor tries to curb her enthusiasm for Web 2.0 by investigating the dark side of social networking.


*Mastering Regular Expressions, 3rd Edition -Emma Tonkin and Greg Tourte take a look at the new edition of an O'Reilly classic.


Plus News and Events from the Ariadne Newsline


Contributions to Ariadne issue 54 are being arranged and prepared; please send proposals for articles to me at our regular contact point:


Kindly send books and ideas for review to the Editor's address (below).


Please note that an RSS feed for Ariadne is available.





Issue 54


Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Richard Waller [r.waller@UKOLN.AC.UK]

PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU        Wed 27/02/2008



Issue 54 of Ariadne Web Magazine contains the following articles:


   Main Articles:

*Web 2.0 in U.S. LIS Schools: Are They Missing the Boat?

-Noa Aharony asks whether library and information science schools in the United States are underestimating the opportunities offered by Web 2.0 applications.


*Collaborative and Social Tagging Networks -Emma Tonkin, Edward M. Corrado, Heather Lea Moulaison, Margaret E. I.

Kipp, Andrea Resmini, Heather D. Pfeiffer and Qiping Zhang gather a series of international perspectives on the practice of social tagging of documents within a community context.


*E-Publication and Open Access in the Arts and Humanities in the UK -Malcolm Heath, Michael Jubb and David Robey review recent UK discussions and evidence about e-publishing and open access, their impact and implications for researchers in the arts and humanities.


*Ancient Cultures Inside Modern Universes -Edgardo Civallero writes on how endangered intangible South American indigenous heritage is being both preserved and disseminated with the aid of Web-based technologies.


*SWORD: Simple Web-service Offering Repository Deposit -Julie Allinson, Sebastien Franois and Stuart Lewis describe the JISC-funded SWORD Project which has produced a lightweight protocol for repository deposit.


*Human-powered Search Engines: An Overview and Roundup -Phil Bradley looks at the major contenders and discusses the value of this type of search engine.


*RepoMMan: Delivering Private Repository Space for Day-to-day Use -Richard Green and Chris Awre describe work undertaken at the University of Hull to place Web services at the heart of its personalised digital repository provision.


*Version Identification: A Growing Problem -Dave Puplett outlines the issues associated with versions in institutional repositories, and discusses the solutions being developed by the Version Identification Framework (VIF) Project.


*Saving Energy in the Workplace

-Eddie Young outlines some of the issues faced by a Systems Administrator when trying to save energy in the workplace.


At the Event reports:

*Exploiting the Potential of Blogs and Social Networks -Gill Ferrell reports on a one-day workshop about Blogs and Social Networks, held in Birmingham in November 2007.


*Global Research Library 2020

-Jessie Hey and David Pearson report on a series of strategic workshops on the Global Research Library 2020 - the first of which, the Willows Lodge Workshop, was held in the Pacific North West of the US in the Autumn of 2007.


*MCN 2007: Building Content, Building Community

- 40 Years of Museum Information and Technology -Gnter Waibel and Jean Godby report on the Museum Computer Network annual meeting, held 7-10 November, 2007 in Chicago, Illinois.




*Programming Collective Intelligence

-Pete Cliff tries to remember A-level mathematics as he dives into the fascinating world of machine learning and statistics and how to apply these techniques to Web-accessible datasets.


*Digital Copyright

-Stuart Hannabuss looks at an interesting Nile cruise of a book about intellectual property.


*Digital Information and Knowledge Management plus Print vs. Digital -Sylvie Lafortune looks at two books edited by Sul H. Lee dealing with the impact of digital information on libraries, librarianship, information providers and library users.


*The University of Google: Education in the (Post) Information Age -Judy Reading reviews a work that may engender considerable debate in months to come.


*Blended Learning

-Brian Whalley reviews Barbara Allan's book on blended learning for Information and Library Science staff and educational developers.

Plus News and Events from the Ariadne Newsline


Contributions to Ariadne issue 55 are being arranged and prepared; please send proposals for articles to me at our regular contact point:


Kindly send books and ideas for review to the Editor's address (below).


Please note that an RSS feed for Ariadne is available; see



I hope you will enjoy the new issue. If you would like to discuss making

a contribution, do contact me on



Best regards,

Richard Waller

Editor Ariadne


The Library

University of Bath

Bath BA2 7AY


tel +44 (0) 1225 383570

fax +44 (0) 1225 386838







Australian Library Journal


Special issue; on behalf of; Helen Partridge []                Tue 5/02/2008




The Australian Library Journal Special issue on web 2.0 and the library and information science profession


Guest Editors: Helen Partridge and Clare Thorpe


Contact: Helen Partridge Email:




Full papers due: May 5 2008

Authors receive reviews: May 26 2008

Final papers due: June 30 2008

Anticipated publication: August 2008


The Australian Library Journal has been published since 1951. Published quarterly, it contains a wide coverage of Australian library issues, including research. It is the acknowledged flagship publication of the Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA). The journal is available through subscription.




This special issue is seeking papers on any aspect of web 2.0 and the library and information profession. Web 2.0 technology such as wikis, blogs and social networking sites are revolutionizing libraries and the library and information profession. This special issue will provide a forum to identify, share and develop the issues relevant to the role and future of within the ever-changing library industry. Submissions are invited to discuss current web 2.0 technology projects and issues. Papers that critically and objectively explore the role of web 2.0 technology within the library and information profession are especially welcome. Contributors to the special issue may like to consider the following questions to guide the development of their submissions (please note this is not an exhaustive list):


How is web 2.0 being used in the many different library and information science contexts?

What are the challenges (i.e. ethical, legal, financial) in using web 2.0 within service design and delivery?

What skills and knowledge are needed by librarians and information professionals if they are to successfully meet the challenge of using web 2.0 for service design, development and delivery?

When is web 2.0 appropriate for use within the design and delivery of services? When is it not?

What are the priority areas for the application of web 2.0 within the library and information science industry?

What are the issues and challenge for workforce planning and education within the profession?


Guidelines to authors can be found at



Dr Helen Partridge | Senior Lecturer | Course Coordinator Master of Information Management Faculty of Information Technology | QUT | 2 George St. Brisbane Q. 4000 | 07 3138 9047 | 07 3138 1969 (fax) | S840 Gardens Point Campus CRICOS No 00213J





Brazilian Journal of Information Science -BJIS; on behalf of; M.J. Menou []           ; sigiii-l; eurchap;

[Asis-l] [Fwd: [ABECIN] Brazilian Journal of Information Science -BJIS]                  Sun 23/12/2007


A new Brazilian journal in open access published by the Department of information science, State University of São Paulo, Marilia campus It accepts articles in English.



-------- Message original --------

Sujet:      [ABECIN] Brazilian Journal of Information Science - BJIS

Date:       Fri, 14 Dec 2007 12:12:40 -0200


Répondre à ::     Associação Brasileira de Educação em Ciência da In


Pour ::




A revista Brazilian Journal of Information Science (BJIS) - ISSN

1981-1640 – é uma revista bilíngüe, com periodicidade semestral,

publicada pelo Departamento de Ciência da Informação UNESP/Marília e

pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência da Informação UNESP/Marília. A

revista BJIS, iniciou sua publicação com um número piloto, v.0, n.0, de

junho/dezembro de 2006.


Publica apenas textos originais: artigos de pesquisa, artigos de

revisão, comunicações, relatos de experiência e resenhas relativos à

área de Ciência da Informação. Os textos submetidos para publicação

devem ser escritos em inglês ou português. A revista possui uma política

de avaliação, e cada texto será encaminhado para avaliação por pelo

menos dois referees, utilizando o sistema "Blind Review". Conta com 20

pesquisadores brasileiros e estrangeiros que compõem o Comitê Científico.


Todos os textos devem ser enviados por meio do Sistema Eletrônico de

Editoração de Revista (SEER), endereço:


Convidamos a comunidade científica a enviarem suas pesquisas para




*BJIS, v.1, n.1, jan./jun. 2007.*





Chaim Zins, Anthony Debons, Clare Beghtol, Michael Buckland, Charles H.

Davis, Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic, Nicolae Dragulanescu, Glynn Harmon,

Donald H. Kraft, Roberto Poli e Richard P. Smiraglia




Maria de Fátima Gonçalves Moreira Tálamo e Johanna W. Smit




Adilson Luiz Pinto, Preiddy Efrain-García, Beatriz Ainhize Rodríguez

Barquín e José Antonio Moreiro González





Giovana Deliberali Maimone e Naira Christofoletti Silveira






Dr. Michel J. Menou

Visiting Professor, SLAIS, University College London, U.K.

Consultant in ICT policies and Knowledge & Information Management

Adviser of Somos@Telecentros board

Member of the founding steering committee of

Telecenters of the Americas Partnership

B.P. 15

F-49350 Les Rosiers sur Loire, France

Email: micheljmenou[at]gmail[dot]com


Phone: +33 (0)2 41511043




BULLETIN of the American Society for Information Science and Technology


October/November 2007.

   ; on behalf of; Richard Hill [] Mon 8/10/2007


BULLETIN of the American Society for Information Science and Technology October/November 2007. 


PDF of all content:

[All links below are to the HTML version.  A PDF link is also available at]



[2] President’s Page


[4] Editor’s Desktop


[5] Inside ASIS&T


[34] International Column

Some Thoughts on Information Science: A Vision from Brazil by Miriam Vieira da Cunha


[36] IA Column

Information Architecture and Search Optimization: Beginning a Beautiful Friendship by Marianne Sweeny




Folksonomies are one of today’s hottest Internet trends. They are but one part of Web 2.0, which, in part, refers to the ability of Internet users to add, change and improve World Wide Web content…


7] Introduction: Folksonomies and Image Tagging: Seeing the Future?

by Diane Neal, Guest Editor


12] Why Are They Tagging, and Why Do We Want Them To?

by P. Jason Morrison


16] Trouble in Paradise: Conflict Management and Resolution in Social Classification Environments by Chris Landbeck


21] Image Indexing: How Can I Find a Nice Pair of Italian Shoes?

by Elaine Ménard


26] Flickr Image Tagging: Patterns Made Visible by Joan Beaudoin



30] Them! Google’s Ambivalence toward Library and Information Science by Shawne D. Miksa




December/January 2008  Vol. 34, No. 2; on behalf of; Richard Hill []            Tue 4/12/2007


Current Issue


December/January 2008  Vol. 34, No. 2   Full Text: PDF (Size: 2mb)




   Virtual Reference Services


by Yungrang Laura Cheng, Guest Editor


An Informal History (and Possible Future) of Digital Reference by Joseph Janes


Virtual Reference to Participatory Librarianship:  Expanding the Conversation by R. David Lankes


Evaluation of Online Reference Services

by Jeffrey Pomerantz


Implementation of Professional and Ethical Standards by Pnina Shachaf


On the Trail of the Elusive Non-User:  What Research in Virtual Reference Environments Reveals by Lynn Silipigni Connaway, Marie L. Radford and Timothy J. Dickey




On Scalable (Computer-Based) Information Systems by Ophir Frieder


Selected Abstracts of Standards Under Review 2006-2007 Notes from the ASIS&T Standards Committee (ASISUT-SC) by Marcia Zeng





The Open Source Road to Web 2.0 for Nigeria:  A View of Two Worlds from the Outside by Olugbenga Ademodi


    Information Architecture

Navigating the Long Tail

by James Kalbach




Editor's Desktop

Inside ASIS&T





February/March 2008, Vol. 34, No. 3; on behalf of; Richard Hill [];

Wed 6/02/2008


(All links below are to the HTML versions.  Links to the PDFs are also available at  Following is a link to a PDF of the entire issue:  )


Bulletin, February/March 2008, Vol. 34, No. 3




President's Page


Editor's Desktop


Inside ASIS&T


IA Column

It's Not What You Think, but How You Think by Eric Reiss



A Look at ASIS&T 2007 [Photos from the Annual Meeting]


2007 ASIS&T Award Winners  [Photos and citations]


ASIS&T Award of Merit to Donald H. Kraft


2007 Award of Merit Acceptance Speech


Plenary Address

Stratigos Discusses the Impact of Web 2.0 and Social Computing on Publishing and Related Activities by Steve Hardin





   Information Professionals in a Globalized World Introduction by Caryn L. Anderson, Editor of Special Section


Information Professionals in the South Asian Region: The Challenges Ahead by P.R. Goswami and P.K. Jain


Digital Inclusion Initiatives in Brazil: Improving Education and Information Seeking Behavior Through Government-Academic Partnerships by Maria José Vincentini Jorente


Distance Learning/E-Learning for Iraq: Concept and Road Map by Ala'a Al-Din J. Kadhem Al-Radhi


Kosova Libraries: Where Practical Steps are Most Needed by Besim J. Kokallari


Information Professionals in Nigeria: Optimism and Innovation in the Face of Staggering Inadequacies by Ifeanyichukwu Faith Njoku


Glancing at the Rearview Mirror, Focusing on the Road Ahead: Library and Information Professionals in Indonesia by Liauw Toong Tjiek (Aditya Nugraha)




Richard B. Hill

Executive Director

American Society for Information Science and Technology 1320 Fenwick Lane, Suite 510 Silver Spring, MD  20910

Fax: (301) 495-0810

Voice: (301) 495-0900




Canadian LIS journal

            New Editor


Open Lib/Info Sci Education Forum [JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU]; on behalf of; Gloria Leckie [leckie@UWO.CA]           

JESSE@LISTSERV.UTK.EDU                        Fri 21/09/2007


The Board of the Canadian Association for Information Science (CAIS) is pleased to announce that the new editor of the Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science (CJILS) is Dr. Heidi Julien of the University of Alberta. Heidi will take up her new role as of Jan. 1st, 2008. At this point, we would like to thank the outgoing editor, Dr. Lynne McKechnie, for her five years of excellent editorial leadership and vision, and at the same time, we would like to welcome Heidi to her new role.


Dr. Julien is an Associate Professor in the School of Library and Information Studies at the University of Alberta. She teaches and does research in the areas of human information behaviour and information literacy. Her research has been funded consistently by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. In 2006 she was a Research Fellow with the Canadian Centre for Research on Literacy at the University of Alberta. Dr. Julien has been actively involved in CAIS/ACSI for over a decade. She was program chair for the CAIS/ACSI annual conference in 2004, and has served on the program committee for many years. She served on the CAIS/ACSI Board as President in 2001. In addition, Dr. Julien has served on the Board of the Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE), and chaired SIG USE in the American Association for Information Science and Technology. Dr. Julien is an active manuscript reviewer for many journals, and has served on the CJILS Editorial Board since 2002. She also edited the "Research News" column for CJILS for three years. Recently she revived the ALISE newsletter as an important service to the ALISE membership.


We are all very much looking forward to Heidi's editorial direction of the journal and her plans for its improvement and ongoing development over the next several years.


Gloria Leckie

CAIS President



                              Dr. Gloria J. Leckie,

                                 Associate Dean,

                  Faculty of Information and Media Studies,

                      North Campus Building, Room 240E

             University of Western Ontario, London, Ont. N6A 5B7


       Admin. Office Phone (519) 661-2111 x88505  FAX (519) 661-3506

                         Research office x86459


Current Cites


October 2007


Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU]; on behalf of; Roy Tennant [tennantr@OCLC.ORG]

PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU            Thu 1/11/2007


Current Cites


                                 October 2007


                            Edited by [2]Roy Tennant


   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Keri Cascio, Jim Ronningen,

   Brian Rosenblum, [4]Karen G. Schneider, [5]Roy Tennant



   [6]The Ecar Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology,

   2007  Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE, October


   /45075?time=1191080166). - No matter how far you've taken your library

   into providing high tech, it probably isn't far enough, based on the

   findings of ths "longitudinal extension of the 2004, 2005, and 2006 ...

   studies of students and information technology" from the Educause

   Center for Applied Research. Cell phone use is now nearly at 100

   percent saturation, laptop ownership is up sharply to almost 75

   percent, and student expectations are high. These students live and

   work on the web; it is not a tool to them, but part of their lifestyle.

   As often happens in these higher-ed studies, community colleges are

   underrepresented, so take conclusions about that huge (and

   hugely-neglected) area of higher ed with a grain of salt. Despite that

   limitation, this report needs to be required reading for any strategic

   planning process for libraries -- technology-focused or not. - [7]KGS


   "[8]After Years of Effort, Mandatory NIH Public Access Policy Passes

   Congress"  [9]Library Journal Academic Newswire  (25 October

   2007)( - Open

   access advocates got good news in October when the U.S. Senate

   [10]passed the FY 2008 Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

   Appropriations bill with the [11]NIH open access mandate intact. Given

   that publishers opposed to the mandate lobbied strongly against it and

   [12]two last minute amendments to the bill that would have weakened or

   killed the mandate were introduced then withdrawn by [13]Sen. James

   Inhofe, its intact passage was hardly certain. Nonetheless, the mandate

   survived, and it reads as follows: "The Director of the National

   Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the

   NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of

   Medicine's PubMed Central an electronic version of their final,

   peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made

   publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of

   publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access

   policy in a manner consistent with copyright law." It is likely that

   publisher resistance will continue during the reconciliation process,

   and President Bush may veto the bill for reasons unrelated to the

   mandate. However, OA advocates are [14]optimistic that, given the

   mandates' show of strength so far, it will become law in the future. -



   Albanese, Andrew Richard. "[16]Down with E-Reserves"  [17]Library

   Journal  (1 October 200)(Down with E-Reserves). - My experience with

   library reserve materials goes back to my first library job -- the

   Reserve Book Room in the basement of Olin Library at Wesleyan

   University. They didn't automate the reserve room until the summer

   after I graduated. So I spent four years in the world of checking out

   articles and books by hand, and I have to say that the shelf-reading of

   folders of article copies was truly maddening. Reading articles like

   Albanese's "Down with E-Reserves" reminds me of how far we've come in

   the last decade with reserve materials, and how far we still have to

   go. Most of us feel like we're living in a world of "if it's online,

   it's free, right?", but the Association of American Publishers (AAP)

   would beg to differ. Libraries and institutions of all sizes are

   measuring their risk with what they can put online for e-reserves, and

   for what audience. When larger state universities can have up to 2,000

   students looking at a single article online for a multi-section class,

   can fair use stand up in court? Albanese recognizes the lack of

   leadership on the issue, and hits the heart of the problem when he

   writes, "Being too restrictive can impinge on the educational mission

   allowed by law, while being too aggressive can lead to a potential

   lawsuit." - KC


   De Rosa, Cathy, Joanne  Cantrell, and Andy  Havens, et. al.[18]Sharing,

   Privacy and Trust in Our Networked World: A Report to the OCLC

   Membership  Dublin, OH: OCLC,

   2007.( - This report

   is based on a major survey of the attitudes and perceptions regarding

   sharing, privacy, and trust on the network of people in Canada, France,

   Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. Like its

   major predecessors Environmental Scan: Pattern Recognition (2003) and

   Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources (2005), it is a

   weighty document printed in full-color on glossy paper to do justice to

   all of the tables, piecharts, pictures, and diagrams. However, it is

   also freely available as a downloadable PDF file, either by individual

   section or in its entirety. It is chock-full of interesting findings,

   and well worth spending a lot of time with it, which is almost required

   given its scope. One tidbit of note, although not all that surprising,

   is that respondents want to have their privacy protected by default,

   but also want to have the option to give up that privacy when they wish

   -- for example, to gain the benefits of social networking. Note: I am

   employed by OCLC, although I did not have anything to do with this

   report. - [19]RT


   Doctorow, Cory. "[20]Scroogled"  [21]Radar  (October


   on_evil_dangerous_surveillance_control_1.php). - This cautionary tale

   by popular science fiction writer Cory Doctorow poses the question,

   "Google controls your e-mail, your videos, your calendar, your

   searches... What if it controlled your life?" Beyond being an enjoyably

   scary, snap-crackling good story, "Scroogled" should have every

   librarian thinking twice about embracing a company whose bottom line

   has been "don't be evil"--a position quite distinct from "do be good."

   - [22]KGS


   Foster, Nancy Fried, Susan  Gibbons, and  eds.. [23]Studying Students:

   The Undergraduate Research Project at the University of Rochester

   Chicago: ACRL, ALA,


   _cmpd.pdf). - This edited volume is the result of a research study

   conducted by University of Rochester River Campus Libraries staff to

   answer the question "What do students really do when they write their

   research papers?". With intriguing section titles such as "Night Owl

   Librarians: Shifting the Reference Clock," "Mapping Diaries, or Where

   Do They Go All Day?", and "The Mommy Model of Service" there's likely

   to be something here for everyone who works in an academic library. In

   the conclusion Foster and Gibbons provide four representative

   approaches to the question posed by the study as epitomized by four

   anonymized students. Highly recommended for all academic libraries,

   since we can garner the benefit of this thorough set of studies without

   doing all the work. - [24]RT


   Haigh, Maria. "[25]Downloading Communism: File Sharing as Samizdat in

   Ukraine"  [26]Libri  57(3)(September 2007): 165-178.

   ( - Ukrainian file sharing

   practices and attitudes towards piracy and international copyright

   measures may seem like a rather specialized topic, but this article

   (titled after a [27]popular, satirical poster) illuminates some of the

   dynamics of intellectual property issues in a globalized world. Going

   beyond the legal and economic discussions, the author shows that

   Ukraine's high rate of piracy and the public's dismissive attitudes

   towards copyright are bound up with Ukraine's national identity and

   reflect two distinctive features of its cultural heritage -- on the one

   hand, the Soviet Union's disregard for international copyright norms,

   and on the other hand, the cultural tradition of Samizdat -- the

   clandestine (and dangerous) copying and distribution of suppressed

   literature, often done through a underground, person-to-person network.

   When the U.S. wielded trading power with Ukraine to defend the

   intellectual property interests of the American entertainment industry,

   Ukrainians saw this as yet another heavy-handed attempt at foreign

   intervention. There are unstated parallels here with open access, open

   source, and other related issues, which the author plans to explore in

   future articles. The full text of the published article will be

   available one year after publication, but the [28]author's draft (PDF)

   is available online now. - BR


   MacCallum, Catriona J.. "[29]When Is Open Access Not Open Access?"

   [30]PLoS Biology  5(10)(October 16,

   2007)( - "Open access"

   does not just mean "free access." It also means, at least in its most

   tasty flavor, no restrictions on the immediate and unrestricted reuse

   and redistribution of the material, which is important for individual

   reuse as well as automated harvesting and data mining activities. As

   such activities become more widespread, the issue of reuse rights will

   become more important. This editorial cites the licenses and use

   policies of several publishers and argues that publishers -- either

   through a lack of understanding, or through intentional obfuscation --

   are making claims to provide open access content that don't stand up to

   a strict definition of the term. The author calls on publishers to

   tighten their definition and application of the term open access and be

   more clear about the restrictions applied to their articles. In the

   meantime, authors need to be aware of the fine print, especially when

   they are paying fees for what they think is "open access." For more on

   this issue, and the relative merits of gold vs green open access with

   regard to reuse rights, check out the recent discussions in the blogs

   of [31]Peter Suber, [32]Peter Murray-Rust, [33]Stevan Harnad and

   [34]Klaus Graf. - BR


   Sandler, Mark, Kim  Armstrong, and Bob  Nardini. "[35]Market Formation

   for E-Books: Diffusion, Confusion or Delusion?"  [36]The Journal of

   Electronic Publishing  10(3)(Fall

   2007)( - A lively and

   knowledgeable overview of the factors affecting the market for e-books.

   On supply side, the impediments include convoluted marketing and

   pricing models offered by publishers that are not aligned with how

   libraries actually purchase books, and convoluted functionality that

   doesn't satisfy the needs and expectations of users. On the demand

   side, there is no consensus on the part of libraries about the decision

   making and budgeting structures needed to acquire e-books. Given all

   this lack of standardization, it is difficult to make the shift of

   resources required to move from a print to an e-book model. Yet the

   authors believe that the success of e-books is both desirable and

   inevitable. The "first wave" of e-book projects offers lessons about

   what works and what doesn't. Those e-book projects which have been

   successful have been characterized by a combination of low per-volume

   costs, simple pricing models, organizational trust, good functionality,

   and strong scholarly content. Moreover, the issues involved with

   e-books resemble those related to the shift from print to electronic

   journals, which has already reached a tipping point towards digital.

   That experience with journals can provide a framework for all

   stakeholders for developing successful e-book strategies. Also see the

   companion piece in the same issue of JEP, [37]What Happened to the

   E-book Revolution?: The Gradual Integration of E-books into Academic

   Libraries, which provides an overview of recent literature about this

   topic. - BR


   Starita, Angela. "[38]Village Voices"  [39]Print  61(5)(Sept/Oct

   2007): 38-45.


   lt.aspx). - When developing a component of increased interactivity in a

   site for information preservation and access, it's helpful to look

   beyond our standard boxes of library, archive, etc. This article takes

   us far beyond by looking at the work of Local Projects, a group which

   creates environments where information sources, the "voices" in the

   article title, are brought together in very interesting ways. Past

   projects have included the design of a travelling 'story collection

   booth' for StoryCorps, which is building an archive of oral histories

   by taking its apparatus to the people with the stories to tell, and

   Memory Maps, in which residents of New York City were able to add their

   place-specific tales to largescale borough maps. Exhibition design is

   also part of their work: for the Museum of Chinese in the Americas they

   created a continuous ribbon-like digital screen which charts exchange

   between China and the US over 167 years, and they are currently

   co-designing the permanent exhibition for the World Trade Center

   Memorial Museum. That museum's director believes that 9/11 is the most

   documented event in history, and Local Projects' principal Jake Barton

   says "We realized that the whole DNA of the project was the overlap of

   physical space with media space." In some form, the overlap of physical

   space with media space must be considered by all of us responsible for

   information places, and this article is helpful in reimagining those

   walls. - JR



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