Editorial note:

This section contains items culled from various Internet news services, discussion lists and other announcements.  Unless specifically noted, I have not visited the sites, used any of the software, reviewed the literature, or written the news items.  I present this digest to you in good faith but cannot vouch for the accuracy of its content.  

Kerry Smith




            Issue 59

-----Original Message-----
From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Richard Waller
Sent: Thursday, 11 June 2009 1:51 AM
Subject: Re: [ariadne] Issue 59 of Ariadne available


Apologies for cross-posting:


Issue 59 of Ariadne available


In this issue the main articles are as follows:



*Publish and Cherish with Non-proprietary Peer Review Systems

- Leo Waaijers urges Open Access-mandating research funders to extend OA

publishing conditions by stimulating the market.


*e-Framework Implements New Workplan

- Ian Dolphin and Phil Nicholls describe recent and forthcoming

developments from the e-Framework Partnership for Education and Research.


*A Support Framework for Remote Workers

- Marieke Guy follows up on her two previous articles for Ariadne

with an overview of an evolving structure to provide consistent

support to UKOLN colleagues who work remotely.


*Encouraging More Open Educational Resources with Southampton’s EdShare

- Debra Morris describes the EdSpace Institutional Exemplar Project and

the early development of EdShare for sharing learning and teaching

materials within and beyond the institution.


*To VRE or Not to VRE?: Do South African Malaria Researchers Need a

Virtual Research Environment?

- Heila Pienaar and Martie van Deventer identify the requirements of

a Virtual Research Environment (VRE) for malaria researchers in South



*EThOS: From Project to Service

- Jill Russell describes the impact the new Electronic Theses Online

Service is making on the availability of UK doctoral theses.


*Three Perspectives on the Evolving Infrastructure of Institutional

Research Repositories in Europe

- Marjan Vernooy-Gerritsen, Gera Pronk and Maurits van der Graaf

report on the most significant results from two surveys conducted

to provide an overview of repositories with research output in the

European Union.


*The REMAP Project: Steps towards a Repository-enabled Information


- Richard Green and Chris Awre investigate what role a repository

can play in enabling and supporting the management and preservation

of its own digital content.


*Spinning a Semantic Web for Metadata: Developments in the IEMSR

- Emma Tonkin and Alexey Strelnikov reflect on the experience of

developing components for the Information Environment Metadata

Schema Registry.


At the Event reports:


*NSF Workshop on Cyberinfrastructure Software Sustainability

- Paul Walk reports on a two-day NSF-sponsored workshop held at Indiana



*IMPACT Conference: Optical Character Recognition in Mass Digitisation

- Lieke Ploeger, Yola Park, Jeanna Nikolov-Ramirez Gaviria, Clemens

Neudecker, Fedor Bochow and Michael Day report from the first IMPACT

Conference, held in The Hague.


*From Cultural Heritage to Digital Knowledge: Building Infrastructures

for a Global Knowledge Society

- Astrid Recker reports on the 3rd IFLA Presidential Meeting, held by

the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) in Berlin.


*Handshake Session at International Repositories Infrastructure

Workshop, Amsterdam

- Adrian Stevenson highlights the Handshake Session which formed part

of the International Repositories InfrastructureWorkshop, at the

Radisson SAS Hotel, Amsterdam.


*The Librarians’ Information Literacy Annual Conference (LILAC) 2009

-    Rosie Jones reports on a three-day conference about Information

Literacy held by CILIP CSG Information Literacy Group at Cardiff University.


News and Reviews


*Newsline: News and events


*Managing Electronic Government Information in Libraries: Issues

and Practices

- Sylvie Lafortune reviews a book which addresses the following

question: From e-government to t-government. How will libraries keep up?


*Making Digital Cultures: Access, Interactivity, and Authenticity

- Lina Coelho finds this study of the cultural terrain of modern

institutions, where digital and analogue objects co-exist, both

challenging and thought-provoking.


*Reader Development in Practice: bringing literature to readers

- Abigail Luthmann examines a varied collection of approaches to the

topic of reader development.


*Sketching Tomorrow

- Emma Tonkin takes a look at an ambitious work on the relationship of

modern society to information and communication technologies and

observes more sins of omission than commission.


Contributions to Ariadne issue 60 and beyond are being arranged and

prepared; please send proposals for articles to me at our regular

contact point:


Kindly send review copies to the Editor's address (below).


Please note that an RSS feed for Ariadne is available:



I hope you will enjoy the new issue. If you would like to discuss making

a contribution, do contact me on:


Best regards,



Richard Waller

Editor Ariadne


The Library

University of Bath

Bath BA2 7AY


tel +44 (0) 1225 383570

fax +44 (0) 1225 386838






Current Cites,

            April 2009



From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant
Sent: Friday, 1 May 2009 1:48 AM
Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, April 2009


                                Current Cites

                                  April 2009

                           Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

   Contributors: Keri Cascio, [3]Warren Cheetham, [4]Alison Cody, [5]Susan
   Gibbons, [6]Leo Robert Klein, [7]Roy Tennant

   "Special Issue: Next Generation OPACs"  [8]Library Hi Tech  27(1)(2009)
   - "Next Gen OPACs" is an oft-used phrase these days -- at conferences,
   in hallway conversations, and in the library literature. Thus this
   special issue is hardly a surprise, but it does have some interesting
   articles. If you want more information on some next gen library
   catalogs (I despise the term "OPAC"), the articles on [9]VUFind and
   [10]Blacklight (two of the systems built on the [11]Solr platform) may
   be of interest. There are also more conceptual pieces as well as
   articles on federated searching, e-reserves, statistics, and other
   topics. Basically, if you're interested in anything related to library
   resource discovery and use you will probably find something of interest
   in this issue. - [12]RT

   Casden, Jason, Kim  Duckett, and Tito  Sierra, et. al."[13]Course
   Views: A Scalable Approach to Providing Course-Based Access to Library
   Resources"  [14]Code4Lib Journal  (6)(20 March
   2009)( - The goal was
   ambitious: to automatically generate library course pages for every
   course at NCSU. In order to do this, they needed to develop a hierarchy
   or framework of resources and services with varying degrees of
   granularity, from the completely generic to subject- and
   course-specific. Each page then takes the input of the course
   identifier, such as 'ENG 101' and then populates the page with
   resources that would be helpful for English Lit at the 100 level. A
   certain amount of old-style manual customization is also allowed for.
   The finished pages are then integrated into the Course Management
   Software. Through this customization and integration with various
   systems, they've been able to increase usage of library resources. -

   Houser, John. "Open Source Public Workstations in Libraries"
   [16]Library Technology Reports  (April 2009) - Libraries are always
   trying to find a balance between their IT budgets and the demand for
   more and more public access workstations. John Houser takes us through
   open source systems and products for public access computers for
   academic and public libraries. He gives a clear synopsis of available
   open source solutions for operating systems, server software, session
   management tools, system imaging, desktop applications, and running
   Windows. Houser introduces us to case studies for three different
   libraries: one running Linux with open source applications; another
   sharing a single PC with two to ten people; and the last running open
   source applications on a server with thin-client software. The article
   includes a link to an interesting podcast conversation with John Brice
   which discusses the barriers and benefits for implementing open source
   software. - KC

   Pew Internet & American Life Project. [17]Internet Typology: The Mobile
   Difference  Washington, DC: Pew Research Center, 25 March
   ommunication-devices). - Anyone going home on a bus or train is witness
   to a revolution in technology and access to information: all around are
   sure to be people using smart-phones or netbooks, people texting each
   other, sending email and photos, and otherwise accessing the Internet.
   Now we have a report by the Pew Research Center which reflects pretty
   much what anyone using public transportation can observe every day:
   "Cast a glance at any coffee shop, train station or airport boarding
   gate, and it is easy to see that mobile access to the internet is
   taking root in our society. Open laptops or furrowed brows staring at
   palm-sized screens are evidence of how routinely information is
   exchanged on wireless networks." The report goes on to look at the roll
   that "mobile internet access" plays in various user groups. It
   concludes that the tech bar "has risen": "In the past, having tech gear
   such as broadband at home generally placed people on the cutting edge;
   that is no longer the case.... Our new study shows that mobile
   connectivity is the new centerpiece of high-tech life." - [18]LRK

   Richardson, Janice, Andrea Milwood  Hargrave, and Basil  Moratille, et.
   al.[19]The Internet Literacy Handbook  (December
   .asp). - The Internet Literacy Handbook is a clear, simple online tool
   that most internet trainers in library settings could find a use for.
   This is the third edition updated in December 2008. There are two free
   online versions (Flash and HTML) and a printed copy may be purchased
   online. The handbook is aimed at parents, teachers and young people and
   covers introductory explanations of the world wide web, email, spam and
   chat, through to blogs, Web 2.0 and e-democracy. Issues like privacy,
   security and online bullying are also covered. Links to external sites
   offer further reading. - [20]WC

   Taylor, Mark C.O  "[21]End the University as We Know It"  [22]The New
   York Times  (27 April,
   2009)( - This
   Op-Ed piece from the New York Times is certainly causing quite a stir.
   Taylor begins with the assertion that "most graduate programs in
   American universities produce a product for which there is no market."
   Graduate programs are little more than a way to harness the work of
   underpaid graduate students in the laboratories and classrooms of
   universities. Taylor recommends a 6-step plan to make "higher learning
   more agile, adaptive and imaginative," which he parallels to the types
   of significant overhauls needed on Wall Street and in the auto
   industry. A quick but thought-provoking read. - [23]SG

   Xie, B., and J. M.  Bugg. "Public Library Computer Training for Older
   Adults to Access High-Quality Internet Health Information "
   [24]Library & Information Science Research  (2009) - This pre-press
   article discusses a collaboration between a public library system and a
   nearby LIS program. Using materials provided by the National Library of
   Medicine, the project taught older adults how to find high-quality
   health information online. Participants self-selected into the program,
   and pre-testing showed that 47% of participants reported no prior
   experience with computers. The program provided 16 hours of training
   over two weeks; post-test results showed that the participants had an
   overwhelmingly positive experience -- 97% reported that they "learned a
   lot." Analysis of pre- and post-test results also showed that
   participants' computer anxiety decreased, and interest increased. Many
   respondents also indicated that they had a more positive view of their
   library after the training. This program demonstrated that a
   collaboration between local institutions can greatly benefit both the
   population being targeted by the training as well as the public
   library. While many libraries may not be able to work directly with a
   library school, partnerships with other institutions or community
   groups could be formed to develop a similar program. - [25]AC

   Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at
   (c) Copyright 2009 by Roy Tennant [29]Creative Commons License


   Visible links




            May 2009



From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant
Sent: Tuesday, 2 June 2009 2:42 AM
Subject: [CurrentCites] REVISED: Current Cites, May 2009


I’m very sorry, but due to a production problem which was completely my mistake, the May issue of Current Cites was published without one of the citations (the piece by Josh Hadro). My apologies to Charles Bailey, Jr., the author of the citation, as well as all of our loyal readers for this error. Below, and on the web site, is the corrected issue. Thanks,

                                 Current Cites

                                   May 2009

                            Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Warren Cheetham, [5]Alison
   Cody, [6]Roy Tennant

   Folkestad, James E. "[7]Promoting Collaboration: The Physical
   Arrangement of Library Computers"  [8]Library Hi Tech News
   26(1/2)(2009): 18-19.
   - As library print collections shrink and libraries are reconfigured to
   provide learning spaces and easy access to growing digital collections,
   the fundamental layout of computing spaces becomes an important
   consideration. Web 2.0 tools encourage collaboration, discussion and
   sharing, so why shouldn't the physical layout of the computers used to
   access online information do the same? This paper looks at "the
   interface of the concepts of collaborative learning and physical
   arrangements of computer laboratories". The author considers a number
   of layout options for computer desks in a library / learning
   environment based on published case studies, and then proposes an
   adaptation of the Center for Science, Mathematics and Technology
   Education (CSMATE) model of computer work station arrangement. - [9]WC

   Hadro, Josh. "[10]Cornell Library Lifts Restrictions on Public Domain
   Works"  [11]Library Journal Academic Newswire  (14 May
   2009)( - The
   [12]Cornell University Library has eliminated license requirements for
   reproductions of digitized public domain works, including over 70,000
   e-books donated to the Internet Archive. In a May 11, 2009 [13]press
   release, Oya Y. Rieger, Associate University Librarian for Information
   Technologies, said: "Imposing legally binding restrictions on these
   digital files would have been very difficult and in a way contrary to
   our broad support of open access principles. It seemed better just to
   acknowledge their public domain status and make them freely usable for
   any purpose. And since it doesn't make sense to have different rules
   for material that is reproduced at the request of patrons, we have
   removed permission obligations from public domain works." The press
   release also said: "Institutional restrictions on the use of public
   domain work, sometimes labeled 'copyfraud,' have been the subject of
   much scholarly criticism. The Cornell initiative goes further than many
   other recent attempts to open access to public domain material by
   removing restrictions on both commercial and non-commercial use." -

   Jaeger, Paul T., Jimmy  Lin, and Justin M.  Grimes, et. al."[15]Where
   is the Cloud? Geography, Economics, Environment, and Jurisdiction in
   Cloud Computing"  [16]First Monday  14(5)(4 May
  w/2456/2171). - The concept of "cloud computing" seems to have burst
   upon the general consciousness in recent times, although it is not all
   that new. Amazon has been offering cloud services for several years,
   for example, to anyone willing to pay. And before that there were
   research implementations. But nonetheless, the authors assert that
   there are several important questions to ponder regarding effective
   cloud computing that have yet to be answered. Some of these questions
   include legal jurisdictions, corporate or government control of
   information, legal and policy issues, and environmental concerns. One
   of their key recommendations is that "it is imperative for cloud
   providers and cloud users to promulgate initiatives to promote
   awareness of these issues among government officials and to bring these
   issues before the proper legislative bodies." - [17]RT

   Liston, Samuel. "[18]OPACs and the Mobile Revolution"  [19]Computers in
   Libraries  29(5)(May 2009): 6-17.
   ( - Have you ever
   tried to use your library's website and OPAC from a smartphone (such as
   the iPhone or a BlackBerry)? Many of us probably think that the number
   of patrons who try to use the library from a smartphone is relatively
   small, and thus not worth worrying about. While the author notes that
   smartphone adoption within the general public ranges from 5-10%, use of
   these types of devices by college freshman is already up to 66%. That's
   a number that should make you wonder what they're seeing when they try
   to find a book from their BlackBerry. In this article, Liston uses
   online emulators that simulate the experience of surfing the web from
   an iPhone, a BlackBerry, and a phone running the Windows Mobile
   operating system. Using these tools, he conducts a search for a book in
   a SirsiDynix catalog, one from Innovative Interfaces, and finally an
   AquaBrowser catalog. Results for Windows Mobile and the BlackBerry's OS
   were mixed; they ran into a variety of problems, but in most cases
   managed to display the information in some way. It is probably not
   surprising to hear that the iPhone's browser handled all of the
   catalogs quite well. Overall, Liston finds that Innovative does the
   best job of displaying on a mobile device, while AquaBrowser does the
   worst -- it won't even load on the BlackBerry. Along the way, he points
   out a variety of pitfalls and display problems; these include the
   BlackBerry's inability to use JavaScript, and problems with Flash on
   the iPhone. While there may not be much that an individual library can
   do to make their catalog more accessible for mobile users, we can lobby
   our vendors to do so, and at least make our websites usable. That way,
   when someone can't find a book from their BlackBerry, they can at least
   find the number for the reference desk. - [20]AC

   Milstein, Sarah. "[21]Twitter for Libraries (and Librarians)"
   [22]Computers in Libraries  29(5)(May 2009): 17-18.
   ( - My brother
   recently said that he hadn't ever heard of Twitter and now he hears
   about it all the time. Although Twitter has been around for years, it
   only recently made it big -- at least partly through the attention of
   famous people. So this piece is timely and serves as a useful
   introduction to this "microblogging" service and how it can be
   effectively used by librarians -- both for personal reasons and to
   promote their organizations. Milstein provides examples on how
   different types of libraries use Twitter as well as specific
   suggestions on how to interact. - [23]RT

   Suber, Peter. "[24]An OA Mandate for U of Oregon Library Faculty"
   [25]Open Access News  (7 May
  egon-library.html). - On May 7, 2009, the University of Oregon Library
   Faculty unanimously adopted a strong open access mandate that included
   putting its scholarly articles under a Creative Commons
   [26]Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States
   license. The mandate states that: "To facilitate distribution of the
   scholarly articles, as of the date of publication, each faculty member
   will make available an electronic copy of the author's final version of
   the article and full citation at no charge to a designated
   representative of the Libraries in appropriate formats (such as PDF)
   specified by the Libraries. After publication, the University of Oregon
   Libraries will make the scholarly article available to the public in
   the UO's institutional repository." The mandate provides for a waiver
   that can be granted by the Dean of the Libraries. The mandate follows
   [27]one by the Oregon State University Libraries faculty on March 6,
   2009 and a [28]mandate by the Academic Council of Libraries and
   Cultural Resources at the University of Calgary on May 1, 2009. It was
   followed by an [29]open access pledge by the Gustavus Adolphus College
   library faculty on May 14, 2009. In an interesting related development,
   the [30]Department of Romance Languages at the University of Oregon
   adopted a mandate on May 14, 2009 that also included a Creative Commons
   Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States license
   requirement. - [31]CB

   Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at
   (c) Copyright 2009 by Roy Tennant
   [35]Creative Commons License






            June 2009



From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant
Sent: Wednesday, 1 July 2009 2:32 AM
Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, June 2009


                               Current Cites

                                  June 2009

                           Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

   Contributors: Keri Cascio, [3]Frank Cervone, [4]Susan Gibbons, [5]Leo
   Robert Klein, [6]Brian Rosenblum, [7]Roy Tennant, [8]Jesus Tramullas

   [9]M-Libraries: Information Use on the Move   Cambridge, UK: Arcadia
   Programme, Cambridge University Library, 29 May
   - What do students do with their cellphones and how should libraries
   support these devices? Those are the questions addressed in this report
   that surveyed cellphone use at two universities in the UK. The study
   found that most students use their phones for calling, texting, and
   taking photos, while less than a quarter use them to routinely access
   the Internet. Reason enough, the author concludes, to hold off on
   developing content such as websites and ebooks specifically for the
   devices. The author then goes over a number of potential services such
   as mobile-friendly OPACs and library alerts through SMS that she feels
   are more promising. While it's hard to say at what level of adoption,
   mobile-specific or smartphone-specific content and services should be
   developed, perhaps the author's best point is simply to make sure that
   what we already have online, is also accessible to these newer devices.
   - [10]LRK

   ALA Office for Research and Statistics, . "[11]Public Libraries and
   E-Government Services "  [12]ALA Office for Research and Statistics
   ov.pdf). - E-government has become more and more prevalent over the
   past few years. Many programs and services are available to citizens
   only after navigating an online application. This fact hit home with
   Missouri public libraries earlier this year--the Department of Revenue
   decided to save money by not sending MO tax forms to public libraries.
   This change in procedures led to long conversations with our customers
   on how they could find forms online or file electronically. As part of
   their Public Library Funding&Technology Access Study, the ALA Office
   for Research and Statistics just published an issue brief titled
   "Public Libraries and E-Government Services." Public libraries are hubs
   for internet connectivity and computer access, which in turn makes them
   hubs for users of E-government services. There are challenges to be
   faced as public libraries move forward with assisting customers:
   financial constraints due to a poor economy; users who are not familiar
   with computers or the internet; staff who are either overworked or
   don't have the skills to navigate E-government; and the inconsistency
   of services and Web site usability across E-Government services.
   Hopefully collaboration between government agencies and public
   libraries will make the process more efficient for all parties
   involved. - KC

   Bailey, Charles W., Jr. [13]A Look Back at Twenty Years as an Internet
   Open Access Publisher Digital
   Scholarship, June
   2009.( - Charles W.
   Bailey, Jr. started the PACS-L discussion list for librarians back
   before most of us knew about discussion lists at all. It was a seminal
   event in bringing librarians to the Internet, and it was a defining
   experience for me, a new librarian eager to learn about computer
   networks. The list then spawned a journal, and helped ignite Bailey's
   ongoing professional interest in open access publishing. This interest
   was embodied in a number of well-regarded publications including the
   [14]Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography and the [15]Open
   Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and
   Open Access Journals (PDF). Bailey's bibliographic reminiscence, then,
   is much more than explicating a personal journey -- it's a record of
   much of the open access scholarly publishing movement over the last
   couple decades. Any of us who have been involved in such activities may
   wish to look back with Charles, and think about how far we've come.
   Also, Charles has contributed regularly and well to this particular
   open access publication for over eight years. - [16]RT

   Chudnov, Dan. "The Illusion of Stability"  [17]Computers in Libraries
   29(6)(June 2009): 31-33. - This column looks at strategies for making
   sure your online infrastructure is solid. Chudnov covers a number of
   strategies, including how to test software as it is being developed by
   writing and using unit tests, using "continuous build" tools such as
   [18]Hudson, using a version control system such as [19]Bazaar, and
   monitoring your servers and processes using applications such as
   [20]Nagios. He also highlights an application introduced at the 2009
   Code4Lib Conference by Brown University called the [21]library
   dashboard, which is designed to not just monitor systems but also usage
   of library services such as checkouts. Overall, an excellent column on
   a vital topic written in a very accessible way, even for those who do
   not write software. - [22]RT

   Corn, Michael A. [23]Strategic Outsourcing and Cloud Computing: Reality
   Is a Sober Adversary (Research Bulletin, Issue 12)  Boulder, CO:
   EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research, 16 June
   173358). - "Be very afraid." That's the warning of this ECAR Research
   Bulletin for those thinking about outsourcing IT services. Emerging
   cloud-based services are attractive because of their quick access and
   usability, but Michael Corn, Chief Privacy and Security Officer at the
   University of Illinois, thinks we might be embracing these services too
   quickly. While recognizing that higher education institutions must find
   ways to make use of these services for data storage and sharing,
   project management, and communication, Corn argues that institutions
   need to take a cautious and strategic approach to outsourcing, thinking
   about long-term effects rather than viewing outsourcing as the solution
   to individual services. Corn outlines several parameters that are
   crucial to consider, including vendor trust, governance, and agility,
   and provides examples of specific questions that institutions should
   ask (Do we have a documented strategy for outsourcing? What is the
   maturity of the commercial market for this service? What is the broader
   impact on the local IT environment?). Drawing a connection to the
   debate over centralized vs. decentralized IT, Corn reminds us that
   "effective outsourcing requires its own particular expertise; an
   expertise that controls for the loss of the flexibility and functional
   insight that in-house solutions offer." - [24]BR

   Dehmlow, Mark. "[25]The Ten Commandments of Interacting with
   Nontechnical People"  [26]Information Technology and Libraries
   28(2)(June 2009): 53-54.
   ). - Like the author, I too have worked "in between" the tech and
   non-tech worlds -- able to communicate with denizens of both but not
   fully of either. Perhaps that is why this short piece resonates so much
   with me. "Ironically," Dehmlow points out, "it turns out the most
   critical pieces to successfully implementing technology solutions and
   bridging the digital divide in libraries has been categorically
   nontechnical in nature; it all comes down to collegiality, clear
   communication, and a commitment to collaboration." Amen. He then goes
   on to enumerate his ten "commandments" for working with those who are
   not technically inclined. I suppose another reason I like this piece so
   much is that it reminds me very much of a recent piece I wrote,
   [27]"Talking Tech: Explaining Technical Topics to a Non-Technical
   Audience". Knowing Mark personally, I'm flattered to think we agree so
   much on advice that can be so important to the success of managing
   technical change. - [28]RT

   FESABID, . [29]Actas de las XI Jornadas Espa?olas de Documentaci?n
   . - The Jornadas Espa?olas de Documentaci?n (FESABID) are the reference
   forum for the specialized professional community in Spain. The XI
   Conference was held in Zaragoza from 20 to 22 of May, and the presented
   papers have been openly published in the Federaci?n Espa?ola de
   Sociedades de Archiv?stica, Biblioteconom?a, Documentaci?n y Muse?stica
   (FESABID) website. In the Conference Blog you can also find a great
   quantity of the presentations made in the different sessions. - [30]JT

   Pochoda, Phil. "[31]University Press 2.0"  [32]The University of
   Michigan Press Blog  (27 May
   niversity-press-20-by-phil-pochoda.html). - University presses, for a
   variety of reasons, have been particularly challenged during this time
   of transition to digital publishing. Financially fragile even before
   the larger economic downturn, many university presses are now facing
   serious budgets cuts that may threaten their very survival -- and in
   turn have a large impact on publishing opportunities for many
   professors. (See [33]"Could a Press End Up on Chopping Block?"
   published in Inside Higher Ed earlier this year.) At the University of
   Michigan, the Press was recently restructured from an independent unit
   to a department that reports to the dean of the University Library,
   with a new emphasis on the production of digital monographs rather than
   print. In this essay Michigan Press director Phil Pochoda discusses the
   transition to digital publishing and the current challenges of
   university presses, focusing not just on economics, but also on
   cultural issues -- in particular the tension between traditional
   book-centered humanities research and emerging digital scholarly
   practices. Pochoda then offers some thoughts on the direction presses
   need to head to remain viable in the digital age while preserving the
   integrity of scholarship: "The hallmark of UP 2.0 will be the creation
   of far-flung, interactive, digital, disciplinary-based communities,
   mediated by the digital book." - [34]BR

   Sartain, Julie. "[35]Used IT Gear: How to Get Good Stuff Cheap and
   Avoid the Lemons"  [36]Computerworld  43(22)(June 22, 2009): 28-31.
   c&articleId=339633). - As budgets in most libraries continue to shrink,
   being more creative in purchasing technology is becoming an imperative.
   Something that has not traditionally been on most purchasing radars is
   used computer equipment. As a general guide, this article is peppered
   with tips on getting the best value out of used hardware. However,
   similar to the cautions one must exercise when purchasing a used car,
   there are many factors to consider before making a used computer
   purchase. For example, purchasing used equipment can factor nicely into
   a "Green IT" plan; however, you also have to consider that older
   equipment is generally less energy-efficient, which may outway the
   benefits of reuse. A quick read, this article may spur some creative
   purchasing in your library that will actually allow you to do more by
   paying less. - [37]FC

   Tapscott, Don. "[38]The Impending Demise of the University"  [39]Edge:
   The Third Culture  288(4 June
   . - In this essay, Don Tapscott, author of Grown Up Digital questions
   how large research universities can survive in a world of digital
   natives. He suggests that traditional "broadcast learning" wherein the
   professor transmits knowledge to the student, the receiver, in a
   one-way, linear fashion is reaching a breaking point. The digital
   native students will demand a learning pedagogy that is interactive,
   collaborative and contextualized. "Universities should be places to
   learn, not to teach." We often hear the argument that universities,
   which dominate the list of oldest institutions, will be around long
   into the future. But Tapscott's essay serves to remind us all that a
   glorious past does not equal a glorious future. - [40]SG

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            July 2009



From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant
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Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, July 2009


                             Current Cites

                                July 2009

                          Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Alison Cody, [5]Susan
   Gibbons, [6]Peter Hirtle, [7]Leo Robert Klein, [8]Roy Tennant

   Alexander, Bryan. "[9]Apprehending the Future: Emerging Technologies,
   from Science Fiction to Campus Reality"  [10]EDUCAUSE Review
   ume44/ApprehendingtheFutureEmergingT/171774). - This survey article
   identifies a range of techniques often used to try to predict the
   future. Included are environmental scans, the Delphi Method, prediction
   markets, scenarios, and crowdsourcing. But, Alexander readily admits,
   "Futurological methods are still, at best, partial works in progress.
   No method has yet succeeded in accurately predicting the
   future...Perhaps the gravest challenge to any approach for apprehending
   the future is what Nassim Nicholas Taleb has memorably dubbed 'The
   Black Swan.' Taleb uses the phrase to refer to unlikely events, either
   unperceived in the present or determined to be statistically improbable
   -- until they occur and have enormous effects." To counter this,
   Alexander cites J. Scott Armstrong who suggested nine high-level best
   practices for predicting the future: "1) Match the forecasting method
   to the situation, 2) Use domain knowledge, 3) Structure the problem, 4)
   Model experts' forecasts, 5) Represent the problem realistically, 6)
   Use causal models when you have good information, 7) Use simple
   quantitative methods, 8) Be conservative when uncertain, and 9) Combine
   forecasts." - [11]RT

   Ashenfelder, Michael. "[12]21st Century Shipping: File Transfer at the
   Library of Congress"  [13]D-Lib Magazine  15(7/8)(July/August
   - "Between 2008 and 2009 the Library of Congress added approximately
   100 TB of data to its digital collections," Ashenfelder states,
   "transferred from universities, publishers, web archivists and other
   organizations." Much of this, he writes, was transferred over the
   Internet rather than being shipped on hard drives. This is hardly
   surprising, but the accompanying details in this article are
   interesting. Among the techniques they use are a file transfer utility
   that can start and manage multiple downloading threads and a simple
   packaging protocol called, aptly enough, [14]"BagIt". This may all seem
   rather mundane stuff, but it is upon just such mundane procedures,
   carried out on a regular basis, that today's digital libraries rest. -

   Baker, Nicholson. "[16]A New Page: Kindle vs. the Book"  [17]The New
   Yorker  (3 August
   ). - Nicholson Baker is back! (In case you don't recall the name, Baker
   caused quite a bit of controversy with Double Fold: Libraries and the
   Assault on Paper, when he accused libraries of neglecting cultural
   heritage by discarding materials, newspapers in particular, once they
   had been microfilmed). In this entertaining essay, Baker shares his
   early experiences with a Kindle. As one would expect, Baker does not
   find reading from a Kindle to be as good an experience as reading from
   a paper book. He criticizes the Kindle's "dark gray on paler greenish
   gray" palette and includes a litany of important literary titles that
   are not available in Topaz, the proprietary encoding format used by
   Amazon. But, interestingly, in the last few paragraphs of this essay,
   Baker admits to experiencing that wonderful state when we are fully
   immersed in a story and "Poof, the Kindle disappeared, just as Jeff
   Bezos had promised it would." - [18]SG

   Cascio, Jamais. "[19]Get Smarter"  [20]The Atlantic  (July/August
   2009)( - This is a
   thoughtful piece on the various ways in which humans are getting
   smarter. Cascio touches on evolution, technological aids, and drugs as
   potential avenues. Lest you imagine that the author is one who believes
   in the "hive mind" aspect of the Internet and the eventuality of it
   becoming smart enough to think (Google "singularity" if you must), he
   specifically discounts this. "My own suspicion," he states, "is that a
   stand-alone artificial mind will be more a tool of narrow utility than
   something especially apocalyptic. I don't think the theory of an
   explosively self-improving AI is convincing -- it's based on too many
   assumptions about behavior and the nature of the mind." As a futurist
   (he is an affiliate at the Institute of the Future and a senior fellow
   at the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies), he is
   considerably less starry-eyed (or perhaps googly-eyed?) than many of
   that calling. And that helps to make this down-to-earth and yet
   up-to-date assessment of our future all that more compelling and
   believable. - [21]RT

   Dougherty, William C. "[22]Managing Technology During Times of Economic
   Downturns: Challenges and Opportunities "  [23]Journal of Academic
   Librarianship  35(4)(July 2009): 373-376 .
   ( - The big story for a
   while now has been the economy; so it's only natural to start running
   into articles on how to cut costs in IT. In this article we have a
   number of suggestions including looking at this as an "opportunity to
   shake up the status quo". While that might sound off-putting at first,
   the author continues, "These are the times to summon the courage to
   suggest eliminating ineffective systems, services or processes, and
   making changes that may not have been considered previously. Practices
   that may have been sacrosanct can be reviewed and even questioned
   during times such as these." If there is any benefit to be derived,
   this in fact may be the way. - [24]LRK

   Fischer, Karen. [25]Author Addenda, SPEC Kit 310  Washington, DC:
   Association of Research Libraries,
   2009.( - This survey
   provides a rare glimpse into author rights in practice. Fischer got 70
   responses from ARL libraries to her author addenda survey (57% of ARL
   member libraries). Fifty percent of respondents reported that authors
   at their institutions were using author addenda, and 52% said that "an
   author addendum had been endorsed by administrators or a governing body
   at their institution or by their consortia" (institutional endorsement
   was under consideration by another 12%). The SPEC Kit's [26]table of
   contents and executive summary are freely available. - [27]CB

   Hadro, Josh. "[28]Michigan Deal a New Twist on Access to Scanned Book
   Content"  [29]Library Journal  (23 July
   2009)( - The
   University of Michigan will offer print-on-demand paperback editions of
   over 400,000 digitized books in over 200 languages via BookSurge and
   Amazon for between $10 to about $45. According to Michigan's [30]press
   release, the service offers books digitized by Michigan's partnership
   with Google as well as books digitized solely by Michigan. University
   Librarian and Dean of Libraries Paul N. Courant said: "This agreement
   means that titles that have been generally unavailable for a century or
   more will be able to go back into print, one copy at a time." - [31]CB

   Jansen, Bernard J., Mimi  Zhang, and Carsten D.  Schultz. "[32]Brand
   and its Effect on User Perception of Search Engine Performance"
   [33]Journal of the American Society for Information Science &
   Technology  60(8)(August 2009): 1572-1595.
   ( - In
   this study, the authors investigated whether or not the branding of a
   search engine has any impact on the user's perception of how the engine
   performs. Study participants were presented with four different results
   pages for four different queries (medical, entertainment, travel and
   housing questions). Each results page showed the same links (curated by
   the researchers ahead of time) in the same order and using the same
   formatting (the default Google format). The top and bottom of the page
   was replaced with branding for Google, Yahoo!, or MSN's search engine,
   as well as that of an in-house search engine (AI2RS), called No Name
   for the purposes of the study. The researchers ultimately found that
   searchers placed quite a lot of trust in the ranking algorithms of the
   search engines with which they were familiar: on those search engines,
   users tended to click on more search results, but overall those results
   were of a lower quality. On those with which users were less familiar,
   they appeared to become more discriminating about which links they
   selected, and those links were of a higher quality. The researchers
   noted that users also felt more confident using their preferred search
   engines, and were concerned with the performance of those with which
   they were unfamiliar. The study brings up some interesting points for
   instruction librarians to consider, as it seems to indicate that it may
   be possible to force users to be more critical of search results simply
   by requiring them to use an unfamiliar or unbranded search engine. -

   Tanner, Simon, Trevor  Mu?oz, and Pich Hemy  Ros. "[35]Measuring Mass
   Text Digitization Quality and Usefulness: Lessons Learned from
   Assessing the OCR Accuracy of the British Library's 19th Century Online
   Newspaper Archive"  [36]D-Lib Magazine  15(7/8)(July/August
   2009)( - Given the
   importance of OCR in mass digitization projects, it is surprising that
   more attention has not been paid to it. How can we tell if the OCR used
   in projects is useful, or which OCR engine would work the best with a
   particular type of text? This article proposes a methodology for
   measuring OCR effectiveness on multiple levels, but with special
   attention paid to what would matter to users: namely, the ability of
   the OCR engine to transcribe accurately proper names and places. It
   then tests that methodology against several newspaper databases. The
   results are surprising and somewhat discouraging. Only 63% of proper
   names were correctly identified in the 19th-century newspapers; the
   figure drops to below 50% for 17th- and 18th-century papers. This might
   be acceptable in projects that make images and uncorrected OCR freely
   available, but seems substandard for expensive commercial projects such
   as the British Library's newspaper offerings. And even the users of
   free sites might unknowingly assume too great an accuracy in the
   underlying text. Let's hope that the authors receive further funding to
   characterize the appropriateness of different OCR engines for different
   projects, and commercial image databases start providing figures on the
   accuracy of their OCR using this methodology. - [37]PH

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            August 2009



From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant
Sent: Saturday, 29 August 2009 4:43 AM
Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, August 2009


                                 Current Cites

                                   August 2009

                            Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Susan Gibbons, [5]Peter
   Hirtle, [6]Karen G. Schneider, [7]Roy Tennant

   Capps, Robert. "[8]The Good Enough Revolution: When Cheap and Simple Is
   Just Fine"  [9]Wired  (17)(September
   enough?currentPage=all). - I've long written about the concept of "good
   enough" and how many library users are satisfied in their information
   search long before librarians (see, for example, So this piece in
   Wired was not news to me, but I appreciated the examples provided and
   was surprised by how Kaiser was applying these principles to medical
   care. In explaining why services and products can be successful while
   being of lower quality than others, Capps cites the Pareto principle,
   "also known as the 80/20 rule. And it happens to be a recurring theme
   in Good Enough products. You can think of it this way: 20 percent of
   the effort, features, or investment often delivers 80 percent of the
   value to consumers. That means you can drastically simplify a product
   or service in order to make it more accessible and still keep 80
   percent of what users want -- making it Good Enough." There are lessons
   for all of our institutions in here, and for the services we aim to
   provide, but don't misunderstand. Capps is not advocating dumbing-down
   or reducing the quality of services necessarily. It's more nuanced than
   that. Kaiser is not seeking to lower the quality of medical care, it is
   seeking to appropriately manage care. When 80% of patient needs can be
   served by a doctor in an inexpensive office setting, this allows for
   the remaining 20% to be concentrated at a regional hospital, thereby
   cutting costs. Those of us in cultural heritage institutions should
   think carefully about how we can apply these principles to our own
   services. - [10]RT

   Dryden, Jean. "[11]Copyright Issues in the Selection of Archival
   Material for Internet Access"  [12]Archival Science  8(2)(June
   2008): 123-147.
   ( - With Google
   having basically solved the problem of digitizing our print heritage,
   attention will soon shift to digitizing unpublished materials. Dryden's
   pioneering study examines how Canadian archival repositories address
   copyright issues in their projects. The bad news is that repositories
   may be more restrictive than is necessary when selecting material for
   digitization. The good news is that most repositories do not really
   understand copyright and so do things beyond what their default
   practices would condone. In addition, very few institutions have been
   challenged by copyright owners. The study suggests that digitization
   projects should become much more comfortable with risk assessment when
   planning an archival digitization project. - [13]PH

   EDUCAUSE. [14]7 Things You Should Know about Cloud Computing  Boulder,
   CO: EDUCAUSE, 3 August
   176856). - "Cloud computing" is the buzzword du jour, but what is it
   really? This succinct overview says: "In its broadest usage, the term
   cloud computing refers to the delivery of scalable IT resources over
   the Internet, as opposed to hosting and operating those resources
   locally, such as on a college or university network. Those resources
   can include applications and services, as well as the infrastructure on
   which they operate. By deploying IT infrastructure and services over
   the network, an organization can purchase these resources on an
   as-needed basis and avoid the capital costs of software and hardware."
   This two-page overview quickly gives you the basics without requiring a
   Ph.D. in computer science to understand it. - [15]CB

   Head, Alison, Joan  Lippincott, and John  Law
   (Moderator). "[16]Returning the Researcher to the Library"
   [17]Returning the Researcher to the Library  (June
   2009)( -
   A lively webcast focused on "creative thinking about academic
   libraries," featuring the insights and evidence from two leading
   researchers, Joan Lippincott Associate Executive Director of the
   Coalition for Networked Information, and Alison Head, who leads the
   cutting-edge Project Information Literacy (PIL). Listen to Lippincott
   discuss the known behavior of "screenagers" and other user groups while
   Head shares PIL's research findings that what users want for their
   research needs are the "3 F's" -- full-text, findable, and free. Head
   also discusses user expectations, alluding to the gulf between what
   services libraries provide and what students expect, as well as user
   behavior, such as "presearch" in tools such as Wikipedia (not that any
   of us would ever do that). As for reading traditional print books and
   asking questions of traditional in-situ librarians--to this group, both
   information behaviors are so last-century. Use this webcast as a
   roadmap for rethinking academic services from the bottom up. Moderated
   by John Law of Serial Solutions (note that the webcast does begin with
   a three-minute "infomercial" for Summon, a product by Serial
   Solutions). Includes a bibliography. - [18]KGS

   Samuelson, Pamela. "[19]The Audacity of the Google Book Search
   Settlement"  [20]The Huffington Post  (10 August
   e-googl_b_255490.html). - As the official September 4, 2009 deadline
   has approached for filing an objection to the Google Book Search
   Copyright Class Action Settlement, there has been a frenzy of
   commentary about it. Pamela Samuelson's post is a good place to start
   to understand the controversy and how it could affect about 22 million
   authors who have published books in the U.S. since 1923. Also see her
   follow-up post, "[21]Why Is the Antitrust Division Investigating the
   Google Book Search Settlement?" - [22]CB

   Shieber, Stuart M. "[23]Equity for Open-Access Journal Publishing"
   [24]PLOS Biology  7(8)(August 2009): 1-3.
   65). - A connection between the current debate about health care and
   scholarly publishing would not occur to most people, but Shieber, the
   Director of the Office for Scholarly Communication at Harvard
   University, argues that both of them are examples of "moral hazard."
   Consumers who are insulated from the true costs of a product tend to
   overconsume. Shieber argues that one way to improve scholarly
   publishing is to make authors more aware of its costs by encouraging
   journals to shift from a subscription model to an open-access model
   supported by payments from authors. In this opinion piece, Shieber
   proposes an open-access compact in which universities, which currently
   fund much of the subscription model, commit to underwriting the cost of
   open-access journals through the payment of publishing fees. He
   sketches out some of the implementation issues that would need to be
   addressed to make this happen. Who knows if Shieber's suggested
   solution will work, but his opening is an excellent brief summary of
   some of the current problems in scholarly communications and
   publishing. - [25]PH

   Soltani, Ashkan, Shannon  Canty, and Quentin  Mayo, et. al."[26]Flash
   Cookies and Privacy"  [27]SSRN  (10 August
   2009)( - Librarians have
   traditionally guarded the rights of users to read anonymously. But as
   more and more library services shift to commercial information
   providers, reader confidentiality may be disappearing. This pilot study
   looks at the use of "Flash cookies" on major web sites and discovers
   that they are common, immune to most of the privacy protections built
   into browsers, and seemingly often used to track user behavior. It made
   me wonder if any of the resources that our library has licensed are
   using this persistent bit of code - and what those companies might be
   doing with the data. - [28]PH

   Whitworth, Brian, and Rob  Friedman. "[29]Reinventing Academic
   Publishing Online: Part 1: Rigor, Relevance and Practice"  [30]First
   Monday  14(8)(3 August
   w/2609/2248). - The first part of what will be a two part examination
   of academic publishing. This theory-based article focuses on why the
   innovations of the digital age are largely absent from academic
   publishing. The authors portray the current knowledge exchange system
   as a feudal one that is "run by the few for the few." Whitworth and
   Friedman hypothesize that digital technology will trigger an upheaval
   in academic publishing that will push the knowledge exchange system
   into more democratic structure that will foster more cross-disciplinary
   research. Not an easy read, but well worth the effort. - [31]SG

   Yoffe, Emily. "[32]Seeking: How the Brain Hard-Wires Us To love Google,
   Twitter, and Texting. And Why That's Dangerous"  [33]Slate  (12 August
   2009)( - People familiar with my work
   (Hi Mom!) have heard my over-used saying "Only librarians like to
   search, everyone else prefers to find". Although librarians almost
   invariably laugh at what appears to be a wry truth, Slate is here to
   tell you that I'm wrong. We all prefer to search. At least, there are
   some research findings that seem to indicate that we are "hard-wired"
   to seek. "The juice that fuels the seeking system," states Yoffe, "is
   the neurotransmitter dopamine." That's right, the same neurotransmitter
   stimulated by such substances as cocaine and amphetamines. This doesn't
   necessarily mean that students needing to do research for a paper will
   perform online searches until they fall into a stupor (after all, at
   some point the mating instinct kicks in), but it does point out that
   any simplistic statement such as my favorite chestnut tends to hide the
   true complexity of human motivations. A good to thing to keep in mind
   as we seek new ways to engage our users in useful (and healthy) seeking
   behavior. - [34]RT

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                September 2009



From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant
Sent: Saturday, 26 September 2009 8:44 AM
Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, September 2009


                                 Current Cites

                                September 2009

                           Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

   Contributors: Keri Cascio, [3]Alison Cody, [4]Peter Hirtle, [5]Leo
   Robert Klein, [6]Roy Tennant

   "[7]The iSchools, Education for Librarianship, and the Voice of Doom
   and Gloom"  [8]Journal of Academic Librarianship  35(5)(September
   2009): 405-409. ( -
   Editorial on the anxiety (I think I'd call that) of library schools
   trading in their name of 'library' for the bright new shiny name of
   'information', and in the process losing track of their original
   mission. The author doesn't see this anxiety as justified. He has a
   look at degrees that the various schools give out and enrollment
   figures and concludes that the majority still support a library-based
   curriculum. His 'bottom line'? That "library and information studies
   education does not appear to be broken, that opportunities to broaden
   and extend the field are decidedly more beneficial than harmful, and
   that the future appears to be quite secure". - [9]LRK

   Creative Commons. [10]Defining "Noncommercial"  San Francisco, CA:
   Creative Commons Corporation, September
   2009.( -
   Creative Commons licenses have been a godsend to creators who wish to
   allow some uses of their works. CC licenses can only work, however, if
   creators and users are in agreement as to extent of the licensing
   terms. This study investigates what creators and users mean by
   "noncommercial," a limitation that is found in two-thirds of CC
   licenses. The surprising results are that while there is some level of
   general agreement about the meaning of the term, "there is more
   uncertainty than clarity around whether specific uses of online content
   are commercial or noncommercial." While the report seems to be quite
   comfortable with this ambiguity, I have to wonder whether confusion
   over fundamental terms in licenses won't eventually hinder CC's core
   mission of facilitating the legal reuse of content. - [11]PH

   Herring, Mark. "[12]Reviews in History: E-Books Special "  [13]Reviews
   in History  (792-795)(September
   2009)( - While
   ostensibly long reviews of four electronic resources, Mark Herring
   offers in reality an assessment of the current state and likely future
   of electronic monographs and sources in the humanities. His reviews of
   the [14]Gutenberg-e project and ACLS's [15]Humanities-e Books are
   particularly thoughtful (though the former would have been aided by
   reference to the Waters and Meisel [16]report). Anyone interested in
   the role of electronic monographs and ebook readers in the humanities
   would do well to consider Herring's concerns. - [17]PH

   King, David Lee. "Building the Digital Branch: Guidelines to Transform
   Your Website"  [18]Library Technology Reports  46(6)(August/September
   2009) - As my library ponders its options for a new look and feel for
   our website, I was pleased to get the current copy of Library
   Technology Reports written by David Lee King. "Building the Digital
   Branch: Guidelines to Transform Your Website" takes us through the
   planning, implementation, and assessment phases of creating a new home
   for our libraries on the Internet. Topics include the explaining the
   differences between a digital branch and a website; staffing your
   digital branch; choosing a content management system; creating a style
   guide; and keeping things fresh. A must read for anyone involved in
   library website design, content, or maintenance. - KC

   Nichols, Jane, Alison M.  Bobal, and Susan  McEvoy. "[19]Using a
   Permanent Usability Team to Advance User-Centered Design in Libraries"
   [20]Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship
   .html). - Best practices for designing or redesigning a website
   indicate that we should always do some usability testing, and many
   larger libraries run a variety of tests throughout the process. But how
   many have considered making usability testing a regular function?
   Oregon State University has had a usability team since 2006, when it
   was formed to conduct testing on a new metasearch system. Since then,
   the team has tested several different interfaces (ranging from chat
   boxes to digital libraries) using a variety of methods. The team uses a
   model where every member works on every project, but levels of
   participation vary. The team consists of staff throughout the library.
   Only two members -- the web coordinator and a programmer -- are
   considered permanent; others rotate on and off, some spending a year or
   two on the team, and others joining to work on a particular project.
   This makeup helps to ensure both continuity and consistency, but also
   affords a way for the group to more easily facilitate communication for
   any given project by pulling aboard a member of that department. OSU
   has found that this model has caused an awareness of usability to
   permeate the culture at the library, to the point where usability
   testing is conducted when almost any new service -- "web or otherwise"
   -- is introduced. Overall, this appears to be a successful model,
   though it may not be feasible for smaller libraries to create a
   permanent team. - [21]AC

   Waller, Vivienne. "[22]The Relationship Between Public Libraries and
   Google: Too Much Information"  [23]First Monday  14(9)(7 September
   /view/2477/2279). - Waller uses personal relationship terms to
   characterize the relationship between libraries and Google. She posits
   that this relationship began as a "romance", then "cracks appeared",
   "we want different things", and finally coming to the need to
   "negotiate" a new relationship. If you can get beyond the analogy and
   the fact that characterizing this as a relationship is like me saying I
   have a "relationship" with Rachel Maddow, there are some things to
   ponder here. Many will come as no surprise (Waller cites such
   well-known issues as sponsored search results, filtering in China,
   etc.), but it doesn't hurt for librarians to consider all of these as a
   piece, and consider our role within an information environment that is
   increasingly dominated by commercial companies that do not share our
   mission and goals -- despite a mission statement by one of them that
   appears on the face of it to co-opt our role. - [24]RT

   Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at (c) Copyright 2009 by Roy Tennant
   [28]Creative Commons License


   Visible links




            October 2009



From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Roy Tennant
Sent: Saturday, 31 October 2009 4:45 AM
Subject: [CurrentCites] Current Cites, October 2009


                                Current Cites

                                October 2009

                          Edited by [2]Roy Tennant

   Contributors: [3]Charles W. Bailey, Jr., [4]Warren Cheetham, [5]Alison
   Cody, [6]Peter Hirtle, [7]Leo Robert Klein, [8]Roy Tennant

   "[9]Password Authentication from a Human Factors Perspective: Results
   of a Survey among End-Users"  [10]Proceedings of the Human Factors and
   Ergonomics Society  53(2009): 459-463.
   D=32). - Everyone loves to grumble about password misuse but rather
   than blaming the user, it might be more productive to look at the
   system instead. The authors of this study surveyed several hundred
   employees of a firm that handles "very sensitive private information".
   They found, not surprisingly, that few users adhered 100% to best
   practices for password use. People either use simple passwords that
   they can remember or complex passwords that they have to write down.
   This isn't due to an unwillingness on their part to cooperate but
   because, as the authors posit, "they are not capable of 'sticking to
   the rules'". While the article is relatively short, its discussion of
   the literature and also possible solutions are quite helpful. - [11]LRK

   Brindley, Lynne J. "[12]Challenges for Great Libraries in the Age of
   the Digital Native"  [13]Information Services and Use
   29(1)(2009): 3-12.
   47b7af84f5b26a27fa7d&pi=1). - All library sectors are facing the
   challenge of moving to a digital environment, and this lecture* by Dame
   Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library, gives the view
   from a national institution. By starting with an overview of her career
   in digital library services, Dame Brindley touches on some of the
   recent overarching developments in the field, especially in the UK. The
   rise of the information strategy, the growing recognition of the value
   of knowledge management, the creation of electronic libraries and the
   emergence of the digital natives provide background to the six issues
   that Brindley thinks that libraries "really need to pay attention to
   ensure that they are strategically position for continuing relevance".
   The issues are: 1) e-Science and e-Research - life beyond the document,
   2) Web 2.0 and Web 3.0 - beyond the technologies, 3) Special
   collections and digital content, 4) Information literacy for the 21st
   Century, 5) Digital preservation and long-term access, and 6) Inspiring
   spaces. These issues are presented only as broad outlines, however when
   you consider the position and influence of the author, it is the issues
   identified, rather than the detail given, that makes this paper
   interesting. * Miles Conrad Award Lecture to the National Federation of
   Advanced Information Services (NFAIS) - [14]WC

   Crow, Raym. [15]Income Models for Open Access: An Overview of Current
   Practice  Washington, DC: SPARC,
   2009.( - The
   Gordian knot of "gold" open access is how to fund free publications. In
   this 56-page report, Crow offers and discusses a range of solutions:
   advertising, article processing fees, contextual e-commerce,
   convenience-format license, demand-side models and free ridership,
   donations and fund raising, endowments, external subsidies, in-kind
   support, internal subsidies, partnerships, sponsorships, use-triggered
   fees, and value added fee-based services. - [16]CB

   Fischer, Ruth, and RickLugg. [17]Study of the North American MARC
   Records Marketplace  Washington, DC: Library of Congress, October
   ace_2009-10.pdf). - This is the report of a study by R2 Consulting
   commissioned by the Library of Congress. The charge was
   "to investigate and describe
   current approaches to the creation and distribution of MARC
   records in US and Canadian libraries. The primary focus is on
   the economics of existing practice, in effect mapping the marketplace
   for cataloging records, including incentives
   for and barriers to production. The underlying question is
   whether sufficient cataloging capacity exists in North America,
   and how that capacity is distributed." In the execution of this charge,
   R2 conducted a survey of libraries in North America regarding their
   creation, use, and attitudes toward MARC records snd their production
   and dissemination. There is a great deal of interest in this report, so
   it is highly recommended for anyone interested in the ecology of MARC
   record creation and use. - [18]RT

   Jaschik, Scott. "[19]Breakthrough on Open Access"  [20]Inside Higher
   Ed  ( 15 September
   2009)( - On
   September 14, 2009, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard
   University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the
   University of California, Berkeley announced the [21]compact for
   open-access publishing equity. In the compact, each participating
   university "commits to the timely establishment of durable mechanisms
   for underwriting reasonable publication charges for articles written by
   its faculty and published in fee-based open-access journals and for
   which other institutions would not be expected to provide funds." Also,
   the initial compact members "encourage other universities and research
   funding agencies to join us in this commitment, to provide a sufficient
   and sustainable funding basis for open-access publication of the
   scholarly literature." The compact has a [22]Web site. In addition to
   Jaschik's article, see the Harvard [23]press release, the [24]FAQ, and
   Robin Peek's article "[25]A Compact for Open Access Publication
   Announced." - [26]CB

   Lim, Sook. "How and Why do College Students Use Wikipedia?"
   [27]Journal of the American Society for Information Science and
   Technology  60(11)(November 2009): 2189-2202. - This study explored how
   undergraduate students think about Wikipedia, and the ways in which
   they use it. While the study was small - only 134 students completed
   the survey - it still provides some food for thought. All of the
   students who completed the survey indicated that they had used
   Wikipedia in the past (almost certainly a result of the small sample
   size, and the fact that the survey was voluntary), and over 30%
   indicated that they used the site frequently. (The survey also asked
   about use of library databases, and found that 61% indicated that they
   were occasional users.) About 60% of students noted that they used
   Wikipedia primarily for nonacademic purposes; roughly 30% indicated
   that they used it primarily for academic purposes. That said, on the
   whole the students indicated that the expected to find "reasonably good
   information" on Wikipedia - not the best information on their topic.
   (Many of them noted that they use it to look up a quick fact, or gain
   some background on an unfamiliar topic. This indicates that while
   Wikipedia may be a starting place, it is likely that they are also
   looking elsewhere for information, at least for academic purposes.) In
   fact, the researchers found that students' perceptions of the quality
   of information they found were lower than their actual experiences
   indicated. This indicates that, one way or another, students are
   getting the message that Wikipedia entries must be taken with a grain
   of salt. While the way students use and perceive the service will vary
   from institution to institution, this perhaps indicates that in some
   cases, instruction librarians may be able to spend a bit less time
   talking about the pros and cons of Wikipedia, and more highlighting the
   library's scholarly resources. - [28]AC

   Pilch, Janice T. [29]Issue Brief : Traditional Cultural Expression
   Washington, D.C.: Library Copyright Alliance, 1 September
   -brief-traditional-cultural-expression/). - Libraries are filled with
   the creative expressions of traditional and indigenous cultures,
   including folklore, myths, songs, paintings, dances, and rituals. While
   often of great importance to the communities from which they arise,
   traditional cultural expressions (TCEs) receive little legal respect
   and recognition. Pilch summarizes the complicated legal status of TCEs
   and outlines efforts around the world to establish legal foundations
   for their protection. While downplayed by Pilch (and the [30]ALA
   Working Group that is drafting a [31]statement on the issue), I can't
   help but wonder if librarian's willingness to respect cultural norms
   won't run afoul of our primary responsibility to provide access. For
   anyone interested in this issue of fundamental importance to the future
   of the profession, Pilch's issue brief is a great place to start. -

   Suber, Peter. "[33]Ten Challenges for Open-Access Journals"  [34]SPARC
   Open Access Newsletter
   challenges). - Scholarly authors typically want to publish in
   well-established high-prestige, high-impact journals. This is
   especially true of junior faculty members, whose work will be closely
   scrutinized by tenure committees making up-or-out decisions. On the
   other hand, open access journals are typically relatively new journals,
   and, while some have achieved high impact scores and prestige within a
   few years, many face an uphill slog in these areas. This is not
   surprising. New print journals face these issues as well, and open
   access journals also have unconventional characteristics that result
   from their "born digital" nature that add to doubts about them. Suber
   identifies the ten most pressing issues that open access journals face
   and provides helpful advice about how they can be faced. The issues he
   deals with are: "the gap between journal performance and what
   prevailing metrics say about journal performance (#1); the gap between
   the vision of OA embodied in the Budapest, Bethesda, and Berlin
   statements and the access policies at 85% of OA journals (#2); and the
   gap between a journal's quality and its prestige, even when the quality
   is high (#3). . . . doubts about quality (#4), preservation (#5),
   honesty (#6), publication fees (#7), sustainability (#8), redirection
   (#9), and strategy (#10)." - [35]CB

   Current Cites - ISSN: 1060-2356 is hosted by the community at (c) Copyright 2009 by Roy Tennant
   [39]Creative Commons License


   Visible links




D-Lib Magazine

            May/June 2009


-----Original Message-----
From: Public-Access Computer Systems Publications [mailto:PACS-P@LISTSERV.UH.EDU] On Behalf Of Bonnie Wilson
Sent: Friday, 15 May 2009 10:42 PM
Subject: The May/June 2009 issue of D-Lib Magazine is now available




The May/June 2009 issue of D-Lib Magazine ( is now



This issue contains six articles, a commentary, one conference report,

the 'In Brief' column, excerpts from recent press releases, and news of

upcoming conferences and other items of interest in 'Clips and

Pointers'.  This month, D-Lib features the Southern Methodist University

Digital Collections, courtesy of Cindy Boeke, Southern Methodist University.


The commentary is:


Time Challenges - Challenging Times for Future Information Search

Thomas Mestl, Olga Cerrato, Jon Ølnes, Per Myrseth, and Inger-Mette

Gustavsen, Det Norske Veritas (DNV), Norway


The articles include:


EScience in Practice: Lessons from the Cornell Web Lab

William Arms, Manuel Calimlim, and Lucia Walle, Cornell University


Towards a Repository-enabled Scholar's Workbench: RepoMMan, REMAP and Hydra

Richard Green, Consultant to the University of Hull; and Chris Awre,

University of Hull, United Kingdom


Evaluation of Digital Repository Software at the National Library of


Jennifer L. Marill and Edward C. Luczak, National Library of Medicine


NeoNote: Suggestions for a Global Shared Scholarly Annotation System

Bradley Hemminger, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill


The Fierce Urgency of Now: A Proactive, Pervasive Content Awareness Tool

James E. Powell, Linn Marks Collins, and Mark L.B. Martinez, Los Alamos

National Laboratory


Unlocking Audio: Towards an Online Repository of Spoken Word Collections

in Flanders

Tom Evens and Laurence Hauttekeete, Ghent University, Belgium


The Conference Report is:


Developer Happiness Days: Takin' it to the Pub

Carol Minton Morris, Cornell University; Ben O'Steen, Oxford University;

and David Flanders, University of London



D-Lib Magazine has mirror sites at the following locations:


UKOLN, University of Bath, Bath, England


The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia


State Library of Lower Saxony and the University Library of Goettingen,




Universidad de Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan


BN - National Library of Portugal, Portugal


(If the mirror site closest to you is not displaying the May/June 2009

issue of D-Lib Magazine at this time, please check back later.  There is

a delay between the time the magazine is released in the United States

and the time when the mirroring process has been completed.)


Bonnie Wilson


D-Lib Magazine