Editorial note:

This section contains items culled from various Internet news services, discussion lists and other announcements.  Unless specifically noted, I have not visited the sites, used any of the software, reviewed the literature, or written the news items.  I present this digest to you in good faith but cannot vouch for the accuracy of its content.  

Kerry Smith




            Issue 55


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Richard Waller

Sent: Friday, 9 May 2008 11:59 PM


Subject: Re: Spring 2008 Issue of Ariadne available


Apologies for cross-posting:


Issue 55 of Ariadne Web Magazine contains the following articles:


   Main Articles:


*Research Libraries and the Power of the Co-operative

- John MacColl considers the 'co-operative imperative' upon research libraries, and describes the work which the former Research Libraries Group is undertaking as part of OCLC.


*Developing the Capability and Skills to Support eResearch

- Margaret Henty provides an Australian perspective on improving the environment in which eResearch is conducted through developing institutional capability and providing appropriate skills training.


*South African Repositories: Bridging Knowledge Divides

- Martie van Deventer and Heila Pienaar provide us with background to recent South African repository initiatives and detail an example of knowledge transfer from one institution to another.


*Towards an Application Profile for Images -Mick Eadie describes the development of the Dublin Core Images Application Profile project recently funded through the JISC.


*Digital Lives: Report of Interviews with the Creators of Personal Digital Collections

- Pete Williams, Ian Rowlands, Katrina Dean and Jeremy Leighton John describe initial findings of the AHRC-funded Digital Lives Research Project studying personal digital collections and their relationship with research repositories such as the British Library.


*Custom-built Search Engines

- Phil Bradley reviews a means of enhancing the relevance of search results through the use of custom-built search engines.


*Metadata for Learning Resources: An Update on Standards Activity for 2008

- Sarah Currier gives an overview of current initiatives in standards for educational metadata.


*Intute Integration

- Angela Joyce, Jackie Wickham, Phil Cross and Chris Stephens describe Intute's ongoing Integration Project, which is promoting and developing integration of Intute content in the UK academic library community.


*Implementing Ex Libris's PRIMO at the University of East Anglia

- Nick Lewis outlines the University of East Anglia’s experience of implementing Ex Libris’s Primo, a new search and retrieval interface for presenting the library catalogue and institutional databases and e-resources.


At the Event reports:


*Libraries of the Future

- Michelle Pauli reports on the National e-textbook Debate and Libraries of the Future panel sessions held by JISC in Birmingham over 14-15 April 2008.


*KIM Project Conference 2008

- Alexander Ball provides an overview of the Knowledge and Information Management Through Life Project Conference held in April, 2008.


*Future-Proofing the Past: LAI Joint Conference 2008

- Siobhán Fitzpatrick reports on the Annual Joint Conference of the Library Association of Ireland and Cilip IRELAND.


*The Librarian's Information Literacy Annual Conference (LILAC) 2008

- Keir Hopwood reports on three-day conference about current and future trends in the practice of information literacy teaching in Higher Education and beyond.


*VIF: Version Identification Workshop

- Sarah Molloy reports on a half-day workshop on the use of the Version Identification Framework, held in Hatton Garden, London on 22 April 2008.


News and Reviews:


Newsline: News and events


*The Thriving Library: Successful Strategies for Challenging Times.

- Lina Coelho takes a look at this collection of winning strategies for success in public libraries during challenging times.


*Digital Information Culture: The Individual and Society in the Digital Age

- Stuart Hannabuss analyses a very useful addition to the realm of information, knowledge and library studies.


*Information and Emotion

- Stephanie Taylor finds in Information and Emotion: The Emergent Affective Paradigm in Information Behavior Research and Theory new ways to understand the emotions of users in a collection of work from the US information behaviour community.


*Computerization Movements and Technology Diffusion

- Emma Tonkin reviews a fascinating introduction to over two decades of research into computerisation movements.


*Manage It! Your Guide to Modern, Pragmatic Project Management

- Martin White reviews a book that sets out to provide very practical guidance on managing software projects.


Contributions to Ariadne issue 56 are being arranged and prepared; please send proposals for articles to me at our regular contact point:


Kindly send books and ideas for review to the Editor's address (below).


Please note that an RSS feed for Ariadne is available; see


I hope you will enjoy the new issue. If you would like to discuss making a contribution, do contact me on


Best regards,



Richard Waller

Editor Ariadne


The Library

University of Bath

Bath BA2 7AY


tel +44 (0) 1225 383570

fax +44 (0) 1225 386838






Bulletin of ASIS&T


            Vol. 34, No. 5 - June/July 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: [] On Behalf Of Richard Hill

Sent: Thursday, 29 May 2008 3:55 AM


Subject: [Asis-l] June July Bulletin of ASIS&T


Current Issue

June/July 2008

Vol. 34, No. 5




    Bringing Genre into Focus

    by Luanne Freund and Christoph Ringlstetter, Guest Editors of Special Section


    Why Information has Shape

    by Andrew Dillon


    Stalking the Wild Web Genre (with apologies to Euell Gibbons)

    by Mark A. Rosso


    Situating Relevance Through Task-Genre Relationships

    by Luanne Freund


    Practical Aspects of Automatic Genre Classification

    by Christoph Ringlstetter and Andrea Stubbe



    LIS and Genre Between People, Texts, Activity and Situation

    by Jack Andersen




    Research Interviews for Library and Information Professionals

    by Andrew P. Carlin




    Information Advantage

    by Ted Sienknecht



    President's Page


    Editor's Desktop


    Inside ASIS&T


    Designing a User-Centered Conference for User-Centered Information

Professionals: The Story of InfoCamp Seattle

    by Aaron Louie


    ASIS&T Scholarly Communication Survey

    by Margeaux Johnson and Nancy K. Roderer




            Vol. 34, No. 6 - August/September 2008  



-----Original Message-----

From: [] On Behalf Of Richard Hill

Sent: Thursday, 7 August 2008 2:50 AM


Subject: [Asis-l] Aug/Sept Bulletin TOC - Special Issue on IA


Current Issue   August/September 2008   Vol. 34, No. 6


  SPECIAL SECTION                                         


Information Architecture Introduction:

Taxarcana and Other Boons for Business

by Stacy Surla, Guest Editor of Special Section


Exploratory Search in Different Information Architectures by Tingting Jiang and Sherry Koshman



Tagging: Emerging Trends

by Gene Smith


The Information Architecture Behind Good Web Forms by Luke Wroblewski


Audiences and Artifacts

by Nathan Curtis


How to Be a User Experience Team of One

by Leah Buley




Fulbright Senior Specialist Program -

Library Science

by Emil Levine




The Student Scene

Informatics Student Activities at UCLA

by Sarah Buchanan





President's Page



Editor's Desktop


Inside ASIS&T


ASIS&T Membership Survey 2008

by Margeaux Johnson and Nancy K. Roderer




Richard B. Hill

ASIS&T Executive Director



Richard Hill

Executive Director

American Society for Information Science and Technology 1320 Fenwick Lane, Suite 510 Silver Spring, MD  20910

FAX: (301) 495-0810

(301) 495-0900



Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science / La Revue canadienne des sciences de l'information et de bibliothéconomie


            Call for papers


-----Original Message-----

From: [] On Behalf Of Heidi Julien

Sent: Thursday, 10 April 2008 12:36 AM


Subject: [Asis-l] Call for Papers


Hello colleagues,


I recently have taken on the Editorship of the Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science / La Revue canadienne des sciences de l'information et de bibliothéconomie. The Journal is published by the Canadian Association for Information Science through the University of Toronto Press, and contributes to the advancement of information and library science by serving as a forum for discussion of theory and research. The journal is concerned with research findings, understanding of issues in the field, information practices of individuals and groups, and understanding of the history, economics, and technology of information or library systems and services.


Although the Journal has not been published regularly for the past two years, I am delighted to announce that volume 29, issue 4 is expected to be in print very soon. Volumes 30 and 31 will be out by year’s end, as well. We’re catching up, and moving forward.


With the Journal rapidly getting back on track, I am inviting submissions in either English or French, from academics, students, and practitioners in the field. Instructions for contributors are outlined in the Submission Guidelines ( <> ). If you have any questions, or would like your manuscript considered for publication in the Journal, please get in touch!


English Manuscripts


Heidi Julien, Editor

School of Library & Information Studies

University of Alberta


Ph: +1 780 492 3934

Fax: +1 780 492 2430


French Manuscripts


Clément Arsenault, Rédacteur associé

EBSI, Université de Montréal


Tél. : +1 514 343 5600

Fax : +1 514 343 5753




Heidi Julien, Ph.D.

School of Library and Information Studies

University of Alberta

3-20 Rutherford South

Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2J4

Ph: 780 492 3934  Fax: 780 492 2430


Web: <>



Current Cites,


            April 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant

Sent: Wednesday, 30 April 2008 11:47 PM


Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, April 2008


                                 Current Cites


                                   April 2008


                            Edited by [2]Roy Tennant



   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Keri Cascio, [4]Leo Robert

   Klein, Brian Rosenblum, [5]Karen G. Schneider, [6]Roy Tennant



   "[7]Georgia State University Sued over E-Reserves "  [8]Library Journal

   Academic Newswire  ( 17 April


   . - Backed by the Association of American Publishers, Cambridge

   University Press, Oxford University Press, and SAGE Publications have

   sued Georgia State University alleging "systematic, widespread and

   unauthorized copying and distribution of a vast amount of copyrighted

   works" via GSU's e-reserves, course management, and other systems. The

   defendants named in the suit are the GSU President, Provost, Dean of

   Libraries, and Associate Provost for Information Systems and

   Technology. The suit has sparked controversy about digital copyright

   issues, sovereign immunity protection for state employees from such

   suits, and the role of university presses in the scholarly

   communication system. Here are some postings and articles about the

   reaction to the suit: "[9]Further Coverage about and Commentary on the

   Georgia State Digital Copyright Lawsuit," "[10]Georgia State Copyright

   Infringement Suit Coverage and Commentary," "[11]GSU E-Reserves Suit

   Moves E-Reserves Discussion into the Light," and "[12]Will the Average

   University Press Benefit from GSU E-Reserve Suit?." - [13]CB


   "[14]Libraries Unleashed: Colleges, universities and the digital

   challenge"  [15]The Guardian  (22 April


   html). - This special supplement in the Guardian newspaper (published

   in conjunction with [16]JISC's [17]"Libraries of the Future"

   initiative) contains 18 articles highlighting a number of contemporary

   library-related topics, including information literacy, learning

   spaces, open access, library 2.0, digitization, and the evolving roles

   and skills of users and librarians. Regular readers of Current Cites

   will find the coverage anecdotal and introductory. Still, it is rare to

   see librarianship getting such attention from a major newspaper, and

   the issues are clearly, if not deeply, laid out for a general audience

   (and useful, perhaps, for those friends and relatives who still can't

   quite grasp that your library job involves more than checking out and

   reshelving books). The focus is academic libraries and the opening

   paragraph sets the optimistic tone: "Academic libraries are changing

   faster than at any time in their history. Information technology,

   online databases, and catalogues and digitised archives have put the

   library back at the heart of teaching, learning and academic research

   on campus." - BR


   Albanese, Andrew Richard. "[18]Reality Checks"  [19]netConnect  (15

   April 2008)( -

   Riffing off the 2008 O'Reilly Media Tools of Change (TOC) conference in

   New York City, Albanese provides a provocative view over the publishing

   (and by association, library) landscape with ten "reality checks".

   Listing them hardly does them justice, but hey, I only have a paragraph

   and you really must read the piece anyway. So here's hoping the titles

   intrigue you enough to follow the link (and it's free, so what's

   stopping you?): Publishing "under control", Be upstream, not Updike,

   Too much information?, Anything but "ebooks", The iPod "moment"?,

   "Wikiality" check, The end of book scanning, The copyright-DRM balance,

   Jumping off a cliff, Privacy. "If your business forces users to use

   only specific formats or platforms you define, if you push users

   through clunky interfaces, arcane registration or authentication

   practices, or require DRM-laden plug-ins, you can probably consider

   yourself a candidate for early retirement," Albanese states, "One

   user-generated widget cooked up by a college dropout just might trump

   the five-year plan you drafted in your boardroom. For some, that

   awesome power represents opportunity and democratization; to others,

   mob rule. For all of us, however, it's reality." And any reality for

   publishers is ours as well, at least to some dramatic extent. Read it

   and weep, or read it and rejoice -- your choice. But by all means read

   it and think. - [20]RT


   DeRidder, Jody L. "[21]Choosing Software for a Digital Library"

   [22]Library Hi Tech News  24(9/10)(2007): 19-21.

   ( - DeRidder

   provides an excellent overview of selecting software for digital

   library collections. She correctly begins with user requirements, then

   moves on to the needs of those who will create and support digital

   library collections, as well as those who will be installing and

   maintaining the software itself. DeRidder makes note of such important

   considerations as whether your technical staff know the language the

   application is written in (assuming it is open source), and counsels

   that "software selection should be done in consultation with the

   personnel who will be supporting it". After an initial narrowing to 1-3

   options has been accomplished, DeRidder suggests more in-depth testing

   before making the selection, which she outlines in a series of steps.

   Overall it is an excellent description of how to successfully select

   digital library software. - [23]RT


   Denton, William. [24]Understanding FRBR: What It Is and How It Will

   Affect Our Retrieval Tools  Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 30

   November 2007.( -

   This 23-page monograph on the conceptual model Functional Requirements

   for Bibliographic Records, by cataloger William Denton, who writes The

   FRBR Blog, is several things at once: a swashbuckling, intellectually

   exciting narrative of cataloging history; a roadmap to FRBR; and a

   cautionary tale that all things must pass. Denton traces FRBR through

   brief studies of the work of cataloging theorists Panizzi, Cutter,

   Ranganathan, and Lubetzky, arguing, for example, that "FRBR's user

   tasks are descended from Cutter's Objects." Denton is a highly

   accessible, entertaining writer, but this chapter will be best

   appreciated by readers who have at least a cursory knowledge of FRBR

   theory (which can be pleasantly acquired from Robert L. Maxwell's

   "FRBR: A Guide for the Perplexed," also reviewed in this issue of

   Current Cites). "FRBR and the History of Cataloging" is updated from a

   book chapter in another fine work, "Understanding FRBR" (Arlene G.

   Taylor, ed.), published by Libraries Unlimited, which also graciously

   gave permission to place Denton's excellent monograph on the open Web.

   Oh, and don't miss Denton's endnotes -- they are rich with good

   citations and his fluid, informed commentary. - [25]KGS


   Hahn, Karla L. [26]Research Library Publishing Services: New Options

   for University Publishing  (2 April


   f). - With the publication of the [27]Ithaka Report and the recent

   [28]ARL Bimonthly Report on scholarly publishing, discussions of

   library-based publishing are becoming increasingly prominent. Now comes

   the first broad survey of library-based publishing activity, and it

   confirms that library-based publishing is becoming an increasingly

   common service, at least among ARL libraries. Of 80 ARL libraries

   surveyed, 44% are involved in publishing (usually with a focus on

   electronic journals) and another 21% are planning to get involved.

   Author Karla Hahn concludes: "the question is no longer whether

   libraries should offer publishing services, but what kinds of services

   libraries will offer." Based on survey responses and in-depth

   interviews with ten publishing program managers, Hahn discusses the

   scope of services, various business models, and other administrative,

   technical and conceptual issues that are emerging across these

   programs. She also places these activities in the larger university

   publishing context where these programs have a small but valuable niche

   to fill. Because many of these programs are moving from an experimental

   or pilot stage to a more programmatic service, Hahn suggests that the

   time is ripe for more consideration of these activities by campus-wide

   leadership. The time is also ripe, she notes, for more information

   exchange between library publishing programs, which have been

   developing "in something of a vacuum of community discussion." This

   report should prove to be a useful step in that direction. - BR


   Lankes, R. David. "Collecting Conversations in a Massive-Scale World"

   [29]Library Resources & Technical Services  52(2)(April 2008): 12-18. -

   Libraries today are dealing with massive amounts of data and its

   storage. How can we as librarians and information professionals respond

   to the infinite growth of information waiting to be organized? In his

   article (which came out of a presentation at the ALCTS 50th Anniversary

   Conference in 2007), Lankes gives us four options for dealing with

   data: ignore it; limit the library; catalog it all; or embrace it. He

   asks us to adopt participatory librarianship and to open up the

   conversation for practice, policies, programs, and tools in our

   communities and says: "Participatory librarianship is an opportunity

   not only to enhance the mission of the library, but proactively to

   position librarians at the forefront of the information field . . .

   where they belong!" - KC


   Lorigo, Lori, Maya  Haridasan, and Hronn  Brynjarsdottir, et. al."Eye

   Tracking and Online Search: Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead"

   [30]Journal of the American Society for Information Science and

   Technology  59(7)(14 March 2008) - Interesting look at using eye

   patterns to study search behavior using Google and Yahoo. The authors

   discuss some of the challenges using eye tracking methods and make

   suggestions as to how these methods can be integrated with other

   usability testing practices such as 'think aloud' and 'bio feedback'. -



   Luther, Judy. "[32]A New Era in Publishing"  [33]netConnect  (15 April

   2008)( - This

   overview article headlines this issue of netConnect on the future of

   publishing and provides an easy introduction to the new opportunities

   and challenges of digital publication. Luther describes new

   opportunities such as linkages with other sources of information, data

   mining, and printing on demand. She touches on the changed economics,

   where people such as Paul Krugman and others (John Perry Barlow, for

   example) have described the different economics of intellectual

   property. "In the industrial world," Luther paraphrases Krugman,

   "scarcity increases the value of a product since two people can't both

   have the same physical item. The opposite applies to the value of

   information, which increases as it is used and shared. Abundance, not

   scarcity, determines value -- and that is reshaping business models."

   User created content is also cited, with the examples of Wikipedia,

   GoingOn, and Sermo specifically mentioned. Luther provides no easy

   answers for publishers in this new world, but ends with some good

   advice: "Successful approaches will depend on understanding the needs

   of readers and involving them in the development and use of tools that

   can advance their thinking and draw upon their collective wisdom." -



   Maxwell, Robert L. [35]FRBR: A Guide for the Perplexed  Chicago:

   American Library Association,

   2008.( - Halfway through this book,

   I had a pleasant sensation: I realized I understood what Maxwell was

   talking about. FRBR: A Guide for the Perplexed is a little slow getting

   out the gate; he begins with a music-cataloging example, was not the

   best choice for introducing newbies to this conceptual model. But stick

   with it, because Maxwell soon hits his stride in a book that is clear,

   intelligent, well-informed, and a sheer delight to read. (By the end of

   the book, he is using Harry Potter examples.) Maxwell has both praise

   and blame for FRBR, but more significantly, he clarifies that the real

   function of FRBR is to restore and build on a cataloging concept that

   was beginning to blossom before the icy fingers of AACR2 nipped it in

   the bud: the notion of relationships -- the idea that a bibliographic

   "thing" might relate to other bibliographic "things" in intelligent

   ways -- parallel, subsidiary, sequential, etc. -- a topic explored much

   earlier by Barbara Tillett. Those of us trying to "enable FRBR" in our

   catalogs might pause to ask ourselves how an OPAC can display a

   relationship that hasn't even been established in our own mental

   models, let alone in our data. Maxwell's underlying message is that we

   have been focusing on the eggs (that is, manifestations and items) at

   the expense of the egg cartons (that is, expressions and works).

   Maxwell is at his most provocative -- and dead-on correct -- when he

   says that a move to FRBR would require that we abandon the flat-file,

   record-focused structure and move to an entity-relationship database.

   He has done a superb job of describing not just FRBR but the state of

   cataloging data, and whether or not you are "perplexed," I heartily

   recommend you read this book as soon as possible. - [36]KGS


   Nguyen, Thinh. [37]Open Doors and Open Minds: What Faculty Authors Can

   Do to Ensure Open Access to Their Work through Their Institution

   Cambridge, MA and Washington, DC: SPARC and Science Commons,

   2008.( - Building on

   the momentum created by Harvard University's Faculty of Arts and

   Sciences [38]open access mandate, this white paper outlines how faculty

   at other institutions can effectively enact similar mandates and

   establish appropriate university licenses to give their institutions

   the necessary rights to archive their scholarly works in institutional

   repositories. - [39]CB



   Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at (c) Copyright 2008 by Roy Tennant

   [43]Creative Commons License




   Visible links









   9. copyright-lawsuit/






































            May 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant

Sent: Saturday, 31 May 2008 1:54 AM


Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, May 2008


                                Current Cites


                                  May 2008


                           Edited by [2]Roy Tennant



   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Susan Gibbons, Brian

   Rosenblum, [5]Roy Tennant



   [6]7 Things You Should Know About Flickr  Washington, DC: EDUCAUSE

   Learning Initiative, February


   /46186). - This two-page Adobe Acrobat (PDF) document provides

   essential information about Flickr for an academic audience and how it

   might be used in an educational context. Following the format of the

   [7]7 Things You Should Know series, these basic questions are answered:

   1) What is it?, 2) Who's doing it?, 3) How does it work?, 4) Why is it

   significant?, 5) What are the downsides, 6) Where is it going?, and 7)

   What are the implications for teaching and learning? Also included is a

   brief scenario sketching out how Flickr could be pedagogically useful.

   The Library of Congress [8]Flickr project is specifically mentioned as

   an example of engaging with users "where they live". - [9]RT


   [10]Statement of International Cataloging Principles (Draft)  The

   Hague, Netherlands: International Federation of Library Associations

   and Institutions, 10 April

   2008.( -

   The web page for this publication states that "The IFLA Cataloguing

   Section held a series of five regional meetings of the world's

   cataloguing rule makers and cataloguing experts with the goal of

   identifying how to increase the ability to share cataloguing

   information worldwide by promoting standards for the content of

   bibliographic and authority records used in library catalogues." This

   draft statement is the outcome. My personal opinion is that it is

   firmly mired in the 20th century, and the early 20th century at that.

   The idea of "access points" is an anachronism in the age of computers,

   but the concept continues to permeate this statement of principles.

   It's possible for library users to find every book that is 22cm. tall

   if they so wish and the record has been fully indexed (the fact that it

   hasn't usually stems from vendors charging libraries for every index

   they create). But why should cataloging principles dictate how a record

   is to be used once it is created? But that's just my opinion, and all

   opinions are solicited from now until June 30, 2008. Knock yourself

   out. - [11]RT


   Darnton, Robert. "[12]The Library in the New Age"  [13]The New York

   Review of Books  55(10)(12 June

   2008)( - Robert Darnton,

   Director of Harvard University Library, is no stranger to electronic

   scholarly communication, having been instrumental in creation of the

   [14]Gutenberg-e Project. His essay balances praise of the scholarship

   opportunities made possible by mass digitization projects, such as

   Google Book Search, with the need for physical libraries and books far

   into the future. Projects like Google Book Search will not make

   libraries obsolete. On the contrary, he uses eight points to argue why

   libraries will be more important than ever. Darnton ends his essay

   with: "long live Google, but don't count on it living long enough to

   replace that venerable building with the Corinthian columns...the

   research library still deserves to stand at the center of campus,

   preserving the past and accumulating energy for the future." The essay

   provides some well articulated arguments you can use the next time a

   faculty member or administrator questions the need of your library in

   the age of Google. - [15]SG


   Harley, Diane, Sarah  Earl-Novell, and Sophia Krzys  Acord, et.

   al.[16]Assessing the Future Landscape of Scholarly Communication: An

   In-depth Study of Faculty Needs and Ways of Meeting Them (Draft Interim

   Report)  Berkeley, CA: Center for Studies in Higher Education,

   University of California, Berkeley, Spring

   2008.( -

   This report is an early draft of findings from a number of in-depth

   interviews and focus groups with faculty, librarians, and information

   technology professionals, as well as other related studies and surveys.

   It is highly readable and quite interesting, with a number of

   surprising as well as expected findings revealed. "It is clear from our

   interviews so far that many scholars, young and old, can be innovative

   in their fields without the need or desire to use cutting edge

   technologies," the report states, "it is reasonable to presume that

   there may be no one vision for technology-enabled scholarship in a

   field. Ultimately, the personality of individuals combined with

   disciplinary tradition, the needs of the field, and affiliation with

   type of higher education institution will determine how widespread

   public sharing of non-peer-reviewed incipient ideas and data will be

   and what forms final archival publications take." There is much here to

   ponder for anyone interested in the future of scholarly communication,

   new publication models, and how we can better serve both information

   and publication needs of college and university faculty. - [17]RT


   Harnad, Stevan. "[18]The Two Forms of OA Have Been Defined: They Now

   Need Value-Neutral Names"  [19]Open Access Archivangelism  (3 May


   ms-of-OA-Have-Been-Defined-They-Now-Need-Value-Neutral-Names.html). -

   One of the key problems of the open access movement has been to define

   what "open access" really means. Various manifestos have put forward

   varying definitions (e.g., the [20]Budapest, [21]Bethesda, and

   [22]Berlin declarations) and Stevan Harnad has put forth his own

   definition at various times (e,g., see "[23]Re: Free Access vs. Open

   Access"). Now, Stevan Harnad and Peter Suber are working together to

   disambiguate the term. In short, they identify two types of open

   access: (1) free of "price barriers" (i.e., available at no charge),

   and (2) free of both "price" and "permission barriers" (i.e., no

   unnecessary copyright and licensing restrictions that inhibit re-use).

   Initially, the terms "weak OA" and "strong OA" seemed suitable, but, on

   further reflection, the term "weak" seemed to have "pejorative

   connotations." New terminology is being considered, such as "basic OA"

   and "full OA." While this may seem like an abstract exercise, their

   work will have important real-world impacts, and it will help diminish

   confusion about the goals of the movement among its advocates, its

   opponents, and the scholarly community. - [24]CB


   Henty, Margaret. "[25]Developing the Capability and Skills to Support

   eResearch"  [26]Ariadne  (55)(April

   2008)( - Whether you call it

   eResearch (Australia), eScience (UK), or Cyberinfrastructure (USA), the

   need to support it poses challenges for libraries and research

   institutions, both at an individual and organizational level. Based on

   surveys and interviews with Australian researchers, this article looks

   at what is needed to "bridge the gap between the potential on offer and

   the realities with which we are living," with a specific focus on the

   need for improved levels of data stewardship. One theme that emerged

   from the survey was the need to develop specialists with specific

   skills. This includes technical skills that may vary according to

   discipline, along with equally important non-technical skills such as

   data analysis, knowledge of copyright issues, communication skills,

   team building, project management, and something one of the survey

   respondents called "researcher management." Another theme identified in

   the survey was the need to overcome organizational and cultural

   barriers, which need to evolve in order to improve internal

   communication, support external advocacy and education, enable

   collaborative opportunities, and develop appropriate policies and

   workflows. The article ends with a section on solutions and suggestions

   for achieving this, but this is very brief and not fleshed out. The

   main focus in on the gaps mentioned above. - BR


   Nadella, Satya . "[27]Book Search Winding Down"  [28]Live Search  (23



   inding-down.aspx). - Microsoft has announced that it will end its Live

   Book Search and Live Search Academic projects and focus instead on

   indexing library and publisher book content in those organizations'

   digital repositories. Since Microsoft has been a significant funding

   source for the digitization efforts of the [29]Open Content Alliance,

   this was bad news for the [30]Internet Archive and the [31]research

   libraries participating in that group; however, Microsoft said that it

   was "removing our contractual restrictions placed on the digitized

   library content and making the scanning equipment available to our

   digitization partners and libraries to continue digitization programs."

   About 750,000 books were digitized as a result of Microsoft's projects.

   Read more about it at "[32]Microsoft Abandons Book Scan Plan,"

   "[33]Microsoft Abandons Digitization," and "[34]Why Killing Live Book

   Search Is Good for the Future of Books." - [35]CB



   Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at (c) Copyright 2008 by Roy Tennant

   [39]Creative Commons License




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            June 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant

Sent: Friday, 27 June 2008 1:26 AM


Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, June 2008


                                Current Cites


                                  June 2008


                           Edited by [2]Roy Tennant



   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Keri Cascio, [4]Frank Cervone,

   [5]Leo Robert Klein, [6]Roy Tennant



   American Libary Assocation. "[7]Disaster Preparedness and Recovery"

   [8]American Library Association Website  (August


   rprep.cfm). - I'm using the "current" in Current Cites this month to

   think about current events. I live in St. Louis, and I've been watching

   the flood waters rise in our area and throughout the Midwest. I'm

   starting a new job soon, and two of the branches for the St. Charles

   City-County Library District are under threat of flooding. They're

   still dry as of right now, and all of the staff are safe. However, much

   of the community will suffer losses this summer due to flooding. I look

   at the [9]pictures of the Cedar Rapids Public Library, and know that

   could happen anywhere along a flood plain. If you haven't thought much

   about disaster preparedness at your library, take a look at some of the

   excellent resources linked from the "Disaster Preparedness and

   Recovery" page from the ALA Washington Office. Highlights include:

     * [10]Disaster Mitigation Planning Assistance Website: Search by

       state for services, view sample disaster plans, and check out other

       resources.Disaster Mitigation Planning Assistance Website: Search

       by state for services, view sample disaster plans, and check out

       other resources.

     * [11]Flood Mitigation Assistance Program: FEMA's grant program to

       reduce or eliminate the long-term risk of flood damage.Flood

       Mitigation Assistance Program: FEMA's grant program to reduce or

       eliminate the long-term risk of flood damage.

     * [12]dPlan: The Online Disaster-Planning Tool: A site from the

       Northeast Document Conservation Center (NEDCC) which allows you to

       enter data into an online template to create a customized disaster

       plan for your institution.dPlan: The Online Disaster-Planning Tool:

       A site from the Northeast Document Conservation Center (NEDCC)

       which allows you to enter data into an online template to create a

       customized disaster plan for your institution.


   Remember, disaster isn't always delivered from Mother Nature. Pipes

   burst, cars drive into buildings, and fires happen. Be sure to have a

   disaster plan in place for your library and your community. - KC


   Austin, Andy, and Christopher  Harris. "[13]Drupal in Libraries"

   [14]Library Technology Reports  44(4)(May/June

   2008)( - As

   a Drupal user (at my [15] site), I admit to being

   interested to see this issue of LTR, which highlights a popular content

   management system and illustrates how libraries are using it. But in

   reviewing it, I find it a mixed bag. Certainly it is a credible

   high-level guide to Drupal, but the appropriate audience for this

   treatment may be difficult to find. To get the most out of this, I

   suggest you line up a system administrator to do the heavy lifting for

   you (for example, creating the MySQL database and Drupal user, editing

   the config file appropriately, etc.) or else consult other sources for

   the details lacking here (admittedly the installation info included in

   the download may be sufficient). Other information lacking that I

   detected as a seasoned Drupal administrator include the inevitable work

   to manage spam users (a "user" account awaiting deletion at this moment

   on my site is, I kid you not, "free porn zip files", I wonder what

   library they work at?), dumping the database for backup and recovery

   (an inevitable event, let me assure you), and the often uncritical

   acceptance of such oddities as using "node" and "content" to mean the

   same thing and specifying different content types of "story" and "page"

   differentiated only by a default setting for whether the content is

   listed on the front page or not. One final nitpick: my pal Mark Jordan

   has had a site, [16]drupalib, going for quite some time and there is no

   mention of it in the "Resources" section. Go figure. However, did I

   learn something? Yes, I did, even after having a Drupal site for a

   while. So the bottom line is if you are in the market for a content

   management system, you should check this out. If you are running Drupal

   now, maybe you'll learn something new, or else you'll have something to

   point people to when they ask why you're using this CMS. - [17]RT


   Bullen, Andrew. "[18]Bringing Sheet Music to Life: My Experiences with

   OMR"  [19]Code4Lib Journal  (3)(23 June

   2008)( - Bullen describes a

   fascinating project to digitize sheet music, clean up the scan, put it

   through a special program to recognize the notes and then pipe it

   through midi software to recreate the music. Fascinating historical

   tidbits make what normally would be a dry technical exposition come

   alive, and provide more than adequate reason for going through these

   complicated procedures. This article can be further enhanced by viewing

   [20]Bullen's lightning talk at the Code4Lib 2008 Conference in

   February, which used one of his recovered tunes as background (he also

   provided the intro music for all the 2008 Code4Lib videos). Highly

   recommended not just as a description of a technical digital library

   process, but as an excellent example of using digital library

   technologies to bring history alive. - [21]RT


   Fisher, Julian H. "[22]Scholarly Publishing Re-invented: Real Costs and

   Real Freedoms"  [23]Journal of Electronic Publishing

   11(2)(2008)( - In

   discussions of the "gold road" to open access (open access journals),

   the focus is often on major open access publishers (e.g., [24]BioMed

   Central) or "hybrid" publishers (e.g., [25]Springer Open Choice), which

   offer per-article open access for a fee. Since both types of publishers

   rely heavily on publication fees to support open access, the analysis

   of the gold road option inevitably focuses on those fees and how they

   can be paid. However, for about two decades there has been another open

   access journal option that, while it has flourished, is often

   overlooked: what Tom Wilson calls the "[26]Platinum Route." This

   strategy offers low-cost open access journal publishing without author

   fees, utilizing open source journal publishing systems and subsidized

   or low-cost technical infrastructure. Fisher's article makes the case

   for this type of open access journal publishing, often using the

   [27]Scholarly Exchange, an open access journal publishing service, as

   an example (Fisher is one of its founders). How cheap can it be to

   publish such an e-journal? Fisher says: "My estimate is that a journal

   with 50 articles in a year could be published for under $4,000; double

   the number of articles, and the cost goes up to just over $7,000. At

   250 articles a year, the cost is under $17,000. If the journal chose

   not to provide copy editing or XML conversion and tagging--two of the

   larger costs--the totals would be $1,200, $1,650, and $3,000

   respectively." - [28]CB


   Gelston, Steff. "[29]Welcome to the Generation Wars: Gen Y, Gen X and

   the Baby Boomers"  [30]CIO Magazine  21(8)(February 1,


   s_Workplace_Generation_Wars). - The problems of the "generations at

   work" (Baby Boomers, Gen X, Gen Y) have been bemoaned in many contexts.

   In this piece, the author details many of the same issues related to

   the generations at work we experience within our libraries. What is

   different is that in this article, the context of all of these problems

   is corporate information technology organizations. While providing some

   small comfort that the "generation problem" is not something specific

   to our field, the real value of this short piece is its links to

   companion pieces, "Management Techniques for Bringing Out the Best in

   Generation Y" ( and "Generation X:

   Stepping Up to the Leadership Plate"

   ( What is most fascinating about this

   article is that in the intervening months since it was first published,

   a number of readers have commented on the article. These comments add a

   fascinating and somewhat vividly disturbing demonstration of the issues

   discussed in the article. In the comments you will find Baby Boomers,

   Generation X, and Generation Y going at each other in exactly the ways

   the author described. Perhaps if they had read the companion pieces,

   they would be better able to get along. - [31]FC


   Jelinkova, Klara, Terezsa  Carvalho, and Dorette  Kerian, et.

   al."[32]Creating a Five-Minute Conversation about Cyberinfrastructure"

   [33]EDUCAUSE Quarterly  31(2)(2008): 78-82.

   ( - This article

   provides a very concise summary of why cyberinfrastructure is important

   in higher education. It also offers a strategy for promoting

   cyberinfrastructure on campus. While it's intended to "to help you

   compose a five-minute conversation on cyberinfrastructure appropriate

   for various audiences," it also serves as a useful primer for readers

   who may be a little fuzzy on the potentials of cyberinfrastructure. A

   helpful list of EDUCAUSE cyberinfrastructure resources is included in

   the article. - [34]CB


   Nicholas, David, Paul  Huntington, and Hamid  Jamali. "[35]User

   diversity: as demonstrated by deep log analysis"  [36]The Electronic

   Library  26(1): 21-38. ( -

   User log analysis has been performed since the time of the first HTTP

   servers; however most log analysis is abstracted from the details for

   the user community. It therefore leaves us with "big generalizations"

   (to quote the authors), but surprisingly little in the way of detailed

   information about the behaviors of our various user communities. In

   this study, the authors have applied techniques and methodologies

   deveoped at the Centre for Information Behaviour and the Evaluation of

   Research (CIBER) at the University of London, to analyze the behavioral

   patterns of a group of 750 researchers. As a result of their research,

   the authors have found that people from different disciplinary

   backgrounds approach the use of online journal databases in varying

   ways. Some disciplines are more predisposed to exploratory searching

   whereas other disciplines tend to use more directed search strategies.

   Moreover, the end purpose of these searches differs among the

   disciplines. Researchers in certain disciplines are more likely to

   focus on keeping up-to-date on the latest research in progress while

   researchers in other fields are more likely to be mainly focused on

   identifying recent articles of interest that have gone through the

   entire scholarly review process. In the interest of full disclosure, I

   am on the editorial board of The Electronic Library but I was not part

   of the review process for this article. - [37]FC


   Reynolds, Erica. "[38]The Secret to Patron-Centered Web Design: Cheap,

   Easy, and Powerful Usability Techniques"  [39]Computers in Libraries

   28(6)(June 2008): 6-8, 44-47.


   site=ehost-live). - This is an interesting look at the redesign effort

   of the Johnson County Library Website from the standpoint of usability

   testing. The author makes clear that usability testing is a lot of

   work. The stats speak for themselves: "78 card sorts, 22 paper

   prototypes, and 21 interface usability studies". Yet reading between

   the lines, you also get the impression that the process is a lot of

   fun. The development team is interacting with patrons and staff. It's a

   "fun activity". And this in turn builds enthusiasm and buy-in for the

   project. The process begins with identifying "20 core tasks". The team

   then figures out the right terms for navigation. They use prototypes to

   test out functionality. The ultimate benefit of all this careful

   testing is confidence in their design decisions and a new site that

   performs significantly better than the old one. - [40]LRK


   Section 108 Study Group. [41]The Section 108 Study Group Report

   Executive Summary  Washington, DC: US Copyright Office; Library of

   Congress, March

   2008.( - Several

   years ago, the Library of Congress' National Digital Information

   Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP) and the US Copyright

   Office convened a 19-member study group to look at the issues related

   to Section 108 of the Copyright Act and digital works. Earlier this

   year, the study group produced its report and it should be on the

   summer reading list of anyone working with digital materials. While the

   diehard copyright aficionado will want to read the full report

   ([42], for

   most of us the executive summary is more than adequate. In 14 short

   pages, the group outlines their recommendations related to a number of

   pressing concerns in the copyright law such as legislative changes,

   exceptions to copyright claims to facilitate preservation and

   replacement, interlibrary loan exceptions, and display and performance

   of unlicensed digital works. - [43]FC




   Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at

   (c) Copyright 2008 by Roy Tennant [47]Creative Commons License























































            July 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant

Sent: Friday, 1 August 2008 6:51 AM


Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, July 2008


                               Current Cites


                                 July 2008


                          Edited by [2]Roy Tennant



   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Keri Cascio, [4]Frank Cervone,

   Brian Rosenblum, [5]Roy Tennant



   Hagedorn, Kat, and Joshua  Santelli. "[6]Google Still Not Indexing

   Hidden Web URLs"  [7]D-Lib Magazine  14(7/8)(July/August

   2008)( - This

   article highlights a long-standing challenge for digital libraries: the

   digital collections that libraries, museums and archives create with

   great effort and expense are not always well-indexed by Web search

   engines, thus decreasing the potential use and impact of those digital

   resources. [8]OAIster, a "union catalog of digital resources" developed

   at the University of Michigan, provides access to over 16 million

   digital resources by harvesting OAI metadata from over 1000

   repositories worldwide. About 45% of this material, the authors

   determine, is also indexed by Google, leaving the remaining 55%

   "hidden" in the deep web, unindexed by Web search engines. Two recent

   blog posts (and related comments) provide important follow-up

   discussions to this article. [9]Roy Tennant cites further anecdotal

   figures from other repositories that support the findings of this

   article, and suggests that libraries, museums and archives need many

   different strategies to get their content to users. Similarly, [10]John

   Wilkin argues explicitly that it is cultural heritage institutions,

   rather than companies like Google, that bear the responsibility for

   making this content more visible: "we must also learn...that a

   simplified rendering of the content, so that it can be easily found by

   the search engines, is not an unfortunate compromise, but rather a

   necessary part of our work." - BR


   Hirtle, Peter B.. "[11]Copyright Renewal, Copyright Restoration, and

   the Difficulty of Determining Copyright Status"  [12]D-Lib Magazine


   2008)( - Peter

   Hirtle's chart on [13]"Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the

   United States" has long been an essential quick reference guide to

   determining public domain status. In this article Hirtle untangles a

   particularly complicated strand of copyright law: how does one

   determine the copyright status of a work published in the United States

   from 1923 to 1964? The 1996 restoration of US copyrights in foreign

   works has not only prevented libraries from offering to the public the

   full text of most foreign works, but has also made it very difficult,

   if not impossible, to determine with certainty the copyright status of

   works published in the United States during that period. Using concrete

   examples, Hirtle outlines several questions that must be asked to

   determine copyright status. (Among others: was the work solely

   published in the United States? Is the American work a translation or

   other derivative work based on a foreign work? Was the work first

   published outside the United States?) There is no automated way to

   answer these questions, and in many cases comes it down to the almost

   impossible task of proving a negative, so libraries that wish to offer

   material from this period must settle on a strategy that identifies and

   manages risks. - BR


   Kroski, Ellyssa. "[14]On the Move with the Mobile Web: Libraries and

   Mobile Technologies"  [15]Library Technology Reports  44(5)(July


   -libraries-and-mobile-technologies.html). - More and more library users

   are using their cellphones or other mobile devices (e.g., PDAs,

   smartphones, etc.) for much more than talking and texting. Many are

   searching and browsing the web, reading magazines and books, and

   generally doing things that until recently required a computer to do.

   In this issue of Library Technology Reports, Kroski does an excellent

   job of surveying the present usage of mobile devices, providing an

   overview of devices, providers, and features, describing the various

   activities these devices support, highlighting how libraries are

   responding with services tailored for these devices, and providing good

   advice and assistance for any libraries wanting to go further. It is

   well-researched, nicely illustrated, and chock-full of good advice and

   assistance with getting started. Highly recommended for any library

   wanting to better understand mobile users and/or tailoring services for

   them. - [16]RT


   Laplante, Philip A. "[17]Open Source: The Dark Horse of Software? "

   [18]Computing Reviews  (15 July

   2008)( -

   Frequently we have the need to explain open source software (OSS) to

   people who may not have a high level of familiarity with, and perhaps

   actually skepticism of, the concept. Unfortunately, all too frequently

   articles or other informational pieces that could be useful take on a

   decidedly "rah-rah" tone in support of OSS, which casts serious doubts

   on the validity and objectivity of the piece. Thankfully, this is not

   the case with this article. In a well laid out and neutral fashion

   based on evidence culled from research into open source projects, the

   author describes the major issues one faces related to evaluation and

   implementation of open source software and gives some practical tips

   related to both topics. Written from the perspective of a researcher,

   this article could be useful as an "intro piece" for your library's

   administrative team if you are in the midst of evaluating open source

   software. - [19]FC


   Linoski, Alexis, and Tine  Walczyk. "[20]Federated Search 101"

   [21]netConnect  (15 July

   2008)( - This is

   a credible, if somewhat superficial, review of the recent state of the

   library metasearch tool market and how to approach tool selection.

   Since this is a fast-moving market you may find it useful to take the

   pulse of the market closer to when you need to select an option, since

   this piece is based on information already a year old, but the general

   information probably still applies (e.g., most desired features, etc.).

   - [22]RT


   Oder, Norman. "[23]BiblioCommons Emerges: "Revolutionary" Social

   Discovery System for Libraries"  [24]Library Journal  (19 July

   2008)( - Those of

   us on the speaking circuit have seen Beth Jefferson speak about

   [25]BiblioCommons, a new "social" discovery system for libraries, but

   few until now have actually seen it in action. And as of this writing,

   the BiblioCommons website still consists of one splash page with

   testimonials. Now this brief piece by LJ editor Oder provides a quick

   introduction to it as it has been released "in the wild" at

   [26]Oakville Public Library in Ontario. Apparently Bibliocommons is an

   add-on to your existing library system, it doesn't replace it, but they

   claim interoperability with some key vendors. The most interesting part

   (for me, at least) is that it appears they will be setting up ways that

   user-contributed content can be shared among libraries, thereby helping

   to create a critical mass of content faster. - [27]RT


   The Library of Congress National Digital Information Infrastructure and

   Preservation Program, , et. al."[28]International Study on the Impact

   of Copyright Law on Digital Preservation"  [29]Library of Congress,

   Digital Preservation  (July


   igital_preservation_final_report2008.pdf). - In a world of ephemeral

   digital objects, libraries need to be aware of the issues surrounding

   digital preservation. The Library of Congress National Digital

   Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP) created a

   report with its counterparts from other countries to review the current

   state of copyright laws and make recommendations for legislative

   reform. The section that covers US copyright law is very complete,

   covering all appropriate laws for digitization and digital preservation

   activities. Joint recommendations include establishing laws that would

   apply equally to all categories of copyrighted materials in all media

   and formats. Without more even laws and policies, we risk losing print

   and digital materials every day. - KC


   Wilbanks, John. "[30]Public Domain, Copyright Licenses and the Freedom

   to Integrate Science"  [31]Journal of Science Communication

   7(2)(2008)( - In

   this article, [32]John Wilbanks, Vice President of the [33]Science

   Commons, makes a passionate plea for putting scientific databases in

   the public domain. He strongly argues against the use of Creative

   Commons licenses (or other "Free/Libre/Open" licenses) for this

   purpose. For example, he explains the problem with licenses that

   require attribution in the context of database integration and

   federation, which he calls the "cascading attribution" problem: "Would

   a scientist need to attribute 40,000 data depositors in the event of a

   query across 40,000 data sets? How does this relate to the evolved

   norms of citation within a discipline, and does the attribution

   requirement indeed conflict with accepted norms in some disciplines?

   Indeed, failing to give attribution to all 40,000 sources could be the

   basis for a copyright infringement suit at worst, and at best, imposes

   a significant transaction cost on the scientist using the data." As

   "open data" moves front and center, these are issues worth carefully

   thinking about. - [34]CB



   Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at (c) Copyright 2008 by Roy Tennant

   [38]Creative Commons License













































            August 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant

Sent: Saturday, 30 August 2008 12:14 AM


Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, August 2008


                                Current Cites


                                 August 2008


                           Edited by [2]Roy Tennant



   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., Keri Cascio, [4]Frank Cervone,

   [5]Warren Cheetham, Brad Eden, Brian Rosenblum, [6]Roy Tennant



   Albrecht, Katherine. "[7]RFID Tag - You're It "  [8]Scientific

   American  299(3)(September 2008): 72-77.

   ( -

   RFID tags come in a number of shapes and sizes. Libraries are using

   them to track circulation, and governments are using them to track

   people traveling across borders. Albrecht, the director of consumer

   privacy group CASPIAN, looks at potential for abuse as RFID chips

   become more ubiquitous in our society. A good article to read to be

   informed of the "con" side of the privacy and security issues if you

   are in discussions with your community about the possibility of using

   RFID technology in your library. This article is available in the

   online version of SciAm with a different title, but it doesn't include

   some of the helpful explanatory graphics from the print version. - KC


   Bejune, Matthew, and Jana  Ronan. [9]Social Software in Libraries: SPEC

   Kit 304.  Washington, DC.: Association of Rearch Libraries, July

   2008.( - Looking specifically

   at ten types of applications (social networking, media sharing, social

   bookmarking, wikis, blogs, rss, chat and IM, VoIP, virtual worlds, and

   widgets), and with a response rate of 52% (64 out of 123 libraries),

   this survey makes clear that use of social software by ARL member

   libraries has rapidly increased in the last decade. Over 95% of

   responding libraries report that they use some kind of social software

   application, and most libraries are implementing multiple types of

   applications, often integrated into larger tools. IM and chat are the

   most popular type of application (59 libraries, or 94%) while VoIP is

   the least used (18 libraries, 28%). Although implementation is

   widespread, support models vary widely. Almost half the libraries

   report that social software activities remain uncoordinated, reliant

   upon the efforts of individual librarians. Most activities started as

   grassroots efforts by such librarians, with only five libraries (8%)

   reporting that library users requested such services. The survey does

   not explore assessment in detail, but finds that perceived benefits

   include enhanced visibility and communication, while challenges include

   finding time to learn the tools, and developing the staff expertise

   (self-study being the most common method). The executive summary of

   this SPEC Kit is available free online. The full version contains over

   60 examples of social software usage at responding libraries. - BR


   Council on Library and Information Resources, . [10]No Brief Candle:

   Reconceiving Research Libraries for the 21st Century  Washington, DC:

   Council on Library and Information Resources,

   2008.( - This

   report deals with the challenging question of how research libraries

   should reinvent themselves to deal with rapidly developing digital

   technologies and other thorny 21st century issues. The first part of

   the report presents proceedings from a February 2008 symposium held by

   the Council on Library and Information Resources to explore this topic.

   It also contains recommendations derived from that symposium and from

   the second part of the report, which contains essays by Paul N.

   Courant, Andrew Dillon, Richard E. Luce, Stephen G. Nichols, Daphnee

   Rentfrow, Abby Smith, Kate Wittenberg, and Lee L. Zia. CLIR President

   Charles Henry sums it up this way: "This report demands change. Common

   themes include collaboration between librarians, faculty, and

   information technology experts to articulate strategies and tactical

   approaches to a rapidly changing environment. This represents a broad

   research agenda that cannot be executed by a single profession. We are

   asked collectively to rethink current hiring practices, to provide for

   new career paths and opportunities for professional development, and to

   consider redefining libraries as multi-institutional entities. The

   latter entails a mandate to eliminate redundancy by calibrating

   resources, staff, and infrastructure functions to the collective

   enterprise of the federated institutions. This transcends the

   traditional concept of a library (and by extension a university or

   college) while preserving the programmatic strengths and mission of the

   individual schools, and in fact should enhance intellectual

   productivity in a far more cost-effective fashion." - [11]CB


   Farmer, Lesley S.J.. "[12]Girls and Technology: What Public Libraries

   Can Do"  [13]Library Hi Tech News  25(5)(June

   2008)( -

   Public libraries that have computers labs, offer free internet access,

   IT training programs and console games that all enjoy high usage may

   make the mistake of not analysing the use and effectiveness of those

   programs. After all, if it ain't broke (people are using the library

   and facilities are booked out) then why fix it (why waste time

   analysing success)? Farmer's article is a call to public libraries to

   ensure that their programs are meeting the needs of an underserved

   cohort of library members -- teenage girls. Farmer's assertions that

   "even in the twenty-first century, a gendered digital divide exists"and

   "libraries offer a safe learning environment for girls to explore

   technology" should remind public library managers, childrens' and youth

   services librarians and IT librarians to ensure that their IT programs

   and facilities include this important group of library members. An

   easy-to-read article backed up by statistics, an outline of principles

   to consider when planning IT programs, and some examples of successful

   public library programs. - [14]WC


   Gatenby, Janifer. "[15]The Networked Library Service Layer: Sharing

   Data for More Effective Management and Co-operation"  [16]Ariadne

   (56)(30 July 2008)( - One

   could argue, as Gatenby does here, that despite the fact that most

   libraries have been networked for well over a decade, they have yet to

   take full advantage of the opportunities to work more efficiently and

   effectively. That is, some data and services that libraries need may be

   more profitably maintained not at the local level by individual

   libraries, but at a group or global level. In this piece Gatenby

   identifies various kinds of library data and suggests ways in which it

   could become more useful and valuable if we move it up into shared

   spaces. She states that doing so is a crucial first step to being able

   to completely re-engineer integrated library systems to function at the

   network level. "It is important for libraries to own and control their

   data resources; to be free to share them, provide access to them and to

   expose the data," she asserts, "It is less important that the libraries

   own or run the software that manipulates and manages the data." Full

   disclosure: I work with Janifer Gatenby at OCLC. - [17]RT


   Guy, Marieke. "[18]A Desk Too Far?: The Case for Remote Working"

   [19]Ariadne  (56)(June 2008)( -

   Remote working (or telecommuting) has been around almost as long as

   computers, but has not been actively encouraged or taken advantage of

   within libraries. The author (whose focus is on recent legislation on

   this topic in the UK) provides information on the pros and cons of

   remote working for both individuals and companies. Some of the benefits

   include: work-life balance, higher productivity, flexibility,

   environmental concerns, and reduction of overhead costs for utilities

   and space. Some of the challenges include: loss of face-to-face contact

   with colleagues, perceptions in-house towards those who work remotely,

   morale issues, organizational and technical issues, and support from

   the education and public sector. The author describes some solutions to

   meet the challenges, and closes with a look at the 21st century office

   of the future. The article revisits many of the challenges and

   opportunities inherent with remote working, but the focus of the

   article is on UK-related legislation and law, and thus may not have

   applicability to efforts in this area outside of the UK. - BE


   Housewright, Ross, and Roger  Schonfeld. [20]Ithaka's 2006 Studies of

   Key Stakeholders in the Digital Transformation of Higher Education  New

   York: Ithaka, 18 August

   2008.( - In

   2006, Ithaka administered two surveys of university faculty and

   librarians (targeted at collection development directors). The survey

   generated 4,100 faculty responses and 350 from librarians, and resulted

   in thousands of pages of data. This report distills some of the more

   interesting findings and key implications from that data. Ithaka has

   also posted the data at [21]ICPSR, where member institutions can access

   it. It is always difficult to distill the findings of such a report

   into a one-paragraph citation, so don't expect any miracles this time.

   Rather, here are a few quotes to pique your interest: "An important

   lesson is that the library is in many ways falling off the radar

   screens of faculty." "Faculty, across disciplines and institutional

   sizes, expect the importance of e-books to grow only slightly in the

   future...Somewhat oddly given this low level of faculty interest in

   e-books, many librarians consider the provisioning of e-books an

   important role..." "It is clear that [institutional] repositories have

   not become embedded in faculty workflows; in fact, many faculty are not

   even aware of their existence." Much more in the full report. - [22]RT


   Miller, Rebecca. "[23]Future-Proof Your Library"  [24]Library Journal

   (15 August 2008)(

   - For this piece LJ emailed formerly named library "Movers and Shakers"

   for "their ideas on how to ensure a vital library for the future." As

   you might imagine, they got back a wide range of thoughts and ideas

   that are well worth pondering. Here's a few to pique your interest.

   "Future-proof librarians must be not just comfortable with change but

   able to lead it." - David Lee King; "Flexibility is the key to

   future-proofing -- in staffing, in budgeting, in planning. We can't

   continue to do what we've always done -- we need latitude from

   administrations and funding sources to take risks and be proactive and

   responsive." - Jennifer Nelson; "In order for libraries to be

   sustainable, we need to abandon the idea of sustainability. I believe

   relevancy is the key, not sustainability. And although these two ideas

   can (and do, in a way) support each other, it can be detrimental to

   libraries to become too focused on trying to achieve long-term

   sustainability that we miss out on remaining relevant to our

   communities' current, vital (and, yes, even sometimes short-term)

   needs." - Helene Blowers; "The future-proof library will encourage my

   heart -- to grow, explore, learn, and experience. It will know me and

   provide information I didn't even know I needed. I will experience

   information in new ways, inside the library or wherever the library

   happens to be: on my 'digital lifestream' device, via my home

   information/entertainment devices, and via the cloud of data that will

   be available to me wherever I go." - Michael Stephens - [25]RT


   Pratt, Mary K.. "[26]Five Ways To Drive Your Best Workers Out the

   Door"  [27]Computerworld  (August 25,


   leBasic&articleId=323248). - While this article is written with the

   corporate IT crowd in mind, it's also applicable for library info tech

   managers. In fact, it's applicable to ANY manager. The advice here is

   not anything groundbreaking, but it does provide a good reminder for us

   of what we should try to avoid while managing. Particularly helpful are

   the "Better Way" suggestions related to each "mistake" that could

   potentially be made by a manager. Since it is so hard to find good

   employees with the requisite library and IT skills in the first place,

   it makes sense that we be mindful of not doing things that make people

   want to leave. - [28]FC


   Tonkin, Emma. "[29]Persistent Identifiers: Considering the Options"

   [30]Ariadne  (56)(30 July

   2008)( - Experienced web

   users know that things change, and in so doing, links can break. So the

   idea of creating an identifier that can point to an object no matter

   where it moves has been with us for almost as long as the web itself.

   Perhaps that explains why there are so many ways it can be done, each

   of which is enumerated here by Tonkin. Briefly highlighted are URN,

   PURL, DOI, NBN, ARK, and OpenURL. Tonkin then discusses a number of

   issues relating to this problem space: opacity; authority and

   centrality; semantics, flexibility and complexity; availability and

   viability; and technical solutions versus social commitment. As a

   testimony to the difficulty of this problem, Tonkin concedes that

   "technology cannot create a persistent identifier, in the digital

   library community's sense of the term" and that this is an area "in

   which there are more questions than answers." I couldn't agree more,

   but perhaps after reading this paper you will have a few less questions

   than before. - [31]RT



   Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at

   (c)Copyright 2008 by Roy Tennant

   [35]Creative Commons License




   Visible links








































            May/June 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Bonnie Wilson

Sent: Friday, 16 May 2008 12:19 AM


Subject: The May/June 2008 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available




The May/June 2008 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is now available.


This issue contains four articles, a conference report, the 'In Brief'

column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  This month, D-Lib features the "University of Maryland Libraries Digital Collections" contributed by Susan Schreibman.


The articles include:


PREMIS With a Fresh Coat of Paint: Highlights from the Revision of the PREMIS Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata Brian F. Lavoie, OCLC Online Computer Library Center


A Year of Selective Web Archiving with the Web Curator Tool at the National Library of New Zealand Gordon Paynter, Susanna Joe, Vanita Lala, and Gillian Lee, National Library of New Zealand


Considering the User Perspective: Research into Usage and Communication of Digital Information Kellie Snow, Perla Innocenti, and Seamus Ross, Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute (HATII); Birte Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jens Hofman Hansen, Michael Poltorak Nielsen, Jorn Thogersen, Statsbiblioteket; and Bart Ballaux and Hans Hofman, Nationaal Archief


Adding Value to the Library Catalog by Implementing a Recommendation System Michael Moennich and Marcus Spiering, Karlsruhe University Library


The Conference Report is:


Strands of a Global Web of Knowledge Come Together at the Third International Open Repositories Conference 2008 Carol Minton Morris, Cornell University


D-Lib Magazine has mirror sites at the following locations:


UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England


The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia


State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany


Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan


BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal


(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the May/June 2008 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later.  There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)


Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine




            July/August 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Bonnie Wilson

Sent: Wednesday, 16 July 2008 12:17 AM


Subject: The July/August 2008 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available




The July/August 2008 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is now available.


This issue contains four articles, a project update, two conference reports from JCDL 2008, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  This month, D-Lib features Audobon's Birds of America at the University of Pittsburgh, courtesy of Edward A.



The articles include:


Copyright Renewal, Copyright Restoration, and the Difficulty of Determining Copyright Status Peter B. Hirtle, Cornell University


Battle of the Buzzwords: Flexibility vs. Interoperability When Implementing PREMIS in METS Rebecca S. Guenther, Library of Congress


A Format for Digital Preservation of Images: A Study on JPEG 2000 File Robustness Paolo Buonora, Archivi di Stato; and Franco Liberati, Universita degli Studi di Roma


Researcher Profiles and Portfolios: Use Cases of the Facebook Service and the University of Queensland Researchers Service Belinda Weaver, University of Queensland


The Project Update is:


Google Still Not Indexing Hidden Web URLS Kat Hagedorn and Joshua Santelli, University of Michigan


The Conference Reports are:


2008 Joint Conference on Digital Libraries Spans Culture and Technology Carol Minton Morris, Cornell University


1st Collaborative Information Retrieval Workshop: Held in Conjunction with the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL) 2008 Jeremy Pickens and Gene Golovchinksy, FXPAL; and Meredith Ringel Morris, Microsoft Research


D-Lib Magazine has mirror sites at the following locations:


UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England


The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia


State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany


Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan


BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal


(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the July/August

2008 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later. 

There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)


Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine




            Requests Your Input


-----Original Message-----

From: [] On Behalf Of Bonnie Wilson

Sent: Saturday, 2 August 2008 1:36 AM

To: DLib-subscribers

Subject: [Dlib-subscribers] D-Lib Magazine Requests Your Input




Because U.S. Government funding of D-Lib Magazine ended in 2006, we at D-Lib Magazine have been looking for a new funding model to sustain the magazine over the long term, while continuing to publish it via open access -- that is, without charging readers subscription fees or authors publication fees.


Late last year the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition

(SPARC) donated the time of a publishing consultant to advise us on business models for D-Lib that, once established, could sustain the magazine over the long term. One of the consultant's suggestions was that D-Lib Magazine accept advertising as a means of raising money. To seek potential advertisers, however, we need to provide prospective clients with information that, up till now, we have not collected.

Therefore, we have designed a survey that we hope will help us to gather that information. The survey is located at:


Please take a few minutes to respond to this survey about D-Lib Magazine. Your responses will assist us in understanding our readership, improving content, and providing information to potential advertisers so we can continue disseminating D-Lib Magazine as an open access publication.


Best wishes,


Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine




            September/October 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Bonnie Wilson

Sent: Tuesday, 16 September 2008 1:23 AM


Subject: The September/October 2008 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available




The September/October 2008 issue of D-Lib Magazine

( is now available.


This issue contains six articles, a project briefing, a conference report, the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and Pointers'.  This month, D-Lib features the Civil Rights Digital Library at the University of Georgia, courtesy of Toby P. Graham.


The articles include:


Introducing djatoka: A Reuse Friendly, Open Source JPEG 2000 Image Server Ryan Chute and Herbert Van de Sompel, Los Alamos National Laboratory


Using Personas to Understand the Needs and Goals of Institutional Repositories Jack M. Maness, Tomasz Miaskiewicz, and Tamara Sumner, University of Colorado



Using METS, PREMIS and MODS for Archiving eJournals Angela Dappert and Markus Enders, The British Library



The Effectiveness of a Web-based Board Game for Teaching Undergraduate Students Information Literacy Concepts and Skills Karen Markey, Fritz Swanson, Andrea Jenkins, Brian J. Jennings, Beth St.

Jean, Victor Rosenberg, Xingxing Yao, and Robert L. Frost, University of Michigan


Using International Standards to Develop a Union Catalogue for Archives in Germany: Aspects to Consider Regarding Interoperability between Libraries and Archives Andres Imhof, Bundesarchiv


SeDiCI (Servicio de Difusion de la Creacion Intelectual): Intellectual Creativity Diffusion Service at the Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP) Gonzalo Lujan Villarreal, Marisa R. De Giusti, Ariel Sobrado, Ariel Jorge Lira, and Maria Marta Vila, Universidad Nacional de La Plata


The Project Briefing is:


Repurposing Open Source Software for Agile Digital Image Library

Development: The University of West Florida Libraries Model Ray Uzwyshyn, University of West Florida


The Conference Report is:


RepoCamp at the Library of Congress

Carol Minton Morris, Cornell University



D-Lib Magazine has mirror sites at the following locations:


UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England


The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia


State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany


Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan


BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal


(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the September/October 2008 issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later.  There is a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)


Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine




Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation


      Volume 11 Issue 1, March 2008


-----Original Message-----

From: Mandy []

Sent: Friday, 4 April 2008 6:56 PM

To: Kerry Smith

Subject: EJISE Vol11 Iss1 available to read on line now


The latest issue of the Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation Volume 11 issue 1 is now available to read online at


Volume 11 Issue 1

March 2008


e-Commerce, Business Methods and Evaluation of Payment Methods in Nigeria


Adeyeye O. M. Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria


Using the Probabilistic Model Checker PRISM to Analyze Credit Card Use


Amani El Rayes1 and Mevliyar Er2, 1Economic Forecasting and Planning Techniques Center, Institute of National Planning. Cairo, Egypt, 2College of Food, Tourism and Creative Studies, Birmingham, UK


Heuristically Evaluating Greek e-Tourism and e-Museum Websites


Fotis Lazarinis1 Dimitris Kanellopoulos2 and Petros Lalos3, 1Department of Applied Informatics in Management & Finance, Technological Educational Institute of Mesolonghi, Greece, 2Department of Tourism Management, Technological Educational Institute of Patras, Greece


3Physics Department, Sector of Electronics, University of Athens, Greece


Determinants of Information Technology Diffusion: a Study at the Firm Level for Portugal


Maria Fraga O. Martins and Tiago Oliveira, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal


The Effect of Information Systems on Firm Performance and Profitability Using a Case-Study Approach


Mojisola Olugbode1 Ibrahim Elbeltagi2 Matthew Simmons3 and Tom Biss4


1University of Plymouth, UK , 2Plymouth Business School, UK, 3Beale and Cole Building Services Limited, UK, 4University of Plymouth, UK


Causal Relationships between Improvements in Software Development Processes and Final Software Product Quality . Development Processes and Final Software Product Quality


Rini van Solingen1 and Egon Berghout2


1Department of Software Technology, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands


2Centre for IT Economics Research, University of Groningen, The Netherlands


Should you require any further information about the journal please contact Anna Soutar at




            Volume 11 issue 2


The latest issue of the Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evaluation Volume 11 issue 2 is now available to read online at


April 2008

Special Issue for ECIME 2007

Montpellier, France


ERP and Functional Fit: how Integrated Systems Fail to Provide Improved Control


Fergal Carton and Frédéric Adam, University College Cork, Ireland


A Public Value Evaluation of e-Government Policies


Walter Castelnovo1 and Massimo Simonetta2, 1Dipartimento di Scienze della Cultura, Politiche e dell’Informazione, Universitŕ dell’Insubria, Como, Italy, 2Ancitel Lombardia, Cologno Monzese, Italy


Outsourced Information Systems Failures in SMEs: a Multiple Case Study


Jan Devos1, Hendrik Van Landeghem2 and Dirk Deschoolmeester2, 1University College of West Flanders, Kortrijk, Belgium, 2Ghent University, Gent, Belgium


Towards an Integrated Approach to Benefits Realisation Management – Reflections from the Development of a Clinical Trials Support System


Neil F. Doherty1, Nilesh Dudhal1, Crispin Coombs1, Ron Summers2, Hiten Vyas2, Mark Hepworth2 and Elisabeth Kettle3, 1The Business School, Loughborough University, UK, 2The Research School of Informatics, Loughborough University, UK, 3University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, UK


ICT Adoption and Use in UK SMEs: a Failure of Initiatives?


G. Harindranath, R. Dyerson and D. Barnes, Royal Holloway, University of London, UK


Interpretative IS Evaluation: Results and Uses


Jenny Lagsten1 and Göran Goldkuhl2, 1Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden, 2Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden


Should you require any further information about the journal please contact Anna Soutar at


Kind regards



Mandy Butler

on behalf of

Dan Remenyi

EJISE editor




Electronic Theses and Dissertations Bibliography


            Version 2


-----Original Message-----

From: [] On Behalf Of Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Sent: Monday, 12 May 2008 9:52 PM


Subject: [Asis-l] Electronic Theses and Dissertations Bibliography, Version 2


The Electronic Theses and Dissertations Bibliography, Version 2 is now available from Digital Scholarship.


This bibliography presents selected English-language articles, conference papers, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs). Where possible, links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet, including e-prints in disciplinary archives and institutional repositories. Note that e-prints and published articles may not be identical.


For a discussion of the numerous changes in my digital publications since my resignation from the University of Houston Libraries, see Digital Scholarship Publications Overview.



Best Regards,



Charles W. Bailey, Jr.

Publisher, Digital Scholarship



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